SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 18
Risk management strategies when 
households face collapsing electricity 
NAVN 
HOMERISK: 
and digital infrastructure 
SIFO 
Stockholm, 
27. November 2014.
NAVN 
Homerisk 
THEME: 
To study the roles that households play in crisis 
situations, with a focus on electricity & ICT. 
CONTENTION: 
Households represent a crucial, but unacknowledged, 
resource. 
PROJECT’S GOAL: 
The best way to utilize this resource for common good is 
to study how households have functioned in previous 
crises and on this basis provide recommendations as 
to how households can be used better in the future.
NAVN 
tb.no on the Lærdal fire, January 2014: 
At brannkatastrofen ikke har 
krevd liv og heller ingen alvorlig 
skadde, får tilskrives en 
kombinasjon av hell og fremfor alt 
fortjenstfull innsats av nødetatene 
og av lokalbefolkningen selv. ... 
For øvrig er det selvsagt for tidlig 
å konkludere i spørsmålene om 
sårbarhet og beredskap. 
Men like selvsagt blir telenett 
og strømsikkerhet to temaer i den 
forestående evalueringen. Når 
hele Telenors infrastruktur i et 
område slås ut av brann, og 
mobildekning, internett og 
fasttelefon forsvinner samtidig, 
settes redningsarbeidet på prøve.
NAVN
NAVN 
Participants 
SIFO, Norway (Project owner) 
• Jo Helle-Valle (antrhropologist) 
• Ardis Storm-Mathisen (sociologist) 
• Nina Heidenstrøm (sociologist) 
• Dag Slettemeås (politica scientist) 
• Harald Throne-Host (engineer, sociologist) 
Mittuniversitetet, Sweden: 
• Erika Wall (sociologist) 
• Linda Kvärnlöf (sociologist) 
University of Iceland: 
• Björn Karlsson (engineer)
NAVN 
Homerisk 
ANALYTICAL STRATEGY: 
Comparative approach and a practice perspective within a 
multi-methods framework. 
Vertical comparsion: 
• Study actual interactions – and lack thereof – between 
households and various formal institutions that are relevant 
for crisis handling. 
Horizontal comparison: 
• Systematically compare such safety practices in Norway, 
Sweden and Iceland. 
Study institutions, regulations and households as dynamical 
practices, not as formalities and discourses.
NAVN 
Homerisk 
METHODS: 
• Field work: being there, participant observation in 
given locations (WP 2, 3 & 4). 
• Tour narratives: Video-assisted walk-alongs for 
grasping everyday practices (WP 2 & 3). 
• Document analysis: map and analyse relevant 
documents (WP 1 & 4). 
• Survey: Web-baesd in all three countries on attitudes 
and praparedness among citizens (WP 4). 
• Qualitative (semi-structured dialogical) interviews: 
With all relevant parties in all three countries (WP 1- 
4).
NAVN 
Homerisk 
Main Research Question (MRQ): What kind of 
crisis-perceptions, -plans and -practices related 
to electricity and ICT-breakdowns exist among 
ordinary citizens and in public institutions, and 
to what extent are they functionally aligned? 
Secondary Research Questions (RQs) are all related 
to such infrastructure breakdowns – RQs 1 & 2 are 
related to plans, RQs 3 & 4 to practices, RQ5 to 
vertical comparisons, RQs 6 & 7 to horizontal 
comparisons, and RQ8 to recommendation and 
impact:
NAVN 
Research Questions 
RELATED TO PUBLIC PLANS: 
·RQ1: What expected roles and responsibilities do citizens have in national risk plans? 
·RQ2: How do households envision risks and crisis handling (preparedness)? 
PRACTICES 
·RQ3: What roles have authorities played in relation to households in the selected cases? 
·RQ4: What roles have households played in actual crises and what practical and social 
resources (kinship and networks) have they applied? 
VERTICAL COMPARISON: 
·RQ5: What kind of discrepancies do we find between public plans and actions, and plans 
and actions among citizens? 
HORIZONTAL COMPARISON: 
·RQ6: What similarities and differences do we find in public crisis plans within and 
between the three countries? 
·RQ7: What similarities and differences do we find in households’ applied strategies within 
and between the three countries? 
RECOMMENDATIONS AND IMPACT: 
·RQ8: What possible improvements in planning might be achieved by integrating social 
resources in public plans?
NAVN 
Project design: Work Packages
NAVN 
Work Packages 
WP 0: Project administration (month 1 - 36) (A means for optimal academic efficiency) 
WP 1: National risk regimes: The role of citizens (month 1 – 6) 
Main task: To identify the expectations and responsibility of citizens in national risk plans in Norway, 
Sweden and Iceland. 
WP 2: Cases: The actions of citizens in concrete crises (month 7-15) 
Main task: To study two selected cases in each country (cf. above, section 2.1.). 
WP 3: Households’ preparedness for crisis events (month 13-24) 
Main task: Generate insights into the actual preparedness in households in case of a power failure, 
and to identify the potential of local networks. 
WP 4: Risk comparisons; households and national regimes (month 19-27) 
Main task: Maximize the value of the findings by systematic vertical and horizontal) comparisons; 
reveal possible mismatches between plans and actions. 
WP 5: Conclusion and recommendations (month 28 - 34) 
Main task: To analyse and synthesise the results from the empirical work packages, integrating 
empirical and theoretical conclusions, and to formulate political recommendations. 
WP 6: Academic & public dissemination and stakeholder dialogues (month 1-36) 
Main task: To communicate the process and project results to all groups of end users as well as to the 
scientific community. 
The project consortium and advisory board 
The project consists of four partners; National Institute for Consumer Research (SIFO), Norwegian 
Museum of Science and Technology, Mid Sweden University and University of Iceland (cf. below, 
3.1.).
NAVN 
Dissemination 
Three types: 
• Academic dissemination in the form of articles and 
book. 
• Conventional recommendations to stakeholders: 
Reports, information material, dialogical seminars. 
• Exhibition: ambulating, developed by the Norwegian 
Science Museum, directed at the public 
– Conventional exhibition 
– Interactive exhibition
NAVN Jo Helle-Valle
NAVN Jo Helle-Valle
Main activities and milestones in the project period 
(year and quarter) 
Milestones throughout the project From To 
