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Selected Philippine Myths

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These are some selected well- known myths in the Philippines.

Published in: Education, Sports
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Selected Philippine Myths

  1. 1. The Myth of Lumawig In the beginning there were no people on earth. Lumawig the Great Spirit, came down from the sky and cut many reeds. He divided these into pairs which he placed in different parts of the world, and then he commanded them them to speak. Immediately the reeds became people and each place was a man and a woman who could talk.
  2. 2. Then Lumawig saw that there were so many things which the people needed to use, so he set to work to supply them. He created salt and told the inhabitants of one place to boil it down and sell it to their neighbors. He gave it to the people of a place called Mayinit. Lumawig went to the people of Samoki and told them to get clay and make pots.
  3. 3. Then the Great Spirit saw that they were fit owners of the pottery and told them that they should always make many jars to sell. In this way, Lumawig taught the people and brought to them all the things which they now have.
  4. 4. Custom Elicited Salt making in Mayinit and pottery making in Samoki is still practised.
  5. 5. The Myth of Maria Makiling
  6. 6. A man was hunting a wild boar in the mountain and pursued it all the way to Maria’s hut. Although, she admonished him for harassing the boar, which was one of her creatures, she allowed him to come inside to rest and eat.
  7. 7. Later, as he was leaving, she gave him a salakot full of ginger to bring home to his wife for cooking. As the man was walking down the mountain, the hat seemed to grow heavier and heavier; so he took out most of the ginger and threw them away. But once he got home, he discovered that the remaining pieces of ginger had turned to solid gold. No matter how he searched, he never could find the other pieces that he had thrown away.
  8. 8. Custom Elicited Maria Makiling is a favorite theme of Filipino artists. She forms an important feature of the Seal of the Municipality of Los Baños, Laguna. Disappearance of people is sometimes attributed to her.
  9. 9. The Myth of Two Eels
  10. 10. Manama, the creator of all things, became fond of two enermous eels, respectively. With instructions from a golden oriole, Eeele and Aeele went in a quest to reach the sea. Eeele though larger, was not as clever as his sister and has not listened carefully to the bird. He did not notice that the river was branching out.
  11. 11. He turned to the left instead of the right which was towards the sun as instructed. It was too late when Eeele noticed that he was going straight to a great waterfall. He fell head first to the rocks in the rapids that caused his death. When Manama looked for his fond pets, he only found Aeele happily swimming in the sea.
  12. 12. He found the lifeless body of Eeele being washed away by the river. Believing that other eels might also meet the same fate of Eeele, Manama turned the dead eel’s body into a mountain range so that they can see it as a sign and take heed where they swim. The highest peak of the range is now Mount Apo, the country’s highest point.
  13. 13. Moral Lesson Elicited Listen to instructions and be attentive to avoid sad consequences.
  14. 14. In the olden days the sky was so low. It’s so low that it could be reached by a stick of ordinary length. The people in those days said that God had created the sky in such a way that he could hear his people when they called to him In turn, God could send his blessings to earth as soon as mankind needed them. Because of this close connection between God and His subjects, the people were provided for and they did not need to work.
  15. 15. One day one of the chiefs, Abing by name, held a feast. Many people came to enjoy it. A sayao or native war dance was given in honor of the men belonging to the chief and it was acted by men brandishing spears. While acting, one of the actors, who was drunk, tried to show his skill, but he forgot that the sky was so low. When he darted his spear, he happened to pierce the sky, and one of the gods was wounded. This angered God the Father: so he raised the sky as we have it today far from the earth.
  16. 16. The religious fervor of the Visayan people could be seen in the story. Christianity has already been incorporated in the story like the story of Adam and Eve as well as the concept of God the Father: One could also see influences of pre- Spanish roots like the “sayao”. The story is still told to Hiligaynon children until now.
  17. 17. When the world first began there was no land, but only the sea and the sky and between them was a kite. One day, the bird, which has nowhere to light, grew tired of flying about. So she stirred up the sea until it threw its waters against the sky. The sky in order to restrain the sea, showered upon it many islands until it could no longer rise, but ran back and forth. Then the sky ordered the kite to light on one of the islands to build her nest and to leave the sea and the sky in peace.
  18. 18. Now, at this time, the land breeze and the sea breeze were married and they had a child which was a bamboo. One day when this bamboo was floating about on the water, it struck the feet of the kite which was on the beach. The bird, angry that anything should strike it, pecked at the bamboo.
  19. 19. Out of one section came a golden- bronze colored man, named Malakas (strong one), and from the other half came a similarly hued woman, named Maganda
  20. 20. Origin Elicited The Philippine has so many islands and is inhabited by different ethnic groups, even the creation vary from region to region, but specific elements remain the same. A huge bird splits a bamboo where “Malakas and Maganda” emerge from the halves. Filipinos consider women to be Maganda (beautiful) and men Malakas (strong).
  21. 21. End ….. Thank you!!!

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