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Evolution and Types of the Computer


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Notes for ICTL Form 1. Credit to Pusat Perkembangan Kurikulum, Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia

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Evolution and Types of the Computer

  4. 4. Single User SystemA system which is used by a single person, i.e., theentire information of the hard disk only used by onlyone person is called single user system.Multi User SystemA multi user system can be used by many persons, i.e., thehard disk contents can be used by many persons at thesame time is called multi user system.
  5. 5. DIFFERENT TYPES OF COMPUTER1) PC (Personal Computer)• The personal computer (PC) defines a computer designed for general use by single person.• PCs were first known as microcomputers because they were a complete computer but build on a smaller scale than huge systems in used by most businesses.
  6. 6. 2) DESKTOP• A PC that is set up in a permanent location (not portable). Most desktops offer more power, storage and versatile for less cist then their portable brethren
  7. 7. 3) LAPTOP• Also called notebook.• Laptops are portable computers that integrate the display, keyboard, a pointing devise or trackball, processor, memory and hard drive all in a battery- operated package slightly larger than an average hardcover book
  8. 8. 4) PALMTOP• More commonly known as Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs).• Palmtops are tightly integrated computers that often use flash memory instead of hard drive for storage.• These computers usually do not have keyboards but rely on touchscreen technology for user input.• Palmtops are typically smaller than a paperback novel, very lightweight with reasonable battery life. A slightly larger and heavier version of palmtop is the handheld computer
  9. 9. 5) WORKSTATION• A desktop computer that has a more powerful processor, additional memory and enhanced capabilities for performing special group of task, such as 3D graphics or game development
  10. 10. 6) SERVER• A computer that has been optimized to provide services to other computers over a network.• Servers usually have powerful processors, large memory and hard drives.
  11. 11. 7) MAINFRAME• In the early days computing, mainframes were huge computers that could fill an entire room or even a whole floor.• The size of computers has diminished while its power has increased, the term mainframe has fallen out of use in favor of enterprise server.• You’ll still hear the term used, particularly in large companies to describe the huge machines processing millions of transactions everyday.
  12. 12. 8) MINICOMPUTER• Another term rely used nowadays.• Minicomputers fall in between microcomputers (pcs) and mainframes (enterprise servers).• Minicomputers are normally referred to as mid-range servers now.
  13. 13. 9) SUPERCOMPUTER• This types of computer usually costs hundreds of thousands or even millions of dollar.• Although some supercomputers are single computer systems, most are comprised of multiple high performance computers working in parallel as single system.• The best known supercomputers are built by Cray Supercomputers
  14. 14. 10) WEARABLE• The latest trend in computing is wearable computers.• Essentially, common computer applications (email, database, multimedia, calendar/scheduler) are integrated into watches, cell phone, visors and even clothing