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  1. 1. Advanced Security Cooperation Course 08-2 Executive Course “Advanced Security Cooperation” (ASC) 2008-2 CURRICULUM OVERVIEW I. INTRODUCTION The Advanced Security Cooperation (ASC) course is designed to advance knowledge, skills and networks related to multilateral security cooperation in the Asia-Pacific Region among mid-career security practitioners representing national government agencies and other influential regional and national entities. The course intends to stimulate strategic analysis and understanding of major security trends and challenges in the region, available and desirable tools and processes of their mitigation as well requirements for developing adequate national capabilities to support regional effort of confidence-building, preventive diplomacy, conflict resolution and crisis management. Additionally, the course seeks to enhance individual leader skills in critical thinking, communication, collaboration and decision-making in complex multinational and culturally diverse environments. Conceptual Roadmap – ASC/EC Cultural Sensitivity Seminars Effective Communication ls Information Technology OBJECTIVES Electives il Sk Ne Improve Collaborative Sub-regional er Team-building Assessments tw ad Increase Regional Workshops or Le Understanding ks Problem Solving Professional Build Development Capacity Workshops Conflict Management Increase Resilience to Shocks Cultural Media Training Advance Partnering Programs Prepare for the Future Knowledge ts s es s ep on a nd c iti at su e on fin D s Tr e I C D 5 August – 19 September 08 As of July 2008
  2. 2. Advanced Security Cooperation Course 08-2 The course is intended to contribute to the following regional outcomes: • Expanded capacity (and self-reliance) of nations and international organizations to contend with current and anticipated security challenges • Strengthened mechanisms for interagency coordination and multinational cooperation on regional security issues • Increased regional capability in early-warning, surveillance, and information systems for preventative action and crisis management; improved protocols and procedures for information processing and sharing II. EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES 1. Enhanced Knowledge: Security Trends and Tools of Cooperation . • Understand the complex, comprehensive and interdependent nature of global and regional security • Review key security concepts and approaches • Examine the multi-dimensional nature and impact of globalization on security thinking • Explain major security trends and challenges in the Asia-Pacific • Identify current and evolving potential for multinational security cooperation and confidence-building • Examine enablers and inhibitors of security cooperation • Discuss current and emerging security tensions between states in the region and ways of their mitigation • Review major transnational challenges in the region and develop a collaborative response to them • Understand regional perspectives on security governance and security sector reform, as well as what is needed to improve regional security cooperation 2. Applied Procedures/Processes: • Trend analysis • Risk assessment • Prioritization of security challenges and responses • Decision-making in a multinational coalition/team • Conflict resolution and negotiations • Prevention and mitigation of transnational challenges, such as pandemics • Preparedness and response to strategic shocks, such as natural disasters • Modeling of an efficient and effective multilateral security cooperation 5 August – 19 September 08 2
  3. 3. Advanced Security Cooperation Course 08-2 • Development of measures of effectiveness 3. Improved Personal and Teaming Skills A. Personal skills: • Understand and incorporate cultural and national sensitivities • Communicate effectively (advocate/persuade, not just inform) in a variety of situations • Cooperate, contribute and lead within a multi-national team (coalition) • Inspire commitment and confidence in others during difficult/challenging situations • Use information technology to enhance cooperation levels • Report/brief out concisely and convincingly on accomplished results • Persuade security-policy formulators and decision-makers in a manner that enables and causes them to act for the common good B. Teaming skills: • Assess and clarify a team’s information environment: goals, knowns/unknowns/assumptions • Shape a team’s process: rules, terms of reference, time management • Develop a team’s organization: roles (formal and informal), contributions and limitations of members • Plan action steps related to a decision on the best security-cooperation option • Outline a vision for security-cooperation way ahead III. CURRICULUM OVERVIEW The course is a comprehensive and multidimensional executive learning experience composed of three elements: • Core Curriculum • Advanced Studies Program of Electives • Professional Enhancement Program that includes skills courses, guest speakers and course attendees’ presentations The curriculum focuses on current and future non-warfighting aspects of regional and global security and is divided into four parts: • Assessment of Regional Security Environment • Enhancing Regional Resilience to Transnational Challenges • Regional Capacity Building for Sustainable Development • Advancing State and Agency Capabilities for Regional Collaboration 5 August – 19 September 08 3
