401(k)s Are Not Free<br />The Real Cost of Your Plan<br />Presented by Michael Kiley, QPA, QKA<br />www.nyhart.com<br />Co...
Mike Kiley<br />Retirement Plan Consultant<br />mike.kiley@nyhart.com | (317) 845-3512<br />Qualifications or certificatio...
Today’s Discussion <br />Why is knowing my plan’s 401(k) fees important?<br />Who are the players and the associated fees ...
Why is Knowing My Plan’s 401(k) Fees Important?<br />For plan sponsors, it is your fiduciary duty to make sure fees are re...
Who are the Players and the Associated Fees in a 401(k) Plan?<br />Investment advisory fees<br />Fees to select and monito...
Who are the Players and the Associated Fees in a 401(k) Plan?<br />Custodial/trustee fees<br />For insurance company produ...
Breakdown of Costs<br />
What is the average total plan cost per person, per year?<br />$670/per<br />
Different vendors use different approaches to charging fees.It’s often tough to do an apples-to-apples comparison.<br />
What’s the ‘Shell Game’?<br />Explicit vs. implicit fees<br />Explicit:  Plan sponsor is invoiced directly for the fee<br ...
What’s the ‘Shell Game’?<br />Implicit fees - Revenue sharing<br />Compensation paid from mutual fund companies directly t...
What’s the ‘Shell Game’?<br />Implicit fees<br />Offsetting fees from providers offering multiple services (‘bundled’ prov...
What’s the ‘Shell Game’?<br />Additional fees to be aware of:<br />Insurance contract fees<br />Sub-advisory fees <br />13...
Action Items & Possible Solutions<br />Know all fees – request an ‘all-in’ fee disclosure from your current vendor<br />De...
Action Items & Possible Solutions<br />Some plan sponsors going to ‘no-load’ or passive investment style<br />Moving to mu...
What’s on the Horizon?<br /><ul><li>Service provider fees are currently being disclosed on Form 5500, Schedule C</li></ul>...
Participant-level fee disclosures also coming</li></ul>16<br />
Any Questions?<br />This concludes our discussion<br />
Looking for more benefit presentations?<br />So Where is the Peak?<br />Register for upcoming educational events on pensio...
ACTUARY 	        & EMPLOYEE BENEFITS<br />16 Actuaries Consulting In 48 States.<br />Nyhart is one of the nation’s largest...
ACTUARY 	        & EMPLOYEE BENEFITS<br />Established in 1943, Nyhart is an ESOP with 84 employees and offices in Indianap...
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401(k)s Are Not Free

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Regardless of what your advisor says, 401(k)s are not free. Benefit consultant Mike Kiley reveals how fees and expenses are hidden by many 401(k) vendors and explain to plan sponsors how to expose the real costs they – and their employees – are paying for their defined contribution benefits. What factors impact how much you and your employees are paying for their 401(k)? Kiley outlines the strategies informed companies are using to lower fees and help employees put more toward retirement.

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  • Administration of the plan includes filing forms with the IRS/PBGC, commencing benefits for participants, annual valuations and audits, etc.By freezing the plan, the growth of the risk has been curtailed but the benefits already accrued are unchanged.The funding liability remains unchanged when freezing the plan since this valuation is based on benefits accrued to date.The accounting liability may decrease since this valuation takes into account future pay growth, but the overall liability may only be decreasing by 10% depending on your plan design and demographics.
  • Administration of the plan includes filing forms with the IRS/PBGC, commencing benefits for participants, annual valuations and audits, etc.By freezing the plan, the growth of the risk has been curtailed but the benefits already accrued are unchanged.The funding liability remains unchanged when freezing the plan since this valuation is based on benefits accrued to date.The accounting liability may decrease since this valuation takes into account future pay growth, but the overall liability may only be decreasing by 10% depending on your plan design and demographics.
  • Source: 401(k) Averages, 10th Edition
  • Investment expense is a common fee that is often excluded
  • Feasibility review – how close are we? What is our “magic” number to terminate? Do we want to fund more now to accelerate our timeline? Coordinate with asset advisors – likely will require shift in asset allocationIdentify short-term implications – expected return assumption for accounting purposes, available resources to manage plan termination process
  • Because rates are averaged over two years, it will take a couple of years for costs to declinePlans will likely see high requirements drop quickly to zero within a few years of rates increasing
  • Areas of Expertise Include: Cash Balance Plan Defined Benefit &amp; Pension Defined Contribution &amp; 401(k) Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP) Flexible Spending, HRA &amp; HSA Healthcare Actuarial ConsultingLearn more at www.nyhart.com
  • Areas of Expertise Include: Cash Balance Plan Defined Benefit &amp; Pension Defined Contribution &amp; 401(k) Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP) Flexible Spending, HRA &amp; HSA Healthcare Actuarial ConsultingLearn more at www.nyhart.com
  • 401(k)s Are Not Free

