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Japanese Super City Initiative

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Presentation given by Miguel Airas Antunes, Deloitte, at Open & Agile Smart Cities' annual Connected Smart Cities & Communities Conference 2020 on 23 January in Brussels, Belgium.

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Japanese Super City Initiative

  1. 1. Japanese “Super City” Initiative January 23, 2020 Tak Nagumo Executive Director, Smart City Institute Japan
  2. 2. 1 Profile of Tak Nagumo  Executive Director, Smart City Institute Japan, Not-for-profit organization promoting smart cities in Japan  Concurrently, • Committee Member, Japanese Government’s Cabinet Office Regulatory Reform Promotion Council • Committee Member, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry Information Sharing Infrastructure Promotion Council • Digital Government Promotion Officer, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications • Senior Managing Executive Officer, Mitsubishi UFJ Research and Consulting, Ltd. • Researcher, AI Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) • Fellow, World Economic Forum Fourth Industrial Revolution Japan Center • Japan Representative, Open & Agile Smart Cities (OASC) Japan • Professor of Kyoto University Graduate School of Management • Senior Visiting Fellow at Global Communication Center (GLOCOM), International University of Japan • Fellow at e-Governance Technology Lab, Tallinn University of Technology in Estonia.
  3. 3. 2 Smart City Institute Japan (SCI-J) Name: General Incorporated Association Smart City Institute Japan Main office: Tokyo, Japan Establishment: 1 October 2019 Major Activities:  Research: Conduct research on the world’s leading smart cities and produce regular reports  Training: Collaborate with universities and research institutions around the world to organize seminars, symposia and tours of the world’s leading smart cities  Recognition: Present awards for outstanding smart-city initiatives by organizations and individuals  Competitions: Create opportunities for undergraduate and graduate students to deepen their knowledge of smart cities
  4. 4. 3 Smart City Institute Japan (SCI-J)  Executive Directors  Noriyuki Yanagawa (Professor, Graduate School of Economics, University of Tokyo)  Takehiko Nagumo (Managing Executive Officer, MURC)  Yoshihiro Hirata (Senior Managing Director, Nikkei, Inc.)  Executive Advisors  Satoshi Murabayashi (President, MURC)  Shojiro Nakamura (Representative Director, Open Government Consortium)  Shuzo Murakami (President Institute for Building Environment and Energy Conservation)  Takao Kashiwagi (Professor Emeritus, Tokyo Institute of Technology)  Takeo Kikkawa (Professor, Graduate School of Management, Tokyo University of Science)  Daniel A. Levine (Senior Country Officer, World Bank Group, Singapore Office)  Mika Yasuoka-Jensen (Founder, Japanordic)  Norichika Kanie (Professor, Graduate School of Media and Governance at Keio University)  Masato Nobutoki (Director, YOKOHAMA SDGs Design Center) Satoshi Murabayashi Shojiro Nakamura Noriyuki Yanagawa Takao Kashiwagi Shuzo Murakami Takeo Kikkawa Daniel A. LevineMika Yasuoka Norichika KanieMasato Nobutoki
  5. 5. 4 Smart City Institute Japan (SCI-J)  Masato Nobutoki (Director, YOKOHAMA SDGs Design Center)  Noboru Koshizuka (Professor, Interfaculty Initiative in Information Studies, University of Tokyo)  Masaakira James Kondo (Chairman, International House of Japan, Inc.)  Maki Sakamoto (Professor, University of Electro-Communications)  Kenji Hiramoto (Chief Strategist, National Strategy Office of IT)  Fumiko Kato (CEO, Wamazing, Inc.)  Mihoko Sakurai (Associate Professor, Center for Global Communications, GLOCOM)  Chizuru Suga (Head, World Economic Forum Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution Japan)  Anjyu Ishiyama (General Manager, Secretariat, Sharing Economy Association Japan)  Atsushi Deguchi (Professor, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo)  Hideki Koizumi (Professor, RCAST, University of Tokyo)  Yuji Yoshimura (Project Associate Professor, RCAST, University of Tokyo)  Yutaka Matsuo (Professor, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo) Noboru Koshizuka Masaakira James Kondo Kenji Hiramoto Maki Sakamoto Fumiko KatoMihoko Sakurai Chizuru Suga Anjyu SugaAtsushi Deguchi Yuji YoshimuraHideki KoizumiYutaka Matsuo