  4. 4. Advanced Security Cooperation Course 08-2 Each part consists of several relevant topics presented by faculty members followed by facilitated discussions in smaller seminar groups and “learning by doing” workshop activities. It concludes with a comprehensive exercise which reinforces the intended learning objectives. In the final course wrap-up workshop, the Fellows will discuss best practices and the way ahead in collaborative regional security strategy incorporating the insights, experiences and skills gained during the course. The Electives are designed to supplement the Core Curriculum by providing a more in-depth study, discussion and interaction on specific areas of interest to the Fellows and their agencies. In addition, “brown bag” presentations by faculty members, Fellows and guest speakers will be offered on various security topics. ASC Goals Assess Enhance Regional Build Capacity for Advance State & Regional Resilience to Sustainable Agency Security Transnational Regional Capabilities for Environment Challenges & Development Regional Shocks Cooperation Core -Transnational - Sustain Development - Whole of Gov’t Coord Security Challenges - Science & Technology - Complex Emergencies -Countering terrorism - Cooperation w/ NSA - Security Coop Worksh - Regional Sec Trends -Maritime Security - Energy Security - Govern and Security - Assessment -Demographic Security - Sustain Development - Sec Sector Reform Workshop -Disaster Management - Professional Group - Int’l Multilateral Coop -Crisis Management and Conflict Preven Discussions and - Regional Security Workshop Workshop Course Wrap-up: Best Dialogue & CBMs Practices and Way Ahead Electives/Brown Bags -Methods of Analysis -Islam and Politics - Energy Security -Diplomacy and -Six Party Talks - CT - Working with the Security -Pacific Islands Sec -Health Security Private Sector -Media Training -China and Regional -Law of the Sea - Negotiations& -Media as a Strategic Security -Maritime Security Conflict Resolution Force - Crisis Response - -Peace Operations Part I: Assess Regional Security Environment This module provides introduction to the course by laying out key security concepts, analyzing major security trends and identifying existing multilateral mechanisms. It sets the scene for examining and comparing regional 5 August – 19 September 08 4
  5. 5. Advanced Security Cooperation Course 08-2 perspectives on comprehensive security issues and developing collaborative responses to them. Topic 1: Regional Security Trends and Challenges – Amb Salmon - Discusses evolving Asia-Pacific security environment and identifies current flashpoints. Analyzes the United States security policies in the region and their impact on regional stability and economic growth. Assesses prospects for interstate conflict and highlights transnational issues which necessitate regional and global cooperation. Topic 2: Security Cooperation Introductory Workshop- Mr Finley- This mutli- session workshop is the first of four workshop exercises in the course. It introduces the course participants to the practice of exploratory/discovery learning as well as some of the key elements involved in thinking through a collaborative response to a problem and “selling” that response. Topic 3: International Multilateral Cooperation – Dr. Davis – The comprehensive security approach makes multilateral cooperation an essential element of regional activity. This topic provides an overview of the international system, the role of nation-states and non-state actors as well as key international organizations. Topic 4: Security Dialogue and CBMs in the Asia-Pacific – Dr. Azizian - The recent expansion of multilateral organizations and forums in the Asia-Pacific has raised expectations of advancing confidence-building, preventive diplomacy and conflict-resolution in the region. The evolving role, challenges and opportunities of multilateral institutions in promoting comprehensive security in the region constitute the core of the presentation. Part II: Enhance Regional Resilience to Transnational Challenges This module will focus on major issues that have been broadly classified as problems of “transnational security.” It will explore how and why these threats undermine security within nations and how these threats, in the aggregate, undermine regional security. Due attention will be paid to developing common attitudes and cooperative efforts in the region in order to prevent, prepare and respond promptly and adequately to transnational challenges. Topic 5: Transnational Security Challenges – Dr. Fouse - Many countries in the Asia-Pacific region are increasingly recognizing that transnational security issues are emerging as their top security challenges, and may pose an even more long-term threat to state and regional security than inter-state conflict. This presentation identifies key transnational challenges in the Asia-Pacific region and determine how these threats might undermine internal and external security in the region. 5 August – 19 September 08 5
