International Disaster Response Managemen

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International Disaster Response Managemen

  1. 1. Seminar on International Disaster Response Management - 14-15th June,2001 <ul><li>Organisation of Disaster Response in India at Central and State Government levels </li></ul><ul><li>by </li></ul><ul><li>S.K. Swami </li></ul><ul><li>Director (NDM) </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Agriculture & Cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Ministry of Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Government of India </li></ul>
  2. 2. VULNERABILITY TO NATURAL DISASTERS <ul><li>Indian Subcontinent highly vulnerable to drought, floods, cyclones and earthquakes. </li></ul><ul><li>Among the 35 States/ Union Territories, 25 are disaster prone </li></ul><ul><li>8041 km Coast line exposed to tropical </li></ul><ul><li>cyclones </li></ul>
  3. 4. VULNERABILITY TO NATURAL DISASTERS <ul><li>Number of Indian States highly vulnerable to multiple disasters. </li></ul><ul><li>40 million hectare of land area prone to floods </li></ul><ul><li>Landslides, hailstorm and avalanches common </li></ul>
  4. 6. VULNERABILITY TO NATURAL DISASTERS <ul><li>56% of total area vulnerable to seismic activity </li></ul><ul><li>Zone Area Parts of the states </li></ul><ul><li>V 12% North Eastern States, Jammu & Kasmir, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Bihar,Uttaranchal, Andaman and Nicobar Islands </li></ul><ul><li>IV 18% Jammu & Kasmir, Himachal Pradesh Uttaranchal, Bihar, Delhi,W.Bengal, Haryana, Punjab,Sikkim,Gujarat, Maharashtra, Lakshdweep Islands </li></ul><ul><li>III 26% Punjab, Haryana, Uttaranchal, Bihar, West Bengal, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh.,Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Maharashtra. </li></ul>
  5. 8. <ul><li>Average annual loss of human life is 3600 </li></ul><ul><li>Average crop area affected annually 1.42 million hectare </li></ul><ul><li>Average annual number of houses damaged 2.36 million </li></ul>NATURAL DISASTER - EXTENT OF DAMAGE AND DESTRUCTION
  6. 9. Response Mechanism <ul><li>Basic responsibility of State Governments </li></ul><ul><li>Government of India supplements the efforts by extending logistics and financial support </li></ul>
  7. 10. GOVERNMENT OF INDIA : NODAL MINISTRIES / DEPARTMENT FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT DISASTERS NODAL MINISTRIES Natural Disasters Agriculture Air Accidents Civil Aviation Civil Strife Home Affairs Railway Accidents Railways Chemical Disasters Environment Biological Disasters Health & family Welfare Nuclear Accident Atomic Energy
  8. 11. MANAGEMENT MECHANISM * Integrated Administrative Machinery * National Contingency Action Plan - identify initiatives by various agencies * Department of Agriculture & Cooperation - the Nodal Department * Central Relief Commissioner - Chief Nodal Officer at National level * State/District Contingency Plans and Relief Manuals
  9. 12. Natural Disaster Response- Government of India <ul><li>National Crisis Management Committee(NCMC) under Cabinet Secretary </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis Management Group(CMG) under Central Relief Commissioner </li></ul><ul><li>Group of Ministers, Group of Secretaries and High Level Committees-Need base </li></ul>
  10. 13. Natural Disaster Response- Government of India(contd .) <ul><li>Department of Agriculture & Cooperation - the Nodal Department </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinates National and International efforts </li></ul><ul><li>Operation of Krishi Control Room </li></ul><ul><li>Website created: ndmindia.nic.in </li></ul>
  11. 14. NATURAL DISASTERS: RESPONSE MECHANISM AT NATIONAL LEVEL UNION CABINET NATIONAL CRISIS M ANAGEMENT COMMITTEE AGRICULTURE MINISTER SECRETARY (Agriculture) STATE RELIEF CENTRAL RELIEF * INDIAN METEOROLOGICAL DEPARTMENT COMMISSIONERS COMMISSIONER * CENTRAL WATER COMMISSION * OTHER DEPARTMENTS CRISIS MANAGEMENT GROUP
  12. 15. DISASTER RESPONSE ARRANGEMENTS IN THE STATES <ul><li>STATE CABINET </li></ul><ul><li>STATES CRISIS MANAGEMENT GROUP: HEADED BY CHIEF SECRETARY. </li></ul><ul><li>INSTITUTION OF RELIEF COMMISSIONERS IN STATES </li></ul><ul><li>STATES/DISTRICTS CONTINGENCY PLAN S / RELIEF CODES. </li></ul>
