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Jan Ole Voß "Civil society analyze of Directives requirements on public informa on"

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Jan Ole Voß , laywer à Becker Bü ner Held, Brussels - Europe
"Civil society analyze of Directives requirements on public informa on"

SEMINAR ON PUBLIC INFORMATION IN EP&R:
http://www.nuclear-transparency-watch.eu/activities/nuclear-emergency-preparedness-and-response/seminar-on-public-information-in-epr.html

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Jan Ole Voß "Civil society analyze of Directives requirements on public informa on"

  1. 1. 101.12.2016·00182-11/3240308 © BECKER BÜTTNERHELD Rechtsanwälte Wirtschaftsprüfer Steuerberater · PartGmbB 1 December 2016, Luxemburg Civil society analysis of BSS requirements on public information
  2. 2. 201.12.2016·00182-11/3240308 © BECKER BÜTTNERHELD Rechtsanwälte Wirtschaftsprüfer Steuerberater · PartGmbB About us Becker Büttner Held has been operating since 1991. At BBH, lawyers, auditors and tax advisors work hand in hand with the engineers, consultants and other experts of our BBH ConsultingAG.We provide advice to more than 3,000 clients and are the leading law firm for the energy and infrastructure industry. BBH is known as “the” law firm of public utilities. But we are far more than that – in Germany and also in Europe.The decentralised utilities, the industry, transport companies, investors as well as political bodies, like the European Commission, the Federal Government, the Federal States and public corporations appreciate BBH’s work. 4 Accredited professionals: ca. 250; total staff: ca. 550 4 Offices in Berlin, Munich, Cologne, Hamburg, Stuttgart and Brussels
  3. 3. 301.12.2016·00182-11/3240308 © BECKER BÜTTNERHELD Rechtsanwälte Wirtschaftsprüfer Steuerberater · PartGmbB Dr Jan Ole Voß, LL.M. int. Dr Jan OleVoß is specialised in EU andGerman energy and infrastructure law, international investment law and competition law. 8 2000-2005 Studies of Law at the Universities of Constance, Freiburg and Santander (Spain) 8 2006-2007 Master of Laws at Universidad de Chile/Heidelberg University; 2009 Doctor of Laws at University of Freiburg 8 2007-2008 Legal consultant, international law firm, Brussels 8 2010 Legal clerkship, Higher RegionalCourt, Hamburg 8 2010 – 2016 Lawyer at BBH Berlin 8 Since August 2016 BBH Brussels Rechtsanwalt / Lawyer · LL.M. (Chile/Heidelberg) · Counsel 1000 Brussels · Avenue Marnix 28 · Phone +32 (0)2 204 44 30 · jan.voss@bbh-online.de
  4. 4. 401.12.2016·00182-11/3240308 © BECKER BÜTTNERHELD Rechtsanwälte Wirtschaftsprüfer Steuerberater · PartGmbB Agenda 1. Introduction 2. Public Information Provisions in BSS Directive 3. Implementation of BSS Directive 4. Outlook
  5. 5. 501.12.2016·00182-11/3240308 © BECKER BÜTTNERHELD Rechtsanwälte Wirtschaftsprüfer Steuerberater · PartGmbB Introduction § Member States shall bring into force the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with the new Basic Safety Standards Directive by the 6 February 2018 § Generally positive from civil society (CS) perspective: § The Nuclear Safety Directive (Directive 2009/71/Euratom) in Article 8 establishes legally binding obligations on Member States in relation to information to the public § The updated Directive strengthens requirements for emergency preparedness and response (compared to former situation under Directives 89/618/Euratom, 90/641/Euratom, 96/29/Euratom, 97/43/Euratom and 2003/122/Euratom) § But: Implementation will be key and abidance by the requirements will be key
  6. 6. 601.12.2016·00182-11/3240308 © BECKER BÜTTNERHELD Rechtsanwälte Wirtschaftsprüfer Steuerberater · PartGmbB Closer Look at Public Information Provisions § Article 70: Prior information on health protection to the public likely to be affected in the event of an emergency: “Member States shall ensure that the members of the public likely to be affected in the event of an emergency are given information about the health protection measures applicable to them and about the action they should take in the event of such an emergency” + “Information shall be communicated (…) without any request being made” § Annex XII - Information to be given: § Basic facts about radioactivity;Various types of emergency and their consequences § Emergency measures envisaged to alert, protect and assist in the event of an emergency § Appropriate information on action to be taken by the public in the event of an emergency