  6. 6. Advanced Security Cooperation Course 08-2 Topic 6: Counterterrorism – Dr. Ahrari - Examines the regional response to the threat of terrorism. Identifies best practices and existing challenges to collaborative regional efforts on counterterrorism. Topic 7: Religion, Culture, and Conflict – Dr. Hashmi-This presentation addresses the impact of religion and culture on national and regional security. It aims at exploring the various socio-economic and political factors besides religion and culture that underpin the so-called “Clash of Civilizations”. Topic 8: Maritime Security in the Asia-Pacific – CAPT Smith - Assesses and analyzes trends of transnational threats and issues in the maritime domain impacting vital interests in the region. Addresses various regional and international initiatives and mechanisms by which Asia-Pacific nations cooperate to better achieve freedom of the seas, and freedom of navigation and commerce, while advancing prosperity and protecting the resources of the ocean from an array of threats by state and non-state actors. Topic 9: Demographic Security-Dr Oehlers- Examines key demographic trends in the Asia-Pacific. Assesses the implications these trends pose for security in the region and the scope for regional cooperation in addressing emerging vulnerabilities and strains. Topic 10: Disaster Management - Mr. Peterman - Examines the various facets of disaster management and preparedness. With the Asia-Pacific region being the most disaster prone area in the world, it is imperative that countries look at investing in long-term programs that prepare for disasters and mitigate the effects beforehand. Topic 11: Transnational Crisis Management – Mr. Peterman/PDC – This workshop is intended to exercise the various facets of crisis management in a regional setting. Part III – Build Capacity for Sustainable Development Part III opens by exploring the overriding influence of globalization on sustainable development and its implications for national and regional security. It addresses the uneasy relationship between national aspirations and the competitive external environment fraught with dangers of excessive rivalry, confrontation and conflict. Topic 12: Economic Security and Sustainable Development – Dr. Endress – Many countries in the Asia-Pacific region view development as a matter of national security. “Sustainability” of development needs to be examined in terms of dynamic interplays among economics, energy, environment, natural resources, demography, science and technology, among other factors. The topic 5 August – 19 September 08 6
  7. 7. Advanced Security Cooperation Course 08-2 also provides an overview of cooperative approaches to problem-solving in resource scarcity and environmental impacts. Topic 13: Science, Technology and Regional Dynamics - Dr. Watson - Examines regional science and technology trends and opportunities for intra- regional cooperation. Addresses possible sustainable and affordable strategies to promote scientific and technological progress and bridge technological differences in the region. Topic 14: The Role of Private Sector – Ms. Byrd – Examines the roles of NGOs and MNCs in contributing to sustainable economic development, political stability, and comprehensive security. Examines the emerging trends in cross- sector cooperation and co-creation. Topic 15: Energy Security – Dr. Azizian – This topic will explore the role of energy in regional security policies and interactions. Rising energy demand, access to resources, transport and infrastructure security, environmental impacts, and geopolitical implications require urgent attention. Models of multinational cooperation to enhance the prospects of sustainable energy security and the place of energy security cooperation in the overall confidence- building efforts in the Asia-Pacific region will be discussed. Topic 16: Environmental and Natural Resource Management – Dr. Kashyap – Provides general overview of natural resource management issues in the Asia- Pacific region as well as environmental aspects of sustainable development. Topic 17: International Conflict Resolution and Negotiations-Mr Day- Introduces key approaches to international negotiation and conflict management. Provides a set of skills to help