Affordable Housing: Lets create an alternative vision!

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Affordable housing for the Noosa Biosphere as a Learning Laboratory.
Bettina Walter,
Chair, Noosa Biosphere Social Board for the Housing Forum, NRRA, Noosa Bowls Club, 22.April. 2010

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Affordable Housing: Lets create an alternative vision!

  1. 1. Lets create an alternative Vision ! Bettina Walter, Chair, Noosa Biosphere Social Board Housing Forum, NRRA, Noosa Bowls Club, 22.April. 2010 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Australia License.
  2. 2. collage made from various developer prospectus
  3. 3. Painting a different picture: RESEARCH Learn from thought leaders globally
  4. 4. Oogst 100 concept (Tjep Design Agency) http://oogst.org/oogst/Oogst.org/Oogst_100.html A self-sufficient farm for 100 people. The residents are all farmers. In the central greenhouse, all necessary crops are grown, the surrounding fields are for livestock. The central windmill provides all the necessary energy, there is a water-well under the windmill. But clean water is mainly collected condensed water from the greenhouse. The theory is that communities of between 100 and 150 people are the most optimal and harmonious. Therefore, the concept never grows beyond 100 people but it can be multiplied to form a society without shopping centres, banks, roads, cars or airplanes. Oogst 100 concept (Tjep Design Agency) http://oogst.org/oogst/Oogst.org/Oogst_100.html
  5. 5. Oogst 100 concept (Tjep Design Agency) http://oogst.org/oogst/Oogst.org/Oogst_100.html
  6. 6. Oogst 100 concept (Tjep Design Agency) http://oogst.org/oogst/Oogst.org/Oogst_100.html
  7. 7. Copenhagen, Brøndby - image: Yann Arthus Bertrand
  8. 8. Inspiration: Bill Dunster
  9. 9. Nottingham university Housing project solar panels for a 3rd of the price on the open market “We are not really trying very hard to reduce cost and accelerate transition” Bill Dunster ZEDFactory Example photovoltaic systems – prices are being kept artificially high – petrol chemical industry wringing the last profits out of fossil fuels and are busying themselves to corner the market on renewables – Dunster went straight to supplier in China – got his own container load – all carbon expense will be recouped in 3.5 years image source http://www.zedfacto
  10. 10. Low cost / high performance buildings • Simplicity is key • Dry construction • Get the buildings off the rack – modification and variety are cosmetic • Build housing manufacturing plant in your city • Self-help regardless of government! • Start at the bottom • Simple components • With international commonality • Solutions will become affordable • Kit houses • Instructions on prevailing winds • Cross ventilations in clusters • mixed use • Added value • Exciting aesthetic Example China: Low salaries Prepacked 400m x 400m housing block Incl Solar panel manufacturing plant with jobs People pay for these added renewable systems in time with the money they would have spent on fossil fuels image source http://www.zedfacto
  11. 11. Flood protection: example flood dyke in Thames Gateway First self funded flood defense wall Incorporate flood defence into new housing development Very low cost housing system funds dyke construction image source http://www.zedfacto
  12. 12. Painting a different picture: RESEARCH Learn from thought leaders locally
  13. 13. Crystal Waters
  14. 14. Bellbunya Community (edit)
  15. 15. What can we do?
  16. 16. Biosphere Learning Lab Individual eco buildings are great to demonstrate sustainable building designs. We need a whole cluster of buildings to learn and demonstrate sustainable, affordable communities.
  17. 17. Biosphere Learning Lab Start with one project. Lets have a vision of a POSITIVE future… and then ‘sell it’ really well. to sell it really well we need to Make it as affordable and inclusive as possible.
  18. 18. One idea: Biosphere Housing Initiative demonstrating BEST practice in affordable, sustainable housing not just in ONE building, but a whole cluster
  19. 19. An alternative vision Wind Turbine Chicken coop Dwelling Private back yard Dwelling Private back yard DwellingPrivate backyard DwellingPrivate backyard DwellingPrivate backyard Edible garden Herb garden Car pool Natural imming pool Water tank Water tank Water tank Water tank Water tank Work shops Edible garden Bake house Wind Turbine Chicken coop Porches! Offices !! Bike shed Solar panneled up
