Students’ Age at which EFL is Introduced in Schools and Educational Outcomes Written by: Chuzaimah Dahlan Diem Presented b...
Introduction <ul><li>Regarding to the issue debated; EFL should be nationally introduced in the curriculum starting from e...
<ul><li>social-psychologicalfactors (Freeman& McElhinny, 1996; Rickford, 1996), Personality, cognitive style, hemisphere s...
The Aim of the Research  <ul><li>To see whether students’ age is statistically related to English outcomes. </li></ul><ul>...
Research Questions <ul><li>Is there a significant correlation among students’ age and related variables  on students’ outc...
Method   <ul><li>It is Quantitative – correlational study </li></ul>
Setting <ul><li>Place:  </li></ul><ul><li>Several schools of Elementary schools and Junior High school in Palembang </li><...
Subject <ul><li>The population consists of two groups of students who learn English started at 10 and at 13 years of age w...
Instrument <ul><li>A set of English test mostly reading comprehension, vocabulary, and a little bit grammar was used to me...
Sources of Data <ul><li>Students’ English test score </li></ul><ul><li>Other variables that relate to educational process ...
Data Analysis <ul><li>All of quantitative data are analyzed using Pearson-Product Moment and Multiple regression analyses ...
Research Process <ul><li>All the data are tested, analyzed, classified and interpreted  based on the data collection of st...
Findings  <ul><li>There is no statistical correlation between age only and students’ EFL achievement (R=-.007;.099; p<0.92...
Discussion   <ul><li>Children that start earlier in EFL learning is better in EFL achievement than older learners. </li></...
Implications <ul><li>To theory :the early age serves as a vital factor that makes the EFL learning successful. </li></ul><...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Students' Age and Educational outcomes

436 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
436
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Students' Age and Educational outcomes

  1. 1. Students’ Age at which EFL is Introduced in Schools and Educational Outcomes Written by: Chuzaimah Dahlan Diem Presented by: Nurbaiti Eka Permanasari
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Regarding to the issue debated; EFL should be nationally introduced in the curriculum starting from elementary school in order to face the globalization era. </li></ul><ul><li>Successful in second language acquisition or foreign language learning needs several factors, such as, age (d’Anglejan,1990), language aptitude (McLaughin, 1990), attitudes and motivation (McGoarty,1996), </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>social-psychologicalfactors (Freeman& McElhinny, 1996; Rickford, 1996), Personality, cognitive style, hemisphere specialization(Larsen-Freeman & Long,1991 :153), parents’ education(Zakiyah, 2002), learning strategies (Ihsan&Diem,1997)and gender (Freeman & McElhinny, 1996) </li></ul><ul><li>The study will be focused on the age factor related to students’ achievement. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Aim of the Research <ul><li>To see whether students’ age is statistically related to English outcomes. </li></ul><ul><li>To see whether the addition of some factors such as teacher education level, years ELT experience, intensity of instruction, and students’ SES on students achievement in learning EFL. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Research Questions <ul><li>Is there a significant correlation among students’ age and related variables on students’ outcomes? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there a significant difference between the English achievement of the students elementary school and junior high school with other variables? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Method <ul><li>It is Quantitative – correlational study </li></ul>
  7. 7. Setting <ul><li>Place: </li></ul><ul><li>Several schools of Elementary schools and Junior High school in Palembang </li></ul>
  8. 8. Subject <ul><li>The population consists of two groups of students who learn English started at 10 and at 13 years of age which are 5 th and 8 th graders. </li></ul><ul><li>The sample of the study or 229 students that have learned English for more or less 2 years and never took any English courses other than those provided in class at their schools following the curriculum suggested. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Instrument <ul><li>A set of English test mostly reading comprehension, vocabulary, and a little bit grammar was used to measure the students’ English achievement. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sources of Data <ul><li>Students’ English test score </li></ul><ul><li>Other variables that relate to educational process such as curriculum, intensity of instruction, teacher education level, years of ELT experience, and Class size </li></ul><ul><li>The background of students such as socio-economic-status and gender </li></ul>
  11. 11. Data Analysis <ul><li>All of quantitative data are analyzed using Pearson-Product Moment and Multiple regression analyses </li></ul><ul><li>Hypotheses are tested by F-statistics using an alpha level of .05 </li></ul>
  12. 12. Research Process <ul><li>All the data are tested, analyzed, classified and interpreted based on the data collection of students’ English test, the educational process and the background of students. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Findings <ul><li>There is no statistical correlation between age only and students’ EFL achievement (R=-.007;.099; p<0.921). </li></ul><ul><li>There is a statistically significant correlation on teacher education level and SES with students’ achievement (R=.448, R2=.201, p<000, R=-192, R2=.037, p < .004). </li></ul>
  14. 14. Discussion <ul><li>Children that start earlier in EFL learning is better in EFL achievement than older learners. </li></ul><ul><li>Success in ELT cannot only be judged by the teacher education level and years of teaching experience but also from process teaching and learning in the classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>Success of students in EFL learning is not determined by the wealth of their parents. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Implications <ul><li>To theory :the early age serves as a vital factor that makes the EFL learning successful. </li></ul><ul><li>To policy: it can be used a new consideration that English subject in the Elementary school be officially stated in the National Curriculum as a Compulsory subject </li></ul><ul><li>To practice: this study could enhance the more intense practice of English at schools and among children and for the teachers keep up participating on seminars and workshop </li></ul>

×