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Strand 1: Connecting research and researchers: An introduction to ORCID by Ed Pentz, CrossRef

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Strand 1: Connecting research and researchers: An introduction to ORCID by Ed Pentz, CrossRef

  1. 1. orcid.orgContact Info: p. +1-301-922-9062 a. 10411 Motor City Drive, Suite 750, Bethesda, MD 20817 USA Connecting Research and Researchers An Introduction to ORCID Ed Pentz, Exective Director, CrossRef Chair, ORCID Board of Directors
  2. 2. 10 July 2013 2 Citation • ScholarlyFrecordFexpands:F • PapersF • DatasetsF • NanopublicaAonsF • WorkflowsF • So=wareF • …F • MoreFwaysFtoFgetFcreditF
  3. 3. 10 July 2013 3 Move from Journal centric …
  4. 4. 10 July 2013 4 … to Contributor centric Courtesy of Herbert van de Sompel Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System scholarly-communication-system
  5. 5. 10 July 2013 5
  6. 6. The research community has lacked the ability to link researchers and scholars with their professional activities. What is the problem? • Discoverability within and across databases • Author, grantee, and faculty record managemen • Member and meeting management • Reviewer selection • Interoperability between research info systems 10 July 2013 6
  7. 7. ORCID is an international, interdisciplinary, open, not-for-profit, community-driven organization. We collaborate with researchers and organizations across the research community. Our core mission is to provide an open registry of persistent unique identifiers for researchers and scholars AND to automate linkages to research works by embedding identifiers in research workflows. ORCID Mission 10 July 2013 7
  8. 8. Benefits to the community Unique and persistent iD can be used throughout career across professional activities and affiliations ORCID iD is embedded in works metadata, independent of platform or type of work Improved system interoperability – across discipline, organization, and country • Reduces reporting workload for researchers • Supports tracking and reporting • Automates repository deposition 10 July 2013 8
  9. 9. The ORCID Registry Other IDs • ResearcherID • Scopus • SSRN • ArXiv Research Information Systems (CRIS) • Research Institutions • Funders • Governments ORCID Account • Account Settings • Manage Permissions ORCID Record • Biography • Research Activities Workflows • Manuscript submission • Grant applications • Dataset deposition • Member and meeting management • Patent applications 10 July 2013 9
  10. 10. ORCID Privacy • Information in an ORCID Record has a privacy setting, which can be set by the account owner or proxy. • Duplicate check uses name and email information Accessible by anyone Accessible by Account Owner, Trusted Organization(s) Accessible by Account Owner, Proxy(ies) 10 July 2013 10
  11. 11. • Get a user’s ORCID iD • Get data from an ORCID Record • Let a user import from your system to their ORCID Record • Enable the user to display on their ORCID record a link to themself on your system • Create ORCID iDs for employees and associates Integration Flows 10 July 2013 11
  12. 12. For benefits to be realized… • Researchers must see the benefit of creating ORCID iDs AND must create or claim an ORCID Account • Research information processes and systems must adopt ORCID as a standard person identifier AND embed ORCID iDs AND link back with the ORCID Registry • Research community must support the ORCID mission by becoming a member 10 July 2013 12
  13. 13. Growth since launch ORCID has issued 173,327 identifiers since our launch in October 2012. Registrations arise from direct log-in at and from integration into journal manuscript submission systems. This summer, integrations into university systems and grant application systems will be new sources for ORCID registrations. 10 July 2013 13
  14. 14. Registry use is international • 13 countries >10,000 visitors • 56 countries >1,000 visitors 10 July 2013 14 Country Visits % United States 105688 17.3% China 44697 7.3% UK 41206 6.7% Spain 32936 5.4% Italy 29174 4.8% Brazil 27229 4.5% India 27217 4.4% Germany 24247 4.0% Japan 21192 3.5% Australia 20781 3.4% France 17147 2.8% Canada 13957 2.3% Russia 10494 1.7% Sweden 9936 1.6% Egypt 9899 1.6% Portugal 9662 1.6% Netherlands 8954 1.5% Iran 8467 1.4% Malaysia 8426 1.4% South Korea 8093 1.3% Turkey 7873 1.3% Taiwan 7510 1.2% Poland 6288 1.0% Switzerland 6211 1.0%
