Disaster Management at the JRC The use of space products Daniele Ehrlich  Joint Research Centre Institute for the Protecti...
External Security <ul><li>Humanitarian and development  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast notification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
Disaster  Rapid notification Rapid response Recovery Development Mitigation Early warning Preparedness Disaster type : Ear...
Space in disaster management by JRC  Food security Tropical storms Methodology country wide studies Country wide Man made ...
Data availability and dissemination Accessibility  and  delivery  of information is as important as the information itself...
Rapid notification (Global)
Rapid notification (fine scale)
Rapid notification http://dma.jrc.it
Response: Earthquake  alert
RESPONSE Lava flow – Goma RDC
Population - Household Enumeration
Monitoring vulnerable population
Civilian crisis management Situation assessment/monitoring EC Funds Qalqiliya (Estimated cost: 1610529 $) Paving on intern...
Damage assessment
Water demand and supply
Global Crisis Management Atlas
Population density estimations <ul><li>Gridded products may be not detailed enough (1km) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May not hav...
Vulnerability
Food security  Early warning Yield forecasting Mediterranean Basin Eastern Africa Russia and the CIS South America <ul><li...
Space products, meteo data and models <ul><li>Global land-Cover indicators :  C- indicators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Methodol...
Spot-VGT Satellite data First global  10 day synthesis Spot VGT 1998 <ul><li>( Vegetation   instrument on-board Spot satel...
Early warning - NDVI   aggregated at administrative level Forecast for irrigated maize: the 2003 yield is considerably low...
Water Requirement Satisfaction Index for Sorghum up to 3 rd  dekad of August 2003 Crop cycle progress Horn of Africa as of...
MARS Food - Crop monitoring for food security <ul><ul><li>PRODUCTS: 2003 real-time assessment of crop situation in:   </li...
Summary   <ul><li>Rapid notification and Respond (emergency) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast onset (disaster) (virtual OSSOC) <...
Conclusions <ul><li>Space is used (Applications, Scales) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There is potential to do much more </li></u...
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EHRLICH

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  • Disaster management at the JRC is the perspective of the technical and scientific body that provides information on crisis and disaster areas to decision makers. The view shown herein is therefore applications that are used. Being a research centre we are always trying also new solutions. For this reason we are also trying and benchmarking new solutions. For this reason we will also show products that are in the testing phase. When this is the case I will mention.
  • The disaster management activities I am talking related othe activities of the Commission outside the territory of the Union therefore in the developing world. Disaster management goes under two headings, humanitarian aid and civil crisis management food security. In fact you will recongize also these as some of the initial services that have been mentioned before in the presentation given by Josef on GMES.
  • RNotification - Provides the background geographical information Response – Provides the outline (floods, volcano eruptions) and the extent of the damage Recovery – the damages are quantified based on
  • Space products are critical
  • The Global Disaster Alert System was developed for ECHO. ECHO finds it so useful that it provides support to include the service in the virtual OSOC of the UN that is the portal where UN and NGO’s. It work now on Tropical storms and Earth quakes and is being extended to floods.
  • Satellite imagery can record effectively changes in land cover associated to disasters. Satellite imagery provides context to the lava flow that was made available by people in the filed. The map shows that the city is cut in 2 and that the airport is completely covered by lava making it impossible to fly in help.
  • JRC in support to development and aid policies has developed techniques to quickly map vulnerable people. The picture shows a refugee camp in Tanzania from Ikonos satellite imagery. The dots are the tents in which refugee live. The number of refugee living in camps are derived by multiplying household occupancy by number of tents.
  • JRC in collaboration with UNOCHA and EUSC are contributing to internationally mandated efforts in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. JRC using satellite imagery and ancillary data (also obtained fro the field through UNOCHA) is monitoring the route (constructed and planned) of the security barrier, and analysing and assessing its hum. impact on the West Bank community (agricultural land, school, hospitals, etc.). The products (mainly in the form of maps) are provided regularly to DG RELEX’s Crisis Room, and frequently to Council at the request of the Ambassador Ott, EU Representative for Middle East Peace Process. The value of space is confirmed through its ability to provide the EU and the UN agencies within an independent, and updated, view of the situation in the West Bank.
  • JRC in collaboration with UNOCHA and EUSC are contributing to internationally mandated efforts in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. JRC using satellite imagery and ancillary data is assessing the scale of damage in Rafah and other areas of Gaza as a result of demolitions incurred in the first half of 2004.The satellite-based products have supported UNOCHA and its humanitarian partners (WFP and UNRWA) in enhanced targetting of humanitarian needs and planning in the Gaza strip. These products have proved to be indispensable for humanitarian needs assessment due to the inability of UN agencies to access the Gaza Strip for security reasons. The products (mainly in the form of maps) are also provided to DG RELEX’s Crisis Room, and to Council at the request of the Ambassador Ott, EU Representative for Middle East Peace Process. The value of space is confirmed through its ability to provide the EU and the UN agencies within an independent, and updated, view of the humanitarian situation and needs assessment in the Gaza Strip.
  • The JRC has developed for DG Relex and Council (SitCen) in collaboration with EUSC the Global Crisis Management atlas to improve the EU’s preparedness over crisis areas. The atlas currently covers 21 countries and regions and will be extended. The atlas is intended to enhance awareness of geographic and crisis related issues, and to provide he base fo rinformation management, which is expected to be supplemented with additional data (e.g. damage assessment, whereabouts of refugees and IDPs, etc.) in case of emergent crises Daniele descibe the data laters expected to populate the atlas during preparedenss time sand crisis situations. Emphases the role of space in the development of supplementary information during crisis times and baseline data layers.
  • This slide show is to tell about the work on vulnerability to disasters. Vulnerability is the ability to people in a given area to sustain and cope with disasters. In order to be useful these measures have to be computed for the region or the area that is affected. Measures taken at the countlry level, I am afraid are of limited use in these cases. We have therefore collected a number of variables
  • The slide shows the 4 areas of the world for which the JRC provides periodical assessments.
  • The green colors show vegetation vigor. This has to be related to typical vegetation vigor at that type of the year. The value is the compared to the typical profile.
  • EHRLICH