  13. 16. GOI Departments for Disaster Response <ul><li>Armed Forces-Ministry of Defence </li></ul><ul><li>Central Para Military Forces- Ministry of Home Affairs </li></ul><ul><li>International Response- Ministry of External Affairs </li></ul>
  14. 17. GOI Departments for Disaster Response <ul><li>Ministries/Departments : </li></ul><ul><li>Rural Development, Drinking Water Supply Power, Telecom , Health, Urban Development </li></ul><ul><li>Food & Public Distribution, Shipping </li></ul><ul><li>Surface Transport, Railways, Civil Aviation </li></ul><ul><li>Women & Child Development </li></ul><ul><li>Water Resources, Animal Husbandry </li></ul><ul><li>India Meteorological Department(IMD) </li></ul>
  15. 18. Financial Arrangements <ul><li>Calamity Relief Fund for each State </li></ul><ul><li>CRF allocation for 2000 -05 is RS. 11007.56 crore as against RS. 6304.27 crore for 1995-2000 </li></ul><ul><li>75% Contribution by GOI and 25% by State Governments </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of additional assistance from NCCF during calamity of Severe Nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Rs 2131.01 crore approved from NCCF </li></ul>
  16. 19. National Committee on Disaster Management <ul><li>Constituted under the Prime Ministers having representatives of the National and State level political parties </li></ul><ul><li>To inter alia suggest necessary institutional and legislative measures needed for an effective and long term strategy to deal with major natural calamities in the future </li></ul><ul><li>A Working Group/ Task Force of Experts for suggesting long term strategy being constituted </li></ul>
  17. 20. High Powered Committee on Disaster Management Plans <ul><li>HPC constituted in August,1999 </li></ul><ul><li>To prepare comprehensive model plans for management of disasters at the National,State and District levels </li></ul><ul><li>Ambit of the Committee enlarged to include manmade disasters also </li></ul><ul><li>Two Interim reports submitted. Final report awaited by September, 2001 </li></ul>
  18. 21. DISASTER MANAGEMENT POLICY- SALIENT FEATURES * Recognition of linkages between natural disasters and development * Connecting of specific programmes like DPAP, DDP, NWDPRA and Wasteland Development Programme for managing natural disasters * Emphasis on forecasting and warning using advanced technology
  19. 22. <ul><li>Contingency agricultural planning * Ensuring accessibility to foodgrains * Preparedness and Mitigation through specific Plan Programmes * Disaster management as a continuous and integrated process </li></ul>DISASTER MANAGEMENT POLICY- SALIENT FEATURES
  20. 23. CENTRAL SECTOR SCHEME FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT - SALIENT FEATURES * Human resource Development * Setting up of National Centre for Disaster Management (NCDM) * Setting up of Disaster Management Faculties in States * Programmes for Community Participation and Public Awareness * Observing National Disaster Reduction Day * Activities to achieve the goals and objectives of IDNDR/ISDR
  21. 24. External Assistance -Policy <ul><li>No formal appeal for external assistance made for relief </li></ul><ul><li>External assistance,if offered as solidarity accepted with gratitude </li></ul><ul><li>Gujarat earthquake- international response overwhelming </li></ul><ul><li>Bi-lateral agreements suggested by some countries for emergency response </li></ul>
  22. 25. International Disaster Response Cooperation <ul><li>Asian Region- </li></ul><ul><li>Membership of ADRC and ADPC </li></ul><ul><li>UNDP and USAID projects </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed to join UNDAC </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Seminar by UNOCHA-GOI scheduled on 14-15th June, 2001 </li></ul>
  23. 26. DISASTER MANAGEMENT : VISION * Preparedness rather than crisis management * Coordinated participatory approach rather than only State responsibility * Technology upgradation and deployment * Information - a tool for disaster management
  24. 27. THANK YOU

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