Estabilish and maintain project website 2014 4 2017 4 
Kick-off meeting with partners and adv.board 2014 4 2014 4 
WP 1: Stakeholder interviews 2014 4 2015 2 
WP1: Policy Document analysis 2014 4 2015 1 
WP 1: Position papers 2015 1 2015 2 
WP 2: Media analysis, fieldwork, interviews 2015 2 2015 4 
WP 3: Web survey 2015 4 2016 1 
WP 3: Fieldwork, tour narratives, interviews 2016 1 2017 1 
WP 4: vertical and horisontal comparison 2016 3 2017 4 
Preparing and finalizing exhibition 2016 4 2017 4 
WP 5: Conclusions and recommendations 2017 2 2017 4 
WP 5: Final project report 2017 3 2017 4 
NAVN
NAVN 
Work Package 1 & Work Package 2 
WP 1: National risk regimes: The role of citizens (month 1 – 6) 
Main task: To identify the expectations and responsibility of citizens in 
national risk plans in Norway, Sweden and Iceland. 
Description of work: Document content analysis of available emergency 
plans, as well as interviews with key personnel, will be conducted in all 
three countries, focusing on the anticipated role of households and 
citizens. (Methods C & E.) 
Output: 1, 2, 13 (see table 1 for dissemination list) 
WP 2: Cases: The actions of citizens in concrete crises (month 7-15) 
Main task: To study two selected cases in each country (cf., section 2.1.). 
Description of work: Use various qualitative methods to map, interpret and 
analyse how households have handled actual crisis situations with special 
emphasis on kin and neighbourhood networks. Data gathering will cover 
both practices and attitudes and be in situ (in households) for maximal 
data reliability. An appropriate number of households will be selected in 
each site/country. (Methods B & E.) 
Output: 3, 7, 8, 16, 19 (see table 1 for dissemination list)
Preliminary title Type of publication (responsible project member) 
1 National risk regimes in Norway, Sweden and Iceland: 
The role of citizens Position paper (SIFO + all) 
NAVN 
2 
Evaluation emergency and disaster management 
capacity in the Nordic response systems as a result of 
breakdown in the electrical distribution system 
Conference paper presented at the 2015 Society for 
Risk Analysis (SRA) Europe Conference. Developed 
into article 13. (UoI + all) 
3 
The households’ role in emergency situations: A study 
of electricity breakdowns in Norway, Sweden and 
Iceland 
Conference paper presented at the International 
Disaster and Risk Conference (IDRC). Developed 
into article 7. (SIFO + all) 
4 Electricity and ICT breakdown: Mapping Norwegian, 
Swedish and Icelandic household preparedness 
Conference paper, the ESA conference, RN22: 
Sociology of Risk and Uncertainty. Develop into 
article 11. (SIFO + PhD) 
5 
New methods for studying citizens’ risk perception: 
Tour narratives to document domestic preparedness in 
case of power and internet failure. 
Conference paper presented at the European 
Association for Social Anthropologists (EASA) 
conference. Developed into article 10. (SIFO) 
6 
Households preparedness to electricity and 
communication breakdown: evaluating expectations 
and realities 
Project report presented at Samfunnssikkerhets-konferansen. 
Developed into article 12. (SIFO) 
7 
The households’ role in emergency situations: 
electricity breakdown cases in Norway, Sweden and 
Iceland 
Article in the Journal of Contingencies and Crisis 
Management (SIFO + all) 
8 Informal networks in the case of emergency Article in Risk Analysis(MiUn + SIFO) 
9 
What happens in a prolonged electricity fall-out? A 
study of households’ preparedness in rural and urban 
Norway 
Article in Journal of Risk Research (PhD + SIFO 
10 The value of visual methods in risk handling research Article in Visual Anthropology (SIFO) 
11 
Når elektrisiteten og det digitale nettet forsvinner: 
Survey om Norsk, svensk og islandsk beredskap i 
husholdningene 
Article in Tidsskrift for Samfunnsforskning (PhD + 
SIFO). 
12 
Households preparedness to situations of electricity 
and ICT breakdown: evaluating expectations and 
realities 
Article in Energy Policy (SIFO)
Iceland 
NAVN 
8 Informal networks in the case of emergency Article in Risk Analysis(MiUn + SIFO) 
9 
What happens in a prolonged electricity fall-out? A 
study of households’ preparedness in rural and urban 
Norway 
Article in Journal of Risk Research (PhD + SIFO 
10 The value of visual methods in risk handling research Article in Visual Anthropology (SIFO) 
11 
Når elektrisiteten og det digitale nettet forsvinner: 
Survey om Norsk, svensk og islandsk beredskap i 
husholdningene 
Article in Tidsskrift for Samfunnsforskning (PhD + 
SIFO). 
12 
Households preparedness to situations of electricity 
and ICT breakdown: evaluating expectations and 
realities 
Article in Energy Policy (SIFO) 
13 
Evaluation emergency and disaster management 
capacity in the Nordic response systems as a result of 
breakdown in the electrical distribution system 
Article in International Journal of Risk Assessment 
and Management (UoI + all) 
14 
Analysing the electric distribution system and the 
resulting vulnerability of society towards perturbations 
in the system 
Article in Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process 
Industry (UiO) 
15 The responsible citizen: governmental discourses on 
civil crisis preparedness in a Nordic context 
Article in Journal of contingencies and crisis 
management (SIFO + all) 
16 Risks at home: households preparedness for dealing 
with electricity and ICT breakdowns 
Article in Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process 
Industry ( MiUn + PhD) 
17 Kinship and informal networks as social capital Article in Anthropological theory (SIFO) 
18 When routines break down: Considering practices 
under pressure Article in Journal of Consumer Culture (PhD + SIFO) 
19 Being a citizen consumer in times of crisis Article in Journal of Consumer Policy (SIFO) 
20 The potential benefit of integrating social networks in 
public crisis plans Article in Focaal (SIFO + MiUn) 
21 Social media and crisis management Article in Media and Society (SIFO + all) 
22 When households face collapsing electricity and digital 
infrastructure – a comparative perspective. 
Final project report. Also developed into shorter policy 
briefs and recommendations for stakeholders (SIFO +