  6. 6. 5 Social Challenges Require Technologies to Resolve • As articulated by SDGs and the WE, it has become increasingly evident that the human kind is faced with multiple challenges that are intertwined. • The latest technologies, e.g., AI, IoT, robotics, Big Data, and 5G, as typically leveraged in Industry 4.0 and Society 5.0, seem to be the “last resort” to tackle these challenges human kind has faced today. GOAL - SDGs MEANS - Society 5.0 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sustainable_Development_Goals#/media/File:Sustainable_Development_Goals.png https://www.gov-online.go.jp/cam/s5/eng/
  7. 7. 6 REALIZATION - Creation of Smart Cities Smart Citizens  Cities are physical locations where digital transformation of governments, industries, and other public/social institutions occurs. Smart Cities Super City & Smart City Civic Pride & Dignity Sharing Economy… Smart Industry Connected Industry Competitive Advantage Circular Economy… Top Down Approach: • Public Philosophy • Social Contracts • Data & System Architectures • System Thinking… Bottom Up Approach: • Individual Needs & Wants • Specific Digital Solutions • Startups & VCs • Design Thinking… Smart Government National & Local Digital Governments National & Global Tech Policies E-Democracy / Participation Smart Public Smart NPOs/NGOs Smart Communities
  8. 8. 7 Specific Challenges of Japan http://www.soumu.go.jp/johotsusintokei/whitepaper/ja/h29/html/nc135230.html;  Decreasing and aging population  Excessive concentration in Tokyo / Needs to rural revitalization  Complex regulatory regimes
  9. 9. 8 Society 5.0: Vison for Digital Transformation https://www.gov-online.go.jp/cam/s5/eng ; https://www8.cao.go.jp/cstp/english/society5_0/index.html  “Be the World’s Most Advanced IT Nation.”  Resolve economic and social problems with new technologies such as IoT, AI, and robotics, in a human-centric manner… Human Centricity
  10. 10. 9 Current SDGs & Smart City Projects  Inter-ministerial collaboration started to more efficiently implement smart cities in Japan.  Public-Private Collaboration Smart City Platform launched.
  11. 11. 10 North - Hokkaido and Tohoku As of 13 November 2019 (出所) 各府省の公表資料をもとに当社作成 北海道北見市 北海道帯広市 北海道下川町 北海道 北海道札幌市 北海道ニセコ町 北海道上土幌町 北海道阿寒地域 岩手県釜石市 気仙沼広域 宮城県東松山市 宮城県岩沼市 福島県新地町 福島県南相馬市 福島県会津若松市 山形県飯豊町 宮城県大崎市 秋田県仙北市 岩手県陸前高田市 福島県郡山市 福島県浪江町・南相馬市 MLIT: Front Runner Model Project MLIT: High Priority Commercialization Promotion Project MLIT: Smart City Model Project MIC: ICT Smart City Promotion Project MIC: Smart City of Data Utilization Type METI: Smart Community Demonstration Trials CAO: Eco-Model City Project CAO: Future City Project CAO: SDGs Future City & Local Government SDGs Model Project METI & MLIT: Smart Mobility Challenge Project 宮城県仙台市
  12. 12. 11 East and Mid - Kanto and Chubu (出所) 各府省の公表資料をもとに当社作成 茨城県つくば市 千葉県柏市 東京都千代田区 東京都豊島区 東京都三鷹市 群馬県前橋市 埼玉県さいたま市 神奈川県 神奈川県鎌倉市 神奈川県横浜市 神奈川県横須賀市 東京都日野市 栃木県宇都宮市 群馬県みなかみ市 神奈川県川崎市 神奈川県小田原市 茨城県日立市 神奈川県川崎市・箱根町 新潟県新潟市 長野県 長野県飯田市 長野県塩尻市 山梨県市川三郷町 静岡県静岡市 静岡県袋井市 静岡県浜松市 岐阜県御嵩町 愛知県豊田市 石川県白山市 富山県富山市 石川県七尾市 石川県珠洲市 富山県 石川県小松市 富山県南砺市 愛知県 愛知県名古屋市 愛知県豊橋市 新潟県見附市 伊豆地域 愛知県春日井市 福井県鯖江市 福井県永平寺町 東京都調布市 As of 13 November 2019 東京都江東区 静岡県熱海市・下田市 静岡県藤枝市 埼玉県毛呂山町 千葉県守谷市 東京都大田区岐阜県岐阜市 愛知県岡崎市 MLIT: Front Runner Model Project MLIT: High Priority Commercialization Promotion Project MLIT: Smart City Model Project MIC: ICT Smart City Promotion Project MIC: Smart City of Data Utilization Type METI: Smart Community Demonstration Trials CAO: Eco-Model City Project CAO: Future City Project CAO: SDGs Future City & Local Government SDGs Model Project METI & MLIT: Smart Mobility Challenge Project
