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Planos anatómicos

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Diapositivas referentes a los planos anatómicos en el campo de la medicina.

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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Planos anatómicos

  1. 1. Unidad educativa “san isidro” ANATÓMI a LENGUAJE y TERMINOLOGÍA ANATÓMICA tercer AÑO DE BACILLERATO Nora Enríquez Santamaría PROFESORA
  2. 2. LENGUAJE ANATÓMICO En 1998 el Comité Federativo de Terminología Anatómica fue el responsable de unificar el lenguaje anatómico a nivel Internacional, con el propósito que en cualquier parte del mundo se hable el mismo lenguaje médico anatómico y los avances logrados pueda cubrir a todos.
  3. 3. Para comprender mejor esta terminología anatómica, al cuerpo humano se lo ha dividido en: • Regiones corporales • Planos anatómicos • Direcciones anatómicas • Posturas anatómicas. • Términos anatómicos.
  4. 4. Posición Anatómica • Para el estudio del cuerpo humano siempre se deberá considerar al individuo de pie (bipedación erecta) • Mirada fija al horizonte • Miembros superiores colgados al tronco y las palmas siempre mirando hacia adelante • Miembros inferiores firmes, rodillas extendidas, talones juntos y punta de los pies ligeramente separados.
  5. 5. Regiones Corporales
  6. 6. Regiones corporales CABEZA Cara y cráneo TRONCO EXTREMIDADES tórax Abdomen pelvis Superiores Inferiores Tórax Brazo Antebrazo Abdomen Cadera Mano Muslo Pierna Pie CUELLO
  7. 7. PLANOS DE ORIENTACIÓN Medio: a- b - c - d Anterior: e - f - g - h Posterior: i - j- k - l Laterales: e - i - l - h - y - f - j - k - g Superior: e - i - j - f Inferior: h - l - k - g Anterior :
  8. 8. Planimetría Anatómica • Plano Medial.- Divide al cuerpo en dos: derecho e izquierdo • Cuando se acerca al plano medio se denomina medial • Cuando se aleja del plano se denomina lateral • Plano Coronal o frontal.- Divide al cuerpo en dos: anterior o ventral y posterior o dorsal • Plano Horizontal.- Divide al cuerpo en dos: Superior o craneal y posterior o caudal • Plano Sagital.- Es paralelo al plano medio • Plano Transversal.- Muy utilizado para miembros superiores e inferiores, corta perpendicularmente en un eje longitudinal, divide en proximal y distal
  9. 9. PLANOS ANATÓMICOS DERECHO PLANO SAGITAL MEDIO IZQUIERDO Corte longitudinal en dos partes iguales
  10. 10. PLANOS ANATÓMICAS PLANO SAGITAL LATERAL O PARA SAGITAL DERECHO IZQUIERDO Corte longitudinal en dos porciones desiguales
  11. 11. PLANOS ANATÓMICOS PLANO HORIZONTAL O TRANSVERSAL Corte transversal en dos partes iguales SUPERIOR O CRANEAL INFERIOR O CAUDAL
  12. 12. PLANOS ANATÓMICOS Divide al cuerpo en dos PLANO FRONTAL O CORONAL porciones anterior y posterior Anterior o ventral Posterior o dorsal Anterior
  13. 13. Relación Anatómica • Anterior: Ventral • Posterior: Dorsal • Superior: Craneal o cefálico • Inferior Caudal • Medio: Interno • Lateral: Externo • Intermedio entre medial y lateral
  14. 14. TÉRMINOS DIRECCIONALES
  15. 15. DIRECCIONES ANATÓMICAS ANTERIOR O VENTRAL Se orienta hacia la parte delantera del cuerpo
  16. 16. DIRECCIONES ANATÓMICAS POSTERIOR o DORSAL Se orienta hacia la parte de atrás del cuerpo
  17. 17. DIRECCIONES ANATÓMICAS SUPERIOR, CRANEAL O CEFÁLICO Se orienta hacia arriba
  18. 18. DIRECCIONES ANATÓMICAS EXTREMIDAD CRANEAL O CEFÁLICA Se orienta o esta junto a la cabeza
  19. 19. DIRECCIONES ANATÓMICAS INFERIOR o CAUDAL Se orienta hacia abajo
  20. 20. DIRECCIONES ANATÓMICAS EXTREMIDAD CAUDAL Se orienta o aproxima a la región inferior
  21. 21. DIRECCIONES ANATÓMICAS Dirección de un órgano orientado hacia la parte media del cuerpo o eje MEDIA O INTERNO
  22. 22. DIRECCIONES ANATÓMICAS Se orienta hacia la región superficial LATERAL o EXTERNA
