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Interoperable digital solutions and transformation of cities and communities

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This presentation was given by Lindsay Frost, NEC / ETSI, at Open & Agile Smart Cities' annual Connected Smart Cities & Communities Conference 2020 on 23 January in Brussels, Belgium

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Interoperable digital solutions and transformation of cities and communities

  1. 1. 1 © NEC Corporation 2020 Interoperable digital solutions and transformation of cities and communities Lindsay Frost Chief Standardisation Engineer, NEC Laboratories Europe GmbH
  2. 2. 2 © NEC Corporation 2020 What should I be talking about? ▌Present status quo, trends and relevance of standards ▌Potential governance of standards for smart cities ▌Role of standards for sustainable digital transformation of smart cities & communities
  3. 3. 3 © NEC Corporation 2020 What should I be talking about? ▌Present status quo, trends and relevance of standards ▌Potential governance of standards for smart cities ▌Role of standards for sustainable digital transformation of smart cities & communities The situation is hopeless, but not serious! Hundreds of SDOs talk nice… but none listen! We Must All Hang Together, or Most Assuredly, We Will All Hang Separately! not^
  4. 4. 4 © NEC Corporation 2020 What should I be talking about? ▌Present status quo, trends and relevance of standards ▌Potential governance of standards for smart cities ▌Role of standards for sustainable digital transformation of smart cities & communities Don’t panic: we are in the same situation as 1840, standardising screw threads. Civilization survived. Don’t panic: You (cities) are the “buyers” and you CAN set the priorities and evaluate merits of various standards! Don’t panic: Standards change unpredictable risk into manageable risk … If dozens of cities have implemented some standardised systems, you can know what to expect.
  5. 5. 5 © NEC Corporation 2020 What should I be talking about? ▌Present status quo, trends and relevance of standards ▌Potential governance of standards for smart cities ▌Role of standards for sustainable digital transformation of smart cities & communities DO: step by step, work on interoperability DO: continue pooling expertise, crowdsourcing, aim for control of Acceptance Testing DO: Compare, set KPIs, organize certification, do interops and bakeoffs, aim for replicability
  6. 6. 6 © NEC Corporation 2020 What is NEC talking about (and actually doing) ?
  7. 7. 7 © NEC Corporation 2020 NEC builds what the customer asks for … so ask!
  8. 8. 8 © NEC Corporation 2020 NEC is extremely concerned about Resilience
  9. 9. 9 © NEC Corporation 2020 Just 35 / 60 index cities with integrated disaster planning https://safecities.economist.com/safe-cities-index-2019/
  10. 10. 10 © NEC Corporation 2020 NEC promotes standards ( integrating chaos is a nightmare !) JTC1 De Jure SDOs De Facto SDOs Open-Source ITU-T ITU-R SG-20 SG17 Q4 QKD CEN CENELEC SF-SSCC BOARD ! These are just examples where I personally have involvement ETSI ISG CIM Chairman Industry Specification Group Context Info Management ETSI Board Member ETSI Delegate for: CEN/CENELEC/ETSI SF-SSCC (Sector Forum on Smart and Sustainable Cities and Communities) CEN/CENELEC/ETSI CG- SmartManufacturing
  11. 11. 11 © NEC Corporation 2020 Mindmap of Standardisation Organisations for SF-SSCC Source: CEN/CENELEC/ETSI SF-SSCC PLenary, 23 Oct. 2019 • Interactive “drill down” display of topics possible in mindmap • Topics chosen by SF-SSCC, based on WHO, UN SDGs, SDOs • The mindmap is generated from a excel file of Alliances and SDO WGs, with topics. Can also be exported to Word • Over 600 groups are listed, so far, with URLs, titles and scope of their work • Topics/categories of SDOs can be (re)assigned by any user, under CC4.0 license • Specifications listed in separate part of excel file, creating a 2nd mindmap MINDMAP WORD
