Active Procrastination

6,002 views

Published on

A relatively unique concept put forth by Chu & Choi (2005), \'Active\' procrastination looks at the \'effective\' and \'efficient\' kind of procrastination characterized by the actives \'deliberate\' and \'intentional\' desire to procrastinate. With high self -awareness and skillful use of unstructures time, the active procrastinator gets his work done on time (inspite of procrastinating) and is actually satisfied with the outcome.

Active Procrastination

  1. 1. Active Procrastination: Examining the Core Self Evaluations of ‘effective’ procrastinators Proposed by Nupur Deshpande
  2. 2. Courtesy : Comedian Demitri Martin
  3. 3. Procrastination <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>“ absence of self – regulated performance and behavioral tendency to postpone what is necessary to reach a goal” – Knaus, 2000 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Procrastination <ul><li>Why do we engage in it? </li></ul><ul><li>- fear of failure </li></ul><ul><li>- perfectionism </li></ul><ul><li>- anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>- irrational beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>- attributions </li></ul><ul><li>- distorted beliefs about time </li></ul><ul><li>- viewing task as boring or undesirable </li></ul><ul><li>- fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>- ( Renn et al., 2005) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Procrastination <ul><li>What happens when we procrastinate? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Or simply…
  7. 7. Be an ‘effective’ procrastinator… <ul><li>ACTIVE PROCRASTINATOR </li></ul><ul><li>- Decides to procrastinate (Cognition) </li></ul><ul><li>- Prefers time pressure (Affect) </li></ul><ul><li>- Completes task by deadline (Behavior) </li></ul><ul><li>- Satisfied with the outcome </li></ul><ul><li>- (Chu & Choi, 2005) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Passive vs. Active Procrastinators (Chu & Choi, 2005)
  9. 9. What does research say? <ul><li>Purposive use of time & perception of time control </li></ul><ul><li>(r = .26, p<.001; Chu & Choi, 2005) </li></ul><ul><li>Time Structure </li></ul><ul><li>(r = -.22, p<.01; Chu & Choi, 2005) </li></ul><ul><li>Polychronicity </li></ul><ul><li>(r = .19, p<.01; Choi & Moran, 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Life Satisfaction </li></ul><ul><li>(r = .31; p < .001; Choi & Moran, 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Self – reported Performance </li></ul><ul><li>(r = .21; p < .01; Choi & Moran, 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional stability </li></ul><ul><li>(r = .20; p< .01; Choi & Moran, 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Conscientiousness </li></ul><ul><li>(r = -.03; ns; Choi & Moran, 2009) / (ability to meet deadlines r=.33, p<.001) </li></ul>
  10. 10. How is Active Procrastination measured?
  11. 11. So this led them/me to believe that… <ul><li>Active procrastinators may be different in their fundamental use of time </li></ul><ul><li>(Choi & Moran, 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Self – awareness is crucial in the way these people handle tasks </li></ul><ul><li>(Renn et al., 2005) </li></ul><ul><li>This could help organizations! </li></ul>
  12. 12. Therefore… <ul><li>Core self Evaluations! </li></ul><ul><li>‘ fundamental premises that individuals hold about themselves and their functioning in the world’ </li></ul><ul><li>- (Judge et al., 1998, p. 161) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Self Esteem
  14. 14. Self Esteem & Passive Procrastination Ashford, 1989 Ashford, 1989 Renn et al., 2005 Renn et al., 2005 Renn et al., 2005
  15. 15. Self - Efficacy
  16. 16. Self – Efficacy & Active Procrastination Woodruff & Cashman, 1993 Chu & Choi, 2005 Chu & Choi, 2005 Johnson et al., 2007 Johnson et al., 2007
  17. 17. Emotional Stability
  18. 18. Emotional Stability & Passive Procrastination Leith & Baumeister, 1996 Moon, 2001 Moon, 2001 Moon, 2001 Renn et al., 2005
  19. 19. Locus of Control
  20. 20. Locus of Control & Passive Procrastination Baumeister & Scher, 1988 Baumeister & Scher, 1988 Ashford, 1989 Renn et al., 2005 Baumeister & Scher, 1988
  21. 21. Hypotheses <ul><li>H1: Active Procrastination will be positively related to self – esteem </li></ul><ul><li>H2: Active Procrastination will be positively related to self – efficacy </li></ul><ul><li>H3: Active Procrastination will be positively related to Emotional Stability </li></ul><ul><li>H4: Active Procrastination will be negatively related to ELOC and positively related to ILOC </li></ul><ul><li>H5: Active Procrastination will be positively related to Job Satisfaction and Performance </li></ul>
  22. 22. Method <ul><li>200 – 300 administrative personnel from a middle sized corporation. </li></ul><ul><li>Administer: </li></ul><ul><li>(a) Scale for Active Procrastination (Choi & Moran, 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>(b) Scale for Passive Procrastination (Mann, 1982) </li></ul><ul><li>(c) Core Self – Evaluations Scale (CSES; Judge et al., 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>(d) JS: The Job in General Scale (Ironson et al., 1989) </li></ul><ul><li>(e) JP: Supervisory & self – ratings of performance </li></ul>
  23. 23. Analysis <ul><li>Correlational Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Control variables: age, gender & tenure </li></ul>
  24. 24. How will this help? <ul><li>Active procrastinators can mentor passive procrastinators. </li></ul><ul><li>Can understand Cross – cultural differences in perception of time. </li></ul><ul><li>Can counter boredom arising from monotonous tasks or anxiety from unpredictable ones. </li></ul><ul><li>Can map out effective vs. ineffective time management behaviors. </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>THANKS! </li></ul>

×