Preliminary program


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Preliminary program

  1. 1. PLU6036 – International Crisis Management Frédéric Mérand Adjunct Professor, Department of Political Science IFPU-CÉRIUM 2010 Summer School Université de Montréal Montréal – 2-14 July 2010 1
  2. 2. Approach and objectives This graduate (MA level) course offers students an initiation into the theory and practice of crisis management. Although the course will analyze the pertinent international crisis literature, its crucial component is a simulation that will immerse participants in a crisis situation in which they will have to rapidly acquire a command of the knowledge (facts relevant to the problem, interests at play, underlying dynamics) and the skills (mediation, negotiation, conflict resolution) necessary to successfully manage an international crisis. The following themes will be examined: the nature of international relations crises; conflict dynamics; the importance of failed state for world security; crises in regional and global contexts; the role of the great powers and international organizations in crisis management; economic, financial, and security governance; local actors and non-governmental organizations; multilateral diplomacy; negotiation and mediation techniques. The course will also scrutinize the political, economic and geopolitical situation of this year’s case study – Pakistan. Teaching method and course organization This is an intensive course in three parts. Part I will consist of a 2-day (6 hours) seminar that will introduce students to the theoretical literature on international crises. The seminar will be led by Frédéric Mérand on 2-3 July 2010. In Part II students will participate in a crisis simulation at the International Forum for Public Universities (IFPU) Summer School, held from 5 to 10 July 2010 (36 hours), where they will have the opportunity to confer with 11 guest lecturers. Part III of the course (9 hours) will return to the seminar format during which students will examine the acquired theoretical knowledge in the light of the crisis simulation experience. Crisis scenario The crisis scenario setting is Pakistan, a country situated within a strategic zone and a declared nuclear weapons state. Pakistan’s largest private bank is in default of payment, provoking an unprecedented financial and political crisis. The difficult situation destabilizes the country, toppling the government and threatening to spread beyond the borders, into Afghanistan and India. An international crisis resolution conference is convened at the behest of the United States government. Students will be divided into groups, each of whom will play a part in resolving the crisis (USA, India, NATO, UN, IMF, Word Bank, International Crisis Group). First, students will receive training that includes knowledge of Pakistan’s political and economic situation, the role of international organizations and the great powers in conflict resolution and mediation in a multilateral negotiation context. Next, students will discuss negotiation strategies in view of the international conference that will open on Friday morning in order to negotiate an end to the crisis. The objective of the simulation is to produce a joint statement. Each group will be counseled by a mediator in preparing its statement. Course level and language Although this is an MA level course, IFPU PhD students may participate, but cannot take this course for credit. The course is also open to undergraduate honours students who have completed at least 2
  3. 3. 54 credits. The seminar (Parts I & II of the course) will be held in French. However, the Summer School will be given in simultaneous, but separate English and French sections (the materials covered in the two sections are equivalent). Required readings All listed readings are mandatory. Students may purchase Rules for the World: International Organizations in Global Politics by Michael Barnett and Martha Finnemore (Cornell University Press, 2004) at the Olivieri bookstore, located on Chemin de la Côte-des-Neiges St. A course-pack containing all other required texts will be made available to course participants. Plagiarism prevention Université de Montréal assigns the highest importance to combating plagiarism, copying, and all other forms of academic fraud. Plagiarism is the representation of the work of another person, in whole or in part, literally or substantially, as one’s own and includes the failure to adequately cite the work of another person in any written work, examination or any other activity subject to evaluation. All instances of plagiarism are subject to severe sanctions. It is incumbent upon all students to familiarize themselves with the meaning and consequences of academic fraud, as outlined in l’Annuaire général de la Faculté des arts et des sciences, p. II. 3
  4. 4. Detailed Course Program PART I: THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS 2 July. What is an international crisis? 9h00-11h00 Graham Allison. 1997. “Modèles conceptuels et la crise des missiles de Cuba,” in: Philippe Braillard, Théories des relations internationales, Paris, PUF, pp.172-96. 11h00-12h00 Meeting with credited students. 13h00-16h30 Wesley Widmaier, Mark Blyth, Leonard Seabrooke. 2007. “Exogenous Shocks or Endogenous Constructions? The Meanings of Wars and Crises.” International Studies Quarterly. 51(4): 747-759. 3 July. Crises, political change and world governance: from the world of finance to the humanitarian world 9h00-12h00 Mark Gasiorowski. 1995. “Economic Crisis and Political Regime Change: An Event History Analysis.” American Political Science Review. 89(4). 13h00-16h30 Michael Barnett, Martha Finnemore. 2004. Rules for the World: International Organizations in Global Politics. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Chapters 1-2. Part II: IFPU-CERIUM SUMMER SCHOOL 5 July. Pakistan in crisis: the scenario/Le Pakistan en crise, un scénario 8h30-9h00 Word of welcome to the Summer School 9h00-11h15 The Situation in Pakistan (To be confirmed) Présentation du jeu de simulation (François Boutin-Dufresne, Fonds monétaire international) 4
  5. 5. 13h00-16h30 Introduction to the Simulation (François Boutin-Dufresne, International Monetary Fund) Le Pakistan : un état des lieux (À confirmer) 16h30-18h00 Introductory cocktail A chartered bus will await students after the day’s seminar meetings 6 July. The Role of Great Powers and Security Organizations in Crisis Management/Le rôle des grandes puissances et des organisations de sécurité dans la gestion d’une crise 9h00-12h00 Pakistan and regional security in Asia (Michael Arndt, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg) Le Pakistan et la sécurité régionale en Asie (Julian Schofield, Université Concordia) 13h30-16h30 Coordination among international security organizations (to be confirmed) La coordination entre les organisations internationales de sécurité (Michel Liégeois, Université catholique de Louvain) 7 July. The Role of Economic and Financial Organizations/Le rôle des organisations économiques et financières 9h00-12h00 International Law and Intervention (Pedro Dallari, Universidade de Sao Paolo) Gouvernance économique et gestion de crises (Jean-Frédéric Morin, Université libre de Bruxelles) 13h30-16h30 Economic Governance and Crisis Management (Jean-Frédéric Morin, Université libre de Bruxelles) Droit international et intervention (Jean-Baptiste Jeangène Vilmer, Ecole normale supérieure) 8 July. Mediation and Negotiation/Médiation et négociation 9h00-12h00 Multilateral negotiation and mediation (Michele Chiaruzzi, Università di Bologna) Négociations multilatérales et techniques de médiation (Joseph Maïla, Institut catholique de Paris) 13h30-16h30 Working groups meeting/Réunion des groupes de travail 5
  6. 6. 9 July. International Conference/Conférence internationale 9h00-12h00 Opening/Ouverture 13h30-16h30 informal discussions/Jeux de coulisses, huis clos 10 July. International Conference/Conférence internationale 9h00-12h00 Negotiations resume/Reprise des négociations Final communiqué/Communiqué final 13h00-17h00 Closing theme round-table buffet Closing statement Certificate ceremony Photographs Closing cocktail Part III: THEORETICAL REASSESSMENT 12 July. Pakistan in crisis, from practice to theory 9h00-12h00 Seminar presentations of analysis essays Michael Barnett, Martha Finnemore. 2004. Rules for the World: International Organizations in Global Politics. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Chapters 3-4. 13 July. Conclusion 9h00-16h30 Seminar presentations – Conclusion Michael Barnett, Martha Finnemore. 2004. Rules for the World: International Organizations in Global Politics. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Chapters 5-6. 6