Emergency Management International: Improving National and ...


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  • I will be discussing what the EMI program is about The techniques that are used How we achieve our objectives and The way forward
  • GOALS: Strengthening of Democratic Institutions Helping Avoid Failed states Reducing requirements for the US Military Increasing Robustness of Professional EM capability OBJECTIVES: Consequence Management Emergency Planning and preparedness Supporting Military Planning Objectives and NATO Through WORKSHOPS, SEMINARS, and Table Top Exercises (TTXs)
  • The program is about: PLANNING, COORDINATION, and USE OF ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES The CMEP program also complements the Corps’ ongoing stabilization operations activities by encouraging nations to develop strong planning and response capabilities. This supports the immediate goals of restoring essential services and meet humanitarian needs after a disaster, and the long term goal of securing and maintaining essential services and promoting democratic processes in government in response to disasters. TECHNOLOGY SUPPORT
  • We do this through SEMINARS Workshops And TTXs Each of these is described in more detail in the backup slides
  • This is an example of one of the CMEP-EMI activities: GIS Workshops. We have done them in the Balkans, Uzbekistan, and have more proposed for the Caucasus and Central Asia. GIS is a key technological component of the program as it provides significant value to all phases of disaster management GIS is an excellent tool for fostering transparency as nations are looking at images and seeing the locations of features in their neighbors countries.
  • CMEP deals with all hazards planning and preparedness, response, recovery, and mitigation GIS is a key technological component of the program as it provides significant value to all phases of disaster management
  • CMEP deals with all hazards planning and preparedness, response, recovery, and mitigation GIS is a key technological component of the program as it provides significant value to all phases of disaster management
  • Map showing activities
  • In 2005 we were given approval to expand the focus of the program from the Warsaw Initiative countries to operate globally
  • As governmental funding becomes increasingly difficult to obtain, the importance of public-private partnerships increases AFRICOM provides a new opportunity for US engagement on a continent that has received little attention from the US government Cooperation and communication are key
  • Historically: contractors, Reservists, National Guard Leveraging relationship with National Guard State Partnership Program (the state National Guards have partner countries (Georgia and Georgia, Ohio and Hungary, etc.) and other federal agencies, as well as NGOs and the private sector Last of the Back Up Slides has Contact info
  • Historically: contractors, Reservists, Guard
  • Achieved through: NH Program capabilities Survey GIS Workshops (bilat and regional) Seaport Cities Seminar
  • Emergency Management International: Improving National and ...

    1. 1. Emergency Management International: Improving National and International Disaster Preparedness and Response AfriCANDO 18 September 2008 Robert K. Grubbs Headquarters, US Army Corps of Engineers [email_address] +1 202 761 7759
    2. 2. <ul><li>Mission </li></ul><ul><li>Program Goals and Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>EMI Services/Events </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil Emergency Preparedness Survey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workshops and Seminars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Table Top Exercises </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Event Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Summary </li></ul>Topics
    3. 3. Emergency Management International (EMI) Mission <ul><li>Design and program bilateral and </li></ul><ul><li>multi-national projects to achieve the </li></ul><ul><li>partner’s disaster management objectives </li></ul><ul><li>by enhancing civil-military cooperation in </li></ul><ul><li>emergency planning </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage civil government leadership and military support to </li></ul><ul><li>plan mutual support with national capabilities in large national </li></ul><ul><li>and international emergencies </li></ul>
    4. 4. USACE EMI Goals and Objectives <ul><li>Develop professional civil-military emergency management competence and </li></ul><ul><li>experience to: </li></ul><ul><li>Support stability through reducing the impacts of and improving the response to major hazards from all disasters </li></ul><ul><li>Support international partner national and regional strategies relating to disaster preparedness and consequence management. </li></ul><ul><li>Assist the partners in developing national and regional plans for catastrophic disaster response including cooperation with international and nongovernmental organizations. </li></ul><ul><li>Create reliable civil-military planning processes that are interoperable and sustainable by the partners using Internet applications including GIS. </li></ul><ul><li>Assess current status of disaster-related preparedness; identify needs; conduct seminars, workshops, and Table Top Exercises (TTXs) to improve EM capability by enhancing civil-military cooperation in emergency planning and response. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide After Action Reports (AARs) evaluating exercise performance, identify areas requiring attention, and build capabilities. </li></ul>
