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Oala agm markham ken greenberg


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Oala agm markham ken greenberg

  1. 1. Ontario Assoication of Landscape Architects AGM Markham City Hall March 23, 2012 City Building: A New Convergence Ken Greenberg Greenberg Consultants, Inc.
  2. 2. Eric Pedersen 1960 - 2012
  3. 3. From feet and two wheels to four wheels…….. ……and beyond
  4. 4. It seemed like such a great idea at the time1939 World’s Fair in NY – General Motors makes its pitch Interstate Highways
  5. 5. …that it shaped a whole new way of living
  6. 6. But unfortunately the reality is not quite like the dream…..
  7. 7. and ultimately tests to failure…. we pollute the atmosphere and induce climate change and Peak Oil arrivesAs the roads quickly fill up compromise our health
  8. 8. In 2 generations the urban world is transformeda walk out of the city, pretty much any city Just take
  9. 9. From lively active sidewalks …to forlorn arteries lined with parking lots
  10. 10. These two worlds are experiencing parallel and complementary challenges
  11. 11. Battle lines are drawn: Jacobs vs. Moses
  12. 12. and ultimately people start to vote with their feet ….as walkable urban places are seen by many to provide a more satisfying future and shared public spaces become a key to economic vitality
  13. 13. provoking a great reversal1970 2005Average Individual Income, City of Toronto
  14. 14. with a corresponding gradation of auto dependence Walking Driving Cycling Transit
  15. 15. A pattern of living andworking emerges that isultimately not sustainablewith dramatic impacts oncongestion Source: MTO, GO Transit, Globe and Mail
  16. 16. AUTOPIA DEAD MALLSHigh Gas Prices Worsening the Housing Bust–But Not Where Malls are Dying in AmericaDowntown From the Wall Street JournalBy Marty Jerome By Kellvyn Brown , 05-22-09April 24, 2008 |Here’s a real-estate tip: Buy downtown. In many cities, priceshave already bottomed out and are holding steady–or nudgingup. The same can’t be said for the suburbs. In fact, commutetimes to downtown areas are turning out to be a directpredictor of how far home prices have fallen–and how far off arecovery still is. The longer the commute, the bigger the drop.High gas prices alone don’t explain why many people are and cracks appear in the automoving closer to work. But they’re giving many Americans a dependent paradigmpainful reminder that long commutes carry aggravations thatultimately didn’t justify saving money on a house: the weeksspent every year sitting in snarled traffic, the mortal peril ofcongested freeways, the maintenance and fast depreciation ofyour car, and so forth.
  17. 17. The Good (City) Life: Why New Yorks Life Expectancy Is the Highest inthe NationNona Wilils Arononowitz…. The latest data from the Bureau of Vital Statistics shows New York City…has thehighest life expectancy in the country. Babies born in 2009 can expect to live a record80.6 years. Thats almost three years longer than a decade ago, and more than twoyears longer than the current national average of 78.2 years.First, we dont spend our entire lives in cars. We walk everywhere. With narrowstreets, an abundance of stores, and a dearth of parking, the city is practicallydesigned to make us walk. Before we get on the subway, we walk there, and after wearrive at our stop, we climb numerous flights of stairs.Our old people also have it much better than the elderly in bucolic settings. Theessentials—food, medicine, laundromats, parks—are usually mere blocks from theirhomes. The hospital is likely a shorter distance away, too. High population densitymeans a plethora of neighbors who can look after each other. When people live ontop of each other, the likelihood of social isolation plummets—and the age of deathrises. Life expectancy isnt the whole story—just because someone is old doesntmean theyre able to live a pleasurable and fulfilling life. But cities like New Yorktend to provide that, too. Theres something to be said for mental stimulation, whichNew York City delivers in droves. Studies have shown that cultural attractions gettingpeople out of the house and exercising their brains elongate life. So do friends. So,apparently, do random people with crazy outfits walking down the street. The morevariety in ones daily life, the more life is, literally, worth living.Despite the caveats, this newest data makes it clear: Its high time for the myth ofthe “urban health penalty” to die out.
