Provisions Requires Federally funded schools to administer standardized tests to students annually Ifa school cannot improve scores after 2 years, they are required to develop a two-year improvement plan. Students are given the option to transfer to a better district. After non improvement for a third year, the school is required to offer free tutoring and other supplemental opportunities to struggling students.
When and Why This was Passed The No Child Left Behind Act was signed into law on January 8, 2002. This act was proposed on the premise that setting high standards and establishing measurable goals can improve individual outcomes in education.
Arguments for and AgainstPros Emphasis on test results will improve the quality of public education for all students. Will further democratize U.S. education, by setting standards and providing resources to schools, regardless of wealth, ethnicity, disabilities or language spoken.Cons The accountability of NCLB is flawed and biased Stricter teacher qualifications have increased the nationwide teacher shortage
Controversial and Passage The NCLB Act was relatively easy to pass, considering it passed with bipartisan support soon after George W. Bush became president. The largest controversy surrounding NCLB, is the fact that funded is simply not adequate. Teachers feel as if they are restricted to the subjects rated by NCLB, rather than offering a well rounded education.
Part 2: IssueswithFederalismNo Child Left Behind
Issues with Federalism NCLB brings up issues with Federalism, as itextends the power over education to thefederal government. This power is reservedspecifically for the states, and while theymaintain some control over the policy, it forcesthem to execute it.
Positions of major think tanksThe Brookings Institution generally releasesreports that demonstrate benefits to lower levelstudents, and how upper level students arehindered by this legislation The Heritage Foundation views that thenationalization of schooling in the United Stateshas failed, and we should give the states morecontrol The Cato institute states that there is littleevidence that NCLB has improved theschooling system
Federal vs. StateGovernment The Federal government is obviously in favor ofNCLB, as it gives them more power to regulateeducation. However, the state governments have beenable to maintain control over issues such ashow to execute the policy in their own state. In general, this policy is tough to implement asit radically changed the roles of federal andstate governments, and imposesaccountability on the states for test scores.
Has NCLB been effective? A study released in 2010 demonstrates acausal link between NCLB and increasedachievement levels. (Specifically mathematics)It shows that over seven years, 8th gradersraised their achievement level by 4-12 monthsin math. On the other hand, a TIME article stated thatNCLBs goal for 2014 of keeping all students onor above grade level has fallen short