  12. 12. 12© ETSI 2019 12 Smart Cities … don’t panic, crowdsource ! Think of Wikipedia Think of LINUX Foundation and ECLIPSE Look at IEEE expert groups Look at OASC Academy Watch for EC CSA projects promoting / coordinating experts GOAL: Create a mix & match menu of standards/solutions NEEDED: Enthusiasts with expertise in managing large volunteer projects and/or MOOC training platforms, with a desire to help the world transform.
  13. 13. 13 © NEC Corporation 2020 Smart Cities … when you crowd in, agree Ontologies too! Libraries of thousands of overlapping vocabularies/ontologies exist: ISO/IEC 11179 Metadata Registries FAIRsharing.org Project Open Data Open Metadata Registry BARTOC Basel Register of Ontologies Biomedical Ontologies … Matching up ontologies is MUCH harder than (re)using same ones ! ETSI SmartM2M and SAREF working to consolidate/bridge ontologies
  14. 14. 14© ETSI 2019 14 SmartM2M and oneM2M create basis for SAREF SMARTM2M_DASILVA_ETSITCSmartM2M.pdf 2019-10-22 9:21 849,1 KB SAREF_EU_PICTURE_EC_MIHAYLOV.pdf 2019-10-23 12:27 276,6 KB SAREF_ONTOLOGY_UPM_BOVEDA_GARCIA.pdf 2019-10-23 12:27 1451,2 KB SAREF_PORTAL_IMT_MINES_LEFRANCOIS.pdf 2019-10-23 12:27 1710 KB STF566_UPM_GARCIA-CASTRO.pdf 2019-10-23 12:27 2719,8 KB Recent ETSI IoT Week (21-15 Oct 2019) presentations related to TC SmartM2M, oneM2M and SAREF https://docbox.etsi.org/Workshop/2019/201910_ETSIIoTWEEK And particularly https://docbox.etsi.org/Workshop/2019/201910_ETSIIoTWEEK/ETSIIoTWORKSHOP/S06_SEMANTIC_SMART_APPS
  15. 15. © ETSI 15 Meet ETSI’s ISG CIM’s NGSI-LD API Industry Specification Group for cross-cutting Context Information Management
  16. 16. 16© ETSI 2019 16 ETSI ISG CIM (Context Information Management) User Apps IoT Open Data Context Information Management Layer
  17. 17. 17© ETSI 2019 17 ETSI ISG CIM (Context Information Management)
  18. 18. 18© ETSI 2019 18 NGSI-LD: Context Information Management API <buildingA> <room5> <occupancy>1 10</...> asNDAGAINqwq Ajksajasdfahdsjfk ASD2348FNA;W Asdafnasd;fmasd ASwt5iqwerjsfg43 a foaf:Person ; foaf:name "Jimmy Wales" ; foaf:mbox <mailto:jwales@b omis.com> ; foaf:homepage <http://www.jim mywales.com> <situation id="GU ID2A22530C-D4 52-4ae8-B942-9 93BC2923D13" v ersion="1"> <overallSeverity> high< /overallSeverity> "contextRegistration": [ { "entities": [ { "id": "E1", "type": "T1", “ isPattern": "false" }, { "id": "E2", "type": "T2", “ isPattern": "false" } ], Entity (type, identifier) Property Relationship link to video link to 3D model speed location, speed location location address owns livesAt isAttached Clipart is under Creative Commons BY 4.0 Licence from https://www.svgrepo.com, CREATE DIGITAL TWINS
  19. 19. 19© ETSI 2019 19 NGSI-LD Information Model supports Provenance Meta-Data A provenance-aware quality ontology [567] [567] Baillie, Chris, Peter Edwards, and Edoardo Pignotti. "Qual: A provenance-aware quality model." Journal of Data and Information Quality (JDIQ) 5, no. 3 (2015): 12. Accessed 20170818 at http://aura.abdn.ac.uk/bitstream/handle/2164/6051/baillie_acm_jdiq_15.pdf?sequence=1 Knowing the data source Is essential for decision … AI or human!
  20. 20. 20 © NEC Corporation 2020 What should I be talking about? ▌Present status quo, trends and relevance of standards ▌Potential governance of standards for smart cities ▌Role of standards for sustainable digital transformation of smart cities & communities Convergence will happen, but do not expect “fast” The situation is … complex, but Cities can choose Interop, interop, interop ! MIMs, MIMs, MIMs !

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