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English tenses
Presented by Ntombikayise Mhlongo
What is a tense?
• A category of verbal inflection expressing the time at,
during, or over which a state or action denoted by a verb
occurs.
• There fore verb tenses tell us when things happen
(Mori, 2014)
12 tenses
• Present Simple
• Present
Continuous/Progressive
• Present Perfect
• Present Perfect
Continuous/Progressive
• Past Simple
• Past
Continuous/Progressive
• Past Perfect
• Past Perfect
Continuous/Progressive
• Future Simple
• Future Perfect
• Future
Continuous/Progressive
• Future Perfect
Continuous/Progressive
Present simple tense
• When you are referring to habitual actions, actions that
you always or never do
• When you are referring to unchanging truths
• When you are making general statements of fact
(infinite convergence,2014)
Indicators
• Always
• Whenever
• Everyday
• Usually
• Often
• Frequently
• Sometimes
• Rarely
• Occasionally
• never
Examples
1. I make revision every Friday
2. They pass me here Often
3. We like English examination
4. She sometimes makes me happy
5. She comes from America
Simple past tense
• When an activity or situation is completed in the past
• To refer to past habits
(infinite convergence,2014)
Indicators
• Last night, week, year, month, Saturday, semester, etc.
• Yesterday
• Ago
Examples
1. She graduated comb ridge university last year
2. He invited me a week ago
3. He is the young boy who broke the window last night
4. I met her last month
(Hassan,2012)
Present perfect tense
• When an activity happened at an unspecified time in the
past (before the present)
• When an activity has been repeated several times before
now
• When an activity was very recently completed before
now
• When an activity is not completed in the past
(infinite convergence,2014)
Indicators
• Before
• Ever
• Never
• So far
• Already
• Yet
• Just
• Recently
• since
Examples
1. I recently broke my watch so I don’t know what time it
is.
2. David has just succeeded the president election
(Hassan,2012)
Present progressive tense
• When an activity is in progress now at the moment of
speaking
• When an activity began before now and continues into
the future without stopping.
• When an activity is temporary
• When an activity is developing and changing.
(infinite convergence,2014)
Indicators
• Right now, at this moment
• Still
• This year, week, month, etc.
• As we speak
Examples
1. David is working ministry of youth and sport this year
2. He is still helping needy persons
(Hassan,2012)
Future tense
• To indicate that an activity or event will
• take place at a time in the future
Indicators
• Tomorrow
• Next Saturday, week, month, year, etc.
Examples
1. I am going to school tomorrow
2. Next week Monday is my birthday
(Hassan,2012)
The following tenses are combinations of the tenses we have
just reviewed
Past Perfect tense
• refers to activities that happened before a specific time
in the past.
• Form: had + past participle
(infinite convergence,2014)
Past Progressive tense
• refers to activities continuously in progress around a time
in the past.
• Form: was or were + verbing
(infinite convergence,2014)
Past perfect progressive
• Refers to an activity was continuously in progress
before a specific time in the past.
• Form: had + been + verbing
(infinite convergence,2014)
Past perfect progressive
• Refers to actions that have been continuously in
progress before now.
• Form: have or has + been + verbing
(infinite convergence,2014)
Future perfect tense
• The future perfect expresses the idea that an activity will
occur before some future time.
• • Form: will + have + past participle
(infinite convergence,2014)
Future progressive tense
• Refers to activities that will be continuously in progress
around some future time.
• Form: will + be + verbing
(infinite convergence,2014)
Future Perfect Progressive
• Refers to activities that will be continuously in progress
before a future time.
• Form: will + have + been + verbing
(infinite convergence,2014)
summary
(Pantichuana,2010)
Acknowledgements
• Hassan Nur, A.(2012). 12 tenses of English grammar
[online]. Sudan: Slideshare. Available from:
https://www.slideshare.net/taaxowebs/12-tenses-of-
english-grammer-15000138 [accessed 15 August 2020].
• Infinite convergence solutions.(2014). English tenses
[online]. Bengaluru: Slideshare. Available from:
https://www.slideshare.net/appapurapu/tenses-30675182
[accessed 15 August 2020]
Acknowledgements
• Mori, L.(2014).English verb tenses [online]. Pontedera:
Slideshare. Available from:
https://www.slideshare.net/LuisellaMori/english-verb-
tenses-30528628 [accessed 15 August 2020]
• Pantiuchina, O.(2010).English tenses [online].Vilnius:
Slideshare. Available from:
https://www.slideshare.net/aoksana/english-tenses-
5610444 [accessed 15 August 2020]

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English tenses

  • 1. English tenses Presented by Ntombikayise Mhlongo
  • 2. What is a tense? • A category of verbal inflection expressing the time at, during, or over which a state or action denoted by a verb occurs. • There fore verb tenses tell us when things happen (Mori, 2014)
  • 3. 12 tenses • Present Simple • Present Continuous/Progressive • Present Perfect • Present Perfect Continuous/Progressive • Past Simple • Past Continuous/Progressive • Past Perfect • Past Perfect Continuous/Progressive • Future Simple • Future Perfect • Future Continuous/Progressive • Future Perfect Continuous/Progressive
  • 4. Present simple tense • When you are referring to habitual actions, actions that you always or never do • When you are referring to unchanging truths • When you are making general statements of fact (infinite convergence,2014)
  • 5. Indicators • Always • Whenever • Everyday • Usually • Often • Frequently • Sometimes • Rarely • Occasionally • never
  • 6. Examples 1. I make revision every Friday 2. They pass me here Often 3. We like English examination 4. She sometimes makes me happy 5. She comes from America
  • 7. Simple past tense • When an activity or situation is completed in the past • To refer to past habits (infinite convergence,2014)
  • 8. Indicators • Last night, week, year, month, Saturday, semester, etc. • Yesterday • Ago
  • 9. Examples 1. She graduated comb ridge university last year 2. He invited me a week ago 3. He is the young boy who broke the window last night 4. I met her last month (Hassan,2012)
  • 10. Present perfect tense • When an activity happened at an unspecified time in the past (before the present) • When an activity has been repeated several times before now • When an activity was very recently completed before now • When an activity is not completed in the past (infinite convergence,2014)
  • 11. Indicators • Before • Ever • Never • So far • Already • Yet • Just • Recently • since
  • 12. Examples 1. I recently broke my watch so I don’t know what time it is. 2. David has just succeeded the president election (Hassan,2012)
  • 13. Present progressive tense • When an activity is in progress now at the moment of speaking • When an activity began before now and continues into the future without stopping. • When an activity is temporary • When an activity is developing and changing. (infinite convergence,2014)
  • 14. Indicators • Right now, at this moment • Still • This year, week, month, etc. • As we speak
  • 15. Examples 1. David is working ministry of youth and sport this year 2. He is still helping needy persons (Hassan,2012)
  • 16. Future tense • To indicate that an activity or event will • take place at a time in the future
  • 17. Indicators • Tomorrow • Next Saturday, week, month, year, etc.
  • 18. Examples 1. I am going to school tomorrow 2. Next week Monday is my birthday (Hassan,2012)
  • 19. The following tenses are combinations of the tenses we have just reviewed
  • 20. Past Perfect tense • refers to activities that happened before a specific time in the past. • Form: had + past participle (infinite convergence,2014)
  • 21. Past Progressive tense • refers to activities continuously in progress around a time in the past. • Form: was or were + verbing (infinite convergence,2014)
  • 22. Past perfect progressive • Refers to an activity was continuously in progress before a specific time in the past. • Form: had + been + verbing (infinite convergence,2014)
  • 23. Past perfect progressive • Refers to actions that have been continuously in progress before now. • Form: have or has + been + verbing (infinite convergence,2014)
  • 24. Future perfect tense • The future perfect expresses the idea that an activity will occur before some future time. • • Form: will + have + past participle (infinite convergence,2014)
  • 25. Future progressive tense • Refers to activities that will be continuously in progress around some future time. • Form: will + be + verbing (infinite convergence,2014)
  • 26. Future Perfect Progressive • Refers to activities that will be continuously in progress before a future time. • Form: will + have + been + verbing (infinite convergence,2014)
  • 28. Acknowledgements • Hassan Nur, A.(2012). 12 tenses of English grammar [online]. Sudan: Slideshare. Available from: https://www.slideshare.net/taaxowebs/12-tenses-of- english-grammer-15000138 [accessed 15 August 2020]. • Infinite convergence solutions.(2014). English tenses [online]. Bengaluru: Slideshare. Available from: https://www.slideshare.net/appapurapu/tenses-30675182 [accessed 15 August 2020]
  • 29. Acknowledgements • Mori, L.(2014).English verb tenses [online]. Pontedera: Slideshare. Available from: https://www.slideshare.net/LuisellaMori/english-verb- tenses-30528628 [accessed 15 August 2020] • Pantiuchina, O.(2010).English tenses [online].Vilnius: Slideshare. Available from: https://www.slideshare.net/aoksana/english-tenses- 5610444 [accessed 15 August 2020]