1° Forum Económico de Bissau texto em Inglês


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1° Forum Económico de Bissau texto em Inglês

  1. 1. Bissau Economic Forum 2013 What would Cabral do? Laying the foundation for Guinea Bissau’s economic transformation 1-2 Febuary 2013 Bissau, Guinea BissauINSTITUTO BENTENCENTRO DE transformação estrategica e liderança
  2. 2. What WouldCabral Do ?Laying the Foundationfor Guinea Bissau’sEconomic Transformation.The first edition of the Bissau Economic economy, to build a national consensus andForum (FEB) will be held from 1 to 2 define how best to implement it.February, 2013. The event will be a platformfor dialogue and cooperation between The year 2013 is significant because it marksbusiness, civil society and the public sector. the fortieth anniversary of the unilateralInitiated by the Benten Instituto (founded by declaration of independence by GuineaPaulo Gomes), the Amilcar Cabral Institute, Bissau and the death of the country’sAction for Development (AD), this event founding father, Amilcar Cabral. Cabralaims to launch the process of rethinking and many of his companions paid dearlydevelopment in Guinea Bissau. The 2013 in the struggle for emancipation. ContraryForum will focus on economic transformation to the ideal held by heroes and heroines ofand is designed to allow Bissau-Guineans its liberation, Guinea Bissau has witnessedto initiate a strategic dialogue about the future of the many crises. Development objectives have become more elusive as poverty, disease, conflict and insecurity have been endemic. In view of these facts, it is necessary to make progress. The responsibility for Bissau Guineans is a collective one. The challenges the country faces can only be met through united efforts to generate a better future. This is in line with the Cabralist “bottom-up” philosophy. Bissau-Guineans must define together a new national agenda that fits the current national, regional and global context. The Bissau Economic Forum will initiate this process through asking “what would Cabral do?”
  3. 3. Senegal Farim Gabú Cacheu Oio Bafatá Bafatá Gabú Guinea-Bissau Biombo Bissau Boé Quinara Bolama Tombali Guinea BolamaPopulation: Poverty Ratio: Total value of imports: 1,547 million 55.2% US$200 millionGDP per Capita: (2006 estimate) Total value of US$629 exports: Primary imports- US$133 million commodities: GDP Growth: (2006 estimate) Foodstuffs, machinery and 5.3% transport equipment, Primary exports- petroleum products commodities:Life Expectancy: Cashew nuts, shrimp, peanuts, Primary 48 palm kernels, import partners: sawn lumber Portugal (17.33% of totalIncome Level: imports); Senegal (13,66%); Primary Netherlands (9.27%); India Low export partners: (9.11%); Thailand (5.25); Brazil India (62.21% of total exports); (4.49%) Nigeria (31.28%); Portugal (1.48%)
  4. 4. 2. Why a Bissau Economic Forum ?Guinea Bissau is now one of the poorest impassable during the rainy season. Thecountries in the world despite its abundant Port of Bissau is already handling over fournatural resources, fertile arable land and times more cargo than its operating capacitytemperate climate. The country is heavily allows, as about 85% of the nation’s exportsreliant on foreign aid and suffers from a and 90% of its imports pass through thesignificant level of poverty (55.2% in 2012). port in Bissau.The population has one of the highestmortality rates and lowest life expectancies Despite the challenging circumstances,in the world. The average citizen lives Guinea Bissau is expected to experienceapproximately 48 years. Levels of education growth over the short to medium termare very low – only 46 and 17% of students of around 6% between 2011 and 2015.finished primary and secondary school, This provides an important platform forrespectively, in 2006. job creation and future developmental prospects. While conditions are challenging,The economy is based primarily on there is also significant potential for economicagriculture and fisheries, which represent transformation through exploitation ofabout 46% of GDP. Cashew nuts are the agricultural potential and movement up thekey cash crop (95% of total exports in 2009) agro-processing value chain. The miningbut the country has made little progress sector must finally be provided with thein moving up the value-chain through clarity that is needed to become a keyprocessing and packaging. Guinea-Bissau’s contributor to economic transformation.imports consist mainly of consumer and Additionally, the country must begin thecapital goods. Commodities such as rice, process of generating high value addedflour and sugar represent 60% of imports ecotourism around its unique topographywhile oil represents around 30%. The ecology and geography. Linked to these arecountry is therefore faced with a high trade the transversal efforts that will be needed todeficit. build basic infrastructure, support education, promote technical and vocational training,Tax revenue is low, at about 10% of GDP. and create an environment that is conduciveMuch of the nation’s social infrastructure to business.remains underdeveloped, and only 20% ofthe population has access to electricity. Only Regionally, Guinea Bissau is also10% of the nation’s 4,380km of roads are strategically located and has huge potentialpaved and floods make most of the roads to leverage opportunities within West Africa
