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By Professor Redha Taiar
Biometrics Engineer at University of Reims, France
STANDING SMART
Increasing the comfort of stand...
PURPOSE OF THE RESEARCH
Increasing the comfort of standing workers by studying the upright position of the
human body, the...
TEST DATA
The test was performed between 2010 and 2011 at TI Automotive, France.
TEST DATA
Population: 10 males and 10 females
Measurements: After 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 hours & end shift
Phases: 3 testing pha...
BORG SCALE
PRESSURE ON THE FOOT
The pressure zones of the sole of the foot on the ground translate the different
strategies we all us...
HOW WE STAND
3 ground contact points with arch allows contact on
any type of surface.
Very good transmission of weight and...
HOW WE WALK
For a person walking normally there are contact
phases which are characterized by relatively
short temporal ph...
TESTING
During this experiment, the platform was positioned on the floor and on each anti-
fatigue mat. This experiment wi...
QUANTITATIVE
TESTING
Measurements while standing upright for 3
minutes.
Results obtained in a static position and
dynamic ...
WITHOUT A MAT
WITH A MAT
QUALITATIVE TESTING
0
1
2
3
4
5
Without Mat With a Mat
Skywalker II PUR
With a Mat
Cushion Ease Solid
With a Mat
Cushion T...
RESULT
In any test duration, the feet and therefore the body moves to keep its balance
necessary to maintain an upright po...
WITHOUT A MAT
WITHOUT A MAT
Imbalance can cause pathologies or repetitiveness and other
work constraining factors which can accelerate t...
WITH A MAT
In working situations where people make small
movements constantly, anti-fatigue mats show
properties that give...
TESTIMONIES
CUSHION TRAX™
André: Very good but I think it is too soft, I have the impression
to fall asleep on it, but on I feel no fa...
SKYWALKER® II PUR
André: Too hard. I still have pain on the soles of my feet.
Dolorès:
Adeline: This one is the worst. It’...
CUSHION EASE™
André: Perfect, this is the best, I have hardly any pains.
Dolorès: I also like this mat, the warming up of ...
CONCLUSION
To maintain an upright working position, it is necessary to have a well adapted
postural balance to decrease pa...
The two feet are the starting point of balance.
AUTOMATIC SYSTEM
Our neuromuscular program records an automated
muscular functioning using the same muscles to do the
work...
AUTOMATIC SYSTEM
It is possible to change this automated functioining by
retaking control of the muscle commands of the br...
ADVICE TO WORKERS
Vary Foot Pressure
Use Anti-Fatigue Mats
VARY FOOT PRESSURE
The variation in pressure is the first stage in improving the upright standing position,
initiated by t...
USE ANTI-FATIGUE MATS
The second stage of improvement will be the floor, by using anti-fatigue mats made
from the latest t...
Prof. Redha Taiar
Email: redha.taiar@univ-reims.fr
Tel: +33 067 794 4628
Fax: +33 032 691 3806
www.redha-taiar.com
Prof. D...
www.notrax.eu
Standing Smart - Increasing the comfort of standing workers
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Standing Smart - Increasing the comfort of standing workers

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The summary of a study by Professor Taiar of the university of Reims into increasing the comfort of standing workers by studying the upright position of the human body, the stability of the body and its ergonomics on the job.

Studying the upright position of the human body, the adjusting of its segments to maintain its balance and diminishing muscular problems are the main elements to highlight in order to improve the everyday (working) life of users,” according to Prof. Dr. Redha Taiar, an expert in biomechanical, human locomotion, kinematic and kinetic analysis and biomedical technologies at the University of Reims in France. This was the basis for a recent study (2011) that shows how human mechanics in a working environment are impacted by observing workers and measuring foot pressure for employees standing for long periods.

By Professor Redha Taiar
Biometrics Engineer at University of Reims, France

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Standing Smart - Increasing the comfort of standing workers

