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Professional nursing


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Professional nursing

  1. 1. University of Miami School of Nursing and Health Studies
  2. 2. The faculty and staff commendyou on your commitment toacademic advancement. Youare entering into the role of aprofessional nurse. As aprofessional nurse you havestandards, codes of ethics andregulations you must follow.Let’s start by taking a look atsome definitions of nursing.
  3. 3. ANAs Definition of Nursing: Nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations. The American Nurses Association(ANA) is an organization that represents registered nurses in the United States. The following website can be accessed for more detailed information. .aspx
  4. 4.  Provision of a caring relationship that facilitates health and healing, Attention to the range of human experiences and responses to health and illness within the physical and social environments, Integration of objective data with knowledge gained from an appreciation of the patient or groups subjective experience,
  5. 5.  Application of scientific knowledge to the processes of diagnosis and treatment through the use of judgment and critical thinking, Advancement of professional nursing knowledge through scholarly inquiry, and Influence on social and public policy to promote social justice. Nursings Social Policy Statement, Second Edition, 2003, p. 6 & Nursing: Scope and Standards of Practice, 2004, p. 7
  6. 6. While many definitions of the term “profession” exist mostDescribe common characteristics that are considered essential.These include: Educational Background-Systematic Theory- Research Adherence to the code of ethics Participation in the Professional Organizations Commitment to life long learning and competency Communication Autonomy- Self RegulationEach of these characteristics will be explored in more detail.Miller, B, Adams, D. & Beck, L (1993)
  7. 7.  Nursing practice is guided by a body of knowledge and skills. Nursing researchers utilize the scientific method to expand on the body of knowledge unique to the discipline of nursing. Contributions of major nurse theorists will be discussed in your courses. Nurses utilize a specific nomenclature and classification systems. These include : ◦ North American Nursing Diagnosis Association(NANDA) ◦ Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) ◦ Nursing Outcomes Classification(NOC) These concepts will be taught in your courses.
  8. 8. The professional nurse adheres to a code ofethics that has been developed toaddress ethical issues . The AmericanAssociation of Nurses (ANA) Code of Ethics forNurses can be found at: Code of Ethics
  9. 9. A few specific considerations include:1. Maintaining appropriate boundaries with peers, faculty, clients and their significant others.2. Confidentiality must be maintained.  Refrain from gossiping about clients, staff, other students or faculty. This is non – productive and unethical behavior . Concerns should be communicated to the appropriate individual.
  10. 10.  Maintain confidentiality for information regarding the client Do not remove any paperwork that could identify a client from the clinical area. For example you may not remove a laboratory report that has the clients name on it from the clinical area. Do not discuss clinical information in a non secured areas such as the elevator, Metro rail, cafeteria, etc.
  11. 11. Nurses are ethically andlegally accountable tomaintain confidentiality .The Health InsurancePortability andAccountability Act of 1996(HIPAA) Privacy and SecurityRules protects the privacy ofindividually identifiablehealth information. You willbe given additionalinformation regarding HIPAAin your courses.
  12. 12. University of Miami Undergraduate Honor Code “This code has been established to protect the academic integrity of the University of Miami, to encourage consistent ethical behavior among undergraduate students, and to foster a climate of fair competition.” Examples of violations include: cheating, plagiarism, collusion, falsifying documents and other acts of academic dishonesty.Please refer to the University of Miami Undergraduate Honor Code Policy for furtherdetails.
  13. 13. Professional nurses are encouraged to participatein nursing organizations such as the AmericanAssociation of Nurses (ANA) and other specialtygroups based on a nurses interest. For example anurse who works in the intensive care setting maychoose to join the American Association of CriticalCare Nurses (AACN). For an extensive list ofnursing organizations please visit the websitelisted below.
  14. 14. As a nursing student you will have theopportunity to join an organization.Below is a list of possible organizationsyou can become active in as a nursingstudent: National Student Nurses Organization National Black Nursing Student Association National Association of Hispanic Nurses The Honor Society of Nursing, Sigma Theta Tau International
  15. 15. Nurses strive to provide the best nursing care to clients topromote wellness. In order to maintain excellence, a nursemust commit to life long learning and competency. Life longlearning has been described as “a continuously supportiveprocess which stimulates and empowers individuals...toacquire all the knowledge, values, skills and understandingthey will require throughout their lifetimes...and toapply them with confidence, creativity, and enjoyment”Commission for a Nation of Lifelong Learners(1997). “A NationLearning: Vision for the 21st Century” Washington, DC:
  16. 16. Nurses utilize a variety ofmethods to achieve theireducational goals including:attendance to seminars,involvement in professionalorganizations, obtainingadvance degrees, researchactivities, subscriptions tojournals, and specialtycertification, collaboration withother disciplines such asmedicine, occupational andphysical therapy.
  17. 17.  Utilizing effective goal oriented communicationis an essential competency for a nurse. Youwill communicate with your student peers, faculty,clients, clients families/significant others, nurses,and other members of the health care team. Inadequate or poor communication among healthcare providers has been associated with increasederrors that jeopardize patient safety.
  18. 18.  Utilizing the Chain of Command approachwhen communicating is recommended toprovide for an organized method ofcommunication. This also allows theopportunity for clarification and resolution ofissues.
  19. 19. : Example : Flow of communication Student Associate Dean Faculty for Dean Concern Teaching Undergraduate Regarding SONHS Course Course ProgramPlease refer to the “Communication” learningmodule for more detailed information.
  20. 20. Nurses are responsible forplanning, implementing andevaluating the care ofclients/families/significantothers. While nurses areoften part of amultidisciplinary team ofhealth care providers, nurseshave autonomy over theirpractice.
  21. 21.  Remember you represent the University ofMiami School of Nursing and Health Studies(UMSONHS)on campus and in the community. Your dress,communication and overall presentation are areflection of UMSONHS and the future of nursing. Be on time to class. Not only is it disruptive to otherclassmates and the faculty when students arrive late,valuable information may be missed. Turn cell phonesoff or to silence mode. Refrain from distractingbehavior such as talking and surfing the internet.
  22. 22. Be on time for your clinicalexperiences. This includeslab and simulation activities.You are expected toparticipate in change of shiftreport at the beginning ofthe clinical day. The clientdepends on the nurse to bethere.
  23. 23. The faculty and staff at the University of MiamiSchool of Nursing and Health Studies supportyour educational endeavor. We look forward tothe opportunity to facilitate the learningprocess and your professional growth.