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Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 1
www.phosphorusplatform.eu
Nutrients: the foundatio...
Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 2
www.phosphorusplatform.eu
Nutrients, food producti...
Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 3
www.phosphorusplatform.eu
Nutrients, food producti...
Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 4
www.phosphorusplatform.eu
Nutrients, food producti...
Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 5
www.phosphorusplatform.eu
Food phosphorus question...
Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 6
www.phosphorusplatform.eu
Food phosphorus question...
Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 7
www.phosphorusplatform.eu
Phosphorus is first (non...
Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 8
www.phosphorusplatform.eu
Nutrient circular econom...
Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 9
www.phosphorusplatform.eu
Nutrient circular econom...
Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 10
www.phosphorusplatform.eu
Nutrient Circular Econo...
Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 11
www.phosphorusplatform.eu
Nutrient stewardship su...
Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 12
www.phosphorusplatform.eu
Success story:
Newtrien...
Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 13
www.phosphorusplatform.eu
Success story:
Véolia U...
Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 14
www.phosphorusplatform.eu
Success story:
COOPERL ...
Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 15
www.phosphorusplatform.eu
Success story:
Suez Pho...
Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 16
www.phosphorusplatform.eu
Success story:
Timac: s...
Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 17
www.phosphorusplatform.eu
Success story:
SARIA UK...
Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 18
www.phosphorusplatform.eu
Success story:
Phytase ...
Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 19
www.phosphorusplatform.eu
Success story:
REVAQ se...
Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 20
www.phosphorusplatform.eu
ESPP: a coalition for a...
Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 21
www.phosphorusplatform.eu
Challenges for food & b...
Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 22
www.phosphorusplatform.eu
Nutrients: the foundati...
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Nutrients: the foundation of food sustainability - Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7 November 2017

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Presenter: Chris Thornton
European Sustainable Phosphorus Platform (ESPP)
www.phosphorusplatform.eu

Sustainable management of nutrients is crucial for agriculture, food, industry, water and the environment. ESPP brings together companies and stakeholders to address the Phosphorus Challenge and its opportunities for the circular economy.

Countries:
Austria AT
Belgium BE
Bulgaria BG
Cyprus CY
Czech Republic CZ
Germany DE
Denmark DK
Estonia EE
Spain ES
Finland FI
France FR
Greece EL
Hungary HU
Ireland IE
Italy IT
Lithuania LT
Luxembourg LU
Latvia LV
Malta MT
Netherlands NL
Poland PL
Portugal PT
Romania RO
Sweden SE
Slovenia SI
Slovakia SK
United Kingdom UK
Switzerland CH

Phosphorus:
Fosfor
Fosfor
Fòsfòr
Фосфор
Fosfor
Фосфор
Fosfor
Fosfor
Фосфор
Фосфор
Fosforas
Fosfors
Fuosfuors
Fosfor
Ffуsfforws
Fosfar
Fosfaras
Fosfaar
Fosforus
Φωσφορος
Ֆոսֆոր
Fosfor
Fosfor
Фосфор
Фосфор
ফসফরাস
فسفر
ફૉસ્ફરસનો
फास्फोरस
Fosfor
Fosfori
Foszfor
Фосфор
Фосфор
Паликандур
Fosfor
Fosfor
Фосфор
Фосфор
Фосфор
Фосфор
Fosfor
فوسفور
Fosfor
Fosforoa
ფოსფორი
[fūsfūr]
זרחן
Fosfru
Lìn
リン

ฟอสฟอรัส
Photpho

Posporo
Fosfor
Pūtūtae-whetū
Fosforus
ഫോസ്ഫറസ്
பொஸ்பரசு
Fosofo
Fosforase
Posfori
Fósforo
Phusphuru
Fosforimi
Fosforo
Fosforon
Pesticium

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Nutrients: the foundation of food sustainability - Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7 November 2017

