Incident prevention

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Incident prevention

  1. 1. INCIDENT PREVENTION
  2. 2. Objective define what is incident itemize cost involved in an incident 3 theory on a accident causation explain the causes of incident & role of management control
  3. 3. Principles of loss prevention Causes of incident Incidents and productivity Approach to loss prevention
  4. 4. Principles of Incident Prevention Management and workers must fully cooperate. Incident prevention is good management Top management must lead. There must be an OSH policy. Must have organization and resources to implement policy Best available information (and technologies) must be applied.
  5. 5. INCIDENT PREVENTION WHAT IS INCIDENT ? ?
  6. 6. Incident ?????? unexpected unplanned Occurs through a combination of causes Physical harm (injury, ill- health or disease) Individual property Near-miss Loss and combination
  7. 7. INCIDENT Long term injuries Hearing loss Expose to chemical Short term forklift
  8. 8. Why Prevent an Incident ????
  9. 9. Preventincident Legal reasons Moral Issue Business reasons
  10. 10. ACCIDENT CAUSATION THEORIES Theories Domino Theory (Teori Domino) Loss Causation Model (Teori mengawal kerugian) Multi-causality Accident Model (Model kemalangan aneka-sebab akibat)
  11. 11. Theory Domino (1930) Heinrich Domino Five factors in a sequence Series of events or circumstances Injury (Accident)
  12. 12. Heinrich Domino Theory (1930) (Teori Domino)
  13. 13. Domino theory injury Personal attitude (temper, nervousness Fault of person /weakness of workers Unsafe acts and condition accident
  14. 14. Loss Causation Model (Teori mengawal kerugian)
  15. 15. Poor management safety policy&decisions Personal factors Environmental factors Basic causes Indirect causes ACCIDENT Personal injury Property damage Direct causes Unsafe act Unplanned incidence Unsafe condition
  16. 16. Selection of workers Machinery and equipment Supervision,etcSystem of work Information and training
  17. 17. Multicausality Accident Model Unsafe act (individual) Unsafe condition Lack of management control Accident Three or more that one caus eto any accu to any accident
  18. 18. Multicausality Accident Model Accident Cause A Cause B Cause c
  19. 19. Kemalangan Penyakit kecederaan kerosakan Kemalangan tapi tiada kecederaan Near miss
  20. 20. Segitiga “Tye-Pearson” (1974) British Safety Council 1 3 50 80 400 Near Misses Property First Aid Lost day Fatal/serious injury
  21. 21. Kerosakn harta benda Kerosakan loji Kerugian pengeluaran Kerosakan produk atau persekitaran Peningkatan liabiliti Kemalangan Approached Bird’s ill healthinjury Include.. NOT ONLY
  22. 22. Fundamental to loss control Examine root of incident Control risk Action to be taken Loss in future
  23. 23. Productivity aspsect of Safety Productivity Quality
  24. 24. Productivity aspsect of Safety Premium Study period Hidden Cost
  25. 25. Productivity aspsect of Safety Premium Study period Hidden Cost 1 X 8-36 X
  26. 26. Hidden cost Workers injured New workers Maintenance. period Fined Time investigation Workers MC Delayed work Lost of productivity Court
  27. 27. Relative comparison Preventive cost Incident cost
  28. 28. Cost of incident prevention Design Cost Operational cost Planning – limiting cost Install machine guards Running safety dept. Auditcost.
  29. 29. Du pont Achievable
  30. 30. Safety away from work is as important as at work Unsafe practices,incident, injury will be investigated Deficiencies must be corrected Safety audit and inspection compulsaory Training is required Safety icondition of employment Management directly responsible All injuries and illness are preventable Accident prevention is cost effective, the highest cost is human suffering Employees must be actively involved Safety away from work is as important as safety at work
  31. 31. Summary Incident in the workplace is largely cause by lack of management Implement an appropriate company policy Control OSH risk Management system in workplace Promote OSHA Zero accident in the workplace is possible..

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