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Cognitive theory and efl teaching

A summary of Cognitive theory

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Cognitive theory and efl teaching

  1. 1. Cognitive Theory and EFL Teaching and Learning Course: CUTM 6102/ SQU Done by: Noor Said Al-Maashani ID: 53573 Date: 30. Oct. 2013
  2. 2. Outline:1. Introduction 2. Major contributors to the theory 3. Details about the theory 3.1 General assumptions of the theory 3.2 Explanation of mental/ informational processes 4. Cognitive theory and learning 4.1 How the learner is viewed 4.2 Recommended study strategies 4.3 Teacher’s role 4.4Recommended teaching methods and materials 5. The applications of the theory in EFL 6. The references
  3. 3. 1. Introduction Cognitive theory is a learning theory that caused a revolution in 1960s against the behaviorism theory, rejected and replaced it. The theory; • views human beings as logical beings who make the choices which make sense to them. • explains human behavior through understanding the thought processes. • emphasizes mental processes and rejects the simple cause and effect concept of behaviorism.
  4. 4. 2. Major Contributors to the Development of the Theory Noam Chomsky Bruner, Goodnow, and Austin Ulric Neisser David Ausubel Robert Gagne’ The Gestalt psychologists of Germany Benjaman Bloom
  5. 5. 3. Details about the Theory
  6. 6. 3.1 General Assumptions of the Theory • Thinking, memory and problem- solving must be explored. • Learning involves the formation of mental associations that are not necessarily reflected in overt behavior changes. • Learning is a process of relating new information to previously learned information. • knowledge is organized. • Meaningful Learning is emphasized over rote learning
  7. 7. 3.2 Explanation of the Mental Process Information Processing Learning Theory ( a dominant theory of learning and memory since the mid- 1970s) It compares human mind to a computer
  8. 8. Basic Concepts Learning vs. Memory Storage Encoding Retrieval
  9. 9. 4. Cognitive Theory and Learning
  10. 10. 4.1 How is Learner viewed? • Information selector • Information processor • Information organizer • Critical thinker • Problem- solver • Active learner • Interactive • Attentive • Motivated
  11. 11. 4.2 Recommended Learning Strategies • Note- taking • Underlining • Summarizing • Writing to learn • Outlining & mapping • Using questioning techniques
  12. 12. 4.3 Role of the Teacher • grasps and sustains attention • stimulates • plans • organizes • creates • facilitates • motivates • develops intelligence and cognitive and metacognitive skills • improves students’ concept retention
  13. 13. 4.4 Recommended Methods and Materials • Rehearsing • Discussions • Projects • Plays • Audio- visual aids • Graphic organizers • Computer programs • Demonstration and illustration
  14. 14. 5. The Application of Cognitive Theory in EFL Examples: • Using posters to teach grammar • Using pictures to teach vocabulary • Using plays to teach stories • Using graphic organizers to teach vocabulary and support reading comprehension
  15. 15. The References • Borden, D. & Fahringer, C. Cognitivim Learning and Mind. Retrieved [2013, October 29] from http://www.slideshare.net/dborden/cognitivism-with-voice-over • Cuna, E. Cognitive Theory. Retrieved [2013, October 29] from http://erincunia.com/portfolio/MSportfolio/ide621/ide621f03production/cognitive.htm • Fritscher, L. (2011,April12). Cognitive Theory. Retrieved [2013, October 28] from http://phobias.about.com/od/glossary/g/cognitivethedef.htm • Hall, T., & Strangman, N. (2002). Graphic organizers. Wakefield, MA: National Center on Accessing the General Curriculum. Retrieved [2013, October 28] from http://aim.cast.org/learn/historyarchive/backgroundpapers/graphic_organizers#.Um9xWaSNXVI • Information Processing learning Theory. Retrieved [ 2013, October 28] from http://effectivetechnologyintegrationideas.wikispaces.com/Information+Processing+Learning+Theory • Information Processing Theory. Retrieved [2013, october28] from http://www.etsu.edu/fsi/learning/infoprocessing.aspx • Teresa, B. Cognitivism. Retrieved [2013, October 29] from http://www.slideshare.net/mandysmama/teresab-cognitivism- 12286111 • • The Moodle: Information Processing and Cognitive Theories of Learning

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