  1. 1. Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 1 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Nutrients: the foundation of food sustainability Chris Thornton, European Sustainable Phosphorus Platform info@phosphorusplatform.eu
  2. 2. Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 2 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Nutrients, food production and food security Food brings nutrition Nutrients are essential to grow food
  3. 3. Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 3 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Nutrients, food production and food security Agri-food industry challenge: to feed 8 billion people Global increasing meat and dairy in diet Without mineral phosphorus fertiliser input: we could feed approx. 1/5th of the current world population Adapted from Dawson et al., Food Policy 2011: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03069192 https://phosphorusalliance.org
  4. 4. Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 4 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Nutrients, food production and food security Phosphate rock  Non substitutable  Non renewable  Geopolitical resource concentration  Added to EU Critical Raw Materials List in 2014 https://ec.europa.eu/growth/sectors/raw-materials/specific-interest/critical_en http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-14-599_en.htm  >190 million t/year phosphate rock mined ( 21 MtP )  95%  fertilisers and animal feeds ( <1% food additives )  1 t P in fertiliser  > 750 t vegetables … but only 16 t of beef www.phosphorusplatform.eu/scope123 - http://web.mit.edu/12.000/www/m2016/finalwebsite/problems/phosphorus.html and Metson 2012 http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/044043
  5. 5. Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 5 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Food phosphorus questions • Adults need 0.6 -1 gP (phosphorus) per day https://archive.is/kWypH - https://www.nrv.gov.au/nutrients/phosphorus https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002424.htm https://www.efsa.europa.eu/fr/efsajournal/pub/4185 • Essential for bones, teeth, energy metabolism, membranes, DNA … • Dietary intake of phosphorus: 1 -2 gP/day in Europe Welch et al. 2009 http://www.nature.com/ejcn/journal/v63/n4s/full/ejcn200977a.html and EFSA 2015 http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/consultations/call/150310b.htm • Only 5-10% of diet P intake is from food additives UK EA “Phosphorus in Food Additives” 2013 www.phosphorusplatform.eu/scope103
  6. 6. Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 6 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Food phosphorus questions  Phosphorus is critical for kidney disease patients (CKD)  Statistical link: blood phosphorus levels (serum P) - cardio-vascular disease (CVD)  supported by in vitro studies “Clinical aspects of natural and added phosphorus in foods”, Gutiérrez et al. ed., https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-1-4939-6566-3 and www.phosphorusplatform.eu/scope125  No evidence of causal link: diet P - serum P in healthy population (good kidney function)  serum P regulated by kidneys A. Cooke (IFAC – International Food Additives Council) “Dietary food-additive phosphate and human health outcomes”, 2017 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1541-4337.12275
  7. 7. Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 7 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Phosphorus is first (non morphological) cause of EU Water Framework Directive quality status failure http://www.stockholmresilience.org Nutrient circular economy As we consume more nutrients than we need, this has major environmental impacts:  Eutrophication  Planetary boundaries  Ammonia ( particulates) (Emissions Ceilings Directive) 30 % of PM10 particles In Milan result from livestock ammonia emissions www.phosphorusplatform.eu/scope122
  8. 8. Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 8 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Nutrient circular economy EU Circular Economy Consultation 2015 - In responses to public consultation: - 30% of respondents identified bio-nutrients as “materials the EU should target first” (Q5, Q3) - Overall, 54% cited bio-nutrients or phosphorus (all questions) see www.phosphorusplatform.eu/scope118 Potentials for nutrient Circular Economy: - manure - sewage - food waste - food & beverage production by-products - digestates / bio-energy residues
  9. 9. Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 9 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Nutrient circular economy EU actions - Fertilisers Regulation - Critical Raw Materials - standards - synergies: Food Waste, BioEconomy, biogas, organic carbon - Horizon 2020 R&D funding online at www.phosphorusplatform.eu/regulatory http://ec.europa.eu/DocsRoom/documents/15949
  10. 10. Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 10 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Nutrient Circular Economy challenges Contaminants in organic recycling “Yuk” factor ? Irrational fears ? Or science ?
  11. 11. Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 11 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Nutrient stewardship success stories www.magic-dirt.com from manure and food waste
