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Lettre delphinarium ministre_agriculture_ong russes


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Suite à la pétition citoyenne contre la création du delphinarium d'Agadir :, les ONG russes suivantes : Save dolphins, Voices for animals, l'auteur du documentaire Born to be Free et deux scientifiques russes ont adressé la présente lettre à Monsieur le Ministre de l’Agriculture, de la Pêche Maritime, du Développement Rural et des Eaux et Forêts.

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Lettre delphinarium ministre_agriculture_ong russes

  1. 1. To Mr. Aziz Akhannouch The Minister of Agriculture, Maritime Fisheries, Rural Development and Water and Forests Dear Minister, We are writing to you this letter of concern regarding the first dolphinarium project in Morocco. As russian scientists and non-profit organizations we want to urge you to prohibit this project and import of four bottlenose dolphins, one beluga whale and a seal from Russia for the following reasons: 1.Agadir Dolphin World project is created by four Russian businessmen at least two of which have links to people that are operating traveling dolphin shows in Russia and were charged and presumed guilty with illegal possession of Endangered Black Sea bottlenose dolphins on several occasions Traveling dolphin shows in Russia brought a lot of attention due to illegal possession of Black Sea bottlenose dolphins, horrible conditions where animals are being kept in the small crates for 5-8 days during transportation without even being able to swim. (Read more about traveling dolphin shows in Russia in attached file №1). Russian non-profit organizations were able to prove that the traveling dolphinariums violate lots of regulations such as failure to display necessary permits and documentation for legal possession of Black Sea bottlenose dolphins(Endangered species), absence of microchips used for individual identification of animals, sanitary rules and regulations, etc. At least two people on the board of Agadir Dolphin World project have direct links to the people who operate traveling dolphin shows in Russia. One of the people on the board of Agadir Dolphin World project was involved in the case of illegal possession of Endangered Black Sea bottlenose dolphins. (We can provide documentation in Russian language on your further request) Due to constant pressure from the public and frequent detection of violations Russian government is considering banning traveling dolphin shows. 2. According to the news release by Huffpost (Attached file №2) Agadir Dolphin World representative said that all animals that they intend to bring to Morocco were born in captivity, which can’t be true There has not been a single case of successful beluga whales breeding in captivity in Russia. All belugas in Russia are captured from the wild, therefore the claim that all animals were born in captivity isn’t true and in fact misleading. Taking in consideration the link of the people who fund project in Agadir to the people involved in the illegal possession of Endangered Black Sea bottlenose dolphins, it is hard to believe that all 4 bottlenose dolphins destined for Agadir Dolphin World were born in captivity.
  2. 2. 3. Inhumane capture of marine mammals in Russia The beluga whales captures are highly inhumane, cruel and have been a subject of new russian documentary “Born to be Free” that exposes the cruel trade of marine mammals, investigates animal dealer chains in various countries, and tells the stories of the unfortunate animal victims. The captures result in the painful death of many animals and can be easily compared to the cruel practice of dolphin captures in the small infamous village Taiji in Japan, which was highlighted in the Oscar - winning documentary “The Cove” that sparked international outcry. Read more in attached file №3 4. Population fear While neither orcas or belugas are listed as globally endangered animals, Russian scientists say that the lack of oversight in the trade and recent research means they are left in the dark over the numbers remaining in their waters. "For many marine mammal species, it's not even clear how many animals there are, there have been no studies since the Soviet times," said Dmitry M. Glazov, Deputy head of Russian White Whale Program, Deputy chairman of RPO Marine Mammal Council. A rough headcount in 2010 suggested there are two separate populations of beluga whales in the Russian Far East, and it would be sustainable to only catch 15 annually from each group, he said. In reality, hunters focus on one group in the Sea of Okhotsk, north of Japan, grabbing as many as 80 animals in a single season and especially going after the juvenile females most important for the population's reproduction. Read more in attached file №4 Along with Russian scientists, American scientists urged the US government on the situation with uncontrollable and cruel trade of beluga whales which resulted in denial of import permit for 18 beluga whales from Russia to Georgia Aquarium and strong regulations to protect the species. Under the proposal from NOAA Fisheries, the U.S. would use the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) to designate belugas living in the Sea of Okhotsk on Russia’s Pacific coast as “depleted,” or below their optimum sustainable population. Such a designation would make it illegal to import any of these belugas into the U.S. for the purpose of public display.
  3. 3. Read more in attached file №5 It’s against the law to capture Black Sea bottlenose dolphins since they are listed as Endangered species, but illegal captures are still taking place every year. Since the people who fund Agadir Dolphin World project have strong links with the people involved in illegal captures of Black Sea bottlenose dolphins there is a possibility that they could try to smuggle illegally captured endangered bottlenose dolphins to Morocco. 5. Inhumane treatment of animals in captivity in Russian dolphinariums There are more than 40 stationary dolphinariums and about 14 traveling dolphin shows in Russia. There are no regulations regarding marine mammals care in captivity which results in uncontrollable illegal trade of endangered Black Sea bottlenose dolphins, and high mortality rate of marine mammals in captivity from infectious diseases that could also be dangerous to people. We ask you to consider all the reasons listed above and do the right thing - stop the construction of Agadir Dolphin World, withhold all permits and forbid the import of bottlenose dolphins, beluga whale and a seal to Morocco. This would secure Morocco maintains its international reputation as of a country not associated with illegal marine mammal trafficking or cruel capture and handling. Sincerely, Oxana Fedorova (founder of Russian based marine mammal welfare group “Save Dolphins”-; e-mail: Tatiana Beley (author of “Born to be Free” documentary about the plight of marine mammals in Russia; e-mail: Tatiana Denisenko (marine mammal expert, Associate Professor of the Department of Microbiology at Moscow Veterinary Academy of K.I. Skryabin, Ph.D., in a field of research of the microflora of marine mammals, their infectious diseases and methods of prevention and treatment of these diseases, ecological microbiology, sanitary microbiology and immunology; e-mail: Grigory Tsidulko (marine mammal expert, member of IUCN Cetacean Specialists Group, expert to IUCN Western Gray Whale Advisory Panel; e-mail: ) Dinara Ageeva (Russian public organization in the field of animal protection "Voices for animals" -; e-mail:
  4. 4. Attached file №1 – Traveling dolphins shows in Russia Source: THE HORRIBLE TRUTH ABOUT DOLPHIN SHOWS IN RUSSIA Over the past two years, there has been a growing wave of concern globally regarding cruelty shown to marine mammals in captivity. Whilst worldwide, growing opposition to marine mammals in captivity increasingly threatens this unacceptable commercial practice (and thankfully so!), in Russia it is just the opposite: this tragic “entertainment industry” is growing rapidly. What Is Happening To Dolphins and Orcas Right Now in Russia There are now 43 stationary dolphinariums in Russia, holding approximately 160 bottlenose dolphins and 60 beluga whales. In the near future, three more new facilities are scheduled to open: two dolphinariums in Novosibirsk and Nizhny Novgorod, and the new Moscow Oceanarium at VDNKh. Three orcas – Narnia, Nord and Juliet — were actually captured just for this new Moscow Oceanarium, which also announced that it had ordered dolphins from Japan. Even more oceanariums like the one in Moscow are being planned for Saint-Petersburg and Nizhny Novgorod, along with 3 more dolphinariums in Rostov, Grozny and Ulyanovsk. Worse still, the number of traveling dolphinariums are growing along with stationary ones. There are already twelve traveling dolphinariums in Russia. One of them is currently in Kazakhstan and another one in Belarus, with the consequence that 23 bottlenose dolphins and 12 beluga whales are living in the eternal never-ending stress of always being moved around the country in these traveling, tiny enclosures. What These Commercial Enterprises Are Doing is Horrific