  13. 13. 12 West - Kansai, Chugoku and Shikoku (出所) 各府省の公表資料をもとに当社作成 滋賀県 三重県玉城町 三重県志摩市 三重県志摩地域 三重県菰野町 滋賀県大津市 京都府京丹後周辺地域 京都府京舞鶴市 京都府 奈良県十津川村 奈良県葛城村 京都府京都市 京都府南山城村 和歌山県和歌山市 奈良県三郷町 奈良県広陵町 奈良県生駒市 大阪府箕面市 兵庫県尼崎市 兵庫県加古川市 兵庫県淡路市 兵庫県神戸市 大阪府堺市 徳島県上勝町 徳島県 香川県高松市 香川県瀬戸内地域 高知県檮原町 愛媛県松山市 愛媛県新居浜市 山口県宇部市 島根県益田市 山陰地域(鳥取・島根県) 島根県大田市 広島県庄原市 鳥取県米子市 広島県 岡山県真庭市 岡山県西栗倉村 岡山県岡山市 鳥取県智頭町 鳥取県日南町 けいはんな学研都市 • As of 13 November 2019 広島県三次市 大阪府大阪市 広島県呉市 徳島県美波町 岡山県倉敷市 広島県福山市 MLIT: Front Runner Model Project MLIT: High Priority Commercialization Promotion Project MLIT: Smart City Model Project MIC: ICT Smart City Promotion Project MIC: Smart City of Data Utilization Type METI: Smart Community Demonstration Trials CAO: Eco-Model City Project CAO: Future City Project CAO: SDGs Future City & Local Government SDGs Model Project METI & MLIT: Smart Mobility Challenge Project
  14. 14. 13 South - Kyushu and Okinawa (出所) 各府省の公表資料をもとに当社作成 沖縄県宮古島 沖縄県名護市 沖縄県久米島町 沖縄県恩納村 鹿児島県大崎町 鹿児島県徳之島町 熊本県水俣市 熊本県熊本市 福岡県福津市 福岡県北九州市 長崎県壱岐市 長崎県唐津市 長崎県武雄市 熊本県小国町 福岡県大牟田市 大分県大分市 鹿児島県肝属郡3町 As of 13 November 2019 長崎県糸島市 福岡県福岡市 長崎県島原市 熊本県荒尾市 沖縄県八重山地域 MLIT: Front Runner Model Project MLIT: High Priority Commercialization Promotion Project MLIT: Smart City Model Project MIC: ICT Smart City Promotion Project MIC: Smart City of Data Utilization Type METI: Smart Community Demonstration Trials CAO: Eco-Model City Project CAO: Future City Project CAO: SDGs Future City & Local Government SDGs Model Project METI & MLIT: Smart Mobility Challenge Project
  15. 15. 14 What’s the “Super City” Initiative? https://nettv.gov-online.go.jp/eng/prg/prg6204.html?nt=1
  16. 16. 15 From Single to Multiple Digital Solutions  Smart Healthcare (e.g., Remote Healthcare)  Smart Logistics (e.g., Automated Delivery, Drone)  Smart Education (e.g., Remote Education)  Smart Payment (e.g., Cashless Payment)  Smart Mobility (e.g., Automated Driving)  Digital Government (e.g., “Once-Only Data Registration)  Smart Energy Management  Smart Waste Management  Smart Crisis Management  Smart Crime Prevention  Etc., … More than 5 digital solutions must be implemented concurrently to be qualified as “Super City.
  17. 17. 16 Transition to More Integrative Approach https://www.kantei.go.jp/jp/singi/tiiki/kokusentoc/supercity/dai3/shiryou2.pdf (English translation by SCI-J ) Services IT Network Buildings Transport Network Surface Infrastructure Buried Infrastructure Digital Services (Business Apps)
  18. 18. 17 Holistic Architectural Design Approach Strategy/Policy Laws & Regulations Digital Services (Business Apps) Organization (Stakeholders) Data Platform Assets (Data Sources) (出典:「府省連携によるスマートシティの推進」 平成31年4月 内閣府省察統括官(科学技術・イノベーション担当) English Translation by SCI-J https://www5.cao.go.jp/keizai-shimon/kaigi/special/reform/wg6/190418/pdf/shiryou3-2.pdf Interoperability of Data among Cities Open Data Area Data Industry Data Private Data Privacy Protection, Digital ID, Data Security & Governance PPPP
  19. 19. 18 Public Private People Partnership Required
  20. 20. 19 Enhanced National Strategic Special Zone  Designed to fast-track regulatory changes necessary for implementing super cities.  On the condition that citizens’ consensus exists regarding local policies for designing and implementing “super cities,” local authorities should be able to override national laws and regulations.
  21. 21. 20 Super City in Summary  Showcase “holistic future state” of cities in Japan in 2030  Shift from silo-based solution approach to comprehensive platform-based approach  Use integrative reference architecture to efficiently enable data interoperability  PPPP as fundamental means to implement governance  Enhanced national strategic special zone to facilitate new technology implementation  At least initially, only about 5 cities will be chosen as “super cities”  Both brown- and green-field approaches acceptable  Legislation expected be in effect this spring (cabinet decision completed)
  22. 22. 21 Thank you - Any Questions? Contact: • Take Nagumo Email: takehiko.Nagumo@murc.jp LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/takehikonagumo/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/takehiko.nagumo Twitter: https://twitter.com/TakehikoNagumo • Smart City Institute of Japan (SCI-J) https://www.sci-japan.or.jp/English/index/html

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