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Eco-Systems for Smart Cities based on Open Urban Platforms

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Presentation given by Nikolay Tcholtev, Fraunhofer Fokus, at Open & Agile Smart Cities' annual Connected Smart Cities & Communities Conference 2020 on 23 January in Brussels, Belgium.

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Eco-Systems for Smart Cities based on Open Urban Platforms

  1. 1. Fraunhofer FOKUS Institut für Offene Kommunikationssysteme Eco-Systems for Smart Cities based on Open Urban Platforms Fraunhofer FOKUS Dr. Nikolay Tcholtchev Philipp Lämmel, Dr. Yacine Rebahi | Januar 23th 2020 | Brussels, Belgium Fraunhofer FOKUS Institute for Open Communication Systems ©MichaelZalewski/FraunhoferFOKUS
  2. 2. We Connect Things  specialized  secure  effective  thematically  technologically  scientifically  organizationally Systems Processes Persons Organizations ©ESA/NASA November 15th, 2019 | Security in the Networks2
  3. 3. Our Network Research partners TransferUniversities Multipliers Institutional support CertLab Federal Government / EU Industry 3 Large-scale enterprises StartupsSME November 15th, 2019 | Security in the Networks
  4. 4. Figures 2018 (Selection) 4 ~ 430 Employees 37 EU projects ~ 100 Industry partners ~ 200 Industry projects November 15th, 2019 | Security in the Networks
  5. 5. Visual Computing and Analytics Services & Data Platforms Data Analytics & Knowledge Management Devices & Media Technologies Quality Engineering Network Technologys Digital Governance Interoperability & Standards Systems Processes PersonsThings Organizations Future Applications and Media Quality Engineering Smart Mobility Software -based Networks Collaborative Safety and Security Business units Core competences Our Business Units and Core Competences Digital Public Services 5 November 15th, 2019 | Security in the Networks
  6. 6. Agenda 1 Open Urban Platforms 2 Standardization Activities 3 Data Platform Projects 4 Use Case Projects 5 Summary 6 Next Steps 7 Potentials 6
  7. 7. 1Open Urban Platform 7
  8. 8. Open Urban Platform: urban platform that uses open standards and interfaces to guarantee compatibility and interoperability with other systems and other urban platforms. (according to DIN SPEC 91357) 8
  9. 9. 2Standardization and Collaboration Activities 9
  10. 10.  Provide a unified view and understanding on the ICT strategies of cities  Identify interfaces for communication between involved components  Enable the accommodation of legacy systems into an ICT Reference Architecture  Enable the exchange and interoperability of various components and/or software packages along the identified and standardized interfaces – i.e. avoid VENDOR LOCK-IN  Define the ICT Reference Architecture and interfaces in a way that Open Source components can be used, in order to enable cities and communities to get independent from particular vendors ICT Reference Architecture from EIP SCC 10
  11. 11. ICT Reference Architecture from EIP SCC 11
  12. 12.  Adaptation of the EIP SCC results to the needs of the German market  Start in November 2016  Specification document released at the beginning of 2018  More than 10 partners (cities, municipalities, industry, research, automotive, software, network providers …)  Goals: Open Urban ICT Reference Architecture for the German market  Open Interfaces  Layers for Communication and Data Processing  Security, Privacy …  Use Cases DIN OUP SPEC 91357 „Reference Architecture Open Urban Platform” 12
  13. 13. 13
  14. 14.  Instantiation of DIN OUP for Urban Mobility  15 partners from automotive, cities, software vendors, academia, mobility and transportation service providers  Initiated in 2018 –> DIN specification released in April 2019  Goal: Instantiation of DIN OUP for the purposes of Urban Mobility  25+ use cases  Intermodal transport  Connected autonomous driving  Urban Logistics  Smart Parking  Urban Air Mobility  …  Conceptual analysis of the DIN OUP instantiation  Development of an overarching concept/standard for urban mobility data collection for real-time applications  Relation to SUMP – Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan discussed on European level  Roles and Responsobilities  Organisation & Operator Model  Business Models DIN SPEC 91367 „Urban mobility data collection for real-time applications” 14
  15. 15.  Further development of standardized ICT reference architectures for Smart Cities presented later on  Extends exisiting standards by multiple concepts required for an open eco-system  Service Access Points – abstract interfaces between the different (classes of) ICT components in a Smart City  oupPLUS allows for systematic analysis of Smart City architectures  oupPLUS enables the structuring of Urban ICT  oupPLUS enables the creation of dynamic Smart City eco-systems involving multiple stakeholders, e.g. industry, SMEs, academia, Open Source Initiatives … oupPLUS – based on a DIN Specification 15
  16. 16. oupPLUS – the Quality Assurance and Interoperability View 16  Conformance Testing  of the Service Access Points  i.e. Testing of the Standard Protocols at the SAPs  Many available test suites for various protocols  SIP - TTCN-3 ETSI  IPv6 - IPv6 Ready Logo  6LowPan  SOAP, HTTP, 3GPP, LTE … TTCN3  ...  Security Testing  of the Service Access Points  Penetration testing  Interoperability Testing  at the Service Access Points  e.g. ETSI Interop PlugTests
  17. 17. 3Data Platform Projects 17
  18. 18.  Concept and realization by Fraunhofer FOKUS  Deployment of the backend system - CKAN  Analysis of various Open Data aspects in a corresponding study  Definition of a Meta-data Schema  Transfer of the pilot to Berlin Online towards a sustainable Operation  http://daten.berlin.de Open Data Berlin Berlin Open Data - First Open Data Portal in Germany © Fraunhofer FOKUS
