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Privacy Management for Smart Cities

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Presentation given by Antonio Kung, Trialog, at Open & Agile Smart Cities' annual Connected Smart Cities & Communities Conference 2020 on 23 January in Brussels, Belgium

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Privacy Management for Smart Cities

  1. 1. Privacy Management for Smart Cities Antonio Kung Trialog, 25 rue du Général Foy 75008 Paris antonio.kung@trialog.com Connected SC&C - Privacy, Trust & Security22 January 2020 1
  2. 2. Outline Connected SC&C - Privacy, Trust & Security u Speaker u Policy maker viewpoint on privacy u The issue of ecosystems: example of cooperative ITS u The issue of governance: example of AI u Privacy standards u ISO/IEC 27570 Privacy guidelines for smart cities 22 January 2020 2
  3. 3. Speaker - Engineering background u Background on IoT n Embedded systems & Real-fime systems (e.g. automotive, domotics) u Work related to privacy n Secure vehicular communication – FP6 SEVECOM (2006-2008) n Privacy-by-design for ITS – FP7 PRECIOSA (2008-2010) n Privacy-by-design – FP7 PRIPARE (2013-2015) n Engineering tools for privacy – H2020 PDP4E (2018-2020) u Work related to smart cities n EIP-SCC – Citizen engagement u Active participation in privacy standards n ISO 31000 – Privacy by design n ISO/IEC 20547-4 – Big data security and privacy n ISO/IEC 27030 – IoT security and privacy n ISO/IEC 27550 – Privacy Engineering n ISO/IEC 27556 – Privacy Preference management n ISO/IEC 27570 – Privacy guideliens for smart cities u Teacher (American University of Paris) n CS 2055 : security privacy and trust Connected SC&C - Privacy, Trust & Security22 January 2020 3
  4. 4. IPEN member (ipen.trialog.com) Connected SC&C - Privacy, Trust & Security22 January 2020 4
  5. 5. Privacy from a Policy Maker Viewpoint Example of smart cities Connected SC&C - Privacy, Trust & Security22 January 2020 5
  6. 6. They deal with complex ecosystems Connected SC&C - Privacy, Trust & Security22 January 2020 6 Security Privacy Safety Smart grid Transport Health Smart Cities Big data IoT Ecosystems Domains Concerns Stakeholders Citizens Business Policy makers Block chain Auto- nomous systems AI Technologies
  7. 7. They manage privacy for these ecosystems Connected SC&C - Privacy, Trust & Security22 January 2020 7 Data Controller Data processor Comply Privacy Obligations Integrator Contracts Supplier PIA and PbD Purpose known Requirements Purpose unknown Apply Apply Municipality stakeholder PIA Citizen Give consent Agree Requests Agreements For data exchange
  8. 8. Supplier - Purpose unknown Including a supply chain vision Connected SC&C - Privacy, Trust & Security22 January 2020 8 MiddlewareOSSecurity module ElectronicsSensor Smart device Device Cloud solution Operator Smart City Application 1 SupplyChain Integrator - Purpose known Operator Smart City Application 2 Privacy impact assessment 2Privacy impact assessment 1 Smart City Officer
  9. 9. Including a sharing chain vision Connected SC&C - Privacy, Trust & Security22 January 2020 9 Data analyticsData transformation Data collecting Sharing Chain Data sharing agreement Data sharing agreement Smart City Officer
  10. 10. Privacy management in ecosystems Connected SC&C - Privacy, Trust & Security22 January 2020 10
  11. 11. Example of C-ITS Environment Connected SC&C - Privacy, Trust & Security22 January 2020 11 Road side ITS station Sending vehicle ITS station Receiving vehicle ITS station Position of vehicle Movement of vehicle (speed, acceleration, steering angle, …) Static information about the vehicle: type and size Pseudonym Recent Path (limited to the last 30 seconds at maximum) Message Message
  12. 12. Example of C-ITS Environment Connected SC&C - Privacy, Trust & Security22 January 2020 12 Pseudonymization authority Road side ITS station Sending vehicle ITS station Receiving vehicle ITS station Pseudonym Pseudonym
  13. 13. Stakeholders in the ecosystem Connected SC&C - Privacy, Trust & Security22 January 2020 13 Application operator (Safety, Traffic) Road side PKI operator Pseudonym issuer CAM operator Vehicle Application operator On board Safety Different roles, Different objectives Different types of data CAM operator Road side unit
  14. 14. Governance: Example of AI Connected SC&C - Privacy, Trust & Security22 January 2020 14
  15. 15. Ecosystem governance model Security, Privacy & Trust Governance Model Connected SC&C - Privacy, Trust & Security22 January 2020 15 Lifecycle process Governing stakeholder Governance process applies System provider System assets to manage SPT Policies to follows applies on to monitor to establish follows
  16. 16. Smart city governance Model Ecosystem governance Model Example of smart city Connected SC&C - Privacy, Trust & Security22 January 2020 16 Lifecycle process Governing stakeholder Governance process applies System provider System assets to manage SPT Policies to follows applies on to monitor to establish Lifecycle process Smart city Governance process applies Smart transport operator Transport system customers data to manage SPT Policies follows applies to monitor to establish followsfollows
  17. 17. Autonomous vehicle example Governance process? Stakeholders inthe process? Security and Privacy Governance Model for AI? Connected SC&C - Privacy, Trust & Securityto Policy management process Autonomous vehicle manufacturer Control and monitoring process Applies Autonomous vehicle Vehicle and passengers to manage Safety, security, privacy policies follows applies to monitor to establish follows 22 January 2020 17
  18. 18. Overview of Work on Standardisation Several Viewpoints Connected SC&C - Privacy, Trust & Security22 January 2020 18
  19. 19. Current work Connected SC&C - Privacy, Trust & Security22 January 2020 Slide 19 Principles ISO/IEC 29100 Privacy framework Published (free) Mechanism ISO/IEC 20889 Data de-identification terminology and classification of techniques Published ISO/IEC 29184 Online privacy notices and consent Pending New Consent record information structure Pending Organisation practice ISO 37100 Privacy-by-design for consumer goods and services Pending ISO/IEC 27550 Privacy engineering for system life cycle processes Published ISO/IEC 27701 Privacy information management -- requirements and guidelines Published ISO/IEC 27555 Establishing a PII deletion concept in organisations Pending ISO/IEC 27556 User-centric framework for privacy preference management Pending ISO/IEC 29134 Privacy impact assessment guidelines Published ISO/IEC 29151 Code of practice for PII protection Published ISO/IEC 29190 Privacy capability assessment model Published New Organisational privacy risk management Pending Ecosystem practice ISO/IEC 20547-4 Big data security and privacy Pending ISO/IEC 27030 Security and privacy guidelines for IoT Pending ISO/IEC 27570 Privacy guidelines for smart cities Pending ISO/IEC 23751 Data sharing agreements Pending
  20. 20. Privacy management in Smart Cities Connected SC&C - Privacy, Trust & Security22 January 2020 20
  21. 21. ISO/IEC 27570 Privacy guidelines for smart cities Connected SC&C - Privacy, Trust & Security22 January 2020 Slide 21 Ecosystem Governance body Organisation 1 Organisation N Organisation N Best available techniques Continuous improvement
  22. 22. Question? antonio.kung@trialog.com www.trialog.com Connected SC&C - Privacy, Trust & Security22 January 2020 22

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