    1. 1. 401(k)s Are Not Free<br />The Real Cost of Your Plan<br />Presented by Michael Kiley, QPA, QKA<br />www.nyhart.com<br />Copyright 2011. All Rights Reserved.<br />
    2. 2. Mike Kiley<br />Retirement Plan Consultant<br />mike.kiley@nyhart.com | (317) 845-3512<br />Qualifications or certifications:American Society of Pension Professionals and Actuaries (ASPPA) qualified pension administrator (QPA) Qualified 401(k) Administrator (QKA); Series 65 licensed as a registered investment advisor representative.<br /> <br /> <br />
    3. 3. Today’s Discussion <br />Why is knowing my plan’s 401(k) fees important?<br />Who are the players and the associated fees in a 401(k) plan?<br />What is the ‘shell game?’<br />Action items/possible solutions<br />What’s on the horizon for fees?<br />3<br />
    4. 4. Why is Knowing My Plan’s 401(k) Fees Important?<br />For plan sponsors, it is your fiduciary duty to make sure fees are reasonable!<br />For plan participants, excessive fees can rob you of your retirement savings!<br />4<br />
    5. 5. Who are the Players and the Associated Fees in a 401(k) Plan?<br />Investment advisory fees<br />Fees to select and monitor the plan’s investment options<br />Typically as a percentage of assets or a flat dollar<br />Recordkeeping and administration fees<br />Typically a flat dollar, per participant or asset-based fee<br />Mutual fund expense ratios<br />Fund management expenses<br />Broker fees/commissions<br />Other compensation (‘revenue sharing’)<br />Typically the highest plan expense<br />5<br />
    6. 6. Who are the Players and the Associated Fees in a 401(k) Plan?<br />Custodial/trustee fees<br />For insurance company products:<br />Group annuity fees<br />Sub-advisory fees<br />Other fees<br />Annual audit fees<br />Legal fees<br />6<br />
    7. 7. Breakdown of Costs<br />
    8. 8. What is the average total plan cost per person, per year?<br />$670/per<br />
    9. 9. Different vendors use different approaches to charging fees.It’s often tough to do an apples-to-apples comparison.<br />
    10. 10. What’s the ‘Shell Game’?<br />Explicit vs. implicit fees<br />Explicit: Plan sponsor is invoiced directly for the fee<br />Clean and easily disclosed<br />Implicit: Fee is deducted automatically from the plan, or paid/offset by other compensation<br />A source of much confusion<br />10<br />
    11. 11. What’s the ‘Shell Game’?<br />Implicit fees - Revenue sharing<br />Compensation paid from mutual fund companies directly to service providers (typically recordkeepers and brokers)<br />Varies by mutual fund and by share class<br />How is it applied?<br />11<br />
    12. 12. What’s the ‘Shell Game’?<br />Implicit fees<br />Offsetting fees from providers offering multiple services (‘bundled’ providers)<br />Revenue from other service(s) is sufficient to offset a separate service<br />Sometimes limitations on investment options<br />Be aware of restrictions – ‘you get what you paid for’<br />12<br />
    13. 13. What’s the ‘Shell Game’?<br />Additional fees to be aware of:<br />Insurance contract fees<br />Sub-advisory fees <br />13<br />
    14. 14. Action Items & Possible Solutions<br />Know all fees – request an ‘all-in’ fee disclosure from your current vendor<br />Demand ongoing disclosure of all fees<br />Request a benchmarking of your total fees<br />14<br />
    15. 15. Action Items & Possible Solutions<br />Some plan sponsors going to ‘no-load’ or passive investment style<br />Moving to mutual funds and/or share classes with no revenue sharing<br />Dramatically lowers investment expense<br />Fees become more clear - explicit instead of implicit<br />15<br />
    16. 16. What’s on the Horizon?<br /><ul><li>Service provider fees are currently being disclosed on Form 5500, Schedule C</li></ul>Caution – this is not an all-in fee disclosure!<br /><ul><li>Beginning April 2012, fee disclosure will be required for all vendors to plan sponsors with IRS Regulation 408(b) 2
    17. 17. Participant-level fee disclosures also coming</li></ul>16<br />
    18. 18. Any Questions?<br />This concludes our discussion<br />
    19. 19. Looking for more benefit presentations?<br />So Where is the Peak?<br />Register for upcoming educational events on pensions, 401(k), healthcare and other actuarial and employee benefits topics at:<br />www.nyhart.com/events/<br />
    20. 20. ACTUARY & EMPLOYEE BENEFITS<br />16 Actuaries Consulting In 48 States.<br />Nyhart is one of the nation’s largest independent actuarial and employee benefit firms, consulting to and administering the plans for clients with more than $14 billion in assets. Our team of benefit advisers deliver personalized analysis and recommendations, translating complex calculations and issues into common language that enables corporations, associations, churches and governments to effectively manage their retirement and health care benefits.<br />
    21. 21. ACTUARY & EMPLOYEE BENEFITS<br />Established in 1943, Nyhart is an ESOP with 84 employees and offices in Indianapolis, Chicago, Atlanta and Kansas City. <br />Areas of Expertise Include:<br /><ul><li> Cash Balance Plan
    22. 22. Defined Benefit & Pension
    23. 23. Defined Contribution & 401(k)
    24. 24. Employee Stock Ownership Plan
    25. 25. Flexible Spending, HRA & HSA
    26. 26. Healthcare Actuarial Consulting</li></ul>Learn more at www.nyhart.com<br />

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