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Hera Hussain: How tech is reducing the impact of corruption on disadvantaged women


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This presentation was presented at the OECD's Conference on Business, Finance and Gender on 8 March 2017.

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Hera Hussain: How tech is reducing the impact of corruption on disadvantaged women

  2. 2. For too long, the analysis of the effects of corruption has not been intersectional. It has not taken the issues of race, power, privilege and gender into account.
  3. 3. ONE calculated 1 trillion dollars go missing every year from developing countries due to corruption, money laundering and illegal tax evasion. Loss in state funds = reduced government resources for social services.
  4. 4. “Women’s relative lack of political and economic leverage reduces their ability to demand accountability or to highlight their specific experiences of and concerns about corruption… Building public accountability and governance systems that are responsive to women’s needs is important to reducing the gendered impacts of corruption” - UNDP, Report
  5. 5. CORRUPTION NEGATIVELY AFFECTED: ● women’s participation in the labour market (formal or informal) ● in getting their children admitted in schools ● protesting physical abuse against family members ● enlisting in government subsidised programmes ● participating in elections. UNDP study on 8 developing countries (2012)
  6. 6. ● Corruption erodes public service budgets, affecting public services ● Lack of agency, income and resources means women are often unable to pay bribes to access services ● Globally, women spend 2.5 times more of their time on unpaid care and domestic work than men and are paid 24 per cent less than men. ● This means women work more, get paid less and get taxed all the same.
  7. 7. GENDE R POWER & RACE Poor people, or women are often portrayed as a homogenous group. They are not. They might have similar struggles but race can have a dramatic impact on access to services and opportunities.
  8. 8. In United States, black women died in childbirth three to four times more often than their white counterparts between 1990 and 2013. Center for Reproductive Rights HEALTHCARE
  9. 9. “The conviction rate for rape cases brought by Dalit women stands at an appallingly low 2% as compared to 24% for women in general.” NewStatesman, 2017 JUSTICE
  10. 10. Sextortion often takes place when women cannot pay bribes. Many will not report sextortion because receiving a benefit may seem “consensual” even when they don’t have a choice. Low level of awareness on the issue helps the practice to flourish in silence. SEXTO R TION
  11. 11. SEX TRAFFIC KING 2nd largest source of illegal income worldwide exceeded only by drugs trafficking. Belser 2005 Up to 800,000 people are trafficked internationally each year. ~ 80% are women and girls. ~ Up to 50% are minors. US Department of State Trafficking in Persons Report 2007
  12. 12. Estimated global total of people in modern slavery, which ranges from 21 million to 45.8 million. Forced labour - licences must be obtained - payroll must be fraudulently recorded - Forced labour recruited, transported and controlled Liberty Asia & Freedom Fund MODER N SLAVER Y
  13. 13. Dec 2016: Just 11 National Action Plan in 9 out of 75 Open Government Partnership countries have commitments that represent women or gender. OPENHEROINES & WEB FOUNDATION
  14. 14. CHANGING PERCEPTIONS & ACTIONS ● Raising awareness of sextortion is not only a women’s issue. Family members reliant on women’s incomes suffer from the loss of income, confidence and the increase in stress. ● Breaking cultural taboos so women step forward ● Studying the experiences of queer and trans women ● Educating women on their rights Transparency International
  16. 16. CHA YNOpen-source project that use tech to empower women against violence @chaynHQ
  17. 17. WE BUILD Toolkits Platforms Services Founded VolunteersChapters 32013 300 + Design WITH, not for victims/survivors DESIGN PRINCIPLE
  18. 18. How To Build Your Own Domestic Violence Case Without A Lawyer
  19. 19. DO IT YOURSELF ONLINE SAFETY GUIDE AVAILABLE IN English, Arabic, Farsi, French, Spanish, Pashto, Urdu, and Russian
  20. 20. EMPOWERHACK Refugee design council
  22. 22. 70% of grand corruption cases used anonymous companies to launder money. The Puppet Masters Report, The World Bank MONEY LAUNDERIN G & FINANCIAL CRIME
  23. 23. Investigators and corruption fighters need to see the connections between ownership of companies and trusts - across the world. Governments and business need to know who they are really doing business with. The lack of transparency in supply chains also increases the risk of slavery. CORRUPTION TAX EVASION MONEY LAUNDERING NETWORKED PROBLEMS
  24. 24. HOW WE CAN HOLD THE POWERFUL ACCOUNTABL E ● Knowing who to hold accountable ● We live in a data-driven world. Everyone needs this information as data not text. ● Combining with other data sets to see patterns, & compare information. ● Creating a hostile environment for corruption & money laundering
  26. 26. Global Witness and OpenCorporates used open company data to uncover the powerful elite benefiting from Myanmar’s multi- billion dollar jade industry
  27. 27. Launching end of March 2017 Pilot supported by
  28. 28. Women responsi ve Intersecti onal Collaborative & iterative Open source / open data REPRESENTATIV E POLICIES & TOOLS SHOULD HAVE THESE VALUES
  29. 29. GET INVO LVED [1] Gendered analysis [2] Call in / call out [3] Use your privilege. Co-design policies & programs with women affected by corruption. [4] Join the OpenOwnership working groups (public sector/private sector/civil society/data standard) [5] Advocate for open company data / open beneficial ownership data / open contracting.