  19. 19.  Since December 2012: Pilot/Prototype-Portal of Vattenfall Europe on Open Data regarding the Electrical Grid of Berlin  http://www.netzdaten-berlin.de  Strong push towards Open Data from Industry  252 Datasets  Electricity Supply  Balance Sheets  Connections with the Grid  Coverage Area  Electrical Grid Structure …  Concept and realization by Fraunhofer FOKUS Energy Open Data for/from Berlin © Fraunhofer FOKUS
  20. 20.  European Data Portal (Pan European Open Data Portal)  Since 01. Jan. 2015 https://www.europeandataportal.eu/  Open Data from more than 30 European states are captured and made easily searchable and reusable  Fraunhofer FOKUS is part of an international consortium towards establishing the most challenging Open Data platform world wide  As one of the main technical partners, Fraunhofer FOKUS develops various components as for example the data register and various harvesting mechanisms European Open Data Portal © Fraunhofer FOKUS
  21. 21.  The Pilot/Prototype was officially online since the 9th of February 2013 –> since 2015 in productive operation  http://www.govdata.de  Development , Improvement and Operation (until 2015) of the Prototype  Different Types of (Open) Data  Datasets  Documents  Applications  Focus on free Licenses  Datenlizenz Deutschland (de-dl, ...)  Creative Commons (cc-by, ...) ... Official Pilot of the German Ministry of Internal Affairs GovData.de Govermental Data © Fraunhofer FOKUS
  22. 22. 4 Further Projects within OUP – Use Case and Technology Projects 22
  23. 23.  Development of a Next Generation VoIP communication based platform based on open standards  ETSI M.493, EENA NG112 LTD , HELD, LoST, NENA i2/i3  Integration of Voice, Video, Real Time Text and IoT sensor data (e.g. eHealth) during the emergency calls  Automated call triggering, i.e. NG eCall  Structuring of the overall platfrom according to the Open Urban Platform principles EMYNOS - nExt generation eMergencY commuNicatiOnS 23
  24. 24. WINDNODE – Smart Energy Trading based on Blockchain 24 Prosumer Consumer Participating household Participating householdParticipating household
  25. 25. 25 Escrow Contract Offer Contract Smart Meter Contract Measurement Contract Private Blockchain Network REST API Makes offer(s) Accepts offer(s) Prosumer Consumer WINDNODE – Smart Energy Trading based on Blockchain
  26. 26.  Design, specification and development of an Mobility Data Cloud for the integration of different data and services towards enabling the sharing of electric vehicles GEMO – Smart City ICT Infrastructure for shared collaborative eMobility 26
  27. 27.  Components for Authentication, Authorization and Access Control to data assets and services developed in the scope of multiple projects – based on OpenID, OAuth, JSON Web Token  Data anonymization for energy data in the scope of WindNode (pivacy aspects)  Model-checking for the verification of firewall access models for securing OUP components  Intrusion Detection Systems, firewalls and dynamic security functions within a Virtual Security Appliance (vSA) in H2020 FORTIKA Cybersecurity for Open Urban Platforms – FORTIKA,Quality Assurance for Firewalls, Identity Management and Access Control 27
  28. 28.  Emden  Liverpool  Belfast  Urban Data Partnership – consulting 10+ cities in the scope of the Morgenstadt network of Fraunhofer  Workshops for Industrial Customers  Workshops for Governmental Entities  Studies for European and national institutions (e.g. European Parliament) and industrial partners Smart City and Open Urban Platform scientific advisory Activities 28
  29. 29. 5 Summary 29
  30. 30.  Open Urban Platforms provide the structural framework for  understanding urban ICT  designing integrative Smart City solutions based on Open Interfaces and Open Standards  avoiding VENDOR LOCK-IN  creating an urban ICT eco-system of various stakeholders – industry, academia, SMEs, Open Source initiatives  Standardization of Open Urban Platforms in DIN 91357 and DIN 91367 based on the European Level activities in EIP SCC  Different projects for various aspects of a Smart City ICT  Data Platform projects  Emergency Communication projects and prototypes  IoT integration  Security – firewalls, intrusion detection systems, authorization and authentication  Blockchain projects  Smart Energy  Scientific advisors for cities and public institutions Summary 30
  31. 31. 6 Next Steps 31
  32. 32.  New DIN specification for urban district development and management based on Open Urban Platforms  Blockchain for district management in Smart City districts  Artificial Inteligence in Smart Energy  Micro-mobility use case  Further development of the current topics  Develop and integrate the utilization of Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence in general into Open Urban Platforms  Accountable and transperant Aritifical Intelligence as a key topic  Develop the topic of IoT security in the access network segment (e.g. LoRaWAN, NB-IoT, LPWAN in general)  Develop and integrate quantum communication and quantum computing within Open Urban Platforms  Develop further oupPLUS as our research version of DIN OUP  Additional Smart City use cases in the scope of Open Urban Platforms Next Steps 32
  33. 33. Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communication Systems FOKUS Kaiserin-Augusta-Allee 31 10589 Berlin, Germany info@fokus.fraunhofer.de www.fokus.fraunhofer.de Dr.-Ing. Nikolay Tcholtchev Phone: +49 (30) 3463-7175 nikolay.tcholtchev@fokus.fraunhofer.de Philipp Lämmel Phone: +49 (30) 3463-7256 nikolay.tcholtchev@fokus.fraunhofer.de Thank you for your attention!

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