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[presentation]

  1. 1. THE IMPACT OF WATER STRESS AND STRATEGIES FOR COPING Serap Öztürk Civil Engineer,North Cyprus
  2. 2. A GENERAL BACKGROUND <ul><li>Water Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Groundwater(aquifers) </li></ul><ul><li>13 groundwater bodies with a total area of 765.5 sq.km </li></ul><ul><li>Surface Water (Small dams) </li></ul><ul><li>33 small dams ,18 for irrigation,15 for grundwater recharge </li></ul><ul><li>total capacity 16.5 mi cu .m </li></ul><ul><li>Desalination Plants </li></ul><ul><li>3 in operation </li></ul><ul><li>Treated Effluent Of Wastewater Treatment Plants </li></ul>
  3. 3. A GENERAL BACKGROUND <ul><li>Cyprus ,a country 95% dependent on groundwater,for domestic water supply and irrigation,the resources </li></ul><ul><li>replenished by precipitation </li></ul><ul><li>Gradual decrease in precipitation </li></ul><ul><li>Year Amount of rainfal(mm) </li></ul><ul><li>2004 396.1 </li></ul><ul><li>2005 348.4 </li></ul><ul><li>2006 346.3 </li></ul><ul><li>2007 379.3 </li></ul><ul><li>2008 104.3 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Effects of Human Activities <ul><li>Overpumping the aquifers </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive use of fertilisers and pesticides </li></ul><ul><li>Construction boom </li></ul><ul><li>Lekage problems in water distribution systems </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of sewage systems </li></ul><ul><li>Reflecting defects in water management and the infrastucture </li></ul>
  5. 5. PROBLEMS <ul><li>Adverse effects of decrease in precipitation and human activities </li></ul><ul><li>1. Güzelyurt (Morphou) Aquifer </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chemichal Pollution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Microbiological pollution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drops in water levels </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Kyrenia Range Aquifer </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drops in water levels </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Yeşilköy Aquifer </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Turba formation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Microbiological pollution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drops in water levels </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. PROBLEMS <ul><li>Surface Waters </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous decrease in the amount of water collected </li></ul><ul><li>Year % of total capacity Amount of water(mi .cu.m) </li></ul><ul><li>2003 88% 14.52 </li></ul><ul><li>2004 91.3% 15.37 </li></ul><ul><li>2005 64.0% 9.32 </li></ul><ul><li>2006 56.2% 9.28 </li></ul><ul><li>2007 41.1% 6.79 </li></ul><ul><li>2008 20.0% 3.38 </li></ul>
  7. 7. WATER SUPPLY AND DEMAND <ul><li>The amount of water used for irrigation: 60mil. m3/year </li></ul><ul><li>The amount of water pumped from 132 borholes for domestic use: </li></ul><ul><li>26 mil.m3/ year, approx 22 mil.m3 / year reaches consumer </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic water demand (including tourism activities): 30 mil. M3/year </li></ul><ul><li>Deficit in domestic water supply: 8 mil.m3/year </li></ul><ul><li>Future domestic water demand forecast (2025): 44mil.m3/year </li></ul>
  8. 8. NEEDS <ul><li>Need to have control over irrigation(limitations on areas to be irrigated ,change irrigation methods, change crop patterns) </li></ul><ul><li>Need for better Water management </li></ul><ul><li>Need to have the legal framework to backup contemporary water management. </li></ul><ul><li>Need to have new water tarrifs. </li></ul><ul><li>Lekage detection </li></ul>
  9. 9. ACTIONS TAKEN <ul><li>A Crisis Management Committee established. </li></ul><ul><li>A strategy plan prepared. </li></ul><ul><li>Work on Legal framework ongoing ,technical help from EU </li></ul><ul><li>Investment projects on water infrastucture being prepared under EU –Aid program. </li></ul><ul><li>A seawater desalination plant tendered for Gazi Mağusa. </li></ul>
  10. 10. ALTERNATIVE RESOURCES <ul><li>Tranport by tankers ,as an emergency precaution. </li></ul><ul><li>Desalination plants. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of treated WWTP effluent for irrigation. </li></ul><ul><li>Pipeline for Water transporation. </li></ul>
  11. 11. WHAT CAN BE DONE JOINTLY <ul><li>Data sharing and cooperation. </li></ul><ul><li>Joint awareness raising programmes. </li></ul><ul><li>Joint pilot projects for water saving </li></ul><ul><li>Joint actions for promoting use of grey waters. </li></ul><ul><li>Joint actions for promoting rain harvesting. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Never forget </li></ul><ul><li>Drought has no boundaries </li></ul>
  13. 13. Thank You [email_address]

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