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  1. 1. Name :NovitaAjengPrimantari Class of CCIT-UIN Translation NewYorkTimesandTwitterstruggleafterSyrianhack The websites of the New York Times and Twitter are still suffering problems related to a damaging hack carried out on Tuesday. The newspaper and social network were hit after their domain name details were maliciously edited by hackers.The Syrian Electronic Army (SEA), a group supporting Syrian president Bashar al-Assad, says it carried out the attack.It is the most severe attack so far carried out by the group.In recent months, the hackers have targeted major media companies including the Financial Times, Washington Post, CNN and BBC.But in this latest attack, the SEA was able to cause more sustained damage with a technique which also saw news and comment site the Huffington Post hit.The attacked domains were managed by hosting company Melbourne IT, which has said it is looking at "additional layers of security" for protecting domain details. DNS changes The attack focused on editing DNS - Domain Name System - information.The DNS is used to direct web traffic to a specific server containing the website a user wants to visit.In simple terms, it means we can browse the web using easy-to-remember addresses like bbc.com, rather than by IP addresses - a string of numbers separated by dots. Media attacks seem to be escalating and moving away from annoying, simple denial-of- service attacks and toward full domain compromise”
  2. 2. The SEA was able to gain access to Melbourne IT's system, where Twitter and the New York Times registered their respective domains.It meant that the hackers could change DNS details so that instead of, for example, "nytimes.com" taking you to the Times' servers, the domain was instead pointed to a website hosted by the SEA. In Twitter's case, the SEA targeted twimg.com - a separate domain that the social network used to store image data, as well as styling code.While Twitter itself remained active, the disruption to twimg.com meant many pages displayed incorrectly.In a statement, Twitter said that no user data had been affected. The SEA used its Twitter account to publicise the attacks on both sites, posting images of its work."Hi @Twitter," the group said in one tweet, "look at your domain, its owned by #SEA :)" 'Through the front door' Melbourne IT blamed the breach on a reseller - a third party that sells domains through the company's system.Melbourne IT said the reseller's log-in credentials had been obtained, and that with them the SEA could enter through the "front door" and carry out the attack."If you've got a valid user name and password," chief executive Theo Hnarakis told ABC (Australia), "the assumption from our systems is that you are the authorized owner and user of that domain name." In a further statement, the company said: "We are currently reviewing our logs to see if we can obtain information on the identity of the party that has used the reseller credentials, and we will share this information with the reseller and any relevant law enforcement bodies."The company advised those wanting to make sure their domains were fully protected to use "additional registry lock features" that they offered. Perseverance
  3. 3. During its downtime, the New York Times has been publishing new articles on its Facebook page as well as a mirror site.Meanwhile, Mark Frons, the company's chief information officer, cautioned staff to "be careful when sending email communications until this situation is resolved".Ken Westin, a security researcher for Tripwire, an online security company, told the BBC: "Media attacks seem to be escalating and moving away from annoying, simple denial-of- service attacks and toward full domain compromise which, if successful, puts millions of NYT website users at risk."In January, the New York Times said hackers had accessed its website and stolen the passwords of 53 employees after it published a report on the wealth of then Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao's family.As it did after that NYT disruption, competitor Wall Street Journal took down its paywall on Tuesday and offered its content free to all visitors. Michael Fey, chief technology officer at cybersecurity firm McAfee, said that as long as media organisations played a crucial role in reporting news and influencing debate, they would continue to be targets of cyber-attacks."Regardless of technology or tactics deployed, we should expect to see more of these attacks,'' he said.
  4. 4. Perjuangan New York Times dan Twitter setelah hack Suriah Situs-situs New York Times dan Twitter masihmenderitamasalah yang berkaitandengan hack merusak yang dilakukanpadahariSelasa. Suratkabardanjaringansosialterkenasetelahrinciannama domain merekadenganjahatdieditolehhackers.TentaraElektronikSuriah (SEA), sebuahkelompok yang mendukungPresidenSuriah Bashar al - Assad , mengatakanmelakukanpenyerangan. Iniadalahserangan yang paling parahsejauhini yang dilakukanolehkelompok.Padabeberapabulanterakhir, para hacker telahmenargetkanperusahaan- perusahaan media besartermasuk Financial Times, Washington Post, CNN dan BBC.Namun, padapenyeranganterakhir, SEA dapatmenyebabkankerusakanlebihberkelanjutandenganteknik yang jugamelihatberitadansituskomentar Huffington Post.Domain yang diserangdikelolaolehperusahaan hosting IT Melbourne, yang telahdikatakanmerekamelihat "lapisantambahankeamanan" untukmelindungirincian domain. PerubahanDNS Serangandifokuskanpadamengubahinformasi DNS - Domain Name System. DNS digunakanuntuklalulintas web langsungke server tertentu yang berisi website pengguna yang inginberkunjung. Padaistilahsederhana, iniberartikitadapatmenelusuri web menggunakanalamat yang mudahdiingatseperti bbc.com, daripadaalamat IP – sebuahnomor string yang dipisahkanoleh dot.
