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Thinking Ethically


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Thinking Ethically

  1. 1. Thinking ethically 12/02/10
  2. 2. When we are at our best!! <ul><li>Individual </li></ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><li>Organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><li>Society </li></ul>12/02/10
  3. 3. What ethics is not <ul><li>Not the same as feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Not religion </li></ul><ul><li>Not following the law </li></ul><ul><li>Not following culturally accepted norms </li></ul><ul><li>Not science </li></ul>12/02/10
  4. 4. So what is it?? 12/02/10
  5. 5. Why is it hard to identify what it is? <ul><li>On what do we base our ethical standards </li></ul><ul><li>How do those standards get applied to specific situations we face? </li></ul>12/02/10
  6. 6. Five sources of ethical standards to use <ul><li>Utilitarian </li></ul><ul><li>Rights approach </li></ul><ul><li>Fairness & Justice approach </li></ul><ul><li>Common good approach </li></ul><ul><li>Virtue Approach </li></ul>12/02/10
  7. 7. Putting it all together – Problems still to be solved <ul><li>We may not all agree on the content of these approaches </li></ul><ul><li>May not agree to same set of human & civil rights </li></ul><ul><li>May not agree on what constitutes the common good. May not even agree on what is a good and what is harm. </li></ul>12/02/10
  8. 8. <ul><li>Different approaches may not all answer the question “What is ethical” in the same way. </li></ul><ul><li>However each approach does give us important info to determine what is ethical in that particular context. </li></ul><ul><li>More often than not different approaches come up with similar answers. </li></ul>12/02/10
  9. 9. Making decisions requires: <ul><li>Sensitivity </li></ul><ul><li>Practiced method </li></ul><ul><li>Weighing up the considerations </li></ul><ul><li>More novel & difficult </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussion & dialogue with others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Careful exploration </li></ul></ul>12/02/10
  10. 10. Ethical Framework <ul><li>Is there something wrong personally, interpersonally, socially </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Could the situation, decision be damaging to people in the community </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Does the issue go beyond legal institutional concerns. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What does it do to people, who have dignity, rights, hopes for better life </li></ul></ul>12/02/10
  11. 11. GET the Facts <ul><li>What are the relevant facts what is unknown </li></ul><ul><li>Who are the stakeholders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Any stakeholders with special needs, obligations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What options are there </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have all relevant people, groups been consulted </li></ul></ul>12/02/10
  12. 12. Evaluate alternative approachs <ul><li>Which option will produce the most good & least harm </li></ul><ul><li>Utilitarian </li></ul><ul><li>Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Fairness & justice </li></ul><ul><li>Virtue </li></ul><ul><li>Common good </li></ul>12/02/10
  13. 13. Make a decision and test it <ul><li>Considering all perspectives, which option right , or best thing to do </li></ul><ul><li>If you told someone you respect your option what would they say? What if you told it on TV, would you be comfortable? </li></ul>12/02/10
  14. 14. Act, then reflect on the decision later <ul><li>Implement your decision. How did it turn out for all concerned? If you had to do it again, would you do it differently? </li></ul>12/02/10