14th July 2006
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Faculty of Human Movement Sciences
Specialization: The coordination, Learning and Development of Action &
Human Movement Sciences and Sport
Bachelor Research Project
Authors: AJH de Greef & M. Ruitenburg
Supervisor: dr. C.J.C. Lamoth & drs. M. Roerdink.
“Walking was always considered of being an automatic process, with no cognitive involvement. However, there is growing evidence that even in healthy young adults certain aspects of gait are attention demanding.” (Yogev et al., 2005).
Overall, the results of the present study indicate that walking is not a completely automatic process, but does needs some attention. Secondly, this study did not confirm the findings of Lim et al. (2005) and Tecchio (2000) that paced walking on auditory cues is an automatic process with no requirements for attention. In contrast it was found that pacing did not result in a SF equal to the set frequency, but in a lower SF as in unpaced conditions. The difference between PSF and actual SF (ΔBPM) did become less compared to unpaced conditions, but there was still a significant difference between PSF and SF.