with the conduct of sustainable development and conflict prevention workshop. Topic 18: Sustainable Development and Conflict Prevention – LTC Weisz – This workshop exercise is intended to identify national and international policy instruments that promote sustainable development, highlight tradeoffs involved in the joint pursuit of economic growth and environmental protection and enhance the potential for international cooperation. Part IV: Advance Capabilities for International Cooperation The final part of the course deals with the practicalities of stimulating, managing and advancing multilateral security cooperation. After having analyzed in previous parts of the course a variety of security trends and challenges in the region, the Fellows will assess the current level of preparedness of their countries and agencies, the viability of existing channels of cooperation and come up with recommendations on how to improve security preparedness and cooperation. 5 August – 19 September 08 7
  8. 8. Advanced Security Cooperation Course 08-2 Topic 19: Multi-National/Whole of Government Coordination – Mr Hawley- This presentation will focus on the challenges and opportunities of interagency coordination in complex international and regional security environments. It will provide a background for further discussion of best practices in national and regional interagency security cooperation. Topic 20: Complex Emergencies-Mr Peterman- Examines the role of both civilians and the military in responding to complex humanitarian emergencies and ways in which both groups can work toward a more coordinated response. In many instances, it is the lack of understanding of roles, missions, mandates, and operational limitations that causes this friction. In other instances, it is the changing dynamic of these “new” intramural peace support missions after the end of the Cold War that has made this military and civilian relationship more tenuous. Topic 21. Regional Security Cooperation in Complex Emergencies – LTC Weisz - This workshop exercise will reinforce the key aspects of previous workshops, conduct basic policy formulation and strategy development for an intervention scenario, explore the linkages across the international community, and exercise skills in interagency / inter-ministerial cooperation, persuasion, negotiation, and professional development. Topic 22: Governance and Security – Dr Davis-Security is not just concerns with broad issues of comprehensive security, but also concerns with political governance and positive political development. Within this focus an overview of good governance reminds all of us of the factors that keep our polities stable and prosperous and developing in a positive direction. Topic 23: Security Sector Reform - Dr. Azizian - Examines the rationale and international experience in reorganizing the security sector within the context of good and responsible governance and effective and efficient civil-military relations. Topic 24: Professional Group Discussions – Dr. Azizian, Mr Peterman & LTC Weisz- The Fellows will be assigned to specific professional groups (i.e., military, police, diplomatic) to share experiences and identify opportunities for better multinational and interagency cooperation. IV. SPECIALIZED STUDIES: ELECTIVE PROGRAM The College of Security Studies offers elective courses conducted concurrently with the Core Curriculum during weeks 2 through 6 of the program. These courses provide the opportunity for deeper and more specialized study than is possible in the core curriculum. The following are the elective courses that will be offered for ASC 08-1: 5 August – 19 September 08 8
  9. 9. Advanced Security Cooperation Course 08-2 China: Security and Politics in the Asia-Pacific Region Diplomacy and Security Energy Security Health Security in the Asia-Pacific Region International Crisis Response International Law / Law of the Sea Islam, Politics, and Conflict Maritime Security Mass Media as a Strategic Force Media Training Methods of Analysis Multi-lateral Cooperation in NEA: Six Party Talks Negotiations and Conflict Management Pacific Islands: Security and Development Peace Operations Terrorism, Counterterrorism, and Anti-Terrorism Working with the Private Sector V. ACADEMIC SCHEDULE A typical week’s academic schedule at the College consists of core topics taught and discussed in the morning and electives or workshops offered in the afternoon. 0800-1130: Core Topic Time (Can consist of a faculty presentation and Q&A, seminar discussion, workshops and games or a combination of all) 0800-0850: Presentation 0850-0900: Break 0900-0930: Question and Answer 0930-0940 Administrative Announcements 0940-1000: Break 1000-1130: Seminar 1130-1300: Lunch 1300-1430: Elective Periods 5 August – 19 September 08 9
  10. 10. Advanced Security Cooperation Course 08-2 1430-1500: Break 1500-1630: Elective Period 5 August – 19 September 08 10