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Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) By Jussi Parikka PDF Download

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Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) By Jussi Parikka PDF Download

  1. 1. Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) By Jussi Parikka PDF D 1 / 121 / 12
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  3. 3. Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) By Jussi Parikka PDF D Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations)Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) Total Downloads: 56356Total Downloads: 56356 Formats: djvu | pdf | epub | kindle | MobiFormats: djvu | pdf | epub | kindle | Mobi Rated: 10/10 (4025 votes)Rated: 10/10 (4025 votes) DOWNLOAD LINKS ONDOWNLOAD LINKS ON PAGE 4PAGE 4 3 / 123 / 12
  4. 4. Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) By Jussi Parikka PDF D Digital Contagions is the first book to offer a comprehensive and critical analysis of the culture andDigital Contagions is the first book to offer a comprehensive and critical analysis of the culture and history of the computer virus phenomenon. The book maps the anomalies of network culture from thehistory of the computer virus phenomenon. The book maps the anomalies of network culture from the angles of security concerns, the biopolitics of digital systems, and the aspirations for artificial life inangles of security concerns, the biopolitics of digital systems, and the aspirations for artificial life in software. The genealogy of network culture is approached from the standpoint of accidents that aresoftware. The genealogy of network culture is approached from the standpoint of accidents that are endemic to the digital media ecology. Viruses, worms, and other software objects are not, then, seenendemic to the digital media ecology. Viruses, worms, and other software objects are not, then, seen merely from the perspective of anti-virus research or practical security concerns, but as cultural andmerely from the perspective of anti-virus research or practical security concerns, but as cultural and historical expressions that traverse a non-linear field from fiction to technical mediahistorical expressions that traverse a non-linear field from fiction to technical media DOWNLOAD LINKS ONDOWNLOAD LINKS ON PAGE 4PAGE 4 4 / 124 / 12
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  6. 6. Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) By Jussi Parikka PDF D The Short Cut: Regeneration Through FastingThe Short Cut: Regeneration Through Fasting Everything you've always wanted can be yours,Everything you've always wanted can be yours, simply through the discipline acquired via self-simply through the discipline acquired via self- denial. So went the thinking of the first "New Age"denial. So went the thinking of the first "New Age" thinkers of the popular occult movement of the earlythinkers of the popular occult movement of the early 20th century. This 1928 book imparts all the wisdom20th century. This 1928 book imparts all the wisdom of the New Psychology on the subject of fastinof the New Psychology on the subject of fastin Principles of Population Genetics, FourthPrinciples of Population Genetics, Fourth EditionEdition This thoroughly updated Fourth Edition provides aThis thoroughly updated Fourth Edition provides a balanced presentation of theory and observation. Itbalanced presentation of theory and observation. It introduces the principles of genetics and statisticsintroduces the principles of genetics and statistics that are relevant to population studies, andthat are relevant to population studies, and examines the forces affecting genetic variation fromexamines the forces affecting genetic variation from the molecular to the organismic level. Integrathe molecular to the organismic level. Integra Too Friendly to Date (Harlequin Super RomanceToo Friendly to Date (Harlequin Super Romance (Larger Print))(Larger Print)) One little white lie…one big explanation! Okay,One little white lie…one big explanation! Okay, pretending her sexy boss is her boyfriend is morepretending her sexy boss is her boyfriend is more like a huge white lie. But electrician Leah Santinolike a huge white lie. But electrician Leah Santino will take the risk. If her parents think she haswill take the risk. If her parents think she has someone, they won't go back to smothering her,someone, they won't go back to smothering her, and they can all be a family again.and they can all be a family again. Growing Up God's Way for BoysGrowing Up God's Way for Boys Growing up God's way is a colorful, fully illustratedGrowing up God's way is a colorful, fully illustrated book available as separate versions for boys andbook available as separate versions for boys and girls. It is intended for children approaching orgirls. It is intended for children approaching or experiencing puberty, typically represented by theexperiencing puberty, typically represented by the 10-14 years old age range. The artwork has been10-14 years old age range. The artwork has been specially produced for the book and includes acspecially produced for the book and includes ac download Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) gratisdownload Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) gratis download Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) by eldownload Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) by el james free Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) how manyjames free Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) how many books download Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) inbooks download Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) in 6 / 126 / 12