  15. 15. ORCID Members 15 ORCID has 60 members, from a broad cross- section of the international research community 10 July 2013 Publishers Aries, Copernicus, Elsevier, EDP Sciences, eLIFE, Epistemio, Hindawi, Karger, Nature, Peerage of Science, ScienceOpen, Springer, Wiley Associations AAAS, ACSESS, American Psychological Association, American Physical Society, American Society of Microbiology, American Society of Civil Engineers, Association for Computing Machinery, Modern Language Association, Optical Society of America, Royal Society of Chemistry Funders DOE, FDA NIH, Wellcome Trust, NIHR Universities and Research Organizations Boston University, CalTech, Chalmers University of Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences Library, CERN, Cornell University, EMBL (EBI), FHCRC, Glasgow University Harvard University, IFPRI, KISTI, MIT, MSKCC, National Institute of Informatics, NYU Langone Medical Center, Riga Technical University, Universidad de Oviedo, Universidad de Zaragoza, University College of London, University of Hong Kong, University of Kansas, University of Michigan IDs ResearcherID, Scopus Repositories and Profile Systems Altmetric, ANDS, AVEDAS, CrossRef, DataCite, Faculty of 1000, figshare, Knode, OCLC, PubMed Europe (EBI), Symplectic, Thomson Reuters
  16. 16. • Alfred P. Sloan Foundation award to support implementation of ORCID identifiers by universities and professional associations • Up to 10 awards, $10-15K each • In-person policy and technical support • Development and dissemination of use cases and code samples • More at awarded-grant-alfred-p-sloan-foundation- support-university-and-professional Integration Support 10 July 2013 16
  17. 17. Interoperable Infrastructure 10 July 2013 17 • ORCID is a partner on the ODIN project, funded by the European Commission FP7 • Other partners are CERN, British Library, DatCite, Dryad, arXIV, and ANDS • Goal is to leverage ORCID and DataCite to connect information across multiple services and infrastructures for scholarly communication
  18. 18. Dryad Plans 10 July 2013 18 Dryad’s plans for ORCID iDs • Not only use but expose ORCIDs • Make benefits tangible to submitters • Promote uptake of ORCIDs among contributors • Associate ORCIDs with both • Submitters • Contributors • Capture ORCIDs received from • Publishers & CrossRef • Authors • Coauthors 18 June 2013 35
  19. 19. Associate ORCIDs with items • Associate ORCIDs with contributors • Allow multiple identifier schemes at different levels • ORCIDs,ISNIs,Scopus IDs,etc. • Enable ORCID lookup upon submission • Launch ORCID registration for both authors and coauthors • Convey ORCIDs to DataCite 18 June 2013 3710 July 2013 19 Dryad Plans Todd Vision/Laure Haak: OAI8, Geneva
  20. 20. Embedding of ORCID iDs  Manuscript submission  Grant applications  University CRIS systems  Linkage with repositories  Linkage with other IDs Exploring integration in association membership and conference systems. ORCID has been proposed as a component of FIM and COI systems. 10 July 2013 20
  21. 21. “Nature journals authors can link their ORCID to their account in our manuscript submission and tracking system, and we[are now] publishing authors’ ORCIDs in papers.” Manuscript submission ORCID iDs are being received by CrossRef and PubMed Diehl LA, Souza RM, Alves JB, Gordan PA, Esteves RZ, Jorge ML, Coelho IC. InsuOnline, a Serious Game to Teach Insulin Therapy to Primary Care Physicians: Design of the Game and a Randomized Controlled Trial for Educational Validation. JMIR Res Protoc. 2013 Jan 21;2(1):e5. doi: 10.2196/resprot.2431. PubMed PMID: 23612462, 21
  22. 22. Grant applications Import information from ORCID record Link grant application to ORCID identifier NIH ScienCV to pilot use of ORCID iDs this summer 10 July 2013 22
  23. 23. Grant applications 10 July 2013 23 DOE/OSTI has modified the E-Link processing system and Announcement Notices (AN) to include ORCID iDs. The ORCID number will become part of the author information available to users for search and retrieval in DOE databases such as SciTech Connect., and will be associated with products managed by OSTI such as, World Wide, and the ETDEWEB.