  1. 1. By Professor Redha Taiar Biometrics Engineer at University of Reims, France STANDING SMART Increasing the comfort of standing workers
  2. 2. PURPOSE OF THE RESEARCH Increasing the comfort of standing workers by studying the upright position of the human body, the stability of the body and its ergonomics on the job.
  3. 3. TEST DATA The test was performed between 2010 and 2011 at TI Automotive, France.
  4. 4. TEST DATA Population: 10 males and 10 females Measurements: After 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 hours & end shift Phases: 3 testing phases Experience without mats Experience with mats Preference for type of mat Equipment: Zebris 1400 pressure sensor platform Scale: Borg scale to quantify intensity of pain
  5. 5. BORG SCALE
  6. 6. PRESSURE ON THE FOOT The pressure zones of the sole of the foot on the ground translate the different strategies we all use to stay upright.
  7. 7. HOW WE STAND 3 ground contact points with arch allows contact on any type of surface. Very good transmission of weight and efforts of the body. Foot pressure depends on the contact zone of the foot with the ground.
  8. 8. HOW WE WALK For a person walking normally there are contact phases which are characterized by relatively short temporal phases. An important pressure will be predominant in the quality of the movement.
  9. 9. TESTING During this experiment, the platform was positioned on the floor and on each anti- fatigue mat. This experiment will allow us to observe the evolution of the foot pressure after a defined movement.
  10. 10. QUANTITATIVE TESTING Measurements while standing upright for 3 minutes. Results obtained in a static position and dynamic position in the actual working situation. Evolution of foot pressure and mechanical behavior of the user were recorded.
  11. 11. WITHOUT A MAT
  12. 12. WITH A MAT
  13. 13. QUALITATIVE TESTING 0 1 2 3 4 5 Without Mat With a Mat Skywalker II PUR With a Mat Cushion Ease Solid With a Mat Cushion Trax Pain Reported Before Shift Pain Reported After Shift
  14. 14. RESULT In any test duration, the feet and therefore the body moves to keep its balance necessary to maintain an upright position.
  15. 15. WITHOUT A MAT
  16. 16. WITHOUT A MAT Imbalance can cause pathologies or repetitiveness and other work constraining factors which can accelerate the process. This imbalance is very harmful for the body. When the system is out of balance, the quick reaction speed is maintained at the cost of energy spending (fatigue).
  17. 17. WITH A MAT In working situations where people make small movements constantly, anti-fatigue mats show properties that give muscular-skeletal comfort in upright working positions.
  18. 18. TESTIMONIES
  19. 19. CUSHION TRAX™ André: Very good but I think it is too soft, I have the impression to fall asleep on it, but on I feel no fatigue on this mat. Dolorès: I like it, because it relaxing for the feet and I felt the fatigue much later than usual, when I leave work I no longer have pain in my legs. Adeline: Is comfortable and well adapted: I feel less fatigue in my legs at the end of the day. Estelle: The softest one, but the diamond plate top surface is cumbersome for the support of the foot. Ghislaine: The best.
  20. 20. SKYWALKER® II PUR André: Too hard. I still have pain on the soles of my feet. Dolorès: Adeline: This one is the worst. It’s not adapted at all. I still have the same intensity of pain in my legs as before. Estelle: 2nd place. It absorbs less, more pain in the calves and thighs. Ghislaine: Less comfortable: feels harder in the foot support .
  21. 21. CUSHION EASE™ André: Perfect, this is the best, I have hardly any pains. Dolorès: I also like this mat, the warming up of the soles of my feet and the pains in my legs are much later than before. Adeline: It’s the best: without any doubt this is because of the thickness of the mat, I feel better; I have less pain in my legs . Estelle: Is the best: it seems quite hard in the beginning, but this disappears later. There are no irregularities, less fatigue in the legs at the end of the day and less muscular and articular troubles, better absorption of weight. Ghislaine: The worst mat: impression that the support is more on the right side, I am not balanced, lower back pain and pain in the legs.
  22. 22. CONCLUSION To maintain an upright working position, it is necessary to have a well adapted postural balance to decrease pathologies and their consequences in the everyday work of the users.
  23. 23. The two feet are the starting point of balance.
  24. 24. AUTOMATIC SYSTEM Our neuromuscular program records an automated muscular functioning using the same muscles to do the work. The muscle fibres are called Cinderella fibres because even if they are tired, they do their job....that’s the start of muscular-skeletal troubles (pain, contractures, tendinitis...). Foot pressure on the floor can give indications of the functioning of the muscular chains used.
  25. 25. AUTOMATIC SYSTEM It is possible to change this automated functioining by retaking control of the muscle commands of the brain. This can be done by changing the foot pressure on the floor: by forcing oneself from time to time to move the pressure forward or backward, from inside to outside of the foot.
  26. 26. ADVICE TO WORKERS Vary Foot Pressure Use Anti-Fatigue Mats
  27. 27. VARY FOOT PRESSURE The variation in pressure is the first stage in improving the upright standing position, initiated by the person itself: - Push forward - Push backwards on the heels - Push on the outside border of the foot - Push to the inside border of the foot - Push more to the left - Push more to the right
  28. 28. USE ANTI-FATIGUE MATS The second stage of improvement will be the floor, by using anti-fatigue mats made from the latest technological materials. The use of anti-fatigue mats enables correct balancing and a uniform distribution between the right and the left leg. This observation can be made on all the mats. It should be noted that this balance will improve depending on the adaptation of the mat used.
  29. 29. Prof. Redha Taiar Email: redha.taiar@univ-reims.fr Tel: +33 067 794 4628 Fax: +33 032 691 3806 www.redha-taiar.com Prof. Dr. Redha Taiar is an expert in biomechanical, human locomotion, kinematic and kinetic analysis and biomedical technologies at the University of Reims in France. For more details about his work: www.redha-taiar.com
  30. 30. www.notrax.eu

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