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  8. 8. Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) By Jussi Parikka PDF D What others say about this ebook:What others say about this ebook: Review 1:Review 1: One could be forgiven for assuming that a book with the title "Digital Contagions: A MediaOne could be forgiven for assuming that a book with the title "Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses" would be of sole interest to those sniggering hornrimmedArchaeology of Computer Viruses" would be of sole interest to those sniggering hornrimmed programmers who harbor an erudite loathing of Bill Gates and an affection for the Viennese witch-programmers who harbor an erudite loathing of Bill Gates and an affection for the Viennese witch- doctor. Actually, it is a rather game and enthralling look, via a media-ecological approach, intodoctor. Actually, it is a rather game and enthralling look, via a media-ecological approach, into the acutely frightening, yet hysterically glittering, networked world in which we now reside. Athe acutely frightening, yet hysterically glittering, networked world in which we now reside. A world where the distinct individual is pitted against - and thoroughly processed by - post-humanworld where the distinct individual is pitted against - and thoroughly processed by - post-human semi-autonomous software programs which often ferment anomalous feelings of being eatensemi-autonomous software programs which often ferment anomalous feelings of being eaten alive by some great indifferent artificiality that apparently functions semi-independently as aalive by some great indifferent artificiality that apparently functions semi-independently as a natural being.natural being. Though no J. G. Ballard or William S. Burroughs, Jussi Parikka nevertheless sucks us into aThough no J. G. Ballard or William S. Burroughs, Jussi Parikka nevertheless sucks us into a fantastic black tour-de-force narrative of virulence and the cultural history of computer virusesfantastic black tour-de-force narrative of virulence and the cultural history of computer viruses (*), followed by innumerable inquisitive innuendoes concerning the ramifications for a creative(*), followed by innumerable inquisitive innuendoes concerning the ramifications for a creative and aesthetic, if post-human, future. Digital Contagions is impregnated with fear and suspicion,and aesthetic, if post-human, future. Digital Contagions is impregnated with fear and suspicion, but we almost immediately sense that it also contains an undeniable affirmative nobility ofbut we almost immediately sense that it also contains an undeniable affirmative nobility of purpose; which is to save the media cultural condition - and the brimful push of technologicalpurpose; which is to save the media cultural condition - and the brimful push of technological modernization in general - from catastrophically killing itself off.modernization in general - from catastrophically killing itself off. This admirable embryonic redemption is achieved by a vaccination-like turning of tables, asThis admirable embryonic redemption is achieved by a vaccination-like turning of tables, as Parikka convincingly demonstrates that computer viruses (semi-autonomous machinic/vampiricParikka convincingly demonstrates that computer viruses (semi-autonomous machinic/vampiric pieces of code) are not antithetical to contemporary digital culture, but rather essential traits ofpieces of code) are not antithetical to contemporary digital culture, but rather essential traits of the techno-cultural logic itself. According to Parikka, digital viruses in effect define the mediathe techno-cultural logic itself. According to Parikka, digital viruses in effect define the media ecology logic that characterizes our networked computerized culture in recent decades.ecology logic that characterizes our networked computerized culture in recent decades. We may wish to recall here that for Deleuze and Guattari, media ecologies are machinicWe may wish to recall here that for Deleuze and Guattari, media ecologies are machinic operations (the term machinic here refers to the production of consistencies betweenoperations (the term machinic here refers to the production of consistencies between heterogeneous elements) based in particular technological and humane strings that haveheterogeneous elements) based in particular technological and humane strings that have attained virtual consistency. Our current inter-network ecology is a comparable combination