  5. 5. Serangan Media tampaknyameningkatdanmenjengkelkan ,serangandenial - of-service (jenisserangan dengancaramenghabiskansumber yang dimilikiolehkomputertersebut)yang sederhanadanpenuhkompromiterhadap domain. SEA mampumendapatkanakseskesistem IT Melbourne , di mana Twitter dan New York Times mendaftarkanmasing-masing domains. Iniberarti hacker dapatmengubahrincianDNS, misalnya , " nytimes.com " membawaAndake server milik Times , domain itumenunjukkesebuahsitus web yang di-host oleh SEA . DalamkasusTwitter , SEA ditargetkan twimg.com - domain terpisah yang jaringansosialgunakanuntukmenyimpan data gambar, serta styling Twitter code. Sementara, twitter sendiritetapaktif ,gangguanterhadap twimg.com berartibanyakhalaman yang ditampilkantidakbenar. Padasebuahpernyataan, Twitter mengatakanbahwatidakada data penggunatelahterpengaruh. SEA menggunakanakun Twitter untukmempublikasikanserangan di keduasitus, memasukangambardarikerjaanya . "Hi @ Twitter, "kata kelompokitudalamsatutweet , "Lihat domain Anda , inidimilikioleh # SEA :) " "Melaluipintudepan” IT Melbourne menyalahkanpelanggaranpada reseller - pihakketiga yang menjual domain melaluisistemperusahaan. IT Melbourne mengatakan mandate log-in yang dimiliki reseller telahdiperoleh, dandenganmereka SEA dapatmasukmelalui " pintudepan " danmelaksanakanseranganitu. " JikaAndapunyanamapenggunadan password yang valid ," kata ketuaeksekutif Theo Hnarakis ABC (Australia), "asumsidarisistem kami adalahbahwaAndaadalahpemilikresmidanpenggunanama domain . Dalampernyataanlebihlanjut ,perusahaanmengatakan : " Kami sedangmeninjau log kami untukmelihatapakahkitadapatmemperolehinformasitentangidentitaspihak yang telahmenggunakanmandat reseller , dan kami akanmembagiinformasiinidengan reseller dansetiapbagianpenegakanhukum yang relevan. "Perusahaan menyarankanmereka yang
  6. 6. inginmemastikan domain merekasepenuhnyadilindungiuntukmenggunakan" tambahanfiturkunciregistri " yang merekatawarkan . Ketekunan Selamapenghentiannya, New York Times telahmenerbitkanartikelbaru di halaman Facebook-nyasamasepertimirror site (situs yang serupa). Sementara, Mark frons, chief information officer perusahaan, memperingatkanstafuntuk" berhati- hatiketikamengirimkankomunikasimelalui email sampaisituasiinidiselesaikan ". Ken Westin, seorangpenelitikeamananuntuk tripwire, sebuahperusahaankeamanan online, mengatakankepada BBC: " serangan Media tampaknyameningkatdanmenjengkelkan, serangandenial - of-service yang sederhanadanpenuhkompromiterhadap domain yang jikaberhasil , menempatkanjutaanpenggunasitus NYT beresiko”. PadabulanJanuari, New York Times mengatakan hacker telahmengaksessitus web danmencuri password dari 53 karyawansetelahmenerbitkanlaporantentangkekayaankeluarga Premier China Wen Jiabao. SetelahgangguanNYT ,pesaing Wall Street Journal menurunkanpaywallpadaSelasadanmenawarkankonten gratis untuksemuapengunjung . Michael Fey ,kepalakantorteknologi di perusahaancybersecurity McAfee , mengatakanbahwaselamaorganisasi media memainkanperanpentingdalammelaporkanberitadanmempengaruhiperdebatan , merekaakanterusmenjadisasaranserangan cyber . "Terlepasdariteknologiatautaktikdikerahkan ,kitaharusberharapuntukmelihatlebihbanyakseranganini , '' katanya

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