Hera Hussain: How tech is reducing the impact of corruption on disadvantaged women
HOW TECH IS
For too long, the analysis of the
effects of corruption has not been
intersectional. It has not taken the
issues of race, power, privilege and
gender into account.
1 trillion dollars
go missing every year from developing countries due to
corruption, money laundering and illegal tax evasion.
Loss in state funds = reduced government resources
for social services.
“Women’s relative lack of political and economic
leverage reduces their ability to demand
accountability or to highlight their specific
experiences of and concerns about corruption…
Building public accountability and governance
systems that are responsive to women’s needs is
important to reducing the gendered impacts of
corruption” - UNDP, Report
CORRUPTION NEGATIVELY AFFECTED:
● women’s participation in the labour market (formal or
● in getting their children admitted in schools
● protesting physical abuse against family members
● enlisting in government subsidised programmes
● participating in elections.
UNDP study on 8 developing countries (2012)
● Corruption erodes public service budgets, affecting
● Lack of agency, income and resources means women
are often unable to pay bribes to access services
● Globally, women spend 2.5 times more of their time on
unpaid care and domestic work than men and are paid
24 per cent less than men.
● This means women work more, get paid less and get
taxed all the same.
Poor people, or women are
often portrayed as a
They are not.
They might have similar
struggles but race can have a
dramatic impact on access to
services and opportunities.
In United States, black
women died in childbirth
three to four times
more often than their
between 1990 and 2013.
Center for Reproductive Rights
“The conviction rate for
rape cases brought by
Dalit women stands at an
appallingly low 2% as
compared to 24% for
women in general.”
Sextortion often takes place when
women cannot pay bribes.
Many will not report sextortion
because receiving a benefit may
seem “consensual” even when
they don’t have a choice. Low level
of awareness on the issue helps
the practice to flourish in silence.
2nd largest source of illegal
income worldwide exceeded
only by drugs trafficking.
Up to 800,000 people are
trafficked internationally each
~ 80% are women and girls.
~ Up to 50% are minors.
US Department of State Trafficking in Persons Report 2007
Estimated global total of people in
modern slavery, which ranges from 21
million to 45.8 million.
- licences must be obtained
- payroll must be fraudulently recorded
- Forced labour recruited, transported and
Liberty Asia & Freedom Fund
Dec 2016: Just 11 National Action Plan
in 9 out of 75 Open Government
Partnership countries have commitments
that represent women or gender.
CHANGING PERCEPTIONS & ACTIONS
● Raising awareness of sextortion is not only a
women’s issue. Family members reliant on women’s
incomes suffer from the loss of income, confidence
and the increase in stress.
● Breaking cultural taboos so women step forward
● Studying the experiences of queer and trans women
● Educating women on their rights
TECH FIGHTS BACK
that use tech to
Toolkits Platforms Services
32013 300 +
How To Build Your Own
Domestic Violence Case
Without A Lawyer
DO IT YOURSELF ONLINE SAFETY
TECH FIGHTS BACK
THE COST OF
70% of grand corruption
cases used anonymous
companies to launder
The Puppet Masters Report, The World Bank
Investigators and corruption
fighters need to see the
connections between ownership
of companies and trusts - across
the world. Governments and
business need to know who they
are really doing business with.
The lack of transparency in supply
chains also increases the risk of
HOW WE CAN
● Knowing who to hold
● We live in a data-driven world.
Everyone needs this
information as data not text.
● Combining with other data
sets to see patterns, &
● Creating a hostile environment
for corruption & money
Global Witness and
open company data to
uncover the powerful
elite benefiting from
billion dollar jade
Launching end of March 2017
Pilot supported by
 Gendered analysis
 Call in / call out
 Use your privilege. Co-design policies &
programs with women affected by corruption.
 Join the OpenOwnership working groups
(public sector/private sector/civil society/data standard)
 Advocate for open company data / open
beneficial ownership data / open contracting.