ofattained virtual consistency. Our current inter-network ecology is a comparable combination of top-down host arrangements wedded to bottom-up self-organization where invariable lineartop-down host arrangements wedded to bottom-up self-organization where invariable linear configurations and states of entanglement co-evolve in active process. Placing the significantconfigurations and states of entanglement co-evolve in active process. Placing the significant role of the virus in this mix in no uncertain terms, Parikka writes that, "the virus truly seems to berole of the virus in this mix in no uncertain terms, Parikka writes that, "the virus truly seems to be a central cultural trope of the digital world". (p. 136) Indeed digital viruses are recognized bya central cultural trope of the digital world". (p. 136) Indeed digital viruses are recognized by Parikka as the crowning culmination of current postmodern cultural trends - as viruses, byParikka as the crowning culmination of current postmodern cultural trends - as viruses, by definition, are merger machines based on parasitism and acculturation. So it is not only theirdefinition, are merger machines based on parasitism and acculturation. So it is not only their symbolic/metaphoric power that places them firmly in a wider perspective of cultural infection; itsymbolic/metaphoric power that places them firmly in a wider perspective of cultural infection; it is their formal structure, in that they procure their actuality from the encircling environment tois their formal structure, in that they procure their actuality from the encircling environment to which they are receptively coupled.which they are receptively coupled. Moreover, with the love of an aficionado, Parikka lucidly demonstrates that computer viruses areMoreover, with the love of an aficionado, Parikka lucidly demonstrates that computer viruses are indeed a variable index of the rudimentary underpinning on which contemporary techno cultureindeed a variable index of the rudimentary underpinning on which contemporary techno culture rests. He astutely anoints the indexical function of the virus by establishing not only its symbolicrests. He astutely anoints the indexical function of the virus by establishing not only its symbolic melancholy power in relation to the human body and sex, but by folding the viral life/nonlifemelancholy power in relation to the human body and sex, but by folding the viral life/nonlife model (**) into key cultural areas underlying the digital ecology; such as bottom-up self-model (**) into key cultural areas underlying the digital ecology; such as bottom-up self- organization, hidden distributed activity and ethereal meshwork. In that sense Parikka describesorganization, hidden distributed activity and ethereal meshwork. In that sense Parikka describes network ecology as both actual and virtual, what I have elsewhere identified as the viractual.network ecology as both actual and virtual, what I have elsewhere identified as the viractual. (Briefly, the viractual is the stratum of activity where distinct actualizations/individuations are(Briefly, the viractual is the stratum of activity where distinct actualizations/individuations are materialized out of the flow of virtuality.) But some viruses do not simply yield copies ofmaterialized out of the flow of virtuality.) But some viruses do not simply yield copies of 8 / 128 / 12
  9. 9. Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) By Jussi Parikka PDF D themselves, they also engage in a process of self-reproducing autopoiesis: they are copyingthemselves, they also engage in a process of self-reproducing autopoiesis: they are copying themselves over and over again but they can also mutate and change, and by doing so, Parikkathemselves over and over again but they can also mutate and change, and by doing so, Parikka maintains, reveal distinguishing aspects of network culture at large.maintains, reveal distinguishing aspects of network culture at large. I would add that they mimic the manneristic aspects of late post-modernism in general,I would add that they mimic the manneristic aspects of late post-modernism in general, particularly if one sees modernism as the great petri dish aggregate in which we still are afloat.particularly if one sees modernism as the great petri dish aggregate in which we still are afloat. So computer viruses are recognized here as an indexical symptom also of a bigger culturalSo computer viruses are recognized here as an indexical symptom also of a bigger cultural tendency that characterizes our post-modern media culture as being inserted within a moderntendency that characterizes our post-modern media culture as being inserted within a modern (purist) digital ecology. This aspect provides the book with a discerning, yet heterogeneous,(purist) digital ecology. This aspect provides the book with a discerning, yet heterogeneous, comprehension of the connectionist technologies of contemporaneous techno culture.comprehension of the connectionist technologies of contemporaneous techno culture. But beyond the techno-cultural relevance, the significance of the viral issues in Parikka's