  5. 5. For example, a Ukrainian company, “Nemo”, just recently opened a traveling dolphinarium in Almaty, Kazakhstan. Ukraine law strictly forbids such practices, but there are no laws regarding marine mammal welfare in captivity either in Kazakhstan or Russia. In fact, traveling dolphinariums are banned in most countries, the exceptions being Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus and Indonesia. Criticism abounds throughout the civilized world that the conditions are detestable in these marine mammals struggle day-in and day-out to endure in stationary dolphinariums: the lack of sufficient space for the dolphins to swim, hopelessly low water quality, and the stress created by these circumstances lead over and over again to the premature death of these beautiful, intelligent marine mammals. The Special Tragedy of “Traveling Dolphinariums” And that’s just in stationary dolphinariums; without question the conditions are much worse in traveling dolphinariums. In these transportable “shows”, marine mammals moved from city to city by trailer truck, spending long days in tiny tanks without any ability to move around. The animals do not receive proper care during transportation, suffering even more extreme stress during the time it takes to set up and dismantle the mobile pools and inflatable arenas. On average, these mammals spend a week in these “traveling” tanks (set – 3 days, dismantling – 3 days, transportation – 1-2 days). And how long do these cycles repeat themselves? Well, a traveling dolphinarium tour usually lasts approx. six weeks , sheer torture for these animals in their tiny tanks, during their days of transportation and their 24/7 never-ending stress. How bad can it get? One beluga whale named Dale died whilst touring, which occurred on September 4th , 2010, when the Moscow traveling dolphinarium performed in Kokshetau, Kazakhstan. The cause of death was heart problems, no doubt aggravated by the constant transportation. Afterwards, Dale’s partner, a beluga named Lentochka, literally refused to perform after his death. Her fate? She disappeared later in 2010, and nobody knows whether she simply died or was moved elsewhere. A big marine mammal just disappearing? In Russia dolphins can and do “disappear” as dolphinarium owners simply replace the dead dolphins with illegally purchased dolphins and the replacement mammals are just given the same name as the previous dead animal. So, no one knows because the replacements are kept secret. Who wins? Well there are always those who are willing to profit and deliver dolphins and beluga whales as replacements. Very much like the owners of these dolphinariums, they know full well that the authorities turn a blind eye and don’t make any effort at all to keep track or monitor these activities. That’s how things work in Russia. How many dolphins have died is simply not known. How Bad Can It Get? For that matter, no one truly knows the extent of the awful things occurring in Russian dolphinariums. But some terrible incidents have indeed come to light. December 25, 2004, Saint-Petersburg. Truck transporting a traveling dolphinarium was involved in a major traffic accident. “The accident happened on Saturday afternoon on the Moscow-Petersburg highway. Fifty kilometers from Novgorod, one tractor trailer got into an accident with a heavy dump truck. Two people died. Animals injured. One of the dolphins washed up on the roadway from the hit. Rescuers have been waiting for almost 3 hours in the cold for the new tank. All this time the animals were watered from fire hydrants. Belugas were loaded onto a passing truck with a crane and sent home. Veterinarians and management staff of dolphinarium refused to comment on this incident. They reassured
  6. 6. everyone that dolphins are alive and well, and immediately swimming as soon as they are unloaded. However, witnesses say that belugas were covered in blood when they got out of the tank». Source: February 2, 2007, Saratov. Inflatable pool with dolphins burst during a performance in front of visitors. Gushing water carried and threw animals into hallways and foyers. Dolphins were dragged away behind the arena. Later dolphinarium staff announced that animals are alive. Video footage with the accident (accident happened at 1:25): March 23, 2013, Vologda. A strong gust of wind swept away the inflatable roof of the Moscow Traveling dolphinarium during the show. People were evacuated immediately. No one was hurt. Source: Night of August 12,2014, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. A huricane damaged the top of inflatable arena of the Moscow traveling dolphinarium. The wind swept away one of the walls. The whole rena lost electricity. The Marine Mammals were stressed yet the dolphinarium resumed the show on the same day, without waiting to repair the wall. Source: http://www. napugal-zhivotnih-moskovskogo-delfinariya-v-yuzhno-sahalinske.html August 13, 2014, Tula Oblast. The water in the tank began to evoporate and deteriorate during the transportation of two beluga whales from Arkhangelsk to Novorossiysk. Firemen traveled to the scene and changed the water, but one of the beluga whales developed burns on its skin. The transportation was resumed after the water was changed. December 1, 2014, Tyumen. The stairs at the Arena of the Moscow Traveling Dolphinarium collapsed. Two people were injured. Source: How One Person Made a Difference
  7. 7. These are only a few examples of the types of major accidents that can occur, and they represent the few incidents that have become publicly known. In contrast, very little is known about what happens daily to the animals in these mobile shows. Yet, sometimes, people witness terrible things. Just recently, at the end of April 2015, the Russian traveling dolphinarium came to Perm. The installation of the arena starts. From the Ferris wheel, Elena Borovskaya by chance sees beluga whales in the tiny tank. The next day, the belugas still were in the same tank. Whales in tiny tanks! These poor whales spent three whole days in those tanks. On the third day, when Elena went closer to the tank with the whales, she witnessed a terrible odour. In the pictures below that were taken over the three day interval, one can clearly see the difference of the water color where the belugas had been kept. This dolphinarium came to Perm after the tour in Veliky Novgorod. Transportation from Veliky Novgorod to Perm takes more than a day. When one takes into account the 3 days for dismantling the inflatable arena in Veliky Novgorod, it turns out that these TWO POOR BELUGA WHALES SPENT AT LEAST EIGHT LONG DAYS IN THAT TINY TANK FILLED WITH FETID WATER. Only then they were moved to the so-called main pool.
  9. 9. This seal had been kept in this tiny cage for at least 8 days!!! Photo: courtesy of
  10. 10. The dolphinarium was closed for inspection for on April 30th because of increased public attention. Yet, despite all the criticism, the dolphinarium commenced on May 1st . When they did their inspection, local authorities concluded that no mistreatment of animals had been identified. Isn’t it amazing what kinds of terrible animal treatment is considered “acceptable” in Russia??!! And normal! «Everything is normal,» according to the director of the Russian traveling dolphinarium. Even worse, people are willing to pay money to watch these woefully exhausted and mistreated marine animals. Tickets sold out for several days ahead and the sufferings of these poor belugas went unnoticed by Perm residents. How These Tragedies Become Never-Ending Last year, a similar situation arose with these same belugas.The Russian traveling dolphinarium came from Tambov to Belgorod on the morning of February 28, 2014. The inflatable arena installation began only in the evening and was completed on March 2nd . The pool was installed on March 3rd . The result? The belugas spent at least 6 and a half days in those same tiny tanks, taking into account the time for arena dismantling 3 days, plus around 6-7 hours of traveling time from Tambov to Belgorod and 3 days for installing Arena in Belgorod. Photo credit:
  11. 11. Such is the fate in Russia for these beautiful, intelligent marine mammals. The fact is that in Russia, anyone can buy a dolphin or even rent a dolphin and put it anywhere they want. EVEN IN THEIR BATHTUB! Such is considered normal and perfectly acceptable in Russia, while most countries in the world consider this kind of display or use of dolphins for entertainment as cruel. What Other Countries Do Here is just a partial list of countries where the display of dolphins and other cetaceans in captivity is either banned outright or has strict legislation in place: Costa Rica (since 2005) Great Britain, Australia Belgium, Germany Greece (Athens, 2011) Israel (display or use of dolphins for entertainment is prohibited) South Carolina, USA Colombia Brazil (display or use of dolphins for entertainment is prohibited) Switzerland (since March 14, 2012 import of live cetaceans banned) Argentina, Nicaragua Guatemala Canada (capture and exploitation of beluga whales banned; orca breeding banned) Hawaiian Islands, Netherlands Antilles, Haiti, France Mexico, Maldives, Puerto Rico Croatia (ban on keeping cetaceans in captivity — since June 19, 2009) Chile India (ban on keeping dolphins in captivity since May 17, 2013; declares dolphins and whales as “non-human person”) Mexico (traveling dolphin shows banned in 2015). What Does All This Tell Us That We Have To Do…That We Actually CAN DO?
