Honey bees and beekeeping project


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Honey bees and beekeeping project

  1. 1. Scope of Bee-keeping 1
  2. 2. Scope of Apiculture OR Bee-Keeping Scope of Bee-keeping 2
  3. 3. Nouman Rafique L1F09MBBF0018Muhammad Waqas L1F09MBBF2025Amjab Imtiaz L1F09MBBF2001Saqib Shahid L1F09MBBF0021Waqas Bhutti L1F09MBBF2006 Scope of Bee-keeping 3
  4. 4. Honey Bees and BeekeepingHoney bees are, popular and economicallybeneficial insectsFor thousands of years man has plunderedhoney bee colonies to get honey, bee larvaeand beeswaxHoney bees are commonly kept in artificialhives throughout the Pakistan Scope of Bee-keeping 4
  5. 5. Types of Honey Bee Three types of bees in a BeehiveQueen Drone Worker Scope of Bee-keeping 5
  6. 6. Development Time of Honey Bee Castes Days after laying egg Stage Worker Queen Drone Hatching 3 3 3 Cell Capped 8 8 10Becomes A Pupa 11 10 14Becomes An Adult 20 15 22.5Emerges From Cell 21 16 24 Scope of Bee-keeping 6
  7. 7. Beekeeping EquipmentOne new hive with bees and basicequipment costs about Rs.13000.Hive parts are cut to standarddimensions that mimic the space beesnaturally leave between their combs. Scope of Bee-keeping 7
  8. 8. Beehive Scope of Bee-keeping 8
  9. 9. Parts of Beehive Scope of Bee-keeping 9
  10. 10. Frame Lang’s troth beehive Scope of Bee-keeping 10
  11. 11. Honey in QuranAfter prophets revelation (wahi) is received by the Honey Bees •“Honey is a remedy for every illness and the QuranProphet (PBUH) is a remedy for all illness of the mind, therefore I said: recommend to you remedies, the Quran and honey.”(Bukhari) Quran and •“And thy Lord taught the bee to build its cells in Hadith refer to hills, on trees and in (mens) habitations.....therehoney as a healer issues from within their bodies a drink of varying colors, wherein is healing for mankind.” of disease. Scope of Bee-keeping 11
  12. 12. Honey bee Disease and PestAmerican •(AFB) is a bacterial disease of larvae and pupae Infected larvae change color from a healthy pearlyFoulbrood white to dark brown and die after they are capped. (Terramycin)European •(EFB) is a bacterial disease of larvae larvae infected with EFB die before they are capped change to aFoulbrood creamy color and have a smooth "melted" appearance. (Terramycin) Chalk •Is a fungal disease of larvae. Infected larvae turn a chalky white color, become hard then turn black. Chalk brood brood is most frequent during damp conditions in early spring. Colonies usually recover on their own. Scope of Bee-keeping 12
  13. 13. Honey bee Disease and PestTracheal Mites - These microscopic mites enter the tracheae (breathing tubes) ofyoung bees. Inside the tracheae, mites block air exchange and pierce the walls ofthe tubes to suck blood. Symptoms Bees become weak, crawl at the hive entrance.Infested colonies are treated with Miticur or special formulations of menthol.Varroa Mites - These mites are about the size of a pin head and are copper incolor. Female mites cling to adult bees and suck their bloodInfested colonies almost always die within three to four years unless they aretreatedColonies are treated with Apistan Scope of Bee-keeping 13
  14. 14. Buying and Moving Colonies Scope of Bee-keeping 14
  15. 15. Installing Packaged BeesBuy and packaged bees and queen andtransfer to new equipment9000-22000 bees in two-five pound packageThe queen cage has holes at both endsplugged with cork,sugar syrup as bees food(one part sugar: onepart water) Scope of Bee-keeping 15
  16. 16. Honey Bee ManagementBees store the honey as surplus that the beekeeper canharvestFeeding and medicating should be done Januarythrough FebruaryQueens resume laying eggs in JanuarySurplus nectar is available at mid-AprilProperly medicate them, re-queen them and controlswarming Scope of Bee-keeping 16