book toBut beyond the techno-cultural relevance, the significance of the viral issues in Parikka's book to ALL cultural production is evident to anyone who has already recognized that digitalization hasALL cultural production is evident to anyone who has already recognized that digitalization has become the universal technical platform for networked capitalism. As Parikka himself points out,become the universal technical platform for networked capitalism. As Parikka himself points out, digitalization has secured its place as the master formal archive for sounds, images and texts. (p.digitalization has secured its place as the master formal archive for sounds, images and texts. (p. 5) Digitalization is the double, the gangrel, that accompanies each of us in what we do - and5) Digitalization is the double, the gangrel, that accompanies each of us in what we do - and which accounts for our cultural feelings of vacillating between anxiety and enthusiasm overwhich accounts for our cultural feelings of vacillating between anxiety and enthusiasm over being invaded by something invisible - and the sneaky suspicion that we have been taken controlbeing invaded by something invisible - and the sneaky suspicion that we have been taken control of from within.of from within. To begin this caliginous expedition, Digital Contagions plunges us into a haunting, shifting andTo begin this caliginous expedition, Digital Contagions plunges us into a haunting, shifting and dislocating array of source material that thrills. Parikka launches his degenerate seduction bydislocating array of source material that thrills. Parikka launches his degenerate seduction by drawing from, and intertwining in a non-linear fashion, the theories of Gilles Deleuze and F�lixdrawing from, and intertwining in a non-linear fashion, the theories of Gilles Deleuze and F�lix Guattari (for whom my unending love is verging on obsession), Friedrich Kittler, Eugene Thacker,Guattari (for whom my unending love is verging on obsession), Friedrich Kittler, Eugene Thacker, Tiziana Terranova, N. Katherine Hayles, Lynn Margulis, Manuel DeLanda, Brian Massumi, BrunoTiziana Terranova, N. Katherine Hayles, Lynn Margulis, Manuel DeLanda, Brian Massumi, Bruno Latour, Charlie Gere, Sherry Turkle, Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela, Deborah Lupton,Latour, Charlie Gere, Sherry Turkle, Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela, Deborah Lupton, and Paul Virilio. These thinkers are then linked with ripe examples from prankster net art, stealthand Paul Virilio. These thinkers are then linked with ripe examples from prankster net art, stealth biopolitics, immunological incubations, the disassembly significance of noise, ribald sexualbiopolitics, immunological incubations, the disassembly significance of noise, ribald sexual allegories, antibody a-life projects, various infected prosthesis, polymorphic encryptions, ticklishallegories, antibody a-life projects, various infected prosthesis, polymorphic encryptions, ticklish security issues, numerous medical plagues, the coupling of nature and biology via code, incisivesecurity issues, numerous medical plagues, the coupling of nature and biology via code, incisive sabotage attempts, anti-debugging trickery, genome sequencing, parasitic spyware, killer T cellsabotage attempts, anti-debugging trickery, genome sequencing, parasitic spyware, killer T cell epidemics, rebellious database deletions, trojan horse latency, viral marketing, inflammatoryepidemics, rebellious database deletions, trojan horse latency, viral marketing, inflammatory political resistance, biological weaponry, pornographic clones, depraved destructive turpitudes,political resistance, biological weaponry, pornographic clones, depraved destructive turpitudes, rotten jokes, human-machine symbiosis as interface, and a history of cracker catastrophes. Allrotten jokes, human-machine symbiosis as interface, and a history of cracker catastrophes. All are conjoined with excellent taste. The shock effect is one of discovering a poignant nervousare conjoined with excellent taste. The shock effect is one of discovering a poignant nervous virality that has been secretly penetrating us everywhere.virality that has been secretly penetrating us everywhere. Digital Contagions's genealogical account is proportionately impressive, as it devotesDigital Contagions's genealogical account is proportionately impressive, as it devotes satisfactory space to the discussion of historical precedent; including Turing machines, Fredsatisfactory space to the discussion of historical precedent; including Turing machines, Fred Cohen's pioneering work with computer viruses, John von Neumann's cellular automata theoryCohen's pioneering work with computer viruses, John von Neumann's cellular automata theory (i.e. any system that processes information as part of a self-regulating mechanism), avant-garde(i.e. any system that processes information as part of a self-regulating mechanism), avant-garde cybernetics, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the Creeper virus in the Arpanet network, thecybernetics, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the Creeper virus in the Arpanet network, the coupling machines of John Conway, the nastily waggish Morris worm, Richard Dawkins's memecoupling machines of John Conway, the nastily waggish Morris worm, Richard Dawkins's meme (contagious idea) theory; and even the under known artistic hacks of Tommaso Tozzi.