Cognitive Theory and EFL
Teaching and Learning
Course: CUTM 6102/ SQU
Done by: Noor Said Al-Maashani
Date: 30. Oct. 2013
2. Major contributors to the theory
3. Details about the theory
3.1 General assumptions of the theory
3.2 Explanation of mental/ informational processes
4. Cognitive theory and learning
4.1 How the learner is viewed
4.2 Recommended study strategies
4.3 Teacher’s role
4.4Recommended teaching methods and materials
5. The applications of the theory in EFL
6. The references
Cognitive theory is a learning theory that caused a
revolution in 1960s against the behaviorism theory,
rejected and replaced it.
• views human beings as logical beings who make the
choices which make sense to them.
• explains human behavior through understanding
the thought processes.
• emphasizes mental processes and rejects the simple
cause and effect concept of behaviorism.
2. Major Contributors to the Development
of the Theory
Bruner, Goodnow, and Austin
The Gestalt psychologists of Germany
3.1 General Assumptions of the Theory
• Thinking, memory and problem- solving must be explored.
• Learning involves the formation of mental associations that
are not necessarily reflected in overt behavior changes.
• Learning is a process of relating new information to
previously learned information.
• knowledge is organized.
• Meaningful Learning is emphasized over rote learning
3.2 Explanation of the Mental Process
Information Processing Learning Theory
( a dominant theory of learning and memory since
the mid- 1970s)
It compares human mind to a computer
Learning vs. Memory
4.3 Role of the Teacher
• grasps and sustains attention
• develops intelligence and cognitive and metacognitive
• improves students’ concept retention
4.4 Recommended Methods and Materials
• Audio- visual aids
• Graphic organizers
• Computer programs
• Demonstration and illustration
5. The Application of Cognitive Theory in
• Using posters to teach grammar
• Using pictures to teach vocabulary
• Using plays to teach stories
• Using graphic organizers to teach vocabulary and
support reading comprehension
• Borden, D. & Fahringer, C. Cognitivim Learning and Mind. Retrieved [2013, October 29] from
• Cuna, E. Cognitive Theory. Retrieved [2013, October 29] from
• Fritscher, L. (2011,April12). Cognitive Theory. Retrieved [2013, October 28] from
• Hall, T., & Strangman, N. (2002). Graphic organizers. Wakefield, MA: National Center on Accessing the General Curriculum.
Retrieved [2013, October 28] from
• Information Processing learning Theory. Retrieved [ 2013, October 28] from
• Information Processing Theory. Retrieved [2013, october28] from http://www.etsu.edu/fsi/learning/infoprocessing.aspx
• Teresa, B. Cognitivism. Retrieved [2013, October 29] from http://www.slideshare.net/mandysmama/teresab-cognitivism-
• The Moodle: Information Processing and Cognitive Theories of Learning