More Related Content

Viewers also liked

NordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014:Rda
NordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014:RdaNordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014:Rda
NordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014:Rda
NordForsk
 

Viewers also liked (9)

Fred størseth. new strains of society hidden, dynamic and emergent vulnerabil...
Fred størseth. new strains of society hidden, dynamic and emergent vulnerabil...Fred størseth. new strains of society hidden, dynamic and emergent vulnerabil...
Fred størseth. new strains of society hidden, dynamic and emergent vulnerabil...
 
NordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014:Rda
NordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014:RdaNordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014:Rda
NordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014:Rda
 
Thomas persson. persona, social capital, administrative traditions and crisis...
Thomas persson. persona, social capital, administrative traditions and crisis...Thomas persson. persona, social capital, administrative traditions and crisis...
Thomas persson. persona, social capital, administrative traditions and crisis...
 
NordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014:Status and-plans-denmark
NordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014:Status and-plans-denmarkNordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014:Status and-plans-denmark
NordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014:Status and-plans-denmark
 
NordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014:Status and-plans-finland-ministry
NordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014:Status and-plans-finland-ministryNordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014:Status and-plans-finland-ministry
NordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014:Status and-plans-finland-ministry
 
NordForsk msb 2014nov27 lundstedt
NordForsk msb 2014nov27 lundstedtNordForsk msb 2014nov27 lundstedt
NordForsk msb 2014nov27 lundstedt
 
w Norwegian strategy societal research and development per brekke dsb
w Norwegian strategy societal research and development per brekke dsbw Norwegian strategy societal research and development per brekke dsb
w Norwegian strategy societal research and development per brekke dsb
 
Didier bigo, king's collage london. liberty and societal security
Didier bigo, king's collage london. liberty and societal securityDidier bigo, king's collage london. liberty and societal security
Didier bigo, king's collage london. liberty and societal security
 
Ragnar andersson. towards an evidence based zero vision on residential
Ragnar andersson. towards an evidence based zero vision on residentialRagnar andersson. towards an evidence based zero vision on residential
Ragnar andersson. towards an evidence based zero vision on residential
 

Similar to Jo helle valle. homerisk

KNOW4DRR ws_polimi_bolzano_2013_introduction
KNOW4DRR  ws_polimi_bolzano_2013_introductionKNOW4DRR  ws_polimi_bolzano_2013_introduction
KNOW4DRR ws_polimi_bolzano_2013_introduction
know4drr
 
Call for Papers (Extended Abstracts): 5th International Conference of the UNE...
Call for Papers (Extended Abstracts): 5th International Conference of the UNE...Call for Papers (Extended Abstracts): 5th International Conference of the UNE...
Call for Papers (Extended Abstracts): 5th International Conference of the UNE...
Graciela Mariani
 
Webinar series: Public engagement, education and outreach for carbon capture ...
Webinar series: Public engagement, education and outreach for carbon capture ...Webinar series: Public engagement, education and outreach for carbon capture ...
Webinar series: Public engagement, education and outreach for carbon capture ...
Global CCS Institute
 
Salzburg workshop 2014 introduction by Scira Menoni
Salzburg workshop 2014 introduction by Scira MenoniSalzburg workshop 2014 introduction by Scira Menoni
Salzburg workshop 2014 introduction by Scira Menoni
know4drr
 
Salzburg2014 introduction menoni
Salzburg2014 introduction menoniSalzburg2014 introduction menoni
Salzburg2014 introduction menoni
know4drr
 

Similar to Jo helle valle. homerisk (20)

KNOW4DRR ws_polimi_bolzano_2013_introduction
KNOW4DRR  ws_polimi_bolzano_2013_introductionKNOW4DRR  ws_polimi_bolzano_2013_introduction
KNOW4DRR ws_polimi_bolzano_2013_introduction
 
Guðrún Gísladóttir and Guðrún Pétursdóttir NORDRESS 26.nov. 2014
Guðrún Gísladóttir and Guðrún Pétursdóttir NORDRESS 26.nov. 2014Guðrún Gísladóttir and Guðrún Pétursdóttir NORDRESS 26.nov. 2014
Guðrún Gísladóttir and Guðrún Pétursdóttir NORDRESS 26.nov. 2014
 
Improving Education, Training and Communication with the Public on Ionizing R...
Improving Education, Training and Communication with the Public on Ionizing R...Improving Education, Training and Communication with the Public on Ionizing R...
Improving Education, Training and Communication with the Public on Ionizing R...
 
Social, Economic and Institutional Developments in cross-border water systems
Social, Economic and Institutional Developments in cross-border water systemsSocial, Economic and Institutional Developments in cross-border water systems
Social, Economic and Institutional Developments in cross-border water systems
 
02 introduction know4-drr_menoni
02 introduction know4-drr_menoni02 introduction know4-drr_menoni
02 introduction know4-drr_menoni
 
Center for Energy, Security, & Society
Center for Energy, Security, & SocietyCenter for Energy, Security, & Society
Center for Energy, Security, & Society
 
Call for Papers (Extended Abstracts): 5th International Conference of the UNE...
Call for Papers (Extended Abstracts): 5th International Conference of the UNE...Call for Papers (Extended Abstracts): 5th International Conference of the UNE...
Call for Papers (Extended Abstracts): 5th International Conference of the UNE...
 
Webinar series: Public engagement, education and outreach for carbon capture ...
Webinar series: Public engagement, education and outreach for carbon capture ...Webinar series: Public engagement, education and outreach for carbon capture ...
Webinar series: Public engagement, education and outreach for carbon capture ...
 
Agenda 6th-strategic-crisis-management-workshop-2017
Agenda 6th-strategic-crisis-management-workshop-2017Agenda 6th-strategic-crisis-management-workshop-2017
Agenda 6th-strategic-crisis-management-workshop-2017
 
IMPROVING EDUCATION, TRAINING AND COMMUNICATION WITH THE PUBLIC ON IONIZING R...
IMPROVING EDUCATION, TRAINING AND COMMUNICATION WITH THE PUBLIC ON IONIZING R...IMPROVING EDUCATION, TRAINING AND COMMUNICATION WITH THE PUBLIC ON IONIZING R...
IMPROVING EDUCATION, TRAINING AND COMMUNICATION WITH THE PUBLIC ON IONIZING R...
 
6th COBWEB Consortium Meeting
6th COBWEB Consortium Meeting6th COBWEB Consortium Meeting
6th COBWEB Consortium Meeting
 
R.Klein_IRDRConference2014_Davos
R.Klein_IRDRConference2014_DavosR.Klein_IRDRConference2014_Davos
R.Klein_IRDRConference2014_Davos
 
Activities of Nuclear Transparency Watch
Activities of Nuclear Transparency WatchActivities of Nuclear Transparency Watch
Activities of Nuclear Transparency Watch
 
Sustainable Uplands Results Presentation
Sustainable Uplands Results PresentationSustainable Uplands Results Presentation
Sustainable Uplands Results Presentation
 
National’s view on evidence-based assessment of the Sendai Indicators‒ Norway...
National’s view on evidence-based assessment of the Sendai Indicators‒ Norway...National’s view on evidence-based assessment of the Sendai Indicators‒ Norway...
National’s view on evidence-based assessment of the Sendai Indicators‒ Norway...
 