  12. 12. The whole world is moving towards a new era, where enslavement of animals simply is not acceptable anymore – all while Russia is thousands of steps behind. Why? It is not the country and rather the lack of awareness within the Russian society as to what is really going on with these mammals. Owners of these horrible commercial displays take advantage of this lack of awareness and create demand through clever marketing … and then meet that “demand” with their supply of this incredibly cruel and sadistic form of “entertainment”. So it is that people’s desire to see the dolphins, and their lack of understanding of the cruelty inherent to every dolphinarium fills the pockets of millionaires and exposes these beautiful creatures to eternal never-ending torment. Every single person who buys a ticket end up involved in this cruel entertainment. And we’re only talking about the fate of those dolphins who survive being captured. The truth is that 50% of dolphins die during the capture process. And this Russian marine mammal “Captivity Industry” fuels the horrific Japan Dolphin Hunt in Taiji, whose inhumane cruelty was exposed in the Oscar winning documentary “The Cove” to be the evil that it is. “The Cove” exposes the slaughter of dolphins and porpoises off the coast of Japan every year. Dolphin meat, containing toxic levels of mercury, is sold as food in Japan and other parts of Asia, often labeled as whale meat. And, alas, the remaining dolphins are sold to dolphinariums and marine parks around the world, including Russia and Ukraine. Three Things that the Russian Government Can Do Right Now Here are three things that Russian Government can do right now to take a leadership position on this issue:  First and the most important, provide strict enforcement of ban on illegal capture of dolphins in Russia. It’s absolutely ridiculous that when poachers can capture and sell dolphins, nobody does anything about it. What kind of civil law is that?! Now is a perfect time to fix it! It’s time to pass a national law for the whole of Russia that prohibits capture of marine mammals. What a magnificent way Russia can join with other countries to protect dolphins, beluga whales and orcas!  Second, ban the most inhumane type of “entertainment” for good. Traveling dolphinariums are considered as a thing of the past in most countries in the world. Russia is a civilized country, so it can and should do exactly what other civilized countries do. Not only is this the right thing to do, but It’s the only thing to do.  Third, ban the import of dolphins from other countries and especially from Japan. Today, in Russia, there are no laws even slightly regulating the importation of dolphins. Thus, Russia is effectively supporting the massive dolphin slaughter in Japan where over 20 000 dolphins are massacred every year with many others kidnapped and sold to dolphinariums all over the world (including Russia). Just recently World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA) suspended the Japanese Association of Zoos and Aquariums (JAZA) since they acquire dolphins from the horrendous Taiji (Japan) dolphin hunt. WAZA also requires all members to adhere to policies that prohibit participating in cruel and non-selective methods of taking animals from the wild. All members of WAZA must confirm that they will not acquire dolphins from Taiji, Japan – Russia included. What YOU CAN DO Right Now There are five simple, easy steps that YOU, TOO can take right now to help put an end to this cruelty once and for all.  One simple and very powerful step that everyone can take is to stop buying tickets to captive dolphin shows. Every ticket to dolphins’ shows that people buy only prolongs and ensures that dolphins will stay in their sordid little compartments with fetid water, perhaps forever.
  13. 13.  Go to and Take The Pledge To NOT Buy A Ticket To A Dolphin Show.  Tell your children the truth about what is really happening to dolphins and orcas in captivity. Show your kids where to look on the internet for the truth about what the world knows, and what we as people can do to put a stop to this terrible practice.  Every person with access to the Internet can also play a direct role to help stop this atrocity. It’s very simple: Spread the Word! Share the Information set forth here with your family, friends, and acquaintances. Most people don’t even know what they are paying for when they buy a ticket to dolphin show. People think those dolphins are happy because they seem to be smiling and splashing about. That “happy” look is just an illusion, and a tragic illusion, because that dolphin smile is a great deception. Became a voice for dolphins. We need you. The dolphins need you!  Go to in-russia and sign the worldwide petition calling on Russia to join with the civilized world to put a stop, once and for all, to the awful practices that today result inside Russia in the worst treatment that captive dolphins and orcas face anywhere in the world. For more information go to Find out right now about what YOU can do to end this mistreatment of these dolphins and orcas in Russia once and for all. To learn more about dolphins in captivity go to
  14. 14. HuffPost Maroc | Par Anaïs Lefébure Publication: 28/09/2017 14h45 CEST Mis à jour: 28/09/2017 14h45 CEST Projet polémique: On en sait plus sur le futur parc à dauphins d'Agadir DELPHINARIUM - C'est un projet qui ne plaît pas aux défenseurs de la cause animale. Quatre entrepreneurs russes s'apprêtent à construire le premier delphinarium du Maroc, dans la commune d'Anza, au nord d'Agadir. Selon nos informations, le parc à dauphins devrait ouvrir en mars 2018. Quatre dauphins, un phoque de mer et un beluga (cétacé blanc originaire de mer du Nord) seront envoyés depuis la Russie par avion jusqu'à Agadir pour peupler le delphinarium créé par la société Agadir Dolfin World et dessiné par le cabinet marocain K.M Architecture. Les différents mammifères marins proviennent tous d'un delphinarium en Russie et sont nés en captivité, nous assure une source proche de la société russe. Un projet qui va "à l’encontre même de la notion de développement durable", selon la branche marocaine de la Surfrider Foundation, qui a adressé une pétition aux ministres de l'Agriculture et de la Pêche, et de l'Energie et du Développement durable pour empêcher la création de ce delphinarium qui "cache la bien triste réalité (des) misérables conditions de vie en captivité" des dauphins. MAROC Appli iPhone/iPad Appli Android Plus
  15. 15. La pétition publiée sur Avaaz, qui a récolté, à l'heure où nous écrivons ces lignes, plus de 4.600 signatures sur les 10.000 attendues, condamne les conditions de captivité des dauphins, "enfermés dans des bassins peu profonds qu’ils parcourent en quelques coups de nageoires, alors que les dauphins sauvages parcourent près de 100 km par jour et passent 80% de leur temps immergés dans les profondeurs de l’océan, pour se sociabiliser, s’amuser et chasser". Selon la Surfrider Foundation, ONG qui a pour but la défense des océans, du littoral et des animaux marins, les dauphins captifs vivent deux fois moins longtemps que les dauphins sauvages à cause du stress généré par la vie en captivité, et développent un grand nombre de maladies liées à leurs conditions de détention. "Voir des dauphins enfermés, asservis, malades et stressés effectuer des acrobaties ne peut en aucun cas contribuer à éduquer le public sur les dauphins, à l’environnement et au développement durable", écrit l'association. "Contraindre des dauphins à la captivité s’apparente à une forme d’esclavagisme, de maltraitance et à un traitement cruel non‐éthique." Du côté de la société porteuse du projet, on nous affirme que toutes les autorisations ont été obtenues des autorités marocaines avant la construction de ce delphinarium, qui comportera aussi un aquarium, des espaces verts et des aires de jeux. Des vétérinaires et spécialistes viendront de Russie pour s'occuper des animaux, mais le personnel pour l'entretien du site et l'accueil des visiteurs sera embauché localement.
  16. 16. RSS FAQ Conditions D'utilisation Confidentialité Charte Des Commentaires À Propos De Nous Nous Contacter Archive © 2017 TheHuffingtonPost International. Tous droits réservés. Discussions PLUS: "Les habitants d'Agadir et les touristes se plaignent du fait que la ville manque d'attractions touristiques. Ce sera un lieu de distraction, notamment pour les enfants", nous explique-t-on. "Nous ne comprenons pas la polémique autour de ce projet. Personne ne s'était soulevé lors de la construction du Crocoparc à Agadir, pourtant les crocodiles sont aussi élevés en captivité", poursuit la même source. Selon les statuts de la société Agadir Dolfin World, créée en mars dernier et gérée par l'un des associés, Aleksei Derii, les quatre actionnaires russes ont apporté 100.000 dirhams de capital pour la création de leur entreprise. Plusieurs pays ont interdit ou poussé à la fermeture des delphinariums. C'est le cas, notamment, du Royaume-Uni où il n'en existe plus aucun depuis 1993. Toujours en Europe, la Croatie, Chypre ou la Finlande ont également interdit ou fermé les derniers delphinariums existants. D'autres pays comme le Costa Rica, le Chili ou l'Inde ont interdit les parcs à dauphins. La France, quant à elle, vient d'interdire la reproduction des dauphins et des orques détenus en captivité. LIRE AUSSI: Agadir se dote d'un parc à crocodiles, une première au Maroc Le jardin zoologique national de Rabat reçoit le "certificat d'excellence" Tripadvisor Pour la première fois et au Maroc, des chercheurs sont parvenus à filmer des chatons du désert (VIDÉO) Pour suivre les dernières actualités en direct sur Le HuffPost Maroc, cliquez ici Chaque jour, recevez gratuitement la newsletter du HuffPost Maroc Retrouvez-nous sur notre page Facebook Suivez notre fil Twitter societe maroc economie maroc parc à dauphins dauphins agadir delphinarium aquarium mammifères marins russie agadir dolfin world captivité poissons cétacé beluga phoque tourisme agadir
  17. 17. Attached file #3 Source: Born to Be Free premieres in Moscow The documentary film Born to Be Free produced with support by the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) will open the programme of the ECO CUP International Green Film Festival in Moscow today. The screening will be held at the 1,500-seat N1 hall at Octyabr Cinema (operated by Karo film company). This film exposes the cruel trade of marine mammals, investigates animal dealer chains in various countries, and tells the stories of the unfortunate animal victims. The investigation is focused on the story of 18 beluga whales (or white whales) that were captured in the Sea of Okhotsk in the Russian Far East. Initially, they were supposed to be sold to the Georgia Aquarium in Atlanta, Georgia. When relevant information was reported in the news and it attracted wide public attention, animal advocates managed to achieve a ban on the importation of these whales into the US. While this matter was being settled in court, the animals were kept in small concrete reservoirs at the biological research station located on the Black Sea Coast. The producers of the film discovered them there, and based the film on their plight.