  7. 7. 701.12.2016·00182-11/3240308 © BECKER BÜTTNERHELD Rechtsanwälte Wirtschaftsprüfer Steuerberater · PartGmbB Closer Look at Public Information Provisions § Article 71: Prompt information on protection measures in case of an emergency to those actually affected “Member States shall ensure that, when an emergency occurs, the members of the public actually affected are informed without delay about the facts of the emergency, the steps to be taken and, as appropriate, the health protection measures applicable” (immediately? – see Aarhus Convention) § Annex XII - Information to be given: § On the basis of emergency response plan, the members of the public shall rapidly and regularly receive: § Type of emergency and, where possible, its characteristics § Advice on protection (may cover e.g., restrictions on the consumption of food, rules on hygiene and decontamination, recommendation to stay indoor) § Accouncements recommending cooperation with instructions or requests by the competent authorities
  8. 8. 801.12.2016·00182-11/3240308 © BECKER BÜTTNERHELD Rechtsanwälte Wirtschaftsprüfer Steuerberater · PartGmbB Criticism of Public Information Provisions § Legal perspective: Very basic information and requirements; more specific language might be uses - Hence: BSS Directive only sets out minimum standard - Shall Commission be more ambitious? § From CS perspective: - The provisions must be updated so as to be representative of the actual current situation - The provisions must be adapted in order to be better prepared for a large scale nuclear accident comparable with Fukushima - There have been many societal and technological changes since the provisions were originally adopted.These changes must be taken into account - Mandatory involvement of CS representatives
  9. 9. 901.12.2016·00182-11/3240308 © BECKER BÜTTNERHELD Rechtsanwälte Wirtschaftsprüfer Steuerberater · PartGmbB Implementation of Provisions § Transparency on nuclear safety issues is divided into two areas of activity: public information and public participation. § Member States can handle the question of transparency in different ways and to differing extents.The most common practices include: § information release through the regulatory authority’s website, § press releases, § media interaction § and annual reports § Some countries stated that regulatory decisions are published in an official journal
  10. 10. 1001.12.2016·00182-11/3240308 © BECKER BÜTTNERHELD Rechtsanwälte Wirtschaftsprüfer Steuerberater · PartGmbB State of Implementation – Example Germany 4 Primary responsibility: Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety 4 Recommendation by Commission on Radiological Protection dated 25 September 2015 § Comprehensive overhaul of German legislation necessary 4 Ministry currently working on revision of the relevant German legislation 4 Responsible authority: Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz (BfS)
  11. 11. 1101.12.2016·00182-11/3240308 © BECKER BÜTTNERHELD Rechtsanwälte Wirtschaftsprüfer Steuerberater · PartGmbB State of Implementation – Example France 4 France: § TheTSN Act of 13th June 2006 on transparency and security in the nuclear field, constituted a significant innovation in that it defined transparency and the right to information in the nuclear field § ASN (Autorité de sûreté nucléaire) is responsible for the correct implementation of the requirements of theTSN Act, particularly those concerning transparency. - ASN is intensifying its own actions with regard to transparency, through active communication with the general public, the media, the institutional public and professionals. - The areas for progress: putting the information into perspective and presenting objectives designed to go further than a simple list of the results obtained. Similarly, the reports could more clearly present the public’s right of access to information about nuclear activities.
  12. 12. 1201.12.2016·00182-11/3240308 © BECKER BÜTTNERHELD Rechtsanwälte Wirtschaftsprüfer Steuerberater · PartGmbB State of Implementation – Example Belgium 4 Belgium:The recommendations of the Belgian Superior Health Council: a real opportunity to upgrade safety standards § Risk analyses must be expanded to the new findings and experiences and nuclear licensing procedures must be adapted to them § There is a need for specific vulnerability analyses, such as the population density and the presence of industrial centers close to the nuclear reactors. Such analyses should also take into account scenarios of very low probability but high impact. § The SHC advises to expand the emergency planning zones for evacuation to 20 km