    5. 5. USACE EMI Services <ul><li>GIS Workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Regional GIS Workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Response Plan development Workshop Series (Lessons Learned and Best Practices) </li></ul><ul><li>Interagency Crisis Management System/Plans Review Workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis Management Center Development Workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Bilateral Table Top Exercises (TTXs) </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Exercises </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Preparedness in a Democracy Seminars </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency Preparedness Surveys </li></ul><ul><li>Personnel Exchanges and Participation in US-based Planning Exercises </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Infrastructure Protection Seminars </li></ul><ul><li>Special Topics/Functional Area Seminars </li></ul>
    6. 6. Event Characteristics - GIS Workshops Bi-Lateral and Regional <ul><li>Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Improve understanding of GIS functionality </li></ul><ul><li>Develop skills using GIS software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create and edit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create maps with spatial data </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Identify resources required to build GIS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discuss GIS hardware, software and data resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Achieve Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Work together in one group </li></ul><ul><li>Practice using GIS software </li></ul><ul><li>Practice using GIS and emergency managements operations on the data </li></ul><ul><li>Create Maps </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss GIS concepts and resources </li></ul>Macedonia Regional GIS Workshop Uzbekistan Bi-lateral GIS Workshop
    7. 7. CMEP Relevance to Transboundary Water Management <ul><li>Basin management requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>System-wide hydrology and hydraulics/system wide objectives for planning and use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Models </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Operational objectives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multinational agreements on use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Historic use </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Political agreements </li></ul></ul></ul>
    8. 8. CMEP Relevance to Transboundary Water Management and Development <ul><li>Geospatial systems and tools used as part of disaster planning and preparedness, response, recovery, and mitigation are an essential component of CMEP </li></ul><ul><li>The geospatial data that are used in disaster management are also necessary for successful water management: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Land cover </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soils and geology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elevation and hydrographic survey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land use planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydrologic and hydraulic modeling </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These same data can provide an improved basis for development not only through water management for basin components, but for multi-ministry, multinational transboundary planning and management </li></ul><ul><li>The seminars, workshops, and Table Tops Exercises (TTXs) used in CMEP provide a viable method for developing sub-basin and multinational basin and other planning and management </li></ul>
    9. 9. Civil Military Emergency Preparedness Events in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia Since 1996 Ukraine 1996 Slovenia 1998 Bulgaria 1999 Kazakhstan 1999 Hungary 1999, 2000 Romania 2000 x 2 Macedonia 2000, 2002 Slovakia 2000 Lithuania 2000, 2001 Croatia 2001 Poland 2002 x 2 Albania 2002 x 2 Kyrgyz Republic 2002 Azerbaijan 2003 Armenia 2004 x 2 Bosnia-Herzegovina 2004 Estonia 2004 Georgia 2004 x 3 Tajikistan 2004 Bulgaria (BSI) 2004 Bosnia-Herzegovina 2005 x 3 Macedonia 2005 x 2 Romania (BSI) 2005 x 3 Serbia-Montenegro 2006 Albania 2006 x 2 Georgia (BSI) 2006 x 3 Romania SEE Council 2006 Georgia (BSI) 2007 Bosnia-Herzegovina SEE 2007 x 2 Macedonia 2007 Uzbekistan 2007 Kazakhstan 2007
    10. 10. EMI Outcomes <ul><li>Improved consequence management capabilities through realistic scenario development, TTX events, and after action analysis and reporting in more than 55 major activities since 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>Mentorship by partners in use of GIS and disaster-related technologies. </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthened cooperation between US and partners. </li></ul><ul><li>Improved partner capacity to respond to all hazards through civil-military response plans and procedures (including all ministries) and in coordination with NGO’s. </li></ul><ul><li>Increased national and regional disaster resilience through enhanced planning and development of regional networks of emergency/disaster agencies and responders </li></ul><ul><li>Partners providing assistance during regional crises (Bulgarian floods), using the tools provided during the CMEP events (Avian Flu outbreak in the Danube Delta), promoting regional cooperation during natural and man-made disasters including WMD ensuring that today’s issues are not tomorrow’s crises. </li></ul>