  18. 18. I met two of them, Gayane Petrosyan and Tatiana Beley, about three years ago. I was captivated by these young women’s enthusiasm and their intention to make a documentary film about these animals, and was willing to help them. We arranged filming in the wild around the Solovetsky Islands, where IFAW-supported researchers of the Shirshov Institute of Oceanology group have been studying the behaviour and communication of wild beluga whales since 1995. Since this project has been in existence, beluga whales there have been exploited for commercial purposes on various occasions. Recently, one of the creeks along the coast of the Solovetsky Islands was fenced for holding beluga whales brought from the city of St. Petersburg for “summer holidays,” and tourists were offered tickets to “performances.” An enclosure was built in the dive station located at the mouth of the Nilma River and several beluga whales were moved to the enclosure so that the divers could swim along these marine mammals. The producers featured both situations in the film. Perhaps the most tragic beluga situation I have ever encountered is the case of commercial hunting of beluga whales, aimed at the trade of their meat to the Japanese market. Back in 1999, we were suddenly informed that hunting beluga whales had started in the Sea of Okhotsk. We urgently sent a film crew there, and my Japanese colleagues found out about the customers. Allegedly, it was an elderly couple who owned a small fish restaurant in a provincial Japanese town. I remember being very surprised when thinking about the money they needed to pay for 200 tons of beluga whale meat. In that case, the support of the Russian State Committee for Environment Protection and intense public pressure helped to stop the slaughter of these whales. Hunting has since ceased, though there were still capture quotas in place, and licenses were granted for capturing these animals for educational and research purposes. There is a heart-breaking scene in the film in which everyone celebrates the capture of calves, saying, “At this rate, we will all become millionaires quite soon!” Sadly, it is money that rules the bloody business of the trade in beluga whales with China and using them for entertainment in oceanariums. “Science is underfunded, so we have decided to earn money showing belugas to public”, says Lev Mukhamedov in the documentary. But we must be aware of pain and suffering that are behind the scenes. I believe that the faithful account of events given in the Born to be Free documentary will help change the situation. In December, an IFAW delegation including Pamela Anderson presented the issue of beluga whale captures and captive management to Sergei Ivanov, the Special Presidential Representative for Environmental Protection, Ecology and Transport of
  19. 19. Russia, who was very interested in what he could do to address this problem. Since then, Sergei Donskoi, the Minister of Natural Resources and Environment, has addressed the topic in an interview with journalists. The good news is that the work on the development of the state of animal cruelty law has resumed. It is time to stand together for animal welfare, and the Born to be Freedocumentary is one of the strongest arguments in favour of this advocacy in Russia. --MV Subscribe to Dr. Maria (Masha) N. Vorontsova About Dr. Maria (Masha) N. Vorontsova Work Masha established IFAW’s office in the Russian Federation in 1994, then initiated a campaign which led to a ban on the winter den hunt of hibernating bears. She helped expand the Orphan Bear Cub Rehabilitation Center, which has rescued, rehabilitated and released more than 170 orphan bear cubs back to wild. Masha has also led campaigns resulting in the ban on the White Sea white coat harp seal hunt and the Sea of Okhotsk beluga hunt, as well as contributing to an increase in penalties for poaching of tigers and several other Red Book of Russia species. As part of IFAW’s efforts to save the critically endangered western gray whale, Masha’s team helped ensure that off shore oil and gas pipelines were constructed around, rather than through, crucial feeding grounds near Sakhalin Island. They continue to work to prevent the construction of a third oil platform. Masha has acted as advisor to Russian MPs, working to promote animal welfare on a political level. In Moscow she helped establish an animal clinic and shelter in cooperation with the organization Tess and local authorities, which provides spay/neuter surgery and works to address the homeless dog and cat situation in the city. A recognized expert, Masha has been a member of the Russian Federation and IFAW delegations to international conferences including CITES, CMS and IWC. She is regularly interviewed by newspapers and magazines, and is filmed or consults on documentaries for major outlets such as Discovery and National Geographic.
  20. 20. 11/2/2017 Film on belugas criticizes Georgia Aquarium 1/5  LOG IN Film on belugas criticizes Georgia Aquarium LIVING By Bo Emerson - The Atlanta Journal-Constitution   Posted: 11:29 a.m. Tuesday, August 23, 2016 A documentary on the treatment of beluga whales in a Russian capture operation — purportedly the same type of operation used to capture whales for the Georgia Aquarium — presents the viewer with disturbing images and raises difficult questions. We see the graceful, one-ton white whales being yanked out of the surf with ropes tied around their tails. We see the creatures being confined to small tanker trucks filled with brackish-looking water as they travel across Russia for days at a time. None of those images involves the actual animals that the Georgia Aquarium contracted to buy six years ago. But the movie, “Born to Be Free,” by Russian filmmaker Gayane Petrosyan, includes a visit to the marine facility on the Black Sea where Georgia’s belugas have been held in limbo for six years. And it suggests that Georgia’s whales were subjected to the same treatment. The circular tanks of the seaside facility, built through the support of the Georgia Aquarium, seem like a rather circumscribed holding cell for animals that can travel hundreds of miles at sea. 73°  SUBSCRIBE as low as 99¢  0 The film “Born to Be Free” includes disturbing images of the capture of beluga whales. (Contributed)
  21. 21. 11/2/2017 Film on belugas criticizes Georgia Aquarium 2/5 “It is a very small place, very small tanks,” said producer-director-writer Petrosyan. “Seven or eight whales live in every tank. For years, they lived like this.” Petrosyan’s movie premiered earlier this year in England at the Sheffield Doc/Fest, but hasn’t been shown in the U.S. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution was given the opportunity to view the film online. Petrosyan and her colleagues, Tatiana Beley and Yulia Petrik, hope their film will be another “Blackfish.” That documentary about Tillikum, an orca that killed three people, premiered in 2013 and led to intense debate. This year, SeaWorld announced it would end its killer whale program. Prompted by concerns about the impact of the new film, the Georgia Aquarium announced earlier this summer that it was ending its practice of displaying any whales or dolphins caught in the wild. The film urges the Georgia Aquarium to release the captured belugas into the open sea, though Petrosyan said that the costly operation will make that unlikely. “They spent so much money for this, they want their money back,” she said. Untrue, said Mike Leven, chairman and CEO of the Georgia Aquarium. “There is no financial incentive for us at all; we’re not the owner.” The Georgia Aquarium has paid $6.5 million in development costs to research beluga populations, to construct the holding tanks where the belugas are being kept, and to support the upkeep of the facility in Utrish. “Those are unrecoverable costs,” Leven said. Four of the whales have died since they were captured and one was replaced. In the past few weeks, seven of the 15 whales at the Utrish facility have been transferred to a marine park in Japan, Leven said. Five belugas have died at the Georgia Aquarium, including two infants and three adults. The Russian belugas were collected about six years ago from the Sea of Okhotsk by Russian fishermen, working with the assurance that their customer, the Georgia Aquarium, would receive a permit from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to import the animals. After the permit application was turned down, the aquarium filed suit, but was denied in U.S. District Court. Ocean Park Hong Kong had agreed to keep the whales during the permitting process but backed out, according to Georgia Aquarium officials. Leven said he still hasn’t seen “Born to Be Free,” despite multiple requests for a screening copy, though some associates in England attended the premiere. He said he couldn’t comment on the capture operations showed in the film, except to say “sometimes things look traumatic but aren’t. The question is, how healthy are the animals?” Earlier this summer, Greg Bossart, senior vice president and chief veterinary officer at the Georgia Aquarium, said reintroducing captive belugas to the wild is difficult after they’ve been in human care longer than a year, because of concerns about disease transmission and learned behaviors. Petrosyan disagreed. Speaking by telephone from overseas, the 41-year-old Muscovite said, “We asked good independent experts, in Russia and the U.S.A, they all said the belugas will survive without a problem.” She has worked on the film for three years, raising $30,000 through crowd-funding site Indiegogo and traveling widely across Russia, from Moscow to Vladivostok, and to the U.S. and China. Petrosyan also rejected the suggestion that keeping belugas in captivity helps research. “Can we catch people for research? I think, no. It sounds horrible, sounds like a Nazi state, like Dr. Mengele.”