  13. 13. 1301.12.2016·00182-11/3240308 © BECKER BÜTTNERHELD Rechtsanwälte Wirtschaftsprüfer Steuerberater · PartGmbB State of Implementation – Example Belgium § The SHC also recommends to elaborate long term rehabilitation strategies to rebuild the economic and social structure of the society and the country. § Because a nuclear accident in Belgium or at a nuclear power station at his borders will have transnational consequences, the SHC recommends the reinforcement of bilateral and European agreements. § The SHC advocates structural and transparent decision making and communication on nuclear emergency and response planning, instead of the decision-making by a hand full of nuclear experts and policy makers as it is the case today. § The SHC stresses that it is necessary that the nuclear regulatory bodies are really independent from the operators of nuclear power plants and of the political policy makers and that they are fully transparent.The SHC recommends to evolve to the creation of a European nuclear regulatory body within the EU-treaty
  14. 14. 1401.12.2016·00182-11/3240308 © BECKER BÜTTNERHELD Rechtsanwälte Wirtschaftsprüfer Steuerberater · PartGmbB Criticism of Implementation throughout the EU § Not only “formal” but fully-fledged implementation is key! § To ensure this: - There has to be greater involvement by citizens andCS Organisations in emergency and post-accident strategies - CS must be provided with adequate resources by the European Commission in order to have a positive effect on the implementation of the provisions - Communication and notification has to be modernized so as to ensure the disclosure of information in a timely manner and accessibility to all those concerned - There is a need for multi-stakeholder exchanges at EU and national levels in order to support the practical implementation of EP&R provisions
  15. 15. 1501.12.2016·00182-11/3240308 © BECKER BÜTTNERHELD Rechtsanwälte Wirtschaftsprüfer Steuerberater · PartGmbB Outlook § Bottomline: Rules of BSS Directive are basic but appropriate for setting minimum standard; implementation is key § Increase of public participation and CS participation will help to enhance implementation process § There is a growing trend of having greater public involvement and accessibility to information which may be harmful to society § E.g. this can be seen with the recent decisions taken by the European Court of Justice regarding pesticides: - C-673/13 P Commission v Stichting Greenpeace Nederland and PAN Europe - AndC-442/14 Bayer CropScience and Stichting De Bijenstichting v College voor de toelating van gewasbeschermingsmiddelen en biociden
  16. 16. 1601.12.2016·00182-11/3240308 © BECKER BÜTTNERHELD Rechtsanwälte Wirtschaftsprüfer Steuerberater · PartGmbB Thank you very much for your attention. Jan Ole Voss, BBH Brussels Phone +32 (0)2 204 44 30 Jan.voss@bbh-online.de www.bbh-online.de
  17. 17. 1701.12.2016·00182-11/3240308 © BECKER BÜTTNERHELD Rechtsanwälte Wirtschaftsprüfer Steuerberater · PartGmbB Backup.
  18. 18. 1801.12.2016·00182-11/3240308 © BECKER BÜTTNERHELD Rechtsanwälte Wirtschaftsprüfer Steuerberater · PartGmbB ECJ on public involvement (I) 4 The group of NGOs wanted greater access to confidential industry studies on the authorisation process for pesticides, in particular “information relating to emissions into the environment” 4 The Court of Justice heard the two cases which, although different in terms of the facts, address, in essence, the right of access to environmental documents. 4 The Court found that the regulation and directive cover not only information relating to actual emissions, but also information on foreseeable emissions from that product into the environment
  19. 19. 1901.12.2016·00182-11/3240308 © BECKER BÜTTNERHELD Rechtsanwälte Wirtschaftsprüfer Steuerberater · PartGmbB ECJ on public involvement (II) 4 The result from these cases is that when a person requests access to environmental documents, the concept of ‘information on emissions into the environment’ covers, inter alia, information concerning the nature and effects of the release of a pesticide into air, water or soil, or onto plants 4 The confidentiality of commercial and industrial information may not be invoked to preclude the disclosure of such information

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