    11. 11. USACE CMEP 2008 Accomplishments <ul><li>Southeast Europe CMEP Council Annual Meeting, Sarajevo Bosnia-Herzegovina, Dec 07 </li></ul><ul><li>Black Sea Initiative (BSI) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initial Planning Conference, Chisinau, Moldova, 15-17 Jan 08 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main Planning Conference, Chisinau, Moldova, 19-22 May 08 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Armenia EOC Workshop and TTX Initial Table Top Exercise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initial Concept Meeting, Yerevan, Armenia, 29-31 Jan 08 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initial Planning Meeting, Yerevan, Armenia, 7-9 May 08 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EOC Workshop and TTX 14-18 Jul 08 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Balkans TTX Series </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initial Concept Meeting, Skopje, Macedonia, 25-26 Feb 08 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initial Planning Conference, Skopje, Macedonia, 1-3 Apr 08 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main Planning Conference, Skopje, Macedonia, 16-19 Jun 08 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SEE Council Technical Workshop, Turkey, 24-26 Jun 08 </li></ul><ul><li>Consequence Management Surveys Completed as of 15 Jul 08: Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia </li></ul><ul><li>Consequence Management Surveys Scheduled: Tajikistan 4-6 Aug 08, Turkmenistan 9-12 Sep 08, Kyrgyzstan 15-18 Sep 08 </li></ul><ul><li>Consequence Management Survey Pending: Montenegro TBD </li></ul><ul><li>Event pending: Uzbekistan TBD, may be event in Turkmenistan with survey </li></ul><ul><li>Kazakhstan Minister of Emergency Situations visit - Washington, DC 31 Jul–Aug 08 </li></ul>
    12. 12. USACE CMEP 2009 Events Pending - EUCOM <ul><li>Southeast Europe CMEP Council Annual Meeting, Ankara, Turkey, Dec 08 </li></ul><ul><li>Black Sea Initiative (BSI) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TTX, Chisinau, Moldova, 1QTR FY09 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Balkans TTX Series </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TTX, Skopje, Macedonia, 1QTR, FY09 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SEE Council Technical Workshop, Jun 09 </li></ul><ul><li>Black Sea Initiative (BSI) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initial Planning Conference, Ukraine, 2QTR, FY09 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main Planning Conference, Ukraine, 2QTR FY09 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TTX, Ukraine, 4QTR FY09 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Balkans TTX Series </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initial Planning Conference, Croatia, 2QTR, FY09 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main Planning Conference, Croatia, 2QTR FY09 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TTX, Croatia, 4QTR FY09 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>GIS Regional Workshop Balkans – Montenegro </li></ul><ul><li>GIS Regional Workshop Caucasus – Georgia </li></ul><ul><li>GIS Bilateral Workshop – Azerbaijan </li></ul><ul><li>Albania Interagency Workshop </li></ul><ul><li>Azerbaijan EOC Workshop </li></ul><ul><li>National Response Plan Workshop – Albania </li></ul><ul><li>National Response Plan Workshop – Bosnia-Herzegovina </li></ul><ul><li>New Hampshire Program – Montenegro and Serbia </li></ul>
    13. 13. USACE CMEP 2009 Events Pending - CENTCOM <ul><li>Kazakhstan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Levee Management Workshop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bi-lateral GIS Workshop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interagency Crisis Management Workshop </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Kyrgyzstan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interagency Crisis Management Workshop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bi-lateral GIS Workshop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National response Plan Workshop </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tajikistan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bi-lateral GIS Workshop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interagency Plans Review Workshop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Response Plan Workshop </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Turkmenistan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bi-lateral GIS Workshop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interagency Crisis Management Workshop </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Uzbekistan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interagency Plans Review Workshop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EOC Workshop </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Next Steps <ul><li>The pursuit of public-private partnerships that will enable more </li></ul><ul><li>CMEP and EMI events in more nations. Events will be focused on the </li></ul><ul><li>intersection of the interests of each partnership. </li></ul><ul><li>Active interaction with AFRICOM as an opportunity to pursue capacity </li></ul><ul><li>development with a Combatant Command where Humanitarian </li></ul><ul><li>Assistance is a key focal area. </li></ul><ul><li>Fostering continued strengthening of regional relationships and </li></ul><ul><li>increased transparency in the exchange of data and information </li></ul><ul><li>necessary for effective disaster management, including the development </li></ul><ul><li>of geospatial data and tools. </li></ul><ul><li>Continued emphasis on networking: inter-ministerial, civil-military, and </li></ul><ul><li>regional. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Summary <ul><li>CMEP has provided USACE experience to Warsaw Initiative countries </li></ul><ul><li>to better prepare for and reduce the impacts of disasters </li></ul><ul><li>EMI can deliver CMEP and other USACE capabilities globally. African </li></ul><ul><li>proposals have been developed for GIS, pandemics, water control </li></ul><ul><li>and spills </li></ul><ul><li>CMEP and EMI bring wide-ranging US support: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USACE Emergency Management experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>34,000 engineers and scientists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broad-based GIS experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Software for EM response and recovery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TTX Support Tool for training through event simulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CMEP-developed services </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Sources of US Support <ul><li>EMI Workshops and TTXs are planned and executed by Host Nations </li></ul><ul><li>with assistance led by US Army Corps of Engineers </li></ul><ul><li>EMI is also represented by other US organizations: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US Country Teams </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FEMA and DHS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PfP Information Management System (PIMS) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US Environmental Protection Agency </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US Forest Service (Fires) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Center for Disease Control and WHO </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US Geological Survey </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Universities and the private sector </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National Guard State Partnership Program </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    17. 17. CMEP and EMI Contacts For further information about CMEP or EMI, please contact: USACE: Ms. Diane M. Acurio +1 202 761 8723 [email_address] or Mr. Andrew J. Bruzewicz at +1 202 761 5964 [email_address] or Mr. Lenny Kotkiewicz at +1 202 761 4963 [email_address] or HQDA G-3 Max Alston at 703-697-1511 [email_address]
    18. 18. Back-Up Slides (Details)
    19. 19. USACE Linkages <ul><li>International Water Resource Programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USACE Institute for Water Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The International Center for Water Hazard and Risk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World Water Council </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WRDA Section 234 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>System-wide approaches to water resource management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cumulative effects analysis and planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Systems Wide Water Resources Program R & D </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-stakeholder conflict resolution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Risk based management approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Public-private partnerships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Global Water Partnership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Infrastructure Security Partnership </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. USACE CMEP Success <ul><li>Proven success of CMEP as a tool for consequence assessment and management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 55 major activities with Partnership for Peace (PfP) partner countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia since 1998 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of relationships between military and civil authorities both within and between the PfP Partner countries, many of which are now NATO members. (A network of network of military and civil groups that respond to disasters.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved theater security through development of new relationships and increased trust from participation in joint TTXs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of techniques tested in the first CMEP Black Sea Initiative Table Top Exercise (Tomis 2005) in Romania as the method for dealing with 3 outbreaks of avian flu in the Danube delta </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment by the nations of South Eastern Europe (SEE) of the SEE CMEP Council and CMEP support of the PfP Partner nations in this ongoing activity </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. <ul><li>Application of relevant USACE capabilities to OCONUS national security and disaster cycle requirements </li></ul><ul><li>More robust capabilities on the part of Partners including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater resilience to respond to all hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building of regional networks of emergency/disaster agencies and responders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved civil-military cooperation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced knowledge and skills of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partners and USACE Emergency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management personnel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experienced civilian and military emergency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>planners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transfer of useful technologies including GIS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced planning by Partners with regional group </li></ul></ul>CMEP Results