  22. 22. 11/2/2017 Film on belugas criticizes Georgia Aquarium 3/5 Alabama and the Charlie Daniels Band will team for show at the Fox Channing Tatum, Jimmy Kimmel prank their kids, say they ate their Halloween candy CMA Awards 2017: SiriusXM will offer live broadcast of show Four teasers from ‘Xscape Still Kickin’ It’ November 5 Syleena Johnson covers her father’s hits Reader Comments Next Up in Living More Stories Follow The Story Get Intown Atlanta updates delivered to your inbox. Enter your email address By providing my email address, I agree to receive messages related to this story and agree to the Privacy Policy Sign Up About the Author BO EMERSON Bo Emerson is an Atlanta native and a long-time AJC feature and news writer.  0 Popular in Lifestyles ADVERTISER CONTENT: SOUTH JERSEY DENTAL South Jersey dentist now offers free oral cancer screening?
  23. 23. 11/2/2017 The Cove (film) - Wikipedia 1/12 The Cove Canadian free-diving world champion Mandy-Rae Cruickshank swimming with dolphins in a photograph used for the film's movie poster[1] Directed by Louie Psihoyos Produced by Fisher Stevens Paula DuPre Pesmen Written by Mark Monroe Starring Ric O'Barry Hayden Panettiere Scott Baker Isabel Lucas Hardy Jones Music by J. Ralph Cinematography Brook Aitken Edited by Geoffrey Richman Production company Participant Media Distributed by Lionsgate Roadside Attractions The Cove (film) The Cove is a 2009 documentary film directed by Louie Psihoyos which analyzes and questions dolphin hunting practices in Japan. It was awarded the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature in 2010. The film is a call to action to halt mass dolphin kills, change Japanese fishing practices, and to inform and educate the public about the risks, and increasing hazard, of mercury poisoning from dolphin meat. The film is told from an ocean conservationist's point of view.[2][3] The film highlights the fact that the number of dolphins killed in the Taiji dolphin drive hunting is several times greater than the number of whales killed in the Antarctic, and asserts that 23,000 dolphins and porpoises are killed in Japan every year by the country's whaling industry. The migrating dolphins are herded into a cove where they are netted and killed by means of spears and knives over the side of small fishing boats. The film argues that dolphin hunting as practiced in Japan is unnecessary and cruel. Since the film's release, The Cove has drawn controversy over neutrality, secret filming, and its portrayal of the Japanese people. The film was directed by former National Geographic photographer Louie Psihoyos.[4] Portions were filmed secretly in 2007 using underwater microphones and high-definition cameras disguised as rocks.[2][5] The documentary won the U.S. Audience Award at the 25th annual Sundance Film Festival in January 2009. It was selected out of the 879 submissions in the category.[2][6] 1 Synopsis 2 Cast 3 Production 4 Reception 4.1 Film critics 4.2 Reactions in Taiji, Japan 4.3 Reactions in Seaworld 4.4 Reactions in Western Australia 5 Release in Japan 6 Controversy 6.1 Portrayal 6.2 Filming technique issues 6.3 Alleged inaccuracies 6.4 Opposing documentary Contents Coordinates: 33°35′55.92″N 135°56′46.86″E
  24. 24. 11/2/2017 The Cove (film) - Wikipedia 2/12 Release date July 31, 2009 Running time 87 minutes Country United States Language English Japanese Box office $1,140,043 7 Awards and nominations 8 See also 9 Explanatory notes 10 References 11 External links The film follows former dolphin trainer and activist Ric O'Barry's quest to document the dolphin hunting operations in Taiji, Wakayama, Japan. In the 1960s, O'Barry helped capture and train the five wild dolphins who shared the role of "Flipper" in the hit television series of the same name. The show, very popular, fueled widespread public adoration of dolphins, influencing the development of marine parks that included dolphins in their attractions. After one of the dolphins, in O'Barry's opinion, committed a form of suicide in his arms by closing her blowhole voluntarily in order to suffocate, O'Barry came to see the dolphin's captivity and the dolphin capture industry as a curse, not a blessing. Days later, he was arrested off the island of Bimini, attempting to cut a hole in the sea pen in order to set free a captured dolphin.[7] Since then, according to the film, O'Barry has dedicated himself full-time as an advocate on behalf of dolphins around the world. After meeting with O'Barry, Psihoyos and his crew travel to Taiji, Japan, a town that appears to be devoted to dolphins and whales. In a nearby, isolated cove, however, surrounded by wire fences and "Keep Out" signs, an activity takes place that the townspeople attempt to hide from the public. In the cove, a group of Taiji fishermen engage in dolphin drive hunting. The film states that the dolphin hunt is, in large part, motivated by the tremendous revenue generated for the town by selling some of the captured dolphins, female bottlenose dolphins, to aquariums and marine parks and killing the majority of the rest. The dolphins that are not sold into captivity are then slaughtered in the cove and the meat is sold in supermarkets. According to the evidence presented in the film, the local Japanese government officials are involved in the hiding of the hunting, and the Japanese public is not fully aware of the hunt and the marketing of dolphin meat. The film states that the dolphin meat contains dangerously high levels of mercury and interviews two local politicians, Taiji city councilors who have, for that reason, advocated the removal of dolphin meat from local school lunches. Attempts to view or film the dolphin killing in the cove are physically blocked by local police and the Japanese local government who treat the visitors with open intimidation, derision, and anger. Foreigners who come to Taiji, including The Cove's film crew, are shadowed and questioned by local police. In response, together with the Oceanic Preservation Society, Psihoyos, O'Barry, and the crew utilize special tactics and technology to covertly film what is taking place in the cove.[8] The film also reports on Japan's alleged "buying" of votes of poor nations in the International Whaling Commission. The film indicates that while Dominica has withdrawn from the IWC, Japan has recruited the following nations to its whaling agenda: Cambodia, Ecuador, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Kiribati, Laos, and the Republic of the Marshall Islands.[a][10] At the end of the film, O'Barry shows footage of the Taiji dolphin slaughter to a Japanese official, after the official repeatedly denies the incident; he is unmoved by the footage, and asks O'Barry where he obtained it. The film then cuts to a scene showing an annual meeting of the International Whaling Commission. O'Barry marches into a meeting of the Commission strapping a TV showing the footage on his chest (while the Japanese delegates are talking about how they have improved whaling tactics). O'Barry walks around the crowded meeting room displaying the images until he is escorted from the room. Ric O'Barry Hayden Panettiere Synopsis Cast
  25. 25. 11/2/2017 The Cove (film) - Wikipedia 3/12 ―Ric O'Barry, In the first five minutes of the film. The film used specialized camouflaged high-definition cameras that were designed to look like rocks. These hidden cameras helped capture footage and were so well camouflaged that, according to director Louie Psihoyos, the crew had a hard time finding them again.[12] The film received predominately positive reviews from critics. Roger Ebert gave the film four stars (out of four), calling the film "a certain Oscar nominee".[13] Jeannette Catsoulis of The New York Times called the film "an exceptionally well-made documentary that unfolds like a spy thriller", going on to describe it as "one of the most audacious and perilous operations in the history of the conservation movement".[14] Other reviewers also played up the espionage angle of the film, including Time magazine's Mary Pols who said that The Cove "puts Hollywood capers like Mission Impossible to shame", and Peter Rainer of The Christian Science Monitor, who called it "a rousing piece of real-world thriller filmmaking".[15][16] Film review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported that 94% of critics had given the film positive reviews, based upon 125 total reviews, summarizing the consensus as "Though decidedly one-sided, The Cove is an impeccably crafted, suspenseful exposé of the covert slaughter of dolphins in Japan."[17] At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the film has received an average score of 82, based on 26 reviews.[18] Some reviews recognized the film's entertainment value but did not view it as an "objective documentary".[19] Wall Street Journal critic Joe Morgenstern labeled the film as a "quasidocumentary framed as a high-tech thriller" with an "agitprop style" that had "an excess of artifice and a dearth of facts".[20] David Cox of The Guardian Film Blog called it a "piece of evangelism", and asked rhetorically: "Westerners... kill and eat cows. Easterners eat dolphins. What's the difference?".[21] According to Michelle Orange of Movie Line "How much of this (The Cove) should we believe? As a piece of propaganda, The Cove is brilliant; as a story of ingenuity and triumph over what seems like senseless brutality, it is exceptionally well- told; but as a conscientious overview of a complex and deeply fraught, layered issue, it invokes the same phrase as even the most well-intentioned, impassioned activist docs: Buyer beware."[22] Scott Baker[11] Joe Chisholm Mandy-Rae Cruickshank Hannah Fraser (aka Hannah Mermaid) Charles Hambleton Simon Hutchins Hardy Jones Kirk Krack Isabel Lucas Roger Payne John Potter Louie Psihoyos Dave Rastovich Paul Watson Ric O'Barry at the Cove in Taiji, Japan 2014 Today they would kill me, if they could. And I'm not exaggerating, if these fisherman could catch me and kill me, they would. “ ” Production Reception Film critics Reactions in Taiji, Japan