  5. 5. and beyond. Demand is growing with the CFE is changing the way business is donerise of the middle-class in countries such and has boosted Guinea-Bissau’s Doingas Ghana, and Guinea Bissau has close ties Business ranking in recent years. Althoughwith Nigeria, soon to be the largest economy there is still a long way to go, Guinea-Bissauon the continent. The possibilities in terms is one of the 10 most improved economies inof joint economic synergies are significant- Africa this year. In addition to combining allhydro-power production across the Gambia essential services to start a business underriver basin, for example, could produce one roof, CFE reform has also reduced thealmost 1/6th of regional electricity needs business registration procedures from 17 toand produce thousands of jobs for Bissau 9 and the time to register from 216 days to 9Guineans. days. Similarly, the cost to start a business fell from about 183% of GNI per capita toStructural reforms will be critical. These are about 50%. The result is that Guinea Bissaualready underway with support of international advanced 44 places in the ease of startingpartners as the recent establishment of the a business ranking, moving to the 148thCenter for the Formalization of Enterprises position.(CFE) indicates. All essential services for thecreation of a business are now under the CFE,including notarization of company statutes,registration at the Commercial Registry,assignment of a tax identification number,and collection of all relevant work permitsand licenses.. The implementation of the
  6. 6. Similarly financial and technical support in can be further supported in the countrythe agricultural sector has yielded positive and how best to make that transformationresults in recent years. A report by the a reality. This Forum will begin to set theWorld Bank indicates that the regions of agenda. It will outline what can be done tothe country supported through a food extend and deepen the nascent reformssecurity project are turning the corner. In to ensure sustained growth and realizeCamposa and Finete, two villages located economic transformation. It will launch ain the Bafata region, rice production has platform for an on-going dialogue on theincreased. With the interventions, farmers economy and how best to transform thein Camposa increased their production from potential of the country. It will set an agenda2,600 kilograms per hectar to 4,200 while in for economic change, which will includeFinete production went from 700 kilograms agreement on priorities, definition of coreto 1,800 kilograms without any fertilizer. objectives, identification of key reforms and preliminary ideas for over-arching strategies.These examples are an indication of what ispossible in Guinea Bissau when the relevantideas and reforms are marshaled for positiveeconomic change. The major questions,therefore, are what kind of transformation
  7. 7. 3. What Shape will the Forum take?The Forum will facilitate dialogue to reach Facilitators will ease discussions, raise keyconsensus. It will consist of plenary sessions issues and focus interventions.and thematic workshops. The plenaries willbe used to introduce major themes and The Diaspora will be engaged in the Forumgenerate discussion around key issues while through social media.the workshops will be used to focus greaterattention on core concerns and provideanswers to specific thematic questions orissues.4. Who will Participate?The Forum will include around 150 labor representatives; civic leaders; relevantparticipants from Guinea Bissau and public sector bodies such as the Bissaubeyond. The aim is to engage all key Chamber of Commerce; and youth groups.stakeholders with ideas for rebuilding and In addition to national stakeholders,transforming the economy of Guinea Bissau the Forum organizers will also inviteincluding the private sector; academics representatives of international public andand researchers; entrepreneurs; investors; private sectors.
  8. 8. 5. How will the Forum Generate Follow-up?The first edition of the Forum is only the partners. Following each forum, summarybeginning of a process and is expected to recommendations will be published, policybe part of an on-going dialogue. The Forum dialogues organized, and joint projectswill become an annual event organized by initiated among both the public and privatethe Benten Institute, the Amilcar Cabral sectors.Institute, AD (Action for Development) and other
  9. 9. 6. AgendaFriday 1st of February, 201310:00 – 17:00 Registration18:00 – 19:30 Networking Cocktail Saturday 2nd of February, 201308:30 – 09:00 Introduction and opening speech by the PM09:00 – 11:30 Plenary Session 1: Guinea-Bissau in the context of regional integration and globalization11:30 – 12:15 Plenary Session 2: What strategy for economic and social transformation?12:15 – 13:00 Plenary Session 3: Public-private partnership and international cooperation15h00 – 18h30 Thematic working groups18h30 – 19h15 Closing session20h00 – 23h00 Dinner and cultural entertainmentSunday 3rd of February, 201309h00 – 18h00 Visit to the Bijagos Islands (optional)
  10. 10. Participants include: Fonds Gabonais d’Investissements Strategiques
  11. 11. Bissau Economic Forum L’Institut Benten est une institution de droit privé, indépendante et apolitique, fondée en 2012 par Paulo Gomes. L’Institut constitue un laboratoire d’idées, et vise à créer un espace de dialogue, de réflexion et d’élaboration de propositions concrètes afin de contribuer à la définition d’une vision nationale consensuelle sur la transformation économique de la Guinée-Bissau, et à la réalisation d’un avenir meilleur pour le pays. The Benten Institute is a private, independent and apolitical institution founded in 2012by Paulo Gomes. The Institute is a think tank and aims to create a platform for dialogue, reflection and elaboration of concrete policy proposals. The overarching goal is tocontribute to the definition of a national consensual vision on Guinea-Bissau’s economic and social transformation.O Instituto Benten e uma instituicao de direito privado, independente e sem fins politicosfundado em 2012 por Paulo Gomes. é um Think Thank que visa criar uma plataforma dedialogo, reflexão e elaboracão de propostas concretas com o objectivo de ajudar a definir um consenso nacional para transformacao economica e social do Pais. INSTITUTO BENTEN CENTRO DE transformação estrategica e liderança Rua n°1 - Bissau Velho - Bissau / Republica da Guine Bissau