Stress in EMS

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Stress in EMS

  1. 1. Well Being of the Pre-Hospital Care ProviderSTRESS IN EMS
  2. 2. Introduction• How can we help others if we can’t help ourselves?
  3. 3. Wellness Wellness has 3 components  Physical  Mental  Emotional
  4. 4. Physical Well Being Nutrition  Nutrients  Food groups  Principles of weight control  Tips to change behavior
  5. 5. Physical Well-Being Physical fitness  Benefits  Cardiovascular endurance  Muscular Strength  Muscular Flexibility
  6. 6. Physical Well-Being Sleep  Disruption  Signs of depression
  7. 7. Physical Well-Being Disease Prevention  Cardiovascular Disease  Cancer  Infectious Disease
  8. 8. Physical Well-Being Injury Prevention  Body Mechanics during lifting/moving  Hostile Environments  Rescue Situations  Safe Vehicle Operations  Safety Equipment and Supplies
  9. 9. Mental & Emotional Health Substance misuse/abuse control Anxiety & Stress Personal Time Family, Community, Peer connections Freedom from Prejudice  Cultural Differences  Individual Differences
  10. 10. Stress Three stages of stress response  Alarm Reaction  Resistance  Exhaustion
  11. 11. Stress Factors that trigger stress response Physiological and psychological effects  Normal, health response  Detrimental, unhealthy response Signs and symptoms of stress  Physical  Emotional  Cognitive  Behavioral
  12. 12. Stress Causes of stress in EMS  Environmental Stress  Psychosocial Stress  Personality Stress
  13. 13. Stress Reactions to Stress Reactions are individual  Adaptation  Dynamic evolving process  Defense  Coping  Problem Solving  Mastery
  14. 14. Stress Stress Management Techniques Critical Incident Stress Management  Organized, formal, peer, mental health  Components of CISM  Situation in which CISM should be considered Techniques for reducing crisis-induced stress
  15. 15. Coping with Death Patient and Family needs Stages of grieving process  Denial  Anger  Bargaining  Depression  Acceptance
  16. 16. Coping with Death Needs of the Paramedic when dealing with death and the dying
  17. 17. Coping with Death Developmental considerations when dealing with death and dying  Newborn to three  Three to six  Six to nine  Nine to twelve  Elderly
  18. 18. PREVENTING DISEASETRANSMISSION
  19. 19. Terminology Air/Blood borne pathogens Exposure Cleaning, Disinfecting, Sterilization Body Substance Isolation/ Universal Precautions
  20. 20. Source of Exposure Needle stick Broken or scraped skin Mucous membranes
  21. 21. Protection Follow work practices Maintain good health and hygiene habits Maintain immunizations Periodic TB screening Body Substance Isolation Cleaning, Disinfecting, Disposing of materials/ equipment
  22. 22. Well Being Periodic Risk Assessment Documenting and Managing an exposure

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