  17. 17. Scope of Bee-keeping 17
  18. 18. Processing of Honey Honey is sold as Equipment for honey"extracted" honey - processing are Equipment cost forbottled, liquid honey • Uncapping knife honey processing is • Uncapping tank that has been only Rs.43000 • Extractor extracted from the • Strainer combs • Storage tank Scope of Bee-keeping 18
  19. 19. Beekeeping a profitable BusinessSmall LandLess Time Required• Four square feet of land is quite enough for a hive and a small plot of twenty-five square feet could hold from 25 to 50 hivesEarning• According to the survey conducted at Punjab university honey research farms a person can earn Rs. 5000/- per month in the fall season of honey. So just imagine how much money you could make if you wanted to be a full-time beekeeper Scope of Bee-keeping 19
  20. 20. Scope of Bee-keeping 20
  21. 21. PARC Survey Pakistan Agriculture Research Council •Honey is an important nutritive food containingBenefits various kinds of sugar, protein, free amino acids, minerals, trace elements, enzymes and vitaminsof Honey with a fairly high caloric value. Its main sugars - laevulose and dextrose are absorbed directly into the blood and provide rapid energy. • Apis dorsataSpecies of • • Apis Apis cerana floreaHoneybee • Apis mellifera Scope of Bee-keeping 21
  22. 22. PARC Survey Pakistan Agriculture Research Council • 7,000 beekeepers are now rearing exotic species, Apis mellifera in the modern beehives • There are about 300,000 Bee colonies producing 7,500 metricFarming ton honey annually • Northern areas, FATA and AJK and can support 1,000,000 honeybee colonies Scope of Bee-keeping 22
  23. 23. Cost / Benefit of beekeeping in Pakistan Details Part time bee keeping Full time bee-keeping No. of Colonies 5 50 100 200 CapitalExpenditure Rs.27,700 Rs.265,000 Rs.538,000 Rs.1,047,000Production Cost Rs.5,610 Rs.105,500 Rs.211,800 Rs.375,700 Gross Income Rs.8,250 Rs.220,000 Rs.439,500 Rs.879,000Net Income Rs.2,640 Rs.114,500 Rs.227,700 Rs.503,300 Scope of Bee-keeping 23
  24. 24. Break-Even PointDetails Part-time Full time Beekeeper BeekeeperNo. of Colonies 24 86Production 105500 375700ExpenditureGross income 105500 375700Net Income (0) (0) Scope of Bee-keeping 24
  25. 25. Practical work Scope of Bee-keeping 25
  26. 26. Honey and its products Scope of Bee-keeping 26
  27. 27. Royal jelly (Rs.6000/- Per kg)Marhaba HoneyShandor HoneyBless Beri Honey Scope of Bee-keeping 27
  28. 28. Freezing of HoneyFruits like citrus, Malta can be freeze in 5 monthsFreezing depend on the quantity of PollensHoney freeze at temperature 13-----18 cgTo heat honey: it could be heat at 63 CgIt can be heat though manual Electronic Ovenspecial for this purpose Scope of Bee-keeping 28
  29. 29. Medicinal Value Hydrogen Peroxide Applying Honey as Teeth a Wound Dressing Stomacha Allergies che Sore AnemiaThroat Heart Skin Diseases High Headache Blood s and Pressure Migraine Appetite Scope of Bee-keeping 29
  30. 30. Resource/References Group survey at Punjab university Zoology dept.Survey at Punjab • Advice by Prof. Nasreen Zafar (Head PU university Honey Honey Dept.)Bee research farm • Assistant Muabashar Hussain • http://www.pyroenergen.com • http://www.honey-health.com Websites links • http://itotd.com/articles/218/honey-as-medicine • http://www.alternative-medicine- online.com/Health_Articles/honey_natural_treatment.html • www.parc.gov.pk/faq/hbm.html Qarshi Marhaba laboratories head office kot lakhpat Lahore Scope of Bee-keeping 30
  31. 31. Scope of Bee-keeping 31