(contagious idea) theory; and even the under known artistic hacks of Tommaso Tozzi. Furthermore, the viral spectral as fantasized in science fiction is adequately fleshed out, payingFurthermore, the viral spectral as fantasized in science fiction is adequately fleshed out, paying deserved attention to the obscure but much loved (by me, anyway) 1975 book The Shockwavedeserved attention to the obscure but much loved (by me, anyway) 1975 book The Shockwave Rider by John Brunner and the celebrated cyberpunk novel by Neal Stephenson, Snow Crash;Rider by John Brunner and the celebrated cyberpunk novel by Neal Stephenson, Snow Crash; among other speculative books and hallucinatory films.among other speculative books and hallucinatory films. But the pinnacle of interest, for me, of this engaging and educative read is its conclusion whereBut the pinnacle of interest, for me, of this engaging and educative read is its conclusion where 9 / 129 / 12
  10. 10. Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) By Jussi Parikka PDF D Parikka sketches out an alternative radical media-ecological perspective hinged on the viralParikka sketches out an alternative radical media-ecological perspective hinged on the viral characteristics of self-reproduction and a coupling of the outside with the inside typical ofcharacteristics of self-reproduction and a coupling of the outside with the inside typical of artificial life (a-life). He correctly maintains that viral autopoiesis undertakings, like Thomas S.artificial life (a-life). He correctly maintains that viral autopoiesis undertakings, like Thomas S. Ray's Tierra virtual ecology art project, provides quintessential clues to interpreting the softwareRay's Tierra virtual ecology art project, provides quintessential clues to interpreting the software logic that has produced, and will continue to produce, the ontological basis for much of thelogic that has produced, and will continue to produce, the ontological basis for much of the economic, political and cultural transactions of our current globalizing world.economic, political and cultural transactions of our current globalizing world. Here he has rendered problematic the safe vision of virus as malicious software (virus asHere he has rendered problematic the safe vision of virus as malicious software (virus as infection machine) and replaced it with a far more curious, aesthetic and even benevolent one; asinfection machine) and replaced it with a far more curious, aesthetic and even benevolent one; as whimsical artificial life (a-life). Using viral a-life's tenants of semi-automation, self-reproduction,whimsical artificial life (a-life). Using viral a-life's tenants of semi-automation, self-reproduction, and host quest; Parikka proposes a living machinic autopoiesis that might provide a moebiusand host quest; Parikka proposes a living machinic autopoiesis that might provide a moebius strip like ontological process for culture.strip like ontological process for culture. Though suppositional, he bases his procedure in formal viral attributes - not unlike those ofThough suppositional, he bases his procedure in formal viral attributes - not unlike those of primitive artificial life with its capability to self-reproduce and spread semi-autonomously (asprimitive artificial life with its capability to self-reproduce and spread semi-autonomously (as viruses do) while keeping in mind that Maturana/Varela's autopoiesis contends that livingviruses do) while keeping in mind that Maturana/Varela's autopoiesis contends that living systems are an integral component of their surroundings and work towards supporting thatsystems are an integral component of their surroundings and work towards supporting that ecology. Parikka here picks up that thread by pointing out that recent polymorphic viruses areecology. Parikka here picks up that thread by pointing out that recent polymorphic viruses are now able to evolve in response to anti-virus behaviors. Various viruses, known as retroviruses,now able to evolve in response to anti-virus behaviors. Various viruses, known as retroviruses, (***) explicitly target anti-virus programs. Viruses with adaptive behavior, self-reproductive and(***) explicitly target anti-virus programs. Viruses with adaptive behavior, self-reproductive and evolutionary programs can be seen, at least in part, as something alive, even if not artificial life inevolutionary programs can be seen, at least in part, as something alive, even if not artificial life in the strongest sense of the word. Here we might recall John Von Neumann's conviction that thethe strongest sense of the word. Here we might recall John Von Neumann's conviction that the ideal design of a computer should be based on the design of certain human organs - or other liveideal design of a computer should be based on the design of certain