    22. 22. USACE CMEP and EMI Services <ul><li>GIS Workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Regional GIS Workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Response Plan development Workshop Series (Lessons Learned and Best Practices) </li></ul><ul><li>Interagency Crisis Management System/Plans Review Workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis Management Center Development Workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Bilateral Table top Exercises (TTXs) </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Exercises </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Preparedness in a Democracy Seminars </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency Preparedness Surveys </li></ul><ul><li>Personnel Exchanges and Participation in US-based Planning Exercises </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Infrastructure Protection Seminars </li></ul><ul><li>Special Topics/Functional Area Seminars </li></ul>
    23. 23. USACE CMEP and EMI Services <ul><li>GIS Workshops - GIS workshops are bilateral or multilateral events that assist nations with developing the GIS skills necessary to develop databases, collect and analyze data, produce maps, perform consequence analysis, and better manage disasters. The workshops will bring 2-4 GIS experts to the nation to assist in defining data requirements and identifying procedures for GIS integration into disaster management activities. Facilitators will evaluate and assist national GIS experts in improving competencies including the ability to provide information to national decision makers during a crisis as well as to increase the flow of data and information between the nation and NATO allies and partners. Additionally, the GIS experts will evaluate the adequacy of available hardware for installation of GIS software and peripherals and make recommendations concerning possible upgrades. Workshops will be 4-5 days in length and be developed based on the needs of the nation(s) and the existing level of expertise. Workshops can be conducted in country or in Germany at the USACE Europe District’s International Engineering Center in Wiesbaden. </li></ul>
    24. 24. USACE CMEP and EMI Services <ul><li>Regional GIS Workshops – These are similar to the standard GIS workshops in scope but aimed at the countries in a region. This type of workshop focuses on developing regional databases of response assets and the development of GIS capabilities that can be used during response to a disaster of regional significance. Facilitators assist GIS practitioners from participating nations in developing geospatial and other disaster-related data consistent with NATO standards and international usage to facilitate information exchange between participating nations, NATO EADRCC, UNOCHA, and other relevant international bodies. </li></ul>
    25. 25. USACE CMEP and EMI Services <ul><li>Response Plan Development Workshop Series (Lessons Learned/Best Practices) - This workshop series is intended for nations developing new National Response Plans. The workshops focus on the interagency development of an all hazards plan with annexes for specific disaster types occurring to the region. Best practices and lessons learned in US response and the development of the US NRP will be used to illustrate the need for a unified plan developed and administered in an interagency environment. The workshop will be facilitated by 3-5 emergency planners/experts from USACE and other relevant US agencies and last 2-4 days with 1-3 meetings, depending on current state of planning in country. </li></ul>
    26. 26. USACE CMEP and EMI Services <ul><li>Interagency Crisis Management System/Plans Review Workshops - Similar in scope to the Response Plan Development Workshops, these workshops are designed to assist nations that either already possess an all hazards response plan, or are currently working on one, to improve disaster preparedness and response capabilities and to develop the Standards and Procedures necessary for implementation of the plan. The workshop involves hands-on work by interagency participants who review, evaluate, and improve existing response plans and address necessary capabilities. This workshop lasts 2-4 days based on the strength of existing plans and work needed to update them. In some cases a follow up workshop of 2 days will be scheduled to assist in implementation of recommendations. </li></ul>
    27. 27. USACE CMEP and EMI Services <ul><li>Crisis Management Center Development Workshops - These workshops will assist nations in developing a 24/7 Crisis Management Center that will act as a focal point for command and control during a disaster situation. The workshop will look at the legal aspects of creating a multi-agency Crisis Management Center and the staffing requirements and Standards and Procedures needed to successfully operate it. The workshop focuses on lessons learned and best practices from the US and other NATO allies with emphasis on the Nation Response Coordination Center (NRCC) SOP used in the US. This workshop will integrate plans and procedures from the nation’s National Response Plan to create a Center for C2 activities during disaster response. This workshop will be facilitated by 3-5 experts from USACE and other relevant US agencies for 3-5 days. An additional follow up workshop on implementation can be scheduled for 2 days with 3-5 facilitators depending on the needs of the nation. </li></ul>
    28. 28. USACE CMEP and EMI Services <ul><li>Bilateral Table Top Exercises - This exercise option can be used to assist nations in exercising new or revised response plans. Facilitators will assist in developing scenarios to test the plans and “train the trainers”. This allows national experts to develop national exercises to increase capability and improve response functions as well as to evaluate existing plans and procedures. This type of exercise is scalable, but will generally involve 2-3 experts attending 2 2-3 day planning sessions with the nation and 3-5 facilitators at the TTX. Facilitators will be exercise and EM experts from USACE and other pertinent agencies, as required. Additional expertise will be obtained through the participation of NATO, the UN and other international agencies. National Guard SPP participation will be encouraged for these events. </li></ul>