    1. 1. Disaster Management at the JRC The use of space products Daniele Ehrlich Joint Research Centre Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen Support to External Security … Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen
    2. 2. External Security <ul><li>Humanitarian and development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast notification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Damage assessments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Civil crisis management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Situation assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Damage assessments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Food security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early warnings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yield forecasting </li></ul></ul>Assemble the information according to the “where” did it happen Make available on desk tops Customize and process for use in decision making
    3. 3. Disaster Rapid notification Rapid response Recovery Development Mitigation Early warning Preparedness Disaster type : Earthquake, Tropical Storm, Floods, Volcano, Drought, Epidemics, Man made
    4. 4. Space in disaster management by JRC Food security Tropical storms Methodology country wide studies Country wide Man made Refugees Disputed Damage Earthquake Volcano All disasters Earthquakes Tropical storms Global scope only Population Vulnerability Situation Assessment Damage Space products as background to event Provide the geographical context Mitigation Early Warn Developm. Recovery Response Rapid notification
    5. 5. Data availability and dissemination Accessibility and delivery of information is as important as the information itself Printed maps are important http://dma.jrc.it
    6. 6. Rapid notification (Global)
    7. 7. Rapid notification (fine scale)
    8. 8. Rapid notification http://dma.jrc.it
    9. 9. Response: Earthquake alert
    10. 10. RESPONSE Lava flow – Goma RDC
    11. 11. Population - Household Enumeration
    12. 12. Monitoring vulnerable population
    13. 13. Civilian crisis management Situation assessment/monitoring EC Funds Qalqiliya (Estimated cost: 1610529 $) Paving on internal roads and roads of Qalqiliya (TYPE 1) Sewage collection network improvement (TYPE 2) Fa’run (Estimated cost: 113350 $)
    14. 14. Damage assessment
    15. 15. Water demand and supply
    16. 16. Global Crisis Management Atlas
    17. 17. Population density estimations <ul><li>Gridded products may be not detailed enough (1km) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May not have accuracy figures attached </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Census data may have not sufficient detail </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May not include current demographic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Population growth (decrease) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Urbanization/migration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Country wide assessments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GIS layers country specific </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GIS Environmental </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RS snapshot current </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Based on globally available </li></ul></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Vulnerability
    19. 19. Food security Early warning Yield forecasting Mediterranean Basin Eastern Africa Russia and the CIS South America <ul><li>Data acquisition </li></ul><ul><li>pre-processing </li></ul><ul><li>: Global </li></ul>
    20. 20. Space products, meteo data and models <ul><li>Global land-Cover indicators : C- indicators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Methodology developed with CNDVI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land-Cover specific NDVI aggregated at administrative level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computed also for Dry Matter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global coverage start 2005 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cumulative values for selected periods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curve analysis for crop monitoring and yield forecasting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Global Crop Specific Water Balance Indicators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Done with FAO (FAO model) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global soil, crop and planting date data base </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Satisfaction Index, ETA, Water deficit and excess </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yield function - Scenarios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Start 2005 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will permit quantitative yield calibration </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. Spot-VGT Satellite data First global 10 day synthesis Spot VGT 1998 <ul><li>( Vegetation instrument on-board Spot satellites 4&5 ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Good data quality, Real-time data, Global coverage , 1 km resolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Derived products calculated by contractor (NDVI, Dry Matter productivity, C-products ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drawback: relatively short time series (since 1998) </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. Early warning - NDVI aggregated at administrative level Forecast for irrigated maize: the 2003 yield is considerably lower than in 2002 and below the 5 years average.
    23. 23. Water Requirement Satisfaction Index for Sorghum up to 3 rd dekad of August 2003 Crop cycle progress Horn of Africa as of end of August 2003 SORGHUM
    24. 24. MARS Food - Crop monitoring for food security <ul><ul><li>PRODUCTS: 2003 real-time assessment of crop situation in: </li></ul></ul>Russia and Central Asia Somalia The Mediterranean Somalia The Horn of Africa <ul><ul><li>ON-GOING </li></ul></ul>ftp://agrifish.jrc.it/bulletin
    25. 25. Summary <ul><li>Rapid notification and Respond (emergency) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast onset (disaster) (virtual OSSOC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Earthquakes, Tropical Storms, Floods, Volcano </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slow onset (disasters) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Food security </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Meteorological </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NDVI </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Situation (damage) assessments (recovery) </li></ul><ul><li>Development cycle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Population density estimations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Refinement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vulnerability assessments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hazard dependent (Likely impact of a hazard); Structural (Amount of land in agriculture) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Preparedness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repository of satellite imagery and map data. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Development of methodologies to improve the detection of the above </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Mitigation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use for planning the mitigation of future disasters </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. Conclusions <ul><li>Space is used (Applications, Scales) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There is potential to do much more </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We are researching on that </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The applications have been developed for very particular user </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be customized for more local use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cooperation work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RESPOND, GMFS (ESA GMES) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GMOSS, GMES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PSAR, 7 FWP (EC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Charter </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Network of UN bodies (OCHA), </li></ul><ul><li>Involved with European Institutions operating outside of EU territory </li></ul><ul><li>Open to cooperate with any institution outside of Europe </li></ul>http://dma.jrc.it

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