human organs - or other live organisms. The artistic compositional benefit of his autopoiesic virality theory, for me, is inorganisms. The artistic compositional benefit of his autopoiesic virality theory, for me, is in allowing thought and vision to rupture habit and bypass object-subject dichotomies.allowing thought and vision to rupture habit and bypass object-subject dichotomies. I wish to point out here that although biological viruses were originally discovered andI wish to point out here that although biological viruses were originally discovered and characterized on the basis of the diseases they caused, most viruses that infect bacteria, plantscharacterized on the basis of the diseases they caused, most viruses that infect bacteria, plants and animals (including humans) do not cause disease. In fact, viruses may be helpful to life inand animals (including humans) do not cause disease. In fact, viruses may be helpful to life in that they rapidly transfer genetic information from one bacterium to another, and viruses ofthat they rapidly transfer genetic information from one bacterium to another, and viruses of plants and animals may convey genetic information among similar species, helping their hostsplants and animals may convey genetic information among similar species, helping their hosts survive in hostile environments.survive in hostile environments. Already various theories of complexity have established an influence within philosophy andAlready various theories of complexity have established an influence within philosophy and cultural theory by emphasizing open systems and adaptability, but Parikka here supplies acultural theory by emphasizing open systems and adaptability, but Parikka here supplies a further step in thinking about ongoing feedback loops between an organism and its environment;further step in thinking about ongoing feedback loops between an organism and its environment; what I am tempted to call viralosophy. Viralosophy would be the study of viral philosophical andwhat I am tempted to call viralosophy. Viralosophy would be the study of viral philosophical and theoretical points of reference concerning malignant transformations useful in understanding thetheoretical points of reference concerning malignant transformations useful in understanding the viral paradigm essential to digital culture and media theory that focuses on environmentalviral paradigm essential to digital culture and media theory that focuses on environmental complexity and inter-connectionism in relationship to the particular artist. Within viralosophy,complexity and inter-connectionism in relationship to the particular artist. Within viralosophy, viral comprehension might become the eventual - yet chimerical - reference point for culture atviral comprehension might become the eventual - yet chimerical - reference point for culture at large in terms of a modification of parameters, as it promotes parasite-host dynamic interfacingslarge in terms of a modification of parameters, as it promotes parasite-host dynamic interfacings of the technologically inert with the biologically animate, probabilistically.of the technologically inert with the biologically animate, probabilistically. So the decisive, if dormant, payload that is triggered by reading this book, for me, is an enhancedSo the decisive, if dormant, payload that is triggered by reading this book, for me, is an enhanced understands of pagan and animist sentiment which recognizes non-malicious looping-mutatingunderstands of pagan and animist sentiment which recognizes non-malicious looping-mutating energy feedback and self-recreational dynamism that informs new aesthetic becomings whichenergy feedback and self-recreational dynamism that informs new aesthetic becomings which may alter artistic output. Possibly heuristic becomings (****) that transgress the establishedmay alter artistic output. Possibly heuristic becomings (****) that transgress the established boundaries of nature/technology/culture and extend the time-bomb cognitive nihilism of Henryboundaries of nature/technology/culture and extend the time-bomb cognitive nihilism of Henry Flynt. This affirmative viral payload forces open-ended multiplicities onto art that favor new-Flynt. This affirmative viral payload forces open-ended multiplicities onto art that favor new- 10 / 1210 / 12
  11. 11. Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) By Jussi Parikka PDF D sprung conceptualizations and rebooted realizations. Here the artist comes back to life assprung conceptualizations and rebooted realizations. Here the artist comes back to life as spurred a-life, and not as a sole articulation of the pirated environment of currency. So the so-spurred a-life, and not as a sole articulation of the pirated environment of currency. So the so- called art virus is not to be judged in terms of its occasional monetary payload, but by thecalled art virus is not to be judged in terms of its occasional monetary payload, but by the metabolistic characteristics that make art reasonable to discuss as a form of extravagantmetabolistic characteristics that make art reasonable to discuss as a form of