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Oregon Institute of Technology Suicide Prevention Seminar

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Oregon Institute of Technology Suicide Prevention Seminar

  1. 1. S uicide on C ampus : Ris ks and Res ourcesSponsored by:The Oregon University Suicide Prevention Project (OUSPP) Presenters: Mariana Peoples, MSW John Hancock, Ed.D., Licensed Psychologist OIT Counseling and Testing Services, LRC 229
  2. 2. Counseling and Testing Services Free assessments to all students Limited counseling available (free) to students who are taking 6 credits or more Students taking 5 or fewer credits can become eligible for counseling by paying the Student Health fee Personal, academic and career counseling Confidential (with a few exceptions)
  3. 3. Top 10 client concerns Anxiety Depression Relationship issues Self-esteem Family problems Suicidal thoughts Financial problems Mood cycling Sleep problems Academic problems
  4. 4. Where can I find a counselor? LRC 229, next to CFLAT Call ahead for an appointment (885-1015) Crisis services available One of the best candy dishes on campus!
  5. 5. Why a program about suicide?Is suicide a major public health problem in the United States?
  6. 6. Are HIV and AIDSmajor public health problems?In the U.S., from 1979-2003*:504,406 people died from AIDS and HIV-related illnesses.749,337 people died by suicide.*Source: Dr. Paula Clayton, American Foundation for Suicide Prevention. “Suicide Prevention: Saving Lives One Community at a Time.”
  7. 7. Is homicidea major public health problem?In 2004*:The homicide rate in Oregon was 3.1/100,000 (111 deaths).The suicide rate in Oregon was 15.3/100,000 (550 deaths).*Source: Violent Deaths in Oregon, 2004.
  8. 8. Is suicide a major public health problem?Worldwide there are more deaths due to suicide than accidents, homicides and war combined.**Source: American Foundation for Suicide Prevention Factsheet.
  9. 9. Is suicide a problem for college students?Suicide is the second leading cause of death among U.S. college students, resulting in about 1,100 deaths each year.
  10. 10. The Oregon University Suicide Prevention Project (OUSPP)Portland State UniversityOregon Health Sciences University Eastern Oregon UniversityWestern Oregon UniversityOregon State UniversityUniversity of Oregon Oregon Institute of Technology Southern Oregon UniversityThe OUSPP: Working to decrease the risk of suicide among students in Oregon public higher education
  11. 11. It Touches Us All… Goals of today’s program:  Make you aware of the problem  Give you accurate information about suicide risk factors and warning signs.  Give you strategies and resources to respond
  12. 12. Two levels of intervention Educational Seminars This is today’s program. Gatekeeper Training Offered to individuals who, by their position, are often in the position to make referrals. Sign-up sheets for gatekeeper training will be available at the end of today’s program.
  13. 13. Taking care of your “self”Every suicide leaves 6 “survivors.” So, please take care of your “self” during today’s program. What does this mean?
  14. 14. Informed consent Today’s program will last 80 minutes. Includes a presentation, discussion questions and a survey at the end. Your participation is voluntary. Your decision to participate will not affect your relationship with OIT, OHSU, or your grades. You can discontinue your participation at any time without penalty. All evaluation forms are anonymous. Information will be shared with OUSPP staff at the University of Oregon and with SAMHSA in Washington, DC.
  15. 15. More about informed consent Some might feel uncomfortable, so:  Share as much or as little as you like.  You can leave at any time (but stay nearby so staff can check in with you).  Staff available after the program for individual consultation. If you or someone you care about is experiencing suicidal thoughts, please make contact with the OIT Counseling Service (LRC 229) or Student Health Center (Semon 115).
  16. 16. More about informed consent Please read your informed consent forms Questions? Contact:  John Hancock, Director of Counseling, OIT 885-1015  OIT Institutional Review Board for Use of Human Subjects at 885-1183 (Dr. Lawrence Powers)  Office of Protection of Human Subjects at the University of Oregon human_subjects@orc.uoregon.edu (541) 346-2510
  17. 17. The Truth About SuicideA video from the American Foundation for Suicide PreventionListen for answers to these two questions:What are the risk factors and warning signs of suicide?What should you do if someone (including yourself) is at risk?
  18. 18. Reactions to the film Why is it that people have such a hard time talking about depression and other mental illness? In what ways did the film affect your attitudes towards suicide and mental illness?
  19. 19. How would you help a friend who isdepressed or suicidal?What are the risk factors and warning signs of suicide?What should you do if someone (including yourself) is at risk?