Anteprima WEC Inside - Agosto 2014
Anteprima WEC Inside - Agosto 2014Anteprima WEC Inside - Agosto 2014
Anteprima WEC Inside - Agosto 2014
 
Fostering Solar Technology in the Mediterranean Area (www.fosterinmed.eu)
Fostering Solar Technology in the Mediterranean Area (www.fosterinmed.eu)Fostering Solar Technology in the Mediterranean Area (www.fosterinmed.eu)
Fostering Solar Technology in the Mediterranean Area (www.fosterinmed.eu)
 
Public empowerment policies for crisis management
Public empowerment policies for crisis managementPublic empowerment policies for crisis management
Public empowerment policies for crisis management
 
Salzburg workshop 2014 introduction by Scira Menoni
Salzburg workshop 2014 introduction by Scira MenoniSalzburg workshop 2014 introduction by Scira Menoni
Salzburg workshop 2014 introduction by Scira Menoni
 
Salzburg2014 introduction menoni
Salzburg2014 introduction menoniSalzburg2014 introduction menoni
Salzburg2014 introduction menoni
 

More from NordForsk

Peter burgess, prio NORDsteva NCoE
Peter burgess, prio NORDsteva NCoEPeter burgess, prio NORDsteva NCoE
Peter burgess, prio NORDsteva NCoE
NordForsk
 

More from NordForsk (17)

Radiskan presentation NordForsk
Radiskan presentation NordForskRadiskan presentation NordForsk
Radiskan presentation NordForsk
 
Nina græger. the duty of care, protecting citizens abroad.
Nina græger. the duty of care, protecting citizens abroad.Nina græger. the duty of care, protecting citizens abroad.
Nina græger. the duty of care, protecting citizens abroad.
 
Lena näre. insecure lives
Lena näre.  insecure livesLena näre.  insecure lives
Lena näre. insecure lives
 
Lars nyberg cnds
Lars nyberg  cndsLars nyberg  cnds
Lars nyberg cnds
 
Kamrul hussein hu s arctic
Kamrul hussein hu s arcticKamrul hussein hu s arctic
Kamrul hussein hu s arctic
 
Risto kunelius. security, privacy and trust, the legitimation challenge of th...
Risto kunelius. security, privacy and trust, the legitimation challenge of th...Risto kunelius. security, privacy and trust, the legitimation challenge of th...
Risto kunelius. security, privacy and trust, the legitimation challenge of th...
 
Peter burgess. digicom
Peter burgess. digicomPeter burgess. digicom
Peter burgess. digicom
 
Magnus ekengern. crisis management cooperation in europe an empirical investi...
Magnus ekengern. crisis management cooperation in europe an empirical investi...Magnus ekengern. crisis management cooperation in europe an empirical investi...
Magnus ekengern. crisis management cooperation in europe an empirical investi...
 
Points for summary, NordForsk conference 26-27 nov 14, Kenneth Pettersen
Points for summary, NordForsk conference 26-27 nov 14, Kenneth PettersenPoints for summary, NordForsk conference 26-27 nov 14, Kenneth Pettersen
Points for summary, NordForsk conference 26-27 nov 14, Kenneth Pettersen
 
Tom Sorell, University of Warwick. partnership for conflict, crime and securi...
Tom Sorell, University of Warwick. partnership for conflict, crime and securi...Tom Sorell, University of Warwick. partnership for conflict, crime and securi...
Tom Sorell, University of Warwick. partnership for conflict, crime and securi...
 
Peter burgess, prio NORDsteva NCoE
Peter burgess, prio NORDsteva NCoEPeter burgess, prio NORDsteva NCoE
Peter burgess, prio NORDsteva NCoE
 
Per sundstrøm, msb. msb societal security strategy and research
Per sundstrøm, msb. msb societal security strategy and researchPer sundstrøm, msb. msb societal security strategy and research
Per sundstrøm, msb. msb societal security strategy and research
 
Karen lund petersen, university of copenhagen. societal security reserachin d...
Karen lund petersen, university of copenhagen. societal security reserachin d...Karen lund petersen, university of copenhagen. societal security reserachin d...
Karen lund petersen, university of copenhagen. societal security reserachin d...
 
Gunnel gustafsson, nord forsk director. presentation of nordforsk
Gunnel gustafsson, nord forsk director. presentation of nordforskGunnel gustafsson, nord forsk director. presentation of nordforsk
Gunnel gustafsson, nord forsk director. presentation of nordforsk
 
NordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014:Svali
NordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014:SvaliNordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014:Svali
NordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014:Svali
 
NordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014: Status and-plans-sweden
NordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014: Status and-plans-swedenNordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014: Status and-plans-sweden
NordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014: Status and-plans-sweden
 
NordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014:NeIC
NordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014:NeICNordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014:NeIC
NordForsk Open Access Reykjavik 14-15/8-2014:NeIC
 

Recently uploaded

Isolation of AMF by wet sieving and decantation method pptx
Isolation of AMF by wet sieving and decantation method pptxIsolation of AMF by wet sieving and decantation method pptx
Isolation of AMF by wet sieving and decantation method pptx
GOWTHAMIM22
 
Quantifying Artificial Intelligence and What Comes Next!
Quantifying Artificial Intelligence and What Comes Next!Quantifying Artificial Intelligence and What Comes Next!
Quantifying Artificial Intelligence and What Comes Next!
University of Hertfordshire
 

Recently uploaded (20)

mixotrophy in cyanobacteria: a dual nutritional strategy
mixotrophy in cyanobacteria: a dual nutritional strategymixotrophy in cyanobacteria: a dual nutritional strategy
mixotrophy in cyanobacteria: a dual nutritional strategy
 
Manganese‐RichSandstonesasanIndicatorofAncientOxic LakeWaterConditionsinGale...
Manganese‐RichSandstonesasanIndicatorofAncientOxic  LakeWaterConditionsinGale...Manganese‐RichSandstonesasanIndicatorofAncientOxic  LakeWaterConditionsinGale...
Manganese‐RichSandstonesasanIndicatorofAncientOxic LakeWaterConditionsinGale...
 
