PPT5

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PPT5

  1. 1. Co-management in the national park of Lanin Javiera Rulli NRM, September 2004
  2. 2. Community based natural resource management <ul><li>addresses the participation of local communities </li></ul><ul><li>comprises both conservation and development objectives </li></ul><ul><li>indigenous people and local communities </li></ul><ul><li>approach with diverse strategies </li></ul>
  3. 3. Co-management <ul><li>participatory, collaborative, joint, mixed, multi-party or round-table management </li></ul><ul><li>seeks for social justice and “democracy” in the management of natural resource </li></ul><ul><li>political and historical analysis </li></ul>
  4. 4. Co-management <ul><li>Key axes: </li></ul><ul><li>diversity of interests </li></ul><ul><li>transparency of the process </li></ul><ul><li>consensus </li></ul>
  5. 5. Study case: NP Lanin <ul><li>South of the province of Neuquen, Argentina </li></ul><ul><li>Patagonian </li></ul><ul><li>Andean Forest </li></ul><ul><li>379.000 ha </li></ul><ul><li>founded in </li></ul><ul><li>1937 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Mapuches in NP lanin <ul><li>8 Mapuce communities </li></ul><ul><li>small rural subsistence producers </li></ul><ul><li>sheep and goat ranching </li></ul><ul><li>timber exploitation </li></ul><ul><li>recently tourism activities </li></ul>
  7. 9. Co-management in Lanin <ul><li>Severe institutional crisis of National Protected Area System </li></ul><ul><li>Community proposes TIP,protected indigenous territory </li></ul><ul><li>New dialogue and relation </li></ul><ul><li>ILO 169 , Biodiversity Convention </li></ul>
  8. 10. First meeting of TIP <ul><li>Multiple participation </li></ul><ul><li>Territory </li></ul><ul><li>Co-management </li></ul><ul><li>Link between cultural and biological diversity </li></ul>
  9. 11. Co-management coordination Directive community Community Local Committe Management Committe Local Park ranger Co-management area Members: -4 COM -4 APN -1INAI
  10. 12. Conclusions <ul><li>slow process in order to set a participatory and transparent basis </li></ul><ul><li>land tenure issues </li></ul><ul><li>legal framework </li></ul><ul><li>empowering of communities </li></ul><ul><li>regional authorities and private owners can be an obstacle </li></ul>

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