    29. 29. USACE CMEP and EMI Services <ul><li>Regional Exercises - Similar to the bilateral TTXs but focusing on a regional group of nations, this type of exercise will focus both on national and regional and international response activities. This type of exercise will be tied to international agencies such as NATO EADRCC, UN-OCHA, and others and will focus on increasing regional response capability and information exchange between regional partners. GIS usage is an important part of the regional exercises and will be heavily supported. This type of exercise is facilitated by 3-5 planning and exercise experts from USACE, SPP, and other relevant US agencies plus 1-2 GIS experts and involves a series of planning events (1 2-3 day with host nation and 1 2-3 day with all participants) followed by a TTX facilitated by 5-7 planning and exercise experts and 1-2 GIS experts during a 3-5 day event. </li></ul>
    30. 30. USACE CMEP and EMI Services <ul><li>Disaster Preparedness in a Democracy Seminars - This series brings participants from newly emerging democracies to the US for a 5-6 day seminar on the democratic process in the US. How disaster preparedness and emergency management is done under our system is examined. Participants attend presentations by leaders in local, state and national government on the democratic process in the US and how planning is done from the government side. Participants also hear from local, state, national, and private emergency management providers on how planning and response operations are carried out at each level of the government. Additionally, experts from appropriate US agencies and departments present specific information on the US NRP and other relevant response plans and mechanisms. This series is usually hosted by the University of New Hampshire (sometimes referred to as the New Hampshire program) with invitations to participate to the SPP partner for each nation. When hosted by UNH, participants will take part in NH town meetings as well as visit the State assembly and meet with some of the state’s federal elected officials. It is also possible for the NG SPP partners to host the event. </li></ul>
    31. 31. USACE CMEP and EMI Services <ul><li>Emergency Preparedness Surveys - This option can be used to assist Partners in evaluating the present status of its civil emergency preparedness and response capabilities including ties to military resources. A CMEP and COCOM team meets with members of the civil emergency preparedness agencies and ministries, as well as with other ministries and organizations responsible for emergency preparedness and response. The team examines status of existing interagency capacity, cooperation and interoperability, requirements for preparedness and identifies needs and areas for improvement in roles and missions, organizational structures and preparedness and response plans. The current use of information technology and data availability and exchange will be examined and recommendations for the use of the geospatial technologies (remote sensing and GIS proposed). </li></ul>
    32. 32. USACE CMEP and EMI Services <ul><li>Personnel Exchange and Participation in US-based Planning Exercises - National delegations can be invited to exchange personnel during US response operations to gain experience in the response process and see first hand how the US response system operates. This type of exchange is beneficial to countries with existing plans seeking to develop strategies to improve their existing response capabilities. Similarly, national delegates can attend US-based planning exercises to see the planning process in action. This type of exchange will be very beneficial to countries with existing response plans that are interested in improving the planning process to prepare for disaster response operations. Operational or Planning Exercise exchanges will involve bringing 3-12 national response experts from the nation to the US for 5-7 days. Travel will be coordinated through and with the approval of the US embassy in country. </li></ul>
    33. 33. USACE CMEP and EMI Services <ul><li>Critical Infrastructure Protection Seminars – These seminars assist participants in addressing considerations essential to the identification, assessment, and ranking of vulnerabilities, and discuss approaches to reducing the consequences of challenges to structures, drawing upon the extensive USACE experience in critical infrastructure protection. Topics that will be covered include assessing risk, identifying the security that is necessary to provide protection from specific hazards, and identification of a range of protective measures including fences, gates, locks, lights, sensors, alarms, and structural hardening. Anti-terrorism Research and Development is discussed for areas including threat definition, blast effects, damage prediction, decision aids, regional monitoring, consequence assessment, a variety of structural alternatives, and recovery measures. Self-healing and self-diagnosing buildings are also discussed. </li></ul>
    34. 34. USACE CMEP and EMI Services <ul><li>Special Topics/Functional Area Seminars - Special topics or functional area seminars can be developed to address specific needs of countries that have requested assistance with specific issues related to disaster response, planning, or Humanitarian Assistance operations. Time and scope of events will depend on subject area. Most will involve 3-5 subject mater experts traveling to the host country for 3-5 days to address the specific issues requested by the country. Facilitators will be selected from US agencies and organizations as determined by the subject area requested by the nation. </li></ul>