PLANT DISEASE MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES AND ITS IMPORTANCE
PLANT DISEASE MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES AND ITS IMPORTANCEPLANT DISEASE MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES AND ITS IMPORTANCE
PLANT DISEASE MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES AND ITS IMPORTANCE
 
GBSN - Biochemistry (Unit 4) Chemistry of Carbohydrates
GBSN - Biochemistry (Unit 4) Chemistry of CarbohydratesGBSN - Biochemistry (Unit 4) Chemistry of Carbohydrates
GBSN - Biochemistry (Unit 4) Chemistry of Carbohydrates
 
Mining Activity and Investment Opportunity in Myanmar.pptx
Mining Activity and Investment Opportunity in Myanmar.pptxMining Activity and Investment Opportunity in Myanmar.pptx
Mining Activity and Investment Opportunity in Myanmar.pptx
 
NuGOweek 2024 full programme - hosted by Ghent University
NuGOweek 2024 full programme - hosted by Ghent UniversityNuGOweek 2024 full programme - hosted by Ghent University
NuGOweek 2024 full programme - hosted by Ghent University
 
Land use land cover change analysis and detection of its drivers using geospa...
Land use land cover change analysis and detection of its drivers using geospa...Land use land cover change analysis and detection of its drivers using geospa...
Land use land cover change analysis and detection of its drivers using geospa...
 
GBSN - Microbiology (Unit 7) Microbiology in Everyday Life
GBSN - Microbiology (Unit 7) Microbiology in Everyday LifeGBSN - Microbiology (Unit 7) Microbiology in Everyday Life
GBSN - Microbiology (Unit 7) Microbiology in Everyday Life
 
Microbial bio Synthesis of nanoparticles.pptx
Microbial bio Synthesis of nanoparticles.pptxMicrobial bio Synthesis of nanoparticles.pptx
Microbial bio Synthesis of nanoparticles.pptx
 
Molecular and Cellular Mechanism of Action of Hormones such as Growth Hormone...
Molecular and Cellular Mechanism of Action of Hormones such as Growth Hormone...Molecular and Cellular Mechanism of Action of Hormones such as Growth Hormone...
Molecular and Cellular Mechanism of Action of Hormones such as Growth Hormone...
 
RACEMIzATION AND ISOMERISATION completed.pptx
RACEMIzATION AND ISOMERISATION completed.pptxRACEMIzATION AND ISOMERISATION completed.pptx
RACEMIzATION AND ISOMERISATION completed.pptx
 
Hemoglobin metabolism: C Kalyan & E. Muralinath
Hemoglobin metabolism: C Kalyan & E. MuralinathHemoglobin metabolism: C Kalyan & E. Muralinath
Hemoglobin metabolism: C Kalyan & E. Muralinath
 
Isolation of AMF by wet sieving and decantation method pptx
Isolation of AMF by wet sieving and decantation method pptxIsolation of AMF by wet sieving and decantation method pptx
Isolation of AMF by wet sieving and decantation method pptx
 
NuGOweek 2024 programme final FLYER short.pdf
NuGOweek 2024 programme final FLYER short.pdfNuGOweek 2024 programme final FLYER short.pdf
NuGOweek 2024 programme final FLYER short.pdf
 
Constraints on Neutrino Natal Kicks from Black-Hole Binary VFTS 243
Constraints on Neutrino Natal Kicks from Black-Hole Binary VFTS 243Constraints on Neutrino Natal Kicks from Black-Hole Binary VFTS 243
Constraints on Neutrino Natal Kicks from Black-Hole Binary VFTS 243
 
GBSN - Microbiology Lab (Compound Microscope)
GBSN - Microbiology Lab (Compound Microscope)GBSN - Microbiology Lab (Compound Microscope)
GBSN - Microbiology Lab (Compound Microscope)
 
Extensive Pollution of Uranus and Neptune’s Atmospheres by Upsweep of Icy Mat...
Extensive Pollution of Uranus and Neptune’s Atmospheres by Upsweep of Icy Mat...Extensive Pollution of Uranus and Neptune’s Atmospheres by Upsweep of Icy Mat...
Extensive Pollution of Uranus and Neptune’s Atmospheres by Upsweep of Icy Mat...
 
Biochemistry and Biomolecules - Science - 9th Grade by Slidesgo.pptx
Biochemistry and Biomolecules - Science - 9th Grade by Slidesgo.pptxBiochemistry and Biomolecules - Science - 9th Grade by Slidesgo.pptx
Biochemistry and Biomolecules - Science - 9th Grade by Slidesgo.pptx
 
Quantifying Artificial Intelligence and What Comes Next!
Quantifying Artificial Intelligence and What Comes Next!Quantifying Artificial Intelligence and What Comes Next!
Quantifying Artificial Intelligence and What Comes Next!
 
NUMERICAL Proof Of TIme Electron Theory.
NUMERICAL Proof Of TIme Electron Theory.NUMERICAL Proof Of TIme Electron Theory.
NUMERICAL Proof Of TIme Electron Theory.
 