  26. 26. 11/2/2017 The Cove (film) - Wikipedia 4/12 The whale and dolphin hunting season in Japan usually begins on September 1 each year; in 2009, the hunting began on September 9. Although activists tend to believe that it was because of the publicity generated by the film,[23] it has been reported that the delay was due to the weather and rough seas.[24] According to campaigners, out of the 100 dolphins captured on September 9, some were taken to be sold to marine museums and the rest were released, while 50 pilot whales were killed and sold for meat on the same day. While campaigners claim that it has become apparent that The Cove is having an impact on the way in which Japanese fisherman normally conduct the dolphin hunt,[25] on March 23, 2010 the Japanese government stated "The dolphin hunting is a part of traditional fishery of this country and it has been lawfully carried out."[26] Upon the film winning the Oscar, the town mayor of Taiji and the chief of Taiji Fishery Union said "The hunt is performed legally and properly with the permission of Wakayama Prefecture [local government]."[27] Taiji assemblyman Hisato Ryono, one of the two local legislators who broke ranks and publicly called for removal of dolphin (pilot whale) meat from school lunches, said he was lied to by the documentary's producers about what the film would contain.[28][29][30] Since the release of the film, a much larger number of activists, mainly non-Japanese, have visited Taiji to protest or film the dolphin hunts. The Taiji fishermen responded by constructing an elaborate structure of tarps to better conceal the drive-hunting activities in and around the cove.[31] SeaWorld spokesperson Fred Jacobs has responded by saying that, "We think we're being unfairly criticized for something we're opposed to."[32] He adds that, "SeaWorld opposes the dolphin hunts documented in The Cove. We do not purchase any animals from these hunts. More than 80 percent of the marine mammals in our care were born in our parks. We haven't collected a dolphin from the wild in decades."[33] However, Jacobs does not condemn those who purchase from the Taiji dolphin hunt.[34] O'Barry has thus been criticized for emphasizing that dolphinariums are a large contributing factor to the economic success of the dolphin slaughter in Taiji and for encouraging boycotts of dolphin shows to protest the dolphin slaughter. The scene in The Cove that displays a map consisting of arrows emanating from Taiji and pointing to countries with dolphinariums has been said to be misleading since the majority of those countries do not currently have dolphins of Japanese origin. In the United States it is currently illegal to import dolphins obtained from a drive, including the drive hunt at Taiji, as it is considered an inhumane method.[32] Since 1993 there have been no permits issued to facilities in the United States to import dolphins acquired through drive hunt methods.[35] Marilee Menard, the executive director of the Alliance of Marine Mammal Parks and Aquariums, has also stated that she believes that the filmmakers are "misrepresenting that the majority of zoos and aquariums with dolphins around the world are taking these animals."[32] In August 2009, after the screening of the film in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane film festivals, the councillors of the Shire of Broome, Western Australia, voted unanimously to suspend its sister city relationship with the Japanese whaling port town of Taiji, as long as the latter continues its dolphin slaughter.[36][37][38] The decision was reversed in October 2009.[39] The film was initially screened only at two small venues in Japan: at the Foreign Correspondents' Club in Tokyo in September 2009, and at the Tokyo International Film Festival in October 2009 where it received mixed reviews.[40][41] A Japanese film distributor, Medallion Media/Unplugged, subsequently acquired the rights to screen the film in Japan. The company hoped to begin a run of the movie in Japanese cinemas in June 2010.[42] Medallion prepared the documentary Reactions in Seaworld Reactions in Western Australia Release in Japan
  27. 27. 11/2/2017 The Cove (film) - Wikipedia 5/12 for presentation in Japan by pixelating the faces of Taiji residents and fishermen depicted in the film.[27] Nationalist protesters vowed to block the release of the film in Japan and dozens equipped with loudspeakers have demonstrated outside of the distributor's office in central Tokyo.[41][43] As of June 2010, the controversy over the film and the film's subject had received little press attention in Japanese- language media in Japan. Boyd Harnell of the Japan Times stated on May 23, 2010, that Japanese news editors had told him that the topic was "too sensitive" for them to cover.[44] In April 2010, Colonel Frank Eppich, the United States Air Force commander of Yokota Air Base, located near Tokyo, banned screenings of the film at the base theater. A base spokesman said that The Cove was banned because using a base venue to display the film could be seen as an endorsement of the film. The spokesman added, "We have a lot of issues with Japan ... and anything done on an American base would be seen as an approval of that event."[45] In response, Louie Psihoyos said that he would give away 100 DVD copies of the film free to Yokota base personnel.[43] A screening scheduled for June 26, 2010 at Theater N in Shibuya was canceled after staff were harassed by right-wing protesters. Unplugged stated that it was in negotiations with other theaters to screen the film.[46] Another theater in Tokyo and one in Osaka subsequently declined to screen the film. In response, a group of 61 media figures, including journalist Akihiro Ōtani and filmmaker Yoichi Sai, released a statement expressing concern over the threat to freedom of speech by the intimidation of right-wing groups.[47] The Directors Guild of Japan also asked theaters not to stop showing the film, arguing that "such moves would limit opportunities to express thoughts and beliefs, which are the core of democracy."[48] On June 9, 2010, Tsukuru Publishing Co. sponsored a screening of the film and panel discussion at Nakano Zero theater in Nakano, Tokyo. The panelists included five who had signed the statement above. Afterwards, panel member Kunio Suzuki, former head of Issuikai, an Uyoku dantai (rightist) group, condemned the right-winger's threats against theaters and urged that the film be shown. "Not letting people watch the movie is anti-Japanese", said Suzuki.[49] In response to the cancellation of screenings of the film in Japan, Japanese video sharing site Nico Nico Douga screened the film free on June 18, 2010. The same week, Ric O'Barry was invited to speak at several universities in Japan about the film. O'Barry stated that he was planning on bringing several Hollywood stars to Taiji in September 2010 in an attempt to halt that year's hunt.[50] On July 3, 2010, six theaters in Sendai, Tokyo, Yokohama, Kyoto, Osaka, and Hachinohe began screening the film. Right- wing nationalists protested outside four of the theaters, but close police supervision prevented any disruption to the viewing schedules and ensured free access for viewers to the theaters. The two in Tokyo and Yokohama were successful in obtaining prior court injunctions prohibiting protests outside their venues.[51] A local Taiji activist group, called People Concerned for the Ocean, announced that they would distribute DVDs of the film, dubbed in Japanese, to all 3,500 residents of Taiji. The DVDs were to be distributed to the residents on March 5–6, 2011.[52] There has been some controversy over the depiction of the Japanese people in the film. Hirotaka Akamatsu, Japanese Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries, said "it is regrettable that this movie is made as a message that brutal Japanese are killing cute dolphins".[54] However, upon questioning, director Louie Psihoyos said of his Controversy Portrayal It's a case of (mostly) 'white men saving cute dolphins from yellow men'. “ ”