extravagant artificial life: triggered emergence, resilience and back door evolution.artificial life: triggered emergence, resilience and back door evolution. (*) A computer virus is a self-replicating computer program that spreads by inserting copies of(*) A computer virus is a self-replicating computer program that spreads by inserting copies of itself into other executable code or documents. A computer virus behaves in a way similar to aitself into other executable code or documents. A computer virus behaves in a way similar to a biological virus, which spreads by inserting itself into living cells. Extending the analogy, thebiological virus, which spreads by inserting itself into living cells. Extending the analogy, the insertion of a virus into the program is termed as an "infection", and the infected file, orinsertion of a virus into the program is termed as an "infection", and the infected file, or executable code that is not part of a file, is called a "host".executable code that is not part of a file, is called a "host". (**) Scientists have argued about whether viruses are living organisms or just a package of(**) Scientists have argued about whether viruses are living organisms or just a package of colossal molecules. A virus has to hijack another organism's biological machinery to replicate,colossal molecules. A virus has to hijack another organism's biological machinery to replicate, which it does by inserting its DNA into a host.which it does by inserting its DNA into a host. (***) Retroviruses are sometimes known as anti-anti-viruses. The basic principle is that the virus(***) Retroviruses are sometimes known as anti-anti-viruses. The basic principle is that the virus must somehow hinder the operation of an anti-virus program in such a way that the virus itselfmust somehow hinder the operation of an anti-virus program in such a way that the virus itself benefits from it. Anti-anti-viruses should not be confused with anti-virus-viruses, which arebenefits from it. Anti-anti-viruses should not be confused with anti-virus-viruses, which are viruses that will disable or disinfect other viruses.viruses that will disable or disinfect other viruses. (****) A heuristic virus cleaner works by loading an infected file up to memory and emulating the(****) A heuristic virus cleaner works by loading an infected file up to memory and emulating the program code. It uses a combination of disassembly, emulation and sometimes execution toprogram code. It uses a combination of disassembly, emulation and sometimes execution to trace the flow of the virus and to emulate what the virus is normally doing. The risk in heuristictrace the flow of the virus and to emulate what the virus is normally doing. The risk in heuristic cleaning is that if the cleaner tries to emulate everything, the virus might get control inside thecleaning is that if the cleaner tries to emulate everything, the virus might get control inside the emulated environment and escape, after which it can propagate further or trigger a destructiveemulated environment and escape, after which it can propagate further or trigger a destructive retaliation reflex.retaliation reflex. download Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations)download Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) crazy in love download Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digitalcrazy in love download Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) online free download Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer VirusesFormations) online free download Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) free ipad Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses(Digital Formations) free ipad Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) google books Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses(Digital Formations) google books Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) ebook free download Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer(Digital Formations) ebook free download Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) in jar format download Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology ofViruses (Digital Formations) in jar format download Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) pdf ipad download Digital Contagions: A MediaComputer Viruses (Digital Formations) pdf ipad download Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) ebook pdf download Digital Contagions: AArchaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) ebook pdf download Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) epub free download DigitalMedia Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) epub free download Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) free epubContagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses (Digital Formations) free epub The Salome Ensemble: Rose Pastor Stokes, Anzia Yezierska, Sonya Levien, and Jetta Goudal (NewThe Salome Ensemble: Rose Pastor Stokes, Anzia Yezierska, Sonya Levien, and Jetta Goudal (New York State Series)York State Series) 11 / 1211 / 12
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