  18. 18. These challenges (and others) are immense but cities, the most remarkable of human creations and the great synthesizers, have an incredible capacity to learn, to recover, and to adaptMAKING THE PARADIGM SHIFT - unlearning bad habits, new tools, teams and ways of working Taking a method on the road to Saint Paul – the Saint Paul on the Mississippi Development Framework Making mixed-use, compact, dense, walkable places
  19. 19. Learning that ‘sustainability’ is not a category but a way of synthesizing and connecting ‘Symbiocity’ Finding the essential DNA to create new places
  20. 20. Recycling obsolescent lands and resources
  21. 21. Recognizing that quality of life is a key economic asset
  22. 22. Developing the critical ability to assemble the pieces
  23. 23. Adaptive Re-useWarehouse DistrictsTHE KINGS Layering on What Exists
  24. 24. Adding to the richness and synergy
  25. 25. Making each chess piece count
  26. 26. Appreciating the great value of a shared strategic vision
  27. 27. Maintaining a strategic overview of transforming moves
  28. 28. Drilling down
  29. 29. Re-tooling our infrastructure while revising our priorities for city streetsExperiencing New York in a whole new way - Broadway from 23rd Street to Columbus Circle at 59th Street
  30. 30. …and expanding the range of ways to get around
  31. 31. Back to the future in unexpected ways Motor Car Laws are Separate Auto Paths badly needed may be the answer!
  32. 32. New designs appear for sharing the rights-0f-way into “complete streets”
  33. 33. Including re-allocating space in existing rights-of-way
  34. 34. Making room for and developing respect for all usersAs priorities reverse again….
  35. 35. Creating a world where kids can ride their bikes to school again understanding that active transportation contributes to public health
  36. 36. Car free Sundays in the Emperor’s Palace
  37. 37. Transformations of urban and suburban environments – 1980’s and 2011St. Lawrence Historic District Bank Street Ottawa
  38. 38. Transit as the armature of urban growth
  39. 39. Making new neighbourhoods with transit priority, fine-grained pedestrian and cycle networks Fine-grained pedestrian and cycle networks Fine-grained pedestrian and cycle networks
  40. 40. Responding to shifts in how existing streets are actually used
  41. 41. In city after city streets redesigned – King Street in Kitchener , St. Catherine in Montreal,Granville in Vancouver, Bank Street in Ottawa, Yonge Street and John Street in Toronto
  42. 42. Including temporary pedestrian takeovers of city streets – sharing in time
  43. 43. 104th Street Edmonton
  44. 44. Y0nge Street, Toronto
  45. 45. Re-learning how to make dense and diverse cities work for all ages and abilities
  46. 46. But it’s not just how dense you make it; it’s how you make it dense!
  47. 47. Finding ways to achieve higher levels of mix and overlap in new projectsKendall Square in Cambridge and pedestrian street in Malmo
  48. 48. Universities and Colleges as city builders
  49. 49. Recovering from errorsRegent Park public housing project rebuilt as an new mixed-use mixed income neighbourhood
  50. 50. Making room for diversity and initiative: tapping the ingenuity of new arrivals - allowing the city to evolveThe incubation of businesses for new immigrant communities now happens in the suburban strip mall
  51. 51. Dealing with the powerful imperatives of nature Integratng flood proofing with city building - an urban estuary where the Don River enters Toronto HarbourRecovering from the disastrous mudslideon the Venezuelan coast
  52. 52. Co-existence – the Intertwining of the urban and the natural
  53. 53. Seeing the big picture; forging connections to great natural features
  54. 54. Responding to the irresistible urge to get to the water’s edge
  55. 55. The city becomes its own year round resort
  56. 56. Public Space as the life blood of social communities
  57. 57. The essential common ground in a city of new arrivals
  58. 58. And yet under severe stress just when it most needed
  59. 59. New roles for civil society in the breach
  60. 60. The big design and development project of the next 50 years: Retrofitting suburban infrastructure
  61. 61. Suburban Transformations Mississauga - A “Vibrant Downtown” is one of 8 themes in the city’s Strategic Plan for next millennium
  62. 62. Marrying land use, transit investment and urban form – Downtown 2021
  63. 63. Public and private convergence to make it mixed, compact and walkable Colonizing the parking lots in Mississauga from a Farmers Market to the creation of a new downtown nieighbourhood
  64. 64. A Regional Focus – Support from 3 interlocking Provincial Plans for the GTHA “Greater Toronto Area Greenbelt” “Places to Grow” “The Big Move”
  65. 65. Putting it all together - trailblazing in cities that are leading the way Boston/Cambridge, Vancouver, Stockholm, Paris
  66. 66. There is an overwhelming case for empowering citiesCities hold the key to a more sustainable future Need to make the paradigm shift there - we have no better options Success goes to those cities that make the transition We need to make the critical changes together in democratic settings We need to create a new political space that reflects how we actually live in cities