  28. 28. 11/2/2017 The Cove (film) - Wikipedia 6/12 ―Ilan Kapoor, academic, echoing the famous phrase by Gayatri Spivak.[53] sympathy for the Japanese people, many of whom are unaware of the situation at the cove, "To me, it's a love letter. I'm giving you the information your government won't give you."[55] This did not sway critics who saw the movie and stated that "Not since Mr Osato accidentally killed a beautiful woman with poison that was intended for James Bond in You Only Live Twice have Japanese people been depicted so one-dimensionally on celluloid."[56] Close-up Gendai, an investigative journalism program on NHK, reported questions raised regarding the objectivity of the filming. One scene in the film was presented as having been manufactured for the camera. The segment then entered into a discussion with a commentator on whether the movie should properly be called a documentary.[57] Chiefly the points were raised by the Taiji fishermen themselves. The local fishermen complained that the film one-sidedly depicted their angry reactions at being chased by cameras, and did not adequately explain the backdrop that they had been harassed by activists such as the Sea Shepherd and individuals attracted by the bounty offered by this organization for capturing damaging footages. The NHK (on a different program) concluded that the activists did so in order to capture angry and wild expressions by the local fishermen in the film and in photos.[b][58] Louie Psihoyos, the documentary's director was interviewed by Close-up Gendai, but no response was broadcast regarding the allegedly scripted and acted scene. Elsewhere, Psihoyos has stated categorically that none of the scenes in the film were staged.[59] Tetsuya Endō, an associate professor of the Health Sciences University of Hokkaido has complained that the film has approached him under false pretenses. In one scene, he is actually holding a sample of dolphin liver (containing an anomalously high 2000 ppm level of mercury), but the film represented it as dolphin meat bought in Taiji.[c][d] In reality, the town's fishermen's union banned sales of the liver in 2003 at the professor's prompting.[63] Endo sought to have his scenes removed, but initial screenings went ahead without, and he sued the Japanese rights-holder, Medallion Media, and the distributor, Unplugged, for ¥11 million for damages to his reputation. The litigation opened in Tokyo District Court on December 1, 2010.[30][64] Towards the end of the film, the assistant chief of the whaling division at Japan's Fisheries Agency Hideki Moronuki is erroneously captioned as having been subsequently been "fired". The error was reported by the investigative news program Close-up Gendai, and Psihoyos when confronted conceded he might have misunderstood.[e][57][65] In 2015, filmmaker Keiko Yagi released a documentary titled Behind 'The Cove' which presented the side of the Taiji fishermen. The film was screened at the Montreal World Film Festival.[66][67] The Cove has won over 25 film awards. Some notable awards include "Best Documentary" from the Environmental Media Awards,[68] Three Cinema Eye Honors[69] for "Outstanding Achievement", and the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature on the 82nd Annual Academy Awards.[70] A list of nominations and awards the film has received is as follows: Filming technique issues Alleged inaccuracies Opposing documentary Awards and nominations
  29. 29. 11/2/2017 The Cove (film) - Wikipedia 7/12 82nd Academy Awards (2010) – Best Documentary Feature (won)[71] During the presentation ceremony, ABC cameras abruptly cut away to the crowd when O'Barry raised a banner urging the audience to "Text DOLPHIN to 44144".[72] TV Guide labeled the moment as "Fastest Cutaway",[72] and film critic Sean Means wrote it showed that the Oscar ceremony was "studiously devoid of genuine excitement".[73] Genesis Awards (2010) – Best Documentary Feature (won) 62nd Writers Guild Awards (2009) – Best Documentary Feature Screenplay (February 20, 2010) Directors Guild Awards (2009) – Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Documentary, Directors Guild of America (January 31, 2010)[74] National Board of Review – Best Documentary, (December 3, 2009)[75] 15th BFCA Critics' Choice Awards (2009) – Best Documentary Feature, Critics' Choice Awards in Los Angeles (January 15, 2010)[76] Los Angeles Film Critics Association – Best Documentary[77] Toronto Film Critics Association Awards (2009) – Allan King Documentary Award (December 16, 2009)[78] Toronto Film Critics Association Awards (2009) – Best Documentary Feature (December 16, 2009)[78] Newport Beach Film Festival (2009) – Audience Award for Best Documentary[79] New York Film Critics Online (NYFCO) – Best Documentary (December 13, 2009)[80] Sheffield Doc/Fest (2009) – The Sheffield Green Award (November 8, 2009)[81] Cinema Eye Honors (2009) – (Nominated) Outstanding Achievement In Original Music Score – J. Ralph (November 5, 2009)[82] Traveling through film festivals and social events all around the United States, The Cove has also received the best documentary nod from many critics organizations, including The Boston Society of Film Critics,[83] San Diego Film Critics Society,[84] Dallas/Ft. Worth Film Critics Association,[85] Utah Film Critics Association,[86] Florida Film Critics Association,[87] Houston Film Critics Association,[88] and the Denver Film Critics Society.[89] As the film has received more and more recognition, the Oceanic Preservation Society translated their website into multiple languages to cater to interest from around the world.[90] Blackfish (film) The Whale (2011 film) a. This is not entirely accurate, however, as Ecuador has been a strong opponent of whaling.[9] b. A different program broadcast 1 year after than the Close-up Gendai segment. It captures footages of the activists as they irritate local people by saying nasty words both in Japanese and English, and shove cameras at their faces. c. The subtitle in the film read: "This is dolphin meat. This is containing 2000ppm".[60] d. Endo's findings on the 2000 ppm liver can be confirmed in a report for fiscal purpose, which also cites publication in a peer-reviewed journal.[61][62] e. Psihoyos, in video-conference interview to Close-up Gendai attributed the information to Akira Nakamae, the Deputy Minister of Fisheries, whom he met on an airplane bound for Santiago, where the 2008 IWC meeting was being held Psihoyos conceded he may have misapprehended and what was actually said might have been that he was "moved" (at around 20:00 minutes into the program). Nakamae when contacted by NHK stated he "never gave the reply that [Moronuki] was fired" (at around 22:00 minutes). 1. The Cove (2009). "The Cove Poster" ( Retrieved April 23, 2010. See also Explanatory notes References
  30. 30. 11/2/2017 The Cove (film) - Wikipedia 8/12 2. "Dolphin slaughter film a hit at Sundance" ( The Japan Times. (January 27, 2009). Retrieved on January 27, 2009. 3. ( Archived ( June 11, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., Oceanic Preservation Society – Facts 4. Catsoulis, Jeannette. The Cove (2008) From Flipper's Trainer to Dolphin Defender The New York Times. July 31, 2009. 5. Jurgensen, John. A Dolphin Horror Film The Wall Street Journal. July 31, 2009. 6. The Cove ( Archived ( 74534/ August 14, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. Sundance Festival 2009 7. "" ( Retrieved April 23, 2010. 8. "" ( Retrieved April 23, 2010. 9. "Ecuador ECUADOR PROPONE PONER FIN A LA "CAZA CIENTÍFICA" QUE JAPÓN REALIZARÁ EN SANTUARIO AUSTRAL" ( Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores del Ecuador. February 17, 2011. Retrieved September 21, 2010. 10. "Ecuador has not joined the pro-whaling block in the IWC" ( 811-1.html). Sea Shepherd. August 11, 2010. Retrieved September 21, 2010. 11. "Scott Baker | Marine Mammal Institute" ( Retrieved April 23, 2010. 12. (, How Filmmakers Used Spy Tech to Catch Dolphin Slaughter, August 20, 2009 13. The Cove ( 14. Catsoulis, Jeannette (July 31, 2009). "Movie Review - The Cove - From Flipper's Trainer to Dolphin Defender" (http s:// Retrieved August 28, 2009. 15. Pols, Mary (August 10, 2009). "Documentary Review: The Cove" (,9171,1 913757,00.html). TIME. Retrieved August 28, 2009. 16. Rainer, Peter (August 7, 2009). "Review: 'The Cove'" ( Retrieved August 28, 2009. 17. "The Cove Movie Reviews, Pictures" ( Rotten Tomatoes. IGN Entertainment, Inc. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 18. "Cove, The reviews at" ( Metacritic. CNET Networks, Inc. Retrieved November 24, 2009. 19. Kennicott, Philip (August 7, 2009). "Mini Movie Review: 'The Cove'" ( t/article/2009/08/06/AR2009080601038.html). Washington Post. 20. Morgenstern, Joe (July 31, 2009), ‘Funny People’: Sick Comic, Bleak Prognosis: ‘The Cove’ is riveting account of dolphin killing, but factuality evades its nets ( s/SB10001424052970204619004574320194134539128), archived from the original ( 10001424052970204619004574320194134539128) on March 25, 2015 21. Cox, David (October 26, 2009). "The Cove's message is gruesome but facile" ( og/2009/oct/26/the-cove-documentary). The Guardian. Retrieved April 23, 2010. 22. From Lowbrow (July 30, 2009). "" ( Retrieved April 23, 2010. 23. "Hunters Pass On Opening Day Of Dolphin Season" ( 9). All Things Considered. NPR. September 5, 2009. Retrieved September 7, 2009.