  23. 23. RELACIONES ANATÓMICAS Se encuentra bajo la región superficial del cuerpo INTERNA O MEDIAL
  24. 24. comparación ANATÓMICA REGIÓN PROXIMAL Cerca a la línea media o eje
  25. 25. comparación ANATÓMICA REGIÓN DISTAL Lejano a la línea media o eje de un órgano o miembro
  26. 26. COMPARACIÓN ANATOMICA PROFUNDO Lo que se aproxima al eje medio
  27. 27. Comparación ANATÓMICAS SUPERFICIAL Lo que se puede ver con facilidad
  28. 28. Comparación anatómica PARIETAL Junto a las paredes
  29. 29. Comparación anatómica VISCERAL Donde se alojan las vísceras
  30. 30. CAVIDADES ANATÓMICAS • Cavidad craneal o bóveda craneal • Cavidad raquídea • Cavidad torácica • Cavidad Abdominal • Cavidad pelviana
  31. 31. CAVIDADES ANATÓMICAS CAVIDAD CRANEAL Espacio amplio que aloja todo el encéfalo
  32. 32. CAVIDADES ANATÓMICAS CAVIDAD RAQUIDEA Espacio intervertebral donde se aloja la medula espinal
  33. 33. CAVIDADES ANATÓMICAS Cavidad pleural - Pulmones Cavidad pericárdica - corazón
  34. 34. CAVIDADES ANATÓMICAS Se orienta hacia la cara anterior del cuerpo, área que alojan los órganos llamados vísceras: estómago, hígado, páncreas, intestinos. Cavidad abdominal
  35. 35. CAVIDADES ANATÓMICAS CAVIDAD PÉLVICA Espacio donde se alojan los órganos reproductores y vías de excreción
  36. 36. Cuadrantes anatómicos CUADRANTES ABDOMINALES • Imaginariamente divide al abdomen en cuatro partes, mediante una cruz • Superior Derecho • Superior izquierdo • Inferior derecho • Inferior Izquierdo
  37. 37. Cuadrantes anatómicos Cuadrante Superior Izquierdo Cuadrante Inferior Izquierdo Cuadrante Superior Derecho Cuadrante Inferior Derecho CUADRANTES ABDOMINALES
  38. 38. CUADRANTES ABDOMINALES
  39. 39. REGIONES ANATÓMICAS REGIONES ABDOMINALES: • Epigastrico = Epi - arriba • Mesogástrico= Meso - mitad • Hipogástrico= Hipo – bajo • Hipocondrios derecho e izquierdo • Flancos: derecho e izquierdo • Fosas Iliacas: derecho e izquierdo
  40. 40. REGIONES ANATÓMICAS A B C 2 5 1 3 4 8 6 9 7 Dividida en 3 niveles A. Epigastrico B. Mesogastrico C. Hipogastrico
  41. 41. REGIÓN ANATÓMICA CAVIDAD ABDOMINAL CAVIDAD TORÁCICA A B C 2 5 1 3 4 8 6 9 7 Dividido en 9 regiones 2 y 3 = Hipocondrios 1 = Epigastrio 5 y 6 = Región lumbar 4 = Región umbilical 8 y 9 = Región inguinal 7 Región pubiana A B Dividido en 2 regiones A - B Medio clavicular
  42. 42. Región abdominal
  43. 43. Regiones anatómicas del cuerpo. CARA ANTERIOR
  44. 44. REGIONES ANATÓMICAS DEL CUERPO CARA POSTERIOR
  45. 45. POSTURAS Anatómicas DECÚBITO DORSAL El cuerpo se apoya en la espalda o boca arriba
  46. 46. POSTURAS Anatómicas DECÚBITO VENTRAL El cuerpo se apoya por medio del vientre o boca abajo
  47. 47. posturas ANATÓMICAS DECÚBITO LATERAL DERECHO El cuerpo se apoya sobre una superficie y la cara se dirige hacia adelante
  48. 48. posturas ANATÓMICAS DECÚBITO LATERAL IZQUIERDO El cuerpo se apoya en un superficie y la cara se dirige hacia atrás
  49. 49. Movimientos ANATÓMICAS • Flexión, acorta el ángulo de la articulación • Extensión, alarga el ángulo de la articulación • Abducción, separar • Aducción, aproximar • Rotación interna y externa • Circunducción: flexión- extensión; abducción aducción: • Supinación, rotación externa de las manos • Pronación, rotación interna de las manos • Eversión, rotación interna del pie • Inversión, rotación externa del pie
  50. 50. Movimientos ANATÓMICAS SUPINACIÓN Rotación hacia afuera o externa de las manos
  51. 51. posturas ANATÓMICAS PRONACIÓN Rotación hacia adentro o interna de las manos o de los miembros superiores
  52. 52. posturas ANATÓMICAS EVERSIÓN Rotación interna o hacia adentro del pie
  53. 53. posturas ANATÓMICAS INVERSIÓN Rotación externa o hacia fuera del pie

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