Jo helle valle. homerisk

  • 1. Risk management strategies when households face collapsing electricity NAVN HOMERISK: and digital infrastructure SIFO Stockholm, 27. November 2014.
  • 2. NAVN Homerisk THEME: To study the roles that households play in crisis situations, with a focus on electricity & ICT. CONTENTION: Households represent a crucial, but unacknowledged, resource. PROJECT’S GOAL: The best way to utilize this resource for common good is to study how households have functioned in previous crises and on this basis provide recommendations as to how households can be used better in the future.
  • 3. NAVN tb.no on the Lærdal fire, January 2014: At brannkatastrofen ikke har krevd liv og heller ingen alvorlig skadde, får tilskrives en kombinasjon av hell og fremfor alt fortjenstfull innsats av nødetatene og av lokalbefolkningen selv. ... For øvrig er det selvsagt for tidlig å konkludere i spørsmålene om sårbarhet og beredskap. Men like selvsagt blir telenett og strømsikkerhet to temaer i den forestående evalueringen. Når hele Telenors infrastruktur i et område slås ut av brann, og mobildekning, internett og fasttelefon forsvinner samtidig, settes redningsarbeidet på prøve.
  • 5. NAVN Participants SIFO, Norway (Project owner) • Jo Helle-Valle (antrhropologist) • Ardis Storm-Mathisen (sociologist) • Nina Heidenstrøm (sociologist) • Dag Slettemeås (politica scientist) • Harald Throne-Host (engineer, sociologist) Mittuniversitetet, Sweden: • Erika Wall (sociologist) • Linda Kvärnlöf (sociologist) University of Iceland: • Björn Karlsson (engineer)
  • 6. NAVN Homerisk ANALYTICAL STRATEGY: Comparative approach and a practice perspective within a multi-methods framework. Vertical comparsion: • Study actual interactions – and lack thereof – between households and various formal institutions that are relevant for crisis handling. Horizontal comparison: • Systematically compare such safety practices in Norway, Sweden and Iceland. Study institutions, regulations and households as dynamical practices, not as formalities and discourses.
  • 7. NAVN Homerisk METHODS: • Field work: being there, participant observation in given locations (WP 2, 3 & 4). • Tour narratives: Video-assisted walk-alongs for grasping everyday practices (WP 2 & 3). • Document analysis: map and analyse relevant documents (WP 1 & 4). • Survey: Web-baesd in all three countries on attitudes and praparedness among citizens (WP 4). • Qualitative (semi-structured dialogical) interviews: With all relevant parties in all three countries (WP 1- 4).
  • 8. NAVN Homerisk Main Research Question (MRQ): What kind of crisis-perceptions, -plans and -practices related to electricity and ICT-breakdowns exist among ordinary citizens and in public institutions, and to what extent are they functionally aligned? Secondary Research Questions (RQs) are all related to such infrastructure breakdowns – RQs 1 & 2 are related to plans, RQs 3 & 4 to practices, RQ5 to vertical comparisons, RQs 6 & 7 to horizontal comparisons, and RQ8 to recommendation and impact:
  • 9. NAVN Research Questions RELATED TO PUBLIC PLANS: ·RQ1: What expected roles and responsibilities do citizens have in national risk plans? ·RQ2: How do households envision risks and crisis handling (preparedness)? PRACTICES ·RQ3: What roles have authorities played in relation to households in the selected cases? ·RQ4: What roles have households played in actual crises and what practical and social resources (kinship and networks) have they applied? VERTICAL COMPARISON: ·RQ5: What kind of discrepancies do we find between public plans and actions, and plans and actions among citizens? HORIZONTAL COMPARISON: ·RQ6: What similarities and differences do we find in public crisis plans within and between the three countries? ·RQ7: What similarities and differences do we find in households’ applied strategies within and between the three countries? RECOMMENDATIONS AND IMPACT: ·RQ8: What possible improvements in planning might be achieved by integrating social resources in public plans?
  • 10. NAVN Project design: Work Packages
  • 11. NAVN Work Packages WP 0: Project administration (month 1 - 36) (A means for optimal academic efficiency) WP 1: National risk regimes: The role of citizens (month 1 – 6) Main task: To identify the expectations and responsibility of citizens in national risk plans in Norway, Sweden and Iceland. WP 2: Cases: The actions of citizens in concrete crises (month 7-15) Main task: To study two selected cases in each country (cf. above, section 2.1.). WP 3: Households’ preparedness for crisis events (month 13-24) Main task: Generate insights into the actual preparedness in households in case of a power failure, and to identify the potential of local networks. WP 4: Risk comparisons; households and national regimes (month 19-27) Main task: Maximize the value of the findings by systematic vertical and horizontal) comparisons; reveal possible mismatches between plans and actions. WP 5: Conclusion and recommendations (month 28 - 34) Main task: To analyse and synthesise the results from the empirical work packages, integrating empirical and theoretical conclusions, and to formulate political recommendations. WP 6: Academic & public dissemination and stakeholder dialogues (month 1-36) Main task: To communicate the process and project results to all groups of end users as well as to the scientific community. The project consortium and advisory board The project consists of four partners; National Institute for Consumer Research (SIFO), Norwegian Museum of Science and Technology, Mid Sweden University and University of Iceland (cf. below, 3.1.).
  • 12. NAVN Dissemination Three types: • Academic dissemination in the form of articles and book. • Conventional recommendations to stakeholders: Reports, information material, dialogical seminars. • Exhibition: ambulating, developed by the Norwegian Science Museum, directed at the public – Conventional exhibition – Interactive exhibition