  20. 20. What are the greatest challenges?
  21. 21. How do we allow council to facilitate grassroot developments without opening the door for Developer Profiteering?
  22. 22. Add flexibility to building process •planning •usage permissions •application and other fees •subdivision regulations Base flexibility on compliance to agreed standards or ‘quadruple bottom line sustainability BENCHMARKS’
  23. 23. On Establishing benchmarks: Peter Singer 'A Fair Deal on Climate Change Establish the total amount of greenhouse gases that we can allow to be emitted without causing the earth’s average temperature to rise more than two degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit), the point beyond which climate change could become extremely dangerous. Divide that total by the world’s population, thus calculating what each person’s share of the total is. Allocate to each country a greenhouse gas emissions quota equal to the country’s population, multiplied by the per person share. Finally, allow countries that need a higher quota to buy it from those that emit less than their quota.
  24. 24. On Establishing benchmarks: Bill Dunster Example Energy:Understand the limits of energy that will be available in 50 years time • Peak oils/ peak gas now • Water, food • We can’t afford loosing agricultural land • How are we going to set up a system of upgrading our urban / suburban fabric? • How much renewable energy can we ACTUALLY produce at the most? • Max 30 % • How much have we got per head and divide it up equally in an equalitarian manner • All architects to design building within those constrains. SET NATIONAL standards. Architects can then design systems that can run indefinitely on renewable energy sources.
  25. 25. On Establishing Benchmarks: 2000 Watt Society 2000 Watt per person“ The 2000-watt society (2,000-Watt Society) is a vision, originated by the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zürich at the end of 1998, in which each person in the developed world would cut their over-all rate of energy use to an average of no more than 2,000 watts (i.e. 17,520 kilowatt-hours per year of all energy use, not only electrical) by the year 2050, without lowering their standard of living. (source: wikipedia)
  26. 26. FIRST: CREATE these grass root benchmarks THEN: INVOLVE profiteering developers To participate under these grass roots benchmarks (we need their capacity and expertise to implement large scale) The role of the developer
  27. 27. Next Actions
  28. 28. 1. Council Audit A working group (Biosphere Social Board?) to conduct an Audit of all Building and Planning Requirements. • Zoning • Sustainability standards • Building regulations and codes • Subdivision regulations • ‘Land Banking issues” • Make Land release to purchase - processes transparent Which items support ‘sustainable community driven growth’ Which items impede? How can we leverage ‘economy of scale’ to benefit our communities instead of developers?
  29. 29. 2. Ask some experts! Invite speakers Make connections with • Transition town folks • Crystal Waters • Association for Sustainable Communities
  30. 30. 3. Create Benchmarks In collaboration with grassroots experts and the housing task force.
  31. 31. www.noosabiosphere.org.au Thanks to Matt Lawton, Mike Shone, Alexander Kohl, Karyn Maher, Ralph Schneider for lending ears, help and consultancy.
  32. 32. References http://openarchitecturenetwork.org/projects/450 http://www.wohnmodelle.at/index.php?id=12,10,0,0,1,0 Transition Town movement (find reference) http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-6732157000663373188# Noosa Environment Day “The 2,000-Watt Society is not a program of hard life, it’s not starving, it’s not having less comfort or fun. It’s a creative approach to the future.” http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2008/07/07/080707fa_fact_kolbert?currentPage=all#ixzz0le5t7MXa Architecture Foundation (UK): Futureproofing the City: ZEDfactory; Foster + Partners; R/E/D http://vimeo.com/9120443 Stern report 2006 (climate change and the uk economy): http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/sternreview_index.htm Satish Kumar, Resurgence: http://www.resurgence.org/education/climate-change/resilience-climate-change.html Fair deal on climate change. Peter Singer. http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/singer24/English Nice kit homes in vision image: http://www.arkit.com.au/

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