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Freedom within
bureaucracy, or reaching
hackstability
Meet barbarians
Meet civilisations
5 minutes
• Yay! Groups of 4!
• Create sticky notes with commonalities
between barbarians and people practicing
agile soft...
Agile Bureaucracy
Civilizations and large organisations
=
Bureaucracy
What is bureaucracy?
David Graeber:
A mechanism for the efficient extraction of value,
ultimately resting on the threat of violence
Sociopaths
Clueless
Losers
The McLeod hierarchy, or the average bureaucracy
Why the Asterix & Obelix village
never became a roman empire
Clueless!!! Clueless
Losers
Guess what?
Julius is a barbarian too!
The roman empire lasted 507 years
Explore-
Exploit
Barbarians
explore
Barbarians
discover
Barbarians
exploit
Barbarians
exploit
efficiently
Barbarians
aband...
The difference
Exploration
• Barbarian
• Finding a business model
• Complex domain
• Value discovery
• Creativity and coll...
“You never change things by
fighting the existing reality.
To change something, build a new
model that makes the existing
...
The cycle is speeding up!
Barriers of entry are lowering
through
technology and human mobility
Villages of barbarians turn into roman empires,
not the other way around
Let’s make the organization agile!
Don’t be cluel...
Empire’s survival challenge:
How do you encapsulate small
barbarian villages and benefit
from their exploration and
discov...
Hackstability
Increasingly fast explore-
exploit cycles (hacks), moving
into a non-utopian, messy
equilibrium of civilized and
barbarian...
Both is necessary,
Strike a balance!
5 minutes
• Yay! Groups of 4!
• What are the implications of this for me doing
Agile Software Development?
For me personally
• Don’t try to change organisations that have an
exploitation purpose (most do)
• Don’t fight bureacracy...
BreakingSmart.com
Freedom within bureacracy
Freedom within bureacracy
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Freedom within bureacracy

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Barbarians, civilisations, large organisations, agile

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Freedom within bureacracy

  1. 1. Freedom within bureaucracy, or reaching hackstability
  2. 2. Meet barbarians
  3. 3. Meet civilisations
  4. 4. 5 minutes • Yay! Groups of 4! • Create sticky notes with commonalities between barbarians and people practicing agile software development • Create sticky notes with commonalities between civilizations and large organisations
  5. 5. Agile Bureaucracy
  6. 6. Civilizations and large organisations = Bureaucracy
  7. 7. What is bureaucracy?
  8. 8. David Graeber: A mechanism for the efficient extraction of value, ultimately resting on the threat of violence
  9. 9. Sociopaths Clueless Losers The McLeod hierarchy, or the average bureaucracy
  10. 10. Why the Asterix & Obelix village never became a roman empire Clueless!!! Clueless Losers
  11. 11. Guess what? Julius is a barbarian too!
  12. 12. The roman empire lasted 507 years
  13. 13. Explore- Exploit Barbarians explore Barbarians discover Barbarians exploit Barbarians exploit efficiently Barbarians abandon Bureaucracy Agile
  14. 14. The difference Exploration • Barbarian • Finding a business model • Complex domain • Value discovery • Creativity and collaboration • Bottom-up intelligence Exploitation • Bureaucracy/Civilization • Running a business model • Complicated domain • Value extraction • Rules and Procedures • Top-down control
  15. 15. “You never change things by fighting the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the existing model obsolete.” ― R. Buckminster Fuller
  16. 16. The cycle is speeding up!
  17. 17. Barriers of entry are lowering through technology and human mobility
  18. 18. Villages of barbarians turn into roman empires, not the other way around Let’s make the organization agile! Don’t be clueless!
  19. 19. Empire’s survival challenge: How do you encapsulate small barbarian villages and benefit from their exploration and discovery?
  20. 20. Hackstability
  21. 21. Increasingly fast explore- exploit cycles (hacks), moving into a non-utopian, messy equilibrium of civilized and barbarian tendencies
  22. 22. Both is necessary, Strike a balance!
  23. 23. 5 minutes • Yay! Groups of 4! • What are the implications of this for me doing Agile Software Development?
  24. 24. For me personally • Don’t try to change organisations that have an exploitation purpose (most do) • Don’t fight bureacracy, it serves a purpose • Find your barbarians of the exploring variety, not the rent-seeking kind • Stay in areas where the cycle can speed up • Conquest is always from within
  25. 25. BreakingSmart.com

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