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Is10innovativetechnology8 120724150532-phpapp01


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Is10innovativetechnology8 120724150532-phpapp01

  1. 1. AN INTRODUCTION TO CLOUD COMPUTING Final Report GXMBA 2012 – Team D, Version 2.0 Pavlo Boyko, James Hickson, Barto Lygren, Mercedes Martinez, Hiske Weissmann Information Systems Management
  2. 2. Presentation Overview 1. Cloud Computing: What is it? James 2. Cloud Computing flavours, what are they? James 3. Cloud Computing : three layers Mercedes 4. The Cloud, a disruptive force of nature? Hiske 5. What does this mean for businesses and consumers? Bjarte 6. Cloud – The Why’s and the How’s Hiske 7. No free lunch, the challenges of cloud computing Pavlo 8. Conclusion and key takeaways. James
  3. 3. Before Cloud Computing Imagine you’re a company that wants to expand your business and use technology to grow sales. What do you need? ORACLE PEOPLESOFT SAP MICROSOFT BUSINESSAPPS DC SPACE COOLING UPGRADES POWER MORE…. HOSTING DEV, QA, PROD TECH STAFF GL MULTIPLESYSTEMS =COST HR PAYROLL CRM SALES
  4. 4. What Is Cloud Computing? Rather than running apps yourself Run in an external shared data centre JUST PLUGIN TO GET STARTED • No dedicated hardware, no upgrades • No dedicated business apps • Not dedicated technical staff WHAT DOES THIS RESULT IN?
  5. 5. What Is Cloud Computing? ONE APPLICATION MULTI-TENANCY ARCHITECTURE • Like a shared office building • Everyone benefits from shared services like security • Each office can be customised • Can expand and grow as required
  6. 6. Cloud Computing – Three Layers NE APPLICATION INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE (IaaS) Amazon, Google PLATFORM AS A SERVICE (PaaS) Microsoft, Rack Space, IBM SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE (SaaS), Apple Hardware Virtualization Scalability, Reliability, Flexibility Web Service through Application Programming Interface (API) -adding robustness and reliability to my business while reducing hidden costs- Mature, rounded applications hosted externally
  7. 7. DISRUPTION PRE-CLOUD POST-CLOUD Pricing model Pay up front irrespective of usage Pay-as-you-Go, controlled costs Value chain Large established companies dominate HW, OS , SW and service industry New player, including start-ups, can be competitive through innovation and agility People Internal technologists have tight control over systems Self-service concept loosens tight grip from tech people. Reduces dependency on internal tech staff to support infrastructure Mobility In-house networks limit mobility and cooperation Improved accessibility allows for access anytime and from anywhere Business Planning Scalability of business limited by large CAPEX or existing IT infrastructure Cloud computing is scalable on demand allowing for easier planning Power shift Power with providers; Locked into current provider and contract Clients regains power: Its easier to change Cloud provider than IT platform. A Disruptive Force of Nature?
  8. 8. What does this mean for consumer? • Convergence of devices, increase in connection speeds and advent of mobility creates significant upside for consumers • Data now synced between different devices through the cloud (Lap tops, work computer, home computer, smart phones, tablets etc.) • Access services (Google doc, Spotify, Gmail, Dropbox etc.) from everywhere • Powerful computing processing can be done in the cloud enabling mobility.
  9. 9. What does it mean for business? • The perfect answer to many businesses (business cloud) • No software to install – easy access • Reduction of costs • More flexible and agile infrastructure for employees and end customers - perfect on the road • Competetive advantage. • Easier to start new businesses and to scale it • Some particular challenges in business: • Must find the right trade-off between safety, freedom, visibility and control (depends on the business). • Business cloud requires implementation and management strategy (eg who will manage and own business data?).
  10. 10. Why move to the Cloud? Don’t get left behind Reduce Costs Flexibility & Scalability Increase productivity Availability Accessibility Unanticipated benefits Quick Set-up
  11. 11. How to move to the Cloud? 1. Ensure a clear mandate and support from the C-Suite 2. Understand the business problem you are trying to solve. Would you save money? What’s the opportunity? 3. Ensure laws and regulations don’t prohibit a cloud model (ie Swiss Banking regulations) 4. Codify the business requirements and review cloud offerings that match requirements 5. Leverage RFI/RFP process to select a cloud provider. Understand costs at scale! 6. Attempt to keep customisations to a minimum to lower TCO 7. Ensure you have sufficient bandwidth to support cloud specific solution
  12. 12. No Free Lunch, Cloud Challenges. Data security and privacy. DoS Impacts All WikiLeaks exampleContracts. Simple SLAs for complex clouds. Lock-ins. Tech and org Managing the clouds. Strategic control. Management capabilities. Cultural barriers. Scalability Vs Predictability
  13. 13. Conclusion and Key Takeaways • We have explored the key advantages of the cloud and the shared benefits of the multi tenancy architecture • We understand that cloud is an umbrella term for multiple cloud based offerings • We have explored the disruptive nature of the cloud and how it offers businesses competitive advantages. • The consumer space will prove very interesting, especially considering the emergence of LTE, Big Data and improved devices. • While positive we also outlined that cloud is not without its shortfalls, in moving to a solution CEO’s must understand the pro’s and con’s to ensure it is right for the business.
  14. 14. Appendix – references used: