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Bienvenido “Nonoy” Oplas Jr.
Minimal Government Thinkers, EFN Asia, SEANET
Synthesis of Discussions,
“ASEAN Integration Fo...
Population, Million 1995 2015
Estimate
% Increase
Indonesia 194.8 255.1 31.0
Philippines 68.4 101.4 48.3
Vietnam 72.0 91.6...
Elvie Sanchez-Quiazon, President, PCCI Muntinlupa City
• PCCI preparing local businesses for
ASEAN integration
• Only city...
Jaime Fresnedi, Mayor, Muntinlupa City
• Vision, to develop Muntinlupa as a
competitve, business friendly city
• Difficult...
Panel speakers, from left: Cindy Jarabata, Tony Abad, Ruy
Moreno, Roger Lamb, Arlene Dorayu, Bodo Goerlich.
Atty. Tony Abad, TA Associates
• ASEAN integration is about business
• People may think of it as discomfort, threats
• So ...
Inter-ASEAN Tariff, Percent
2010 2014 2015
Vietnam n.a. 6.46 n.a.
Cambodia 4.84 5.72 n.a.
Laos 1.38 0.78 0.48
Myanmar 1 0....
ASEAN Exports, in Billion US$
2000 2013 Multiple
Singapore 137.95 410.28 3.0
Malaysia 98.23 228.45 2.3
Thailand 69.15 224....
Ruy Moreno, National Competitiveness Council
• PH geographically well-situated
• PH improved rannking WB-IFC, WEF, TI, HF
...
Cindy Jarabata
• We’ve been out for a long time, we are now in
• Tourism, PH only 4.6 M visitors, low vs neighbors’
• Tour...
Entertainment City, Gaming tourism in the PH
Roger Lamb, British Chamber of Commerce
• Lack of good infrastructures
• Ease of doing business, we are still too low in g...
Arlene Dorayu
• Agree with the points by previous speakers
• Benefits of integration need to be shared to the communities,...
Bodo Goerhlich, German Chamber of Commerce
• Comptitiveness is 2-way
• Problems: BPOs sustainable? We help bring companies...
Trade Bureaucracies
Trading
across
borders
(rank)
Docs. to
import
(number)
Time to
import
(days)
Cost to import
($ per
con...
Panel exchanges
Abad: treat people with ease and comfort, they will come in and
come back; Remove or reduce the restrictio...
Open Forum (1)
(1) Eng’g, other education, how developed?
• Moreno: foreign professionals are indeed restricted here
• Aba...
Open Forum (2)
(3) How about the sari sari stores type?
• Moreno: jeepneys since 1945, now 2015, time to move on
• Abad: o...
Forum on ASEAN Economic Integration, by PCCI Muntinlupa
Forum on ASEAN Economic Integration, by PCCI Muntinlupa
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Forum on ASEAN Economic Integration, by PCCI Muntinlupa

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Synthesis of a discussion on ASEAN integration sponsored by the PH Chamber of Commerce and Industry (PCCI) Muntinlupa City chamber

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Forum on ASEAN Economic Integration, by PCCI Muntinlupa

  1. 1. Bienvenido “Nonoy” Oplas Jr. Minimal Government Thinkers, EFN Asia, SEANET Synthesis of Discussions, “ASEAN Integration Forum” Forum organized by the Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry (PCCI) Muntinlupa City Chapter, and City Government of Muntinlupa Vivere Hotel, Muntinlupa, 20 February 2015
  2. 2. Population, Million 1995 2015 Estimate % Increase Indonesia 194.8 255.1 31.0 Philippines 68.4 101.4 48.3 Vietnam 72.0 91.6 27.2 Thailand 59.5 68.9 15.8 Myanmar n.a. 51.8 Malaysia 20.7 31.0 49.8 Cambodia 10.8 15.5 44.0 Laos 4.9 7.0 44.3 Singapore 3.5 5.5 57.1 Brunei 0.3 0.4 46.0 Total 434.8* 628.3 44.5* NOTE: All tables below I added/supplied to add more facts to what panel speakers have said. Only Ruy Moreno gave powerpoint.
  3. 3. Elvie Sanchez-Quiazon, President, PCCI Muntinlupa City • PCCI preparing local businesses for ASEAN integration • Only city that has a competitiveness center • Foreign chambers coming, friends from Singapore, Germany, here, • Mayor’s focus is on education • How to optimize the integration • Do we have enough infrastructures, skilled labor • Free trade will benefit consuers • What will be the country’s competitive advantage? • Muntinlupa to be the investment destination as goal
  4. 4. Jaime Fresnedi, Mayor, Muntinlupa City • Vision, to develop Muntinlupa as a competitve, business friendly city • Difficulty in attracting FDIs • WB’s “Doing Business” annual report, PH has low rank. • Cost of doing business in Muntinlupa being slashed, renewal of business permit cut the steps • Launched the Competitiveness Center with PCCI Muntinlupa • ASEAN integration eliminates trade barriers • We should have a better chance at success
  5. 5. Panel speakers, from left: Cindy Jarabata, Tony Abad, Ruy Moreno, Roger Lamb, Arlene Dorayu, Bodo Goerlich.
  6. 6. Atty. Tony Abad, TA Associates • ASEAN integration is about business • People may think of it as discomfort, threats • So much good things happening outside, somehow we’re left, now we have to take advantage, enjoy shared prosperity, • PH has always been protectionist, time to turn around • Integration is already there. What we see are legalities formalizing it • But our local laws and regulations don’t match • Open up business, remove barriers and legal impediments • 3 pillars of integration: socio cultural community, security and political stability, and economic community, AFTA in goods • 99% of all goods intra-traded are at zero percent • Services, intangibles, tourism, hotel, BPOs • Movement of capital with the least hassle, harmonize system • Competition law is needed, protect the consumers • No need to bribe officials to keep monopoly, ensure efficiency and competitiveness • 3-4 years from now, we will see positive changes down the line.
  7. 7. Inter-ASEAN Tariff, Percent 2010 2014 2015 Vietnam n.a. 6.46 n.a. Cambodia 4.84 5.72 n.a. Laos 1.38 0.78 0.48 Myanmar 1 0.55 0.20 Philippines 0.18 0.13 0.11 Malaysia 0.41 0.05 0.05 Indonesia 0.06 0.04 0.03 Thailand 0.01 0.01 0.01 Brunei 0 0 0 Singapore 0 0 0 ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement (ATIGA) tariff rates for inter-ASEAN trade. ASEAN member states (AMS) to eliminate import duties on all products traded among them by 2010 for the ASEAN-6 (Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand) and by 2015, with flexibility to 2018, for Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam (CLMV). Source: Tariff Commission, Philippines
  8. 8. ASEAN Exports, in Billion US$ 2000 2013 Multiple Singapore 137.95 410.28 3.0 Malaysia 98.23 228.45 2.3 Thailand 69.15 224.91 3.3 Indonesia 62.12 182.55 2.9 Vietnam 14.48 132.14 9.1 Philippines 38.08 56.70 1.5 Brunei 3.91 11.43 2.9 Myanmar 1.96 11.20 5.7 Cambodia 1.40 6.53 4.7 Laos 0.33 2.26 6.8 2000 2013 Multi ple China 249.2 2,209.63 8.9 Japan 479.32 714.93 1.5 S. Korea 172.27 559.63 3.2 Hong Kong 201.86 458.96 2.3 Taiwan 151.46 303.74 2.0 Source: ADB, Key Indicators of Asia and the Pacific 2014 The Multiple, 2013 over 2000, is not part of the ADB data; added only in this paper.
  9. 9. Ruy Moreno, National Competitiveness Council • PH geographically well-situated • PH improved rannking WB-IFC, WEF, TI, HF • Heritage Foundation, 89th in 2014, 76th in 2015, +13 gain • WEF,2010-2014, +33 gains in global rank, from 85th to 52nd. • Global Innovation index, 91 to 100, -9, from 2011-14 • From national to regional and city competitiveness, but difficult to get data • Propose creation of regional competitiveness committees, composition 50-50 public-private leaders • From 20th century mindset: protectionist, isolationist, no continuity • To 21st century mindset: globalization, supply chain, FTAs: AEC, WTO, JPEPA, TPP, ASEAN-HK, • PPP, public to simplify procedures, private to execute • Think big, operate small; no more silos, teamwork • Competition never sleeps, bar always rises, speed to reform, maintain momentum
  10. 10. Cindy Jarabata • We’ve been out for a long time, we are now in • Tourism, PH only 4.6 M visitors, low vs neighbors’ • Tourism about 7% of GDP, but foreign tourism not that big • Domestic tourism is real driver, 24-25M in 2013, 12-18% annual growth • Budget airlines, RORO, contributed to high dom. tourism • Demographic dividends • 64(?) branded hotels in, 5-10 years global operators coming in • Entertainment City is promising. Consolidated strategy • Opportunities, airports need to improve, other infra • Weekender visitors not only locals, laready include Malaysians, other neighboring Asians • We should be our own ambassadors and invite friends abroad • Beyond facebook, join instagram • Integration is harmonization • Businessmen complaints, hard to do business here.
  11. 11. Entertainment City, Gaming tourism in the PH
  12. 12. Roger Lamb, British Chamber of Commerce • Lack of good infrastructures • Ease of doing business, we are still too low in global rank • Constitutional issues, banning foreign competition in some industries • ASEAN integration will not change that, only local consti change • European Economic Community, free movement of people, capital, transparent laws
  13. 13. Arlene Dorayu • Agree with the points by previous speakers • Benefits of integration need to be shared to the communities, inclusive growth • Local preparedness, do we have enough infra, low electricity costs • Education, how responsive is HR development • Need for continued dialogue of local governments with investors and consumers, constituents • Responsiveness of city govt to business facilitation, including urban zoning policy • Institutions, organizations like academe, encourage their local involvement.
  14. 14. Bodo Goerhlich, German Chamber of Commerce • Comptitiveness is 2-way • Problems: BPOs sustainable? We help bring companies from Europe to establish here, need well trained people • Upgrade the skills of local people so EU companies can hire/use them • Problem how govt treats big companies; paperwork and requirements getting more difficult • More registrations, permits required • Foreign chambers report to their countrymen, and PH already has low FDI in the ASEAN • More Europeans would like to come but in the news are typhoons, earthquuakes, violence • No direct flight to europe except Manila-London by PAL • Costly and time consuming for Europeans to come here as tourists, so they go to Phuket, Bali, Malaysia • Unchain the business.
  15. 15. Trade Bureaucracies Trading across borders (rank) Docs. to import (number) Time to import (days) Cost to import ($ per container) Singapore 1 3 4 440 Malaysia 11 4 8 560 Thailand 36 5 13 760 Brunei 46 5 15 770 Philippines 65 7 15 915 Indonesia 62 8 26 647 Vietnam 75 8 21 600 Myanmar 103 8 22 610 Cambodia 124 9 24 930 Laos 156 10 26 1,910 Source: WB-IFC, Doing Business 2015 Report Ease or Unease of international trade, ASEAN:
  16. 16. Panel exchanges Abad: treat people with ease and comfort, they will come in and come back; Remove or reduce the restrictions Moreno: challenge in leadership, public and corporate, especially the frontline, like city hall. Do the extra mile in public service Jarabata: construction is expensive here; Meralco, take ages to get electricity. Muntinlupa is not a tourist destination; look for a niche, a brand for business ease Moreno: SEC registrations/paperwork rising. But in the Transparency International (TI) data, there is improvement, a decline in corruption perception. Getting locals’ permit can create uncertainty. Example, huge gold mine project (Tampakan) that pass all national requirements, but provincial govt opposed open pit mining, it’s not operating. business uncertainty.
  17. 17. Open Forum (1) (1) Eng’g, other education, how developed? • Moreno: foreign professionals are indeed restricted here • Abad: we are obsessed with exporting our services but fending off foreign services and professionals here • Harmonization of services and professionals, mutually recognized agreements (MRAs), so if they are already licensed in Thailand, they can practice in the PH, etc. • Moreno: not only in ASEAN but also in APEC • Jarabata: global designs, we are not that high out there, (2) Influx of massive investments, etc., impact on locals, how they can adapt? • Moreno: “we have to protect” has been uttered many decades ago, face the competition and move on
  18. 18. Open Forum (2) (3) How about the sari sari stores type? • Moreno: jeepneys since 1945, now 2015, time to move on • Abad: outside world will find their way in, we need to face it and be more prepared, • Need to lower taxes, highest income tax in the region but among the worst infrastructure • Integration will serve as benchmark; open up more opportunities for the locals actually • All econ integration in the world yielded positive results • Gradual, not sudden influx; we are a globalized country (4) Taxation, do we have enough incentives say for manufacturing? • Moreno: more than taxes, high power/electricity costs affect manufacturing, how to reduce it • Connectivity is improving, BPOs as proof • Property development, in other countries government leads, private sector follows; somehow reverse in the PH • Abad: nationwide simple rules will encourage investments.

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