  • 15. Main activities and milestones in the project period (year and quarter) Milestones throughout the project From To Estabilish and maintain project website 2014 4 2017 4 Kick-off meeting with partners and adv.board 2014 4 2014 4 WP 1: Stakeholder interviews 2014 4 2015 2 WP1: Policy Document analysis 2014 4 2015 1 WP 1: Position papers 2015 1 2015 2 WP 2: Media analysis, fieldwork, interviews 2015 2 2015 4 WP 3: Web survey 2015 4 2016 1 WP 3: Fieldwork, tour narratives, interviews 2016 1 2017 1 WP 4: vertical and horisontal comparison 2016 3 2017 4 Preparing and finalizing exhibition 2016 4 2017 4 WP 5: Conclusions and recommendations 2017 2 2017 4 WP 5: Final project report 2017 3 2017 4 NAVN
  • 16. NAVN Work Package 1 & Work Package 2 WP 1: National risk regimes: The role of citizens (month 1 – 6) Main task: To identify the expectations and responsibility of citizens in national risk plans in Norway, Sweden and Iceland. Description of work: Document content analysis of available emergency plans, as well as interviews with key personnel, will be conducted in all three countries, focusing on the anticipated role of households and citizens. (Methods C & E.) Output: 1, 2, 13 (see table 1 for dissemination list) WP 2: Cases: The actions of citizens in concrete crises (month 7-15) Main task: To study two selected cases in each country (cf., section 2.1.). Description of work: Use various qualitative methods to map, interpret and analyse how households have handled actual crisis situations with special emphasis on kin and neighbourhood networks. Data gathering will cover both practices and attitudes and be in situ (in households) for maximal data reliability. An appropriate number of households will be selected in each site/country. (Methods B & E.) Output: 3, 7, 8, 16, 19 (see table 1 for dissemination list)
  • 17. Preliminary title Type of publication (responsible project member) 1 National risk regimes in Norway, Sweden and Iceland: The role of citizens Position paper (SIFO + all) NAVN 2 Evaluation emergency and disaster management capacity in the Nordic response systems as a result of breakdown in the electrical distribution system Conference paper presented at the 2015 Society for Risk Analysis (SRA) Europe Conference. Developed into article 13. (UoI + all) 3 The households’ role in emergency situations: A study of electricity breakdowns in Norway, Sweden and Iceland Conference paper presented at the International Disaster and Risk Conference (IDRC). Developed into article 7. (SIFO + all) 4 Electricity and ICT breakdown: Mapping Norwegian, Swedish and Icelandic household preparedness Conference paper, the ESA conference, RN22: Sociology of Risk and Uncertainty. Develop into article 11. (SIFO + PhD) 5 New methods for studying citizens’ risk perception: Tour narratives to document domestic preparedness in case of power and internet failure. Conference paper presented at the European Association for Social Anthropologists (EASA) conference. Developed into article 10. (SIFO) 6 Households preparedness to electricity and communication breakdown: evaluating expectations and realities Project report presented at Samfunnssikkerhets-konferansen. Developed into article 12. (SIFO) 7 The households’ role in emergency situations: electricity breakdown cases in Norway, Sweden and Iceland Article in the Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management (SIFO + all) 8 Informal networks in the case of emergency Article in Risk Analysis(MiUn + SIFO) 9 What happens in a prolonged electricity fall-out? A study of households’ preparedness in rural and urban Norway Article in Journal of Risk Research (PhD + SIFO 10 The value of visual methods in risk handling research Article in Visual Anthropology (SIFO) 11 Når elektrisiteten og det digitale nettet forsvinner: Survey om Norsk, svensk og islandsk beredskap i husholdningene Article in Tidsskrift for Samfunnsforskning (PhD + SIFO). 12 Households preparedness to situations of electricity and ICT breakdown: evaluating expectations and realities Article in Energy Policy (SIFO)
  • 18. Iceland NAVN 8 Informal networks in the case of emergency Article in Risk Analysis(MiUn + SIFO) 9 What happens in a prolonged electricity fall-out? A study of households’ preparedness in rural and urban Norway Article in Journal of Risk Research (PhD + SIFO 10 The value of visual methods in risk handling research Article in Visual Anthropology (SIFO) 11 Når elektrisiteten og det digitale nettet forsvinner: Survey om Norsk, svensk og islandsk beredskap i husholdningene Article in Tidsskrift for Samfunnsforskning (PhD + SIFO). 12 Households preparedness to situations of electricity and ICT breakdown: evaluating expectations and realities Article in Energy Policy (SIFO) 13 Evaluation emergency and disaster management capacity in the Nordic response systems as a result of breakdown in the electrical distribution system Article in International Journal of Risk Assessment and Management (UoI + all) 14 Analysing the electric distribution system and the resulting vulnerability of society towards perturbations in the system Article in Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industry (UiO) 15 The responsible citizen: governmental discourses on civil crisis preparedness in a Nordic context Article in Journal of contingencies and crisis management (SIFO + all) 16 Risks at home: households preparedness for dealing with electricity and ICT breakdowns Article in Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industry ( MiUn + PhD) 17 Kinship and informal networks as social capital Article in Anthropological theory (SIFO) 18 When routines break down: Considering practices under pressure Article in Journal of Consumer Culture (PhD + SIFO) 19 Being a citizen consumer in times of crisis Article in Journal of Consumer Policy (SIFO) 20 The potential benefit of integrating social networks in public crisis plans Article in Focaal (SIFO + MiUn) 21 Social media and crisis management Article in Media and Society (SIFO + all) 22 When households face collapsing electricity and digital infrastructure – a comparative perspective. Final project report. Also developed into shorter policy briefs and recommendations for stakeholders (SIFO +

Editor's Notes

  1. HOUSEHOLDS (AND INDIVIDUALS): We direct our attention primarily towards the household because this is a main framework for practice of this kind. This does not mean that the individual is excluded from the analytical framework: In certain situations actions by individuals are most significant.
  2. That the catastrophy did not lead to casualties, nor any seriously injured can be explained by a combination of luck and first of all valuable contributions from rescue teams and by the local population. A serious problem was caused by the fact that the whole communication and electricity infrastructure was knocked out very quickly ………………. Fra Røde Kors-avis: De Røde Kors-frivillige banket på dører, evakuerte folk og slukket brann under flammenes voldsomme herjinger i Lærdal. Samvirket mellom redningsetatene; brann, politi, helse og de frivillige, bidro til å redde liv og minimere skade. Jeg håper flere kommuner inkluderer Røde Kors og andre lokale frivillige ressurser inn i sine kriseplaner for å sikre hel­hetlig beredskap. I større kriser og katastrofer er de første minuttene og timene avgjørende for å redde liv og minimere fysisk skade. Da gjelder det å ha nok hjelpemann-skap tilgjengelig – som er handlekraftige og kjenner de lokale forholdene. Det så vi igjen i Lærdal. Tett samspill på ulike nivå gjennom flere år har ført til at redningsetatene er beredt på avgjørende samvirke i utfordrende situasjoner og omgivelser. https://www.rodekors.no/Global/DK/DK-Nordland/Dokumenter/Publikasjoner/2013/2014%20rkavisa%20nordland%201.pdf
  3. Dagmar 2011: Per 28. desember er det i hele det berørte området 117 TeliaSonera-basestasjoner og 219 Telenor-basestasjoner ute av drift. Samtidig skal 21.400 brukere være uten fasttelefoni gjennom Telenor, og 7.266 brukere er uten internett. Utøya 2011: uten de siviles innsats med å plukke opp unge i sjøen ville tapstallene være mye større. + at det var de som i praksis fraktet politiet over til øya.
  4. 60% of SIFO’s funding is allocated to the PhD. Alle the remaining SIFO-researchers have together just above 700K pr. year. NB: The total-figures are not correct in relation to the institutional distribution, caused by an approx. 10% self-financing.
  5. Field work (WP2, 3 & 4) entails a reflexive case-based research strategy, involving open, inductive approaches to selection, and focus on qualitative in-the-field-methods (participation and observation, interviews, network tracking, etc.) (cf. e.g. Ellen 1984; Goodwin 1990; Nielsen 1996). The strength in doing fieldwork is the thorough, all-encompassing synchronic impression one gets by the intense gaze on social practice, through specific cases, generating insights that can provide a good foundation for generalisations (Flyvbjerg 2006) and comparisons (Holy 1987). To follow actors, thus revealing (kin) networks of significance (cf. Latour 2005, Bernard 2006), will be a central concern. Comparisons will be vertical (comparing actors on various institutional levels) as well as horizontal (comparing actors on similar levels within and between the three countries. Tour narratives (WP2 & 3). To document practices, processes and the material aspects of preparedness in households, we will make use of video (and photo-) assisted ‘walk-along’ interviews/’video tours’ (Pink 2004; 2007, Storm-Mathisen & Helle-Valle n.d.) combined with photo assisted item/inventory centred interview and documentary methodology (cf. Lien 1987, Klepp & Bjerck, 2012, Klepp). Such tour narratives (Pink 2005) are reconstructions to reveal processes and practices, thus resembling on-site, ethnographic fieldwork, concerned with people’s practices and the objects woven into them. Document content analysis (WP1 & 4). To identify governmental scenarios and discursively represented preparedness policy documents, brochures and web-communication to citizens will be mapped and analysed. Also media coverage of crisis events will be selected and analysed in order to form a picture of popular responses to crisis management. The document analyses will be comparative and undertaken in all three countries. Survey (WP4). To provide overviews a web-survey will be conducted among a representative sample of citizens in each of the three countries to map their attitudes to and reported preparedness at home in case of power/internet failure. These data will also be compared to other conducted surveys on the matter. Qualitative (semi-structured conversational) interviews (WP1-4). To gain more in-depth understanding of risk perceptions and preparedness qualitative interviews will be undertaken with citizens in their households and relevant stakeholders.
  6. Field work (WP2, 3 & 4) entails a reflexive case-based research strategy, involving open, inductive approaches to selection, and focus on qualitative in-the-field-methods (participation and observation, interviews, network tracking, etc.) (cf. e.g. Ellen 1984; Goodwin 1990; Nielsen 1996). The strength in doing fieldwork is the thorough, all-encompassing synchronic impression one gets by the intense gaze on social practice, through specific cases, generating insights that can provide a good foundation for generalisations (Flyvbjerg 2006) and comparisons (Holy 1987). To follow actors, thus revealing (kin) networks of significance (cf. Latour 2005, Bernard 2006), will be a central concern. Comparisons will be vertical (comparing actors on various institutional levels) as well as horizontal (comparing actors on similar levels within and between the three countries. Tour narratives (WP2 & 3). To document practices, processes and the material aspects of preparedness in households, we will make use of video (and photo-) assisted ‘walk-along’ interviews/’video tours’ (Pink 2004; 2007, Storm-Mathisen & Helle-Valle n.d.) combined with photo assisted item/inventory centred interview and documentary methodology (cf. Lien 1987, Klepp & Bjerck, 2012, Klepp). Such tour narratives (Pink 2005) are reconstructions to reveal processes and practices, thus resembling on-site, ethnographic fieldwork, concerned with people’s practices and the objects woven into them. Document content analysis (WP1 & 4). To identify governmental scenarios and discursively represented preparedness policy documents, brochures and web-communication to citizens will be mapped and analysed. Also media coverage of crisis events will be selected and analysed in order to form a picture of popular responses to crisis management. The document analyses will be comparative and undertaken in all three countries. Survey (WP4). To provide overviews a web-survey will be conducted among a representative sample of citizens in each of the three countries to map their attitudes to and reported preparedness at home in case of power/internet failure. These data will also be compared to other conducted surveys on the matter. Qualitative (semi-structured conversational) interviews (WP1-4). To gain more in-depth understanding of risk perceptions and preparedness qualitative interviews will be undertaken with citizens in their households and relevant stakeholders.
  7. WP 0: Project administration (month 1 - 36) Main task: To secure a smooth running of the project. Description of work: This WP will facilitate productive interactions between partners to ensure optimal academic results. The project will be monitored to ensure that the project is kept within the project frames, as set out in the project proposal and later in the contract. A kick-off meeting with all partners will take place at the outset of the project, and later various project meetings will be held according to plans. Establish a website for the project. Output: Proceedings from internal project meetings, financial reports and documentation of the project progress. Maintenance of the project website where results are communicated. WP 1: National risk regimes: The role of citizens (month 1 – 6) Main task: To identify the expectations and responsibility of citizens in national risk plans in Norway, Sweden and Iceland. Description of work: Document content analysis of available emergency plans, as well as interviews with key personnel, will be conducted in all three countries, focusing on the anticipated role of households and citizens. (Methods C & E.) Output: 1, 2, 13 (see table 1 for dissemination list) WP 2: Cases: The actions of citizens in concrete crises (month 7-15) Main task: To study two selected cases in each country (cf. above, section 2.1.). Description of work: Use various qualitative methods to map, interpret and analyse how households have handled actual crisis situations with special emphasis on kin and neighbourhood networks. Data gathering will cover both practices and attitudes and be in situ (in households) for maximal data reliability. An appropriate number of households will be selected in each site/country. (Methods B & E.) Output: 3, 7, 8, 16, 19 (see table 1 for dissemination list) WP 3: Households’ preparedness for crisis events (month 13-24) Main task: Generate insights into the actual preparedness in households in case of a power failure, and to identify the potential of local networks. Description of work: This task is the most extensive in the project, as we consider such knowledge to be crucial for the project’s goal. A national survey will be conducted in all countries, focusing on questions of responsibility, governmental trust, formal and informal networks, and the accessibility of necessities. In Norway, fieldwork will be conducted in 20 households, half rural, half urban, and selected from criteria developed in the initial stage of the project. This WP represents a substantial part of the PhD work. Approximately five households will be selected in Sweden and Iceland. (Methods A, B, D & E.) Output: 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 16, 17, 18, 19 (see table 1 for dissemination list) WP 4: Risk comparisons; households and national regimes (month 19-27) Main task: Maximize the value of the findings by systematic vertical and horizontal) comparisons; reveal possible mismatches between plans and actions. Description of work: Systematic comparisons of data from WPs 1-3: similarities and differences in (i) the relationship between authorities and households’ management in each country; (ii) national plans in all three countries; and (iii) households’ risk management in all three countries. (Methods; those applied in WPs 1-3.) Output: 7, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 20 (see table 1 for dissemination list) WP 5: Conclusion and recommendations (month 28 - 34) Main task: To analyse and synthesise the results from the empirical work packages, integrating empirical and theoretical conclusions, and to formulate political recommendations. Description of work: Findings from the other WPs will be synthesized. Risk management will be debated with relevant stakeholders (DSB, local authorities, fire and police departments, energy and communication companies, etc.). Households’ preparedness will be juxtaposed to stakeholders’ expectations. Stakeholder interviews will be conducted in all countries. On this basis a set of policy recommendations will be presented. These recommendations will focus on i) the empowerment of citizens in the risk management strategies and ii) the need to develop structures where it is possible for individuals to take control in societal crises. Output: 17, 20, 21, 22 (see table 1 for dissemination list) WP 6: Academic & public dissemination and stakeholder dialogues (month 1-36) Main task: To communicate the process and project results to all groups of end users as well as to the scientific community. Description of work: Results will be communicated to the projects’ end users (policy makers, local communities and the general public) in the form of reports and dialogues. The advisory board will take part in identifying the main stakeholder groups and serve as the main platform for communication with this user group. The main dissemination activity towards the general public is an exhibition at the Norwegian Museum of Science and Technology, called “When the nets break down”. All researchers in the project will publish in academic journals, some individually, some in collaboration. Output: Academic dissemination is presented under each WP, and in table 1. User dissemination is presented in detail in the web application form. The project consortium and advisory board The project consists of four partners; National Institute for Consumer Research (SIFO), Norwegian Museum of Science and Technology, Mid Sweden University and University of Iceland (cf. below, 3.1.). One PhD position will be assigned to SIFO. In addition, two master student grants will be linked to WP2 and WP3. An advisory board will also be part of the project in order to ensure good communication with relevant user groups, and to identify important knowledge gaps in the execution of risk management in the Nordic countries. The board will pay particular attention to WPs 4 & 5. The advisory board consists of 5 members with special competence (cf. application form for details).