  24. 24. 24 Personnel system integration Add ORCID iD to university HR system System will provide ORCID-HUID pairs for use in Harvard applications, such as DASH open access repository
  25. 25. 25 Import publications from ORCID Record Link between profile and ORCID iD CRIS system integration
  26. 26. Linking with data repositories Import works metadata from DataCite 10 July 2013 26
  27. 27. External IDs Create an ORCID iD or associate existing ORCID iD with ResearcherID Exchange profile and/or publication data between ORCID and ResearcherID 10 July 2013 27
  28. 28. National adoption: UK .aspx 10 July 2013 28
  29. 29. Available free to the community: registry (, open source code ( Source/wiki), sandbox for testing APIs ( the-orcid-sandbox), Public API, documentation (, annual public data file (, participation in Steering and Working Groups (, iDEAS forum Available to ORCID Members: Member API, OAuth token to support authentication, ability to serve as trusted party and read limited access data and write to/create records, biannual data files. Premium members get additional benefits including monthly usage reporting, Membership 29
  30. 30. Standard: One organization joins. Option for basic or premium benefit levels. Discount for non-profits. Consortium or Service Provider: One lead organization coordinates membership and technical implementation with group participants. Fee based on number of organizations in the group and benefit level. Discount for groups of 5 or more. Nation: One lead organization coordinates membership and technical implementation with group participants. Fee based on national GDP. How to join 10 July 2013 30
  31. 31. More Information • 10 July 2013 31

Editor's Notes

  • Name ambiguity is a fundamental issue we need to address and solve.
  • The goal of ORCID is to provide a registry of unique and persistent identifiers that transcends organization, discipline, and nation. ORCID is a truly international endeavor. The registry is open: individuals may register, link, import and share information for no fee. But the registry isn’t enough. For ORCID iDs to be adopted they must be used. So the second part of our mission is collaborating with organizations throughout the research community to embed the iDs in research information systems and workflows.ORCID was incorporated as a non-profit organization in September 2010.
  • So, it is a persistentiD, why should this matter? Why should researchers and organizations like yourselves take the time not only to get an ID, but to use it and embed it in your organizations workflows? It is a matter of interoperability.
  • The ORCID identifier is linked in the Registry to Account data and Record data. Information entered into the Record enables the identifier to be linked to external identifiers, research information (or CRIS) systems, and research workflowsAnd Account settings and permissions set by the account holder manage with whom and what data are shared externally.
  • Only full name and email address is required to register for an ORCID identifier. All other fields are optional. Obviously, the more other data associated with the Identifier, the more it is possible to uniquely identify an individual, in particular when more than one record may have been created for the same individual. This why we encourage users to complement their identifier by entering data into their ORCID Record. Record holders may designate another individual to serve as a proxy to manage their record, or their institution to serve as a delegated manager of their record.Record holders may manage what data are seen by whom, by adjusting privacy settings, and by selecting trusted organizations with whom to share limited access data and/or update the record with information on research activities linked through workflows. Organizations may register and create records for their employee, but unless they specify authority to present data publicly, the record will remain private until claimed by the researcher. And, at all times, the researcher has the ability to change privacy, proxy, and trusted party settings.Field;Group;Activity
  • There are 5 basic integration flows supported by ORCID APIs
  • A key piece of the success of ORCID is your help in achieving this goal.
  • Current ORCID iDs (May 31)   See the iD Trend Chart: iDs (includes deactivated iDs)    153560live ORCID iDs    153243deactivated iDs    317iDs that have a verified email addresses    93232iDs that have at least one work    45059Of those with DOIs, # of works with unique DOIs    679729
  • No Visitors: Chad, French GuyanaCurrent ORCID iDs (June 14)   See the iD Trend Chart: iDs (includes deactivated iDs)    166430live ORCID iDs    166089deactivated iDs    341iDs that have a verified email addresses    107443iDs that have at least one work    48652Of those with DOIs, # of works with unique DOIs    740217
  • Now have two publishers that have implemented end-to-end integration of ORCID identifiers, Hindawi and Nature. The first ORCID iDs were submitted with manusciupt metadata to CrossRef in March and to PubMed in April. We’ll see a demo od the Hindawi process today.
  • NIH is piloting ORCID identifiers in its ScienCV system. The public, beta version will be released in late summer 2013.  
  • NIH is piloting ORCID identifiers in its ScienCV system. The public, beta version will be released in late summer 2013.  
  • Avedasand Symplectic are ORCID service providers, supporting ORCID identifier integration into university profile systems,ADD HARVARD
  • Avedasand Symplectic are ORCID service providers, supporting ORCID identifier integration into university profile systems. Avedas launched its Converis 5 system in March, which includes an ORCID integration. We’ll hear more about this during the demonstration session later today. Boston University is about to launch its integration with Profiles, the code for which may hepp support ORCID-Profiles integrations at other organizations, including Harvard and FDA.
  • Joint statement on 9 Jan 2013 by: JISC, Assn of Research Managers and Administrators (ARMA), HEFCE, Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA), Research Councils UK, Universities and Colleges Information Systems Assn (UCISA), The Wellcome Trust