OCWC Global Conference 2013: Open Policy Network


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Dr. Cable Green
Director of Global Learning

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  • CC is the law catching up with the way the internet actually works.But think about all the ways the internet has changed in the past ten years. It’s time to think about how CC will evolve.
  • within the jurisdiction, public and legal lead volunteers help to make the licenses work in their individual countries’ legal systemwe have 70 active affiliate teams with several more in process
  • Global GDP comes in at just about $58.3T – World Bank Data (2009)If countries spend roughly 5% of GPD on education = $58.3T x 5% = US $2.9T / year If we can move to a simple open public policy, hundreds of billions of dollars of educational resources will be available under an open license and will be freely available to the public that paid for them.National / state / provincial governments and education systems all play a critical role in setting policies that drive education investments, and have an interest in ensuring that public funding in education make a meaningful, cost-effective contribution to socio-economic development.Given this role, these policy-making entities are ideally positioned to encourage or mandate recipients of public funding to produce educational resources under an open license.
  • But we have a Policy ProblemMost policy makers don’t understand 21st century technical and legal tools and how they collectively enable “the learning machine”. Understanding the opportunity afforded by wielding these tools is key to even understanding that the dream is possible. Without this understanding, policy makers can only make decisions within existing frameworks, within existing business models.Tools:Internetaffordances of digital things: storage, distribution, copieshardware costs downbandwidth speed up mobility upOpen content licensing is 10+ years oldMass willingness to share Taken together these tools collectively enable affordable, high quality, continuously improving, openly licensed educational resources.Case in point: http://utahopentextbooks.org/2011/08/26/the-5-textbook/ : $5.35 textbook (including shipping) – ask David Wiley and CK-12David Wiley’s recent open K-12 textbook study in Utah found– NSD: Simply substituting open textbooks for proprietary textbooks does not impact learning outcomes.http://utahopentextbooks.org/2011/10/12/efficacy-data-are-inMoreover, we are already moving from a print based to a digital based environment. In the digital environment, the technology enables a range of reuses that were not possible in the print based world. Thus, it becomes the copyright license terms of use, and technological protection measures, that hobble the teacher, student, and school district from making the fullest use of the materials. Why should school districts pay for digital materials accompanied by such restrictive terms of use and technological formats?
  • Clearly, the Internet has empowered us to copy and share with an efficiency never before known or imagined. However, long before the Internet was invented, copyright law began regulating the very activities the Internet makes essentially free (copying and distributing).Consequently, the Internet was born at a severe disadvantage, as preexisting laws discouraged people from realizing the full potential of the network.
  • The current market is failing because existing publishers are not offering what we’re asking for. We would welcome it if they chose to compete to provide what the new environment demands.
  • What about something small – local? Do open policies make sense on a smaller scale?Even one open textbook for a top 100 course makes sense.But WA should (a) ask if anyone else has already done this and openly licensed it (e.g., CK12), (b) alert other states / countries that it is going to make this investment and share.
  • Thank you.
  • OCWC Global Conference 2013: Open Policy Network

    1. 1. Open PolicyNetworkDr. Cable GreenDirector of Global Learningcable@creativecommons.org@cgreen
    2. 2. openpolicynetwork.org
    3. 3. A simple, standardizedway to grant copyrightpermissions to yourcreative work.
    4. 4. Step 1: Choose ConditionsAttributionShareAlikeNonCommercialNoDerivatives
    5. 5. Step 2: Receive a License
    6. 6. Over 500 million items
    7. 7. j. Encourage the openlicensing ofeducational materialsproduced with publicfunds.
    8. 8. USD $60 trillionx 5% =$3 trillion
    9. 9. BY SA: By Harvey Barrison http://www.flickr.com/photos/hbarrison/6920142558/
    10. 10. Copy, Storage &Distribute are “Free”This changes everythingCC BY: David Wiley, BYU
    11. 11. When the Marginal Cost of Sharing is$0…- educators have an ethical obligation to share- governments need to get maximum ROI by requiringpublicly funded resources be openly licensed resources- governments and educators need openly licensedcontent so we can revise & remix
    12. 12. CC-BY licensed textbooksfor 90 university courses
    13. 13. $500 million - Wave 2($2 billion over four years)
    14. 14. English Composition I• 60,000+ enrollments / year• x USD$175 textbook• = $10.5+ Million every year
    15. 15. openpolicynetwork.orgoerpolicies.org
    16. 16. Publicly fundedresources should beopenly licensedresources.
    17. 17. Open Policy Network:Support ALL Open Policyopportunities.
    18. 18. Open Policy Network supports thecreation, adoption and implementation ofopen policies around the world by:mapping the open policy space acrossopen sectors;identifying open policy gaps andopportunities within and across sectors;
    19. 19. communicating the social and economicvalue of open policy;networking together those trying todevelop open policies with organizations,communities and individuals who haveopen policy expertise; andcurating case studies and open policyexemplars for others to use or adapt.
    20. 20. Want to Join?Questions?Comments?
    21. 21. Dr. Cable GreenDirector of Global Learningcable@creativecommons.orgtwitter: cgreen