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The Tradeoff of Connectivity: The problem of privacy

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Presentation given by Irina Shklovski, IT University of Copenhagen, at Open & Agile Smart Cities' annual Connected Smart Cities & Communities Conference 2020 on 23 January in Brussels, Belgium.

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The Tradeoff of Connectivity: The problem of privacy

  1. 1. The Tradeoff of Connectivity: The problem of privacy Irina Shklovski Technologies in Practice IT University of Copenhagen Enredos by Daniel Canogar
  2. 2. What’s privacy?
  3. 3. What’s privacy? The right to be let alone – Warren & Brandeis, 1890: a principle which may be invoked to protect the privacy of the individual from invasion either by the too enterprising press, the photographer, or the possessor of any other modern device for recording or reproducing scenes or sounds.
  4. 4. Privacy as a human right? Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights provides a right to respect for one's "private and family life, his home and his correspondence", subject to certain restrictions that are "in accordance with law" and "necessary in a democratic society". Wikipedia entry on Article 8 What’s privacy?
  5. 5. What’s privacy?
  6. 6. Privacy is the ability of an individual or group to seclude themselves, or information about themselves, and thereby express themselves selectively. What’s privacy?
  7. 7. Is privacy an “ability” or a “state”? Ability – internal capacity to act State – a set of enabling conditions What’s privacy?
  8. 8. The state of privacy discourse in the digital world Enredos by Daniel Canogar Most discussions about privacy and personal data today rely on two assumptions: – that we should like to have control over data about us (whatever these might be) – that it is possible to have personal control over data about us
  9. 9. Privacy and data Enredos by Daniel Canogar Our data are being harvested and used by the organizations behind the systems which we rely upon and largely without much of our input but ostensibly with our consent YOU must take responsibility for your data and prevent this from happening!
  10. 10. Privacy and data Enredos by Daniel Canogar YOU must take responsibility for your data and prevent this from happening! This is an impossible demand and an underhanded shift of responsibility onto the individual The focus on giving the individual control shifts attention from the responsibilities of actors that enable data creation and benefit from its use
  11. 11. Privacy and data Enredos by Daniel Canogar The idea of individual control over personal data is attractive in theory and terrible in practice PRIVACY IS A RED HERRING, A WRONG QUESTION
  12. 12. Privacy and data Enredos by Daniel Canogar So what’s the right question?
  13. 13. Privacy and data Enredos by Daniel Canogar Any exchange of data is a relational act: an intricate negotiation of obligations and responsibilities given disclosures and knowledge “Privacy fundamentally entails relationships of respect” – J. Nedelsky, 1990
  14. 14. Privacy and data Enredos by Daniel Canogar The right question: What are the obligations and responsibilities implied in each data transaction? What SHOULD these be?
  15. 15. But what now? Individuals must have options and have the ability to protect the content we want from prying eyes BUT The care for the data we all generate should NOT rest entirely on individual shoulders Need political will to create conditions that enable people to live full lives without having the constant worry about data Enredos by Daniel Canogar
  16. 16. Thank you! Enredos by Daniel Canogar Irina Shklovski irsh@itu.dk IT University Copenhagen Check out project VIRT-EU Virteuproject.eu

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