A Guide to Logic Models – Grant Writing


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Federal, state, provincial and foundation grant applications in both the United States and Canada are increasingly requiring the use of logic models in their grant applications. Depending on the level of complexity required, these can prove a major stumbling block, especially with looming deadlines. The purpose of this seminar is to unlock the mystery surrounding their development and use. At the conclusion, we will not promise that you will like them any better, just understand them and fear them less.

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A Guide to Logic Models – Grant Writing

  1. 1. A Guide to Logic Models – Grant Writing Susy Campos & Cheryn Wojcik October 12, 2011A Service Of: Sponsored by:
  2. 2. INTEGRATED PLANNING Advising nonprofits in: www.synthesispartnership.com • Strategy • Planning (617) 969-1881 • Organizational Development info@synthesispartnership.comA Service Of: Sponsored by:
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  4. 4. Today’s Speakers Susy Campos Cheryn Wojcik Co-Founder Grants Director Community Grants Associates City of Springfield, MAAssisting with chat questions: Hosting:April Hunt, Nonprofit Webinars Sam Frank, Synthesis PartnershipA Service Of: Sponsored by:
  5. 5. A Guide to Logic Models In Grant Writing
  6. 6. Topics• What is a Logic Model?• How to read a logic Model• Why Logic Models are important?• Meaningful participation of key stakeholders• Logic Model’s Core Components• What does a logic model look like?• Using the logic model to plan for evaluation.• Benefits of developing logic models• What are funders looking for in a logic model?
  7. 7. What is a Logic Model?A logic model is a systematic and visual wayto present and share your understanding ofthe relationships among the resources youhave to operate your program, the activitiesyou plan, and the changes or results youhope to achieve.
  8. 8. What is a Logic Model?• A series of “if-then” relationships that, if implemented as intended, lead to the desired outcomes.• The core of program planning and evaluation.
  9. 9. How to read a logic model• When “read” from left to right, logic models describe programs basics over time from planning through to results.
  10. 10. Why Logic Models are Important Provides organization and project staff a “big picture” view of the project’s scope of work. Cataloguing of the resources and actions needed to reach intended results. Documenting connections among available resources, planned activities and expected results.
  11. 11. Why Logic Models are Important Describing the results aimed for in terms of specific, measurable, action-oriented, realistic and timed outcomes. Mapping an agency’s impact helps one to visualize and understand how human and financial investments can contribute to achieving intended goals and can lead to programmatic improvements. Provides stakeholders with a road map describing the sequence of related events.
  12. 12. Meaningful Participation of Key StakeholdersFrom the outset, the logic model developer must Identify key stakeholders(e.g. the project team, funders,community partners, etc.) Consider roles (who will be informed,make decisions, provide information,or provide hands-on support). Comprehensive, well-developed models are a product of “collective brainstorming” by key program stakeholders.
  13. 13. Meaningful Participation of Key Stakeholders Early in the process, be sure to answer the following questions related to stakeholders involvement  What stakeholders (participants, staff, funders) are connected to your program?  Who should work with you to develop the logic model?  Who needs to review and comment on the model after it is developed?
  14. 14. Core Components http://www.researchutilization.org/logicmodel/learn.htmlPurpose or Situation: What is the goal ofthe scope of work of your project and whichtarget group will it benefit? Identify theproblem or priority the project is responding to and the expected benefit to specificaudiences.Example Project: Problem – Juvenile delinquency and gangactivity in X City or community.Program: Mentoring Youth ProgramGoal: To provide alternatives to gang violence.Objective: Prevent or reduce delinquency and gang activity among70% of participants
  15. 15. Core ComponentsResources or Inputs: What is available to make yourproject’s scope of work operational? Resources couldinclude the human, financial, host organization, orcommunity resources and support a project has availableto apply to its work.Example: Youth Mentoring Program- Staff – to train mentors, recruit, outreach- Volunteer Mentors- Training provided- Building/Space for the Mentors and Mentees to meet.
  16. 16. Core ComponentsActivities: With your project resources, whatproject activities do you plan to implement?Project activities include the research,development, training, technical assistance,dissemination, and other activities specified inyour grant proposal Example: Youth Mentoring Program - Outreach and referral services - Recruit X youth to the program - Recruit additional Mentor Volunteers - Provide Training to Mentor Volunteers
  17. 17. Core Components• Result or Outputs: What products, services, or events do you anticipate delivering through accomplishment of your planned activities? Example: Youth Mentoring Program - # of program participants recruited - # of program participants served - % decrease in gang-related incident arrests
  18. 18. Core Components• Participant Outcomes: What benefits, changes, or results do you anticipate would derive from your activities and outputs?Example: Youth Mentoring Program - Reduce delinquency by X% - Reduce dropout rate by X%
  19. 19. What does a logic model look like?Graphic display of boxes andarrows; vertical or Level of detailshorizontal - Simple-Relationships, linkages -Complex• Multiple models – Multi-level programs – Multi-component programs
  20. 20. What does a logic model look like? Youth Mentoring ProgramProblem: Juvenile delinquency and gang activity in X City or communityGoal: To provide alternative to gang violence Objective Inputs Activities Outputs Outcomes1. Prevent or reduce Staff – to train mentors, Outreach and referral # of program Reducedelinquency and recruit, outreach services participants recruited delinquencygang activity among Volunteer Mentors70% of participants. Recruit X youth to the Volunteer mentors program # of program Improve pro-social participants served. behavior Training Recruit additional mentor volunteers Building/Space % decrease in gang- Provide Training to related incident Mentor Volunteers arrests
  21. 21. Branding
  22. 22. Using the logic model to plan for evaluationBy describing outcomes particularlyat short and mid-term intervals, thelogic model provides anexcellent method of identifyingthe key elements of projectevaluation design.Example: Youth Mentoring Program - # of program participants recruited - # of program participants served - % decrease in gang-related incident arrests
  23. 23. Using the logic model to plan for evaluationAll logic model outcome statements should becoupled with descriptions of data and datasources that will be used to suggest progresstoward outcome goals. Example: Youth Mentoring Program - Reduce delinquency by X% - Reduce dropout rate by X%
  24. 24. Using the logic model to plan for evaluation• Determine tracking tools for use in measuring the results of services offered.• The measures should be in quantifiable terms and clearly defined.
  25. 25. Using the logic model to plan for evaluationA good guide for determining performancemeasures is the acronym SMART. They shouldbe:• Specific• Measurable• Attainable• Realistic• Timely
  26. 26. Benefits of developing logic models Build consensus and clarityamong your staff and otherstakeholders about youressential program activitiesand expected outcomes. Identify opportunities for program improvements. Promote evidence-based thinking in program management and evaluation.
  27. 27. Benefits of developing logic models Increase your understanding of program performance by clarifying the sequence of events from inputs through outputs through outcomes. Educate funders regardingrealistic expectations.
  28. 28. What are funders looking for in a Logic ModelDoes the logic model include all of the program’s most important activities or services?
  29. 29. What are funders looking for in a Logic ModelAre the outcomes goals plan enough to be understood by any individual who might review your logic model? Are the goals realistic?
  30. 30. What are funders looking for in a Logic ModelAre the connections between your inputs, activities, outputs, and outcomes realistic?
  31. 31. What are funders looking for in a Logic ModelAre the connections betweenyour inputs, activities,outputs, and outcomes realistic?Logic models that are rushed often end up displaying faulty logic, insufficient evidence, or models copied from other programs that don’t quite fit yours.
  32. 32. Thank You !Community Grants Associates, Inc. www.communitygrantsnow.com
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