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Applying a green lens -- Katia Karousakis, OECD


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This presentation was made by Katia Karousakis, OECD, at the Introductory Workshop on Green Budgeting Tools held at the OECD, Paris, on 29 April 2019

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Applying a green lens -- Katia Karousakis, OECD

  1. 1. Katia Karousakis Biodiversity Team Leader, OECD Environment Directorate Green Budgeting Expert Meeting 29 April 2019, Paris DEVELOPING GUIDANCE TO IDENTIFY AND ASSESS HARMFUL SUBSIDIES TO BIODIVERSITY
  2. 2. • Potentially environmentally/biodiversity harmful subsidies far exceed the finance mobilised to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity • Aichi Target 3 under the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) calls for action • But little progress to date… 2 International Context Source: SCBD (2014), Global Biodiversity Outlook 4 Progress towards Aichi Target 3
  3. 3. • Objective: – Drawing on insights from the scope and methodologies used in existing national level assessments - and the broader literature, the objective is to develop guidance to identify and assess subsidies harmful to biodiversity • Relevant for other countries wishing to conduct similar national level assessments • WPBWE scoping paper currently covers: 1. International context 2. Preliminary literature review on subsidies harmful to biodiversity 3. Comparative analysis of national assessments 4. Proposed next steps 3 Objective of OECD 2019-2020 WPBWE Project
  4. 4. • France • Germany • Italy • Netherlands • Nordic Council • Switzerland • Others pending 4 A few national level assessments do exist These vary in terms of: scope (BHS/EHS) coverage of sectors methodology
  5. 5. 5 Comparison of existing national assessments Country Year of study Scope France 2012 Biodiversity Germany 2014/2017 Environment Italy 2017 Environment Kyrgyz Republic On-going Biodiversity Netherlands 2011 Environment Nordic Council 2014 Environment Switzerland 2013 Environment
  6. 6. 1. Scoping and screening a. Identification of subsidies b. Identification of potentially EHS/BHS 2. Assessing a. Quantification of potentially EHS/BHS b. Quantification of likely biodiversity damage from EHS/BHS 3. Reforming a. Prioritising reforms b. Implementing reform 6 Framework for national assessments
  7. 7. 7 Scope of existing national assessments
  8. 8. • Include any other national-level assessments (section 3); • Examine how the methods used in the national level assessments compare to the OECD toolkits and top-down approaches to identify environmentally harmful subsidies; • Develop updated guidance/checklists to identify and assess subsidies harmful to biodiversity at national level. 8 Next steps