  20. 20. College Suicide Statistics 46% of college students report feeling so depressed that it was difficult to function at least once during the year* 10% of college students report seriously considering attempting suicide in the past year**Source: American College Health Association. American College Health Association - National College Health Assessment (ACHA-NCHA) Web Summary. Updated April 2006.
  21. 21. The Good News… Suicide rate on campus may be 7.5 per 100,000, as compared to the national average of 15 per 100,000 for young people not enrolled in college.* So, being on a college campus cuts the risk of suicide for a young person IN HALF!!! *Silverman et al., 1997
  22. 22. Fact or Myth Most suicidal young people never seek or ask for help with their problems.
  23. 23. Myth-Most suicidal young people never giveclues that they are thinking about suicide. FACT-Young people often show warning signs that indicate they are at risk.
  24. 24. Fact or Myth If you talk about suicide with someone, you’ll put the idea in their head.
  25. 25. Myth- If you talk about it you will put the idea in their head. FACT: Asking about suicide does not increase the risk. Many people will feel relieved to be able to share such thoughts with someone who cares.
  26. 26. Risk factors associated with suicide Depressed or irritable mood Social withdrawal Giving up previously enjoyed activities Sudden personality or behavior change Changes in sleeping or eating routines Alcohol and/or drug use Decrease in academic performance
  27. 27. More risk factors… Frequent crying Feeling exhausted Difficulty concentrating Moping around or feeling very agitated Losing connections with family and friends Poor self-care Recent loss
  28. 28. KEY Warning Signs Prior suicide attempt Feeling worthless, hopeless or having excessive guilt Having thoughts of death or killing oneself Talking openly or indirectly about ending one’s life Taking unnecessary or life-threatening risks Giving away personal possessions Gaining access to lethal means
  29. 29. Risk factors for college students Recent relationship breakup. Young men are six times more likely than women to die by suicide. More than ½ of all suicides involve drugs or alcohol.
  30. 30. Three steps to helping* Show you care Ask about suicide Get help*Portions of the material that follow have been adapted (with permission) from the Washington Youth Suicide Prevention Program
  31. 31. Step one: Show you careDo’s Be a good listener and supportive friend. Be patient. Take all talk of suicide seriously.
  32. 32. Relax! Don’t worry about saying the wrong thing…Remember:Your genuine interest is what’s most important.  I’m concerned about you…  Tell me about your problems.  You mean a lot to me and I want to help.  I care about you, and I don’t want you to kill yourself.  I want to help you get through this.
  33. 33. Step one: Show you careDon’ts Don’t offer naïve reassurance “Everything will be OK.” “Things can’t be that bad.” Don’t tell them they shouldn’t be thinking of suicide Don’t be judgmental or moralize “Suicide is a sin, it’s wrong, you’ll go to hell”
  34. 34. Step two: Ask about suicide Ask: Have you been thinking about suicide? Have you thought how you would do it? How close have you come to taking action?
  35. 35. Risk assessmentSuicidal behavior is on a continuum: Passive Thoughts > Active thoughts > Thoughts w/ Plan > Intention to Act
  36. 36. Time for practice Break into dyads Look into your partner’s eyes See them as someone you care about Ask, “Have you been thinking about suicide?”
  37. 37. Step three: Get helpFor them: Avoid leaving the person alone. Reassure the person that help is available. Know referral resources. Offer to help them get connected with professional resources. Give crisis line information. Consider restricting their access to the means of suicide. Follow-up with the person after the referral.
  38. 38. Step three: Get helpFor you: Don’t promise confidentiality. Don’t keep it to yourself. Do talk with someone about YOUR concerns. Options for support: Counseling, Student Health, Dean of Students, Disability Services, Residence Life staff.
  39. 39. Options for Help OIT Counseling, LRC 229, 885-1015 OIT Student Health, Semon 115, 885-1800 OIT Dean of Students, CU 217, 885-1011 OIT Campus Safety 885-1111 or 885-0911
  40. 40. 24 Hour Referral Resources Klamath Crisis Center 884-0390 or 1-800 452-3669 Klamath County Mental Health 882-7291 Merle West Medical Center 882-6311 - take to Emergency Room for evaluation Klamath Falls Police 911 National Suicide Prevention Lifeline: 1-800-273-TALK (8255)
  41. 41. Problems with alcohol ordrugs Klamath Alcohol Drug Abuse (KADA) 310 South 5th Street Klamath Falls, OR 97601 (541) 882-7248 Lutheran Community Services (LCS) 2545 North Eldorado Klamath Falls, OR 97601 (541) 883-3471
  42. 42. Another option for help www.ulifeline.orgA self-help website designed specifically for college students experiencing challenges
  43. 43. More training, anyone?If you are interested in learning more, be sure to sign up to receive information about gatekeeper training!
  44. 44. Our post-test Please complete the Suicide Awareness Survey and return it to us. Use a #2 pencil.Remember, Completing this form is voluntary. All information is anonymous. Your information will help us learn what works in the area of suicide education.

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