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English tenses

  1. English tenses Presented by Ntombikayise Mhlongo
  2. What is a tense? • A category of verbal inflection expressing the time at, during, or over which a state or action denoted by a verb occurs. • There fore verb tenses tell us when things happen (Mori, 2014)
  3. 12 tenses • Present Simple • Present Continuous/Progressive • Present Perfect • Present Perfect Continuous/Progressive • Past Simple • Past Continuous/Progressive • Past Perfect • Past Perfect Continuous/Progressive • Future Simple • Future Perfect • Future Continuous/Progressive • Future Perfect Continuous/Progressive
  4. Present simple tense • When you are referring to habitual actions, actions that you always or never do • When you are referring to unchanging truths • When you are making general statements of fact (infinite convergence,2014)
  5. Indicators • Always • Whenever • Everyday • Usually • Often • Frequently • Sometimes • Rarely • Occasionally • never
  6. Examples 1. I make revision every Friday 2. They pass me here Often 3. We like English examination 4. She sometimes makes me happy 5. She comes from America
  7. Simple past tense • When an activity or situation is completed in the past • To refer to past habits (infinite convergence,2014)
  8. Indicators • Last night, week, year, month, Saturday, semester, etc. • Yesterday • Ago
  9. Examples 1. She graduated comb ridge university last year 2. He invited me a week ago 3. He is the young boy who broke the window last night 4. I met her last month (Hassan,2012)
  10. Present perfect tense • When an activity happened at an unspecified time in the past (before the present) • When an activity has been repeated several times before now • When an activity was very recently completed before now • When an activity is not completed in the past (infinite convergence,2014)
  11. Indicators • Before • Ever • Never • So far • Already • Yet • Just • Recently • since
  12. Examples 1. I recently broke my watch so I don’t know what time it is. 2. David has just succeeded the president election (Hassan,2012)
  13. Present progressive tense • When an activity is in progress now at the moment of speaking • When an activity began before now and continues into the future without stopping. • When an activity is temporary • When an activity is developing and changing. (infinite convergence,2014)
  14. Indicators • Right now, at this moment • Still • This year, week, month, etc. • As we speak
  15. Examples 1. David is working ministry of youth and sport this year 2. He is still helping needy persons (Hassan,2012)
  16. Future tense • To indicate that an activity or event will • take place at a time in the future
  17. Indicators • Tomorrow • Next Saturday, week, month, year, etc.
  18. Examples 1. I am going to school tomorrow 2. Next week Monday is my birthday (Hassan,2012)
  19. The following tenses are combinations of the tenses we have just reviewed
  20. Past Perfect tense • refers to activities that happened before a specific time in the past. • Form: had + past participle (infinite convergence,2014)
  21. Past Progressive tense • refers to activities continuously in progress around a time in the past. • Form: was or were + verbing (infinite convergence,2014)
  22. Past perfect progressive • Refers to an activity was continuously in progress before a specific time in the past. • Form: had + been + verbing (infinite convergence,2014)
  23. Past perfect progressive • Refers to actions that have been continuously in progress before now. • Form: have or has + been + verbing (infinite convergence,2014)
  24. Future perfect tense • The future perfect expresses the idea that an activity will occur before some future time. • • Form: will + have + past participle (infinite convergence,2014)
  25. Future progressive tense • Refers to activities that will be continuously in progress around some future time. • Form: will + be + verbing (infinite convergence,2014)
  26. Future Perfect Progressive • Refers to activities that will be continuously in progress before a future time. • Form: will + have + been + verbing (infinite convergence,2014)
  27. summary (Pantichuana,2010)
  28. Acknowledgements • Hassan Nur, A.(2012). 12 tenses of English grammar [online]. Sudan: Slideshare. Available from: english-grammer-15000138 [accessed 15 August 2020]. • Infinite convergence solutions.(2014). English tenses [online]. Bengaluru: Slideshare. Available from: [accessed 15 August 2020]
  29. Acknowledgements • Mori, L.(2014).English verb tenses [online]. Pontedera: Slideshare. Available from: tenses-30528628 [accessed 15 August 2020] • Pantiuchina, O.(2010).English tenses [online].Vilnius: Slideshare. Available from: 5610444 [accessed 15 August 2020]