  12. 12. Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 12 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Success story: Newtrient manure processing technology catalogue • Brings together more than half of US dairy production • 260 manure processing technologies independently evaluated - Operational on farm? After-sales service? Cost? Case study? … • 100 now in online catalogue • 2/3 address nutrient recycling • Objective to extend to Europe www.newtrient.com/Catalog/Technology-Catalog
  13. 13. Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 13 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Success story: Véolia UK: fertilisers from wastes Pro-Grow: • 10 UK composting sites producing 200 000 t/year soil conditioners from green & food wastes • All grades have “product” status and PAS100 certified Granulation factory at Livingstone, near Edinburgh – capacity 20 000 t/y Currently: fertilisers from food industry by-product ashes liming materials, micro-nutrient fertilisers Under development: recycled fertilisers (End-of-Waste target 2018)
  14. 14. Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 14 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Success story: COOPERL / Brittany farmers’ cooperatives • 400 000 t/y manure processed to organic fertiliser product - 150 000 t composted poultry litter - 150 000 t dried poultry manure - 100 000 t pig manure (1 100 farms) • Adapted to specific crops and exported to other regions of France • Positive farmer acceptance • TRAC Emeraude stabling system Supported by EU Investment Plan http://www.cooperl.com/en/environmental-solutions
  15. 15. Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 15 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Success story: Suez Phosphogreen • Struvite recovery from sewage • Biological P removal sewage works with anaerobic sludge digestion - 2013, Aby wwtp, Aarhus, 84 000 p.e. - 2015, Herning, Denmark, 150 000 p.e. - 2017, Marselisborg, Denmark 200 000p.e. • Advantages - struvite sale: 250€ - 300€ /tonne - reduced P-removal chemical costs - avoidance of nuisance deposits - reduced sludge volumes - reduced energy consumption for biological N removal https://www.suezwaterhandbook.com/degremont-R-technologies/sludge- treatment/recovery/recycle-phosphorus-from-effluent-to-produce-a- valuable-fertilizer-Phosphogreen
  16. 16. Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 16 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Success story: Timac: struvite as maize starter fertiliser • Fertiliser industry added-value for recycled nutrients • NuReSys recovered struvite from potato processing • Non-burning, enabling “ultra localisation” next to roots • Micro-granulation • Ammonium addition for nutrient balance
  17. 17. Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 17 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Success story: SARIA UK – Kalfos • P-fertiliser and soil conditioner from combustion of animal by-products (MBM) • Authorised for arable and grazing land • 12 000 tonnes/year http://www.kalfos.co.uk/
  18. 18. Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 18 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Success story: Phytase in animal feed • Enzyme • Improves phosphorus digestibility (uptake) for non-ruminants - by 15 – 40% for pigs - by 20 – 30% for poultry (EU BAT BREF, 2015) • So reduces P in manure • Today used in ¾ of Europe’s livestock farms • DSM: phytase from bio-sourced materials by fermentation https://www.dsm.com/markets/anh/en_US/products/products-feedenzymes/products-feed-phytases.html
  19. 19. Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 19 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Success story: REVAQ sewage treatment Certification • > 50% Sweden’s sewage goes to REVAQ Certified sewage works • Sludge digestate quality, monitoring, information transparency criteria • 3000 t/year phosphorus recycled to agriculture http://www.iea-biogas.net/case-studies.html?file=files/daten-redaktion/download/case-studies/REVAQ_CAse_study_A4_1.pdf
  20. 20. Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 20 www.phosphorusplatform.eu ESPP: a coalition for action • Objectives: sustainable phosphorus use & recycling - global food security - circular economy - environmental protection - healthy diet and food safety • Bringing together: - wide range of industries - national & regional governments, - knowledge institutes - not for profit Platform - funded by Members • Actions: - vision & awareness - stakeholders & networking - dissemination - policy and regulation dialogue
  21. 21. Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 21 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Challenges for food & beverage industry  Phosphorus in diet and health - dialogue with science - information of kidney patients and consumers ? - impacts of dietary choices (e.g. meat & dairy)  Acceptance of recycled nutrients in crop production / purchasing  Work with fertilisers industries on nutrient recycling  Upstream nutrient footprint  Downstream nutrient management / recycling  Implementation into sustainability criteria  How to pass on costs from farmers through to consumers  Making nutrient stewardship & recycling a marketing message
  22. 22. Sustainable Food & Beverage Conference, Coventry, 7th November 2017 - 22 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Nutrients: the foundation of food sustainability Chris Thornton, European Sustainable Phosphorus Platform info@phosphorusplatform.eu

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