  31. 31. 11/2/2017 The Cove (film) - Wikipedia 9/12 24. イルカとクジラ捕獲 太地の追い込み漁 ( s/dailynews/article.php?storyid=174984) (in Japanese). Kii Mimpō (紀伊民報). September 9, 2009. Archived from the original ( on September 12, 2009. Retrieved April 23, 2010. 25. Conservationists say 70 dolphins in Japan released. ( ists-say-70-dolphins-in-japan-released.html) Associated Press. September 15, 2009. 26. イルカ漁は「法令に基づく伝統的漁業」 「ザ・コーブ」踏まえ政府が答弁書決定 ( icle/politics/politicsit/371790/) [Dolphin whaling is 'legally compliant traditional fishing': government decides on response in writing, in consideration 'The Cove'] (in Japanese). March 23, 2010. Retrieved April 23, 2010. 27. Matsutani, Minoru (March 9, 2010). "Cove Oscar is Taiji's Chagrin]" ( 9a2.html). Japan Times. (In Japanese: アカデミー賞:「ザ・コーヴ」受賞に和歌山反発 ( ay/news/20100308k0000e040066000c.html).) 28. Professor Endo is also named (in the Jay Alabaster article) as an individual who complained that the film's makers approached him under false pretenses. But he teaches at a university in Hokkaido, not Taiji. 29. Harnell, Boyd (August 1, 2007). "Taiji officials: Dolphin meat 'toxic waste' Assembly pair break taboo, warn of acute mercury risk in school lunches" ( The Japan Times. 30. Alabaster, Jay, (Associated Press), "Cove Oscar Won't End Taiji Dolphin Kill ( 20100310a4.html)", Japan Times, March 20, 2010, p. 2. 31. Alabaster, Jay (March 3, 2011). "Activists may shift tactics in Taiji; Sigh of relief". Japan Times. Associated Press and Kyodo News. 32. Mieszkowski, Katharine (August 7, 2009), "Dolphins Are Dying to Amuse Us" ( nt/feature/2009/08/07/the_cove_dolphins), Salon, retrieved June 7, 2011 33. "The Cove's Shocking Discovery" ( ove/5), The Oprah Winfrey Show, April 22, 2010, retrieved June 7, 2011 34. Alexander, Brian (August 6, 2009), Dolphin hunt film sparks dilemma for tourists ( 4599/ns/travel-news/t/dolphin-hunt-film-sparks-dilemma-tourists/),, retrieved January 9, 2012 35. Rose, Naomi A. (2009). "The Case Against Marine Mammals in Captivity" ( 159_the_case_against_marine_mammals_in_captivity_english_2009_tcm25-8409.pdf) (PDF). E.C.M. Parsons, and Richard Farinato. The Humane Society of the United States and the World Society for the Protection of Animals. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 36. "Dolphin Kill Film to Shock Taiji Sister City Broome" (,25197,25623722-1 6947,00.html). Retrieved April 23, 2010. 37. Debbie Guest (2009-08-23). "Broome Suspends Sister City Relationship with Taiji Over Dolphin Slaughter" (http://ww,25197,25969585-2702,00.html). Retrieved 2010-04-23. 38. 太地のイルカ漁描く映画「The Cove」⽇本公開を期待 ( [Film 'The Cove' depicting dolphin hunt in Taiji: theater release in Japan anticipated] (in Japanese). August 27, 2009. Retrieved April 23, 2010. 39. "Australian Town Embraces Taiji Again" ( ces-taiji-again/#.WTjhrBOGNYg). The Japan Times. October 15, 2009. Retrieved October 28, 2009. 40. Tabuchi, Hiroko (October 22, 2009). "Film on the Dolphin Hunt Stirs Outrage in Japan" ( 9/10/23/world/asia/23dolphin.html). The New York Times. Retrieved February 9, 2010. 41. "Right-wingers vow to block release of 'The Cove' in Japan" ( right-wingers-vow-to-block-release-of-the-cove-in-japan). Associated Press. 2010-04-10. Retrieved 2010-04-10. 42. Matsutani, Minoru (February 13, 2009). "Distributor Hopes to Screen The Cove Soon". Japan Times. 43. "'Cove' director reacts to base ban" ( Japan Times. Associated Press. April 23, 2010. 44. Harnell, Boyd (May 23, 2010). "Experts fear Taiji mercury tests are fatally flawed". Japan Times. p. 12.
  32. 32. 11/2/2017 The Cove (film) - Wikipedia 10/12 45. Harnell, Boyd (April 13, 2010). "Yokota base bans 'Cove' to be neutral" ( national/yokota-base-bans-cove-to-be-neutral). Japan Times. 46. "Japan screens controversial film". The Straits Times. Agence France-Presse. June 4, 2010. 47. "'Cove' censure threatens free speech: writers, filmmakers". Japan Times. Kyodo News. June 9, 2010. p. 3. 48. Bassett, Deborah (July 6, 2010). "The Cove Opens in Tokyo With Clash From Protesters" (http://www.huffingtonpost.c om/deborah-bassett/the-cove-opens-in-tokyo-w_b_635955.html). Huffington Post. Retrieved January 6, 2011. 49. Matsutani, Minoru (June 11, 2010). "Rightist also tells theaters to run 'Cove'". Japan Times. p. 2. 50. "Nico Nico Doga plans to stream 'Cove' for free". Japan Times. Associated Press. June 17, 2010. p. 2. 51. "Public screenings of 'The Cove' begin". Japan Times. Kyodo News. July 4, 2010. 52. Matsutani, Minoru (March 1, 2011). "Activists to give Taiji residents free 'Cove' DVD". Japan Times. p. 2. 53. Ilan Kapoor (2010-03-31). "Bright Lights Film Journal :: Troubled Waters: Crashing into The Cove" (http://www.brightli Retrieved 2010-09-21. 54. "農林水産省/赤松農林水産大臣記者会見概要" ( [MAFF/Agriculture Minister Akamatsu's press conference (summary)]. Retrieved April 23, 2010. 55. "Japan defends dolphin hunt in Oscar-winning 'Cove'" ( nning-cove-1.489894). CTV News. Associated Press. March 8, 2010. 56. 57. Kuniya, Hiroko (2010-07-06). 問われる表現 イルカ漁映画 ( [Dolphin hunt film: its approach to expression being questioned]. Close-up Gendai (television production) (in Japanese). NHK. 58. クジラと⽣きる ( [Living with Whales] (in Japanese). May 22, 2011. 59. "Unfazed by 'The Cove,' Taiji's Fishermen Prepare to Resume Dolphin Hunt" ( 08-27/taiji-s-fishermen-prepare-to-resume-dolphin-hunt-shrugging-off-the-cove-.html). Bloomberg Businessweek. August 27, 2010.; reprinted ( hin-hunt/) in Pioneer Press, August 28, 2010 60. ewolfhughes (December 14, 2013). "The Cove-A Real Life Heist Movie" ( m/category/the-cove-2). UCLA. (for undergrauate course) 61. Endo, Tetsuya (遠藤 哲也) (2004), 市販鯨⾁の⽔銀汚染と安全性 ( -14572112/145721122004kenkyu_seika_hokoku_gaiyo/) [Market-sol whale meat mercury contamination and safety] 62. Endo et al. (2002), Science of the Total Environment, 300 ( 7/300), pp. 15-22 63. Powell, Bill (March 27, 2014). "A Social Media Storm Descends on Taiji, the Japanese Town at the Center of a Dolphin Slaughter" ( -taiji-japanese-town.html). Archived from the original ( ends-taiji-japanese-town.html) on March 28, 2014. 64. Kyodo News, "Professor in 'Cove' sues film firms over arbitrary editing", Japan Times, December 2, 2010. 65. Sea Change Radio ( (Interview with Psihoyos) 66. Kyodo News, "Film supportive of dolphin drive hunts draws mixed reaction in Montreal ( ulture/2015/09/08/films/film-supportive-dolphin-drive-hunts-draws-mixed-reaction-montreal/)", Japan Times, 8 September 2015 67. Gilhooly, Rob, "Taiji drops anchor on dolphin hunts despite increasing pressure ( 09/19/lifestyle/taiji-drops-anchor-dolphin-hunts-despite-increasing-pressure/#.Vf_1cM7os5t)", Japan Times, 20 September 2015 68. "EMA – 20th Anniversary Awards" ( Ema- Retrieved 2010-04-23. 69. "'The Cove' Tops Cinema Eye Honors" ( indieWIRE. Retrieved 2010-04-23.
  33. 33. 11/2/2017 The Cove (film) - Wikipedia 11/12 Ric O'Barry's official website ( Official US website ( 70. " – Oscar Night – Winners" ( Retrieved 2010-04-23. 71. "Nominees for the 82nd Academy Awards" ( Archived ( tml) 2010-04-19 at WebCite. Retrieved February 11, 2010. 72. TV Guide, "11 Top Oscar Moments" ( March 7, 2010 Archived (ht tps:// December 5, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. 73. The Salt Lake Tribune, "Hurt Locker Wins Top Oscar Prize" ( March 8, 2010 74. DGA Website:"Kathryn Bigelow wins DGA Feature Film Award for The Hurt Locker. Other winners of 2009 DGA Awards announced." (January 31, 2010) ( &oldpage=#docs) Archived ( 641&section=news&oldsection=&oldpage=#docs) February 3, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved January 31, 2010. 75. The National Board of Review Official Website (, December 2009 76. The Japan Times: "'Cove' named best documentary" (January 19, 2010) ( 00119b4.html). Retrieved January 19, 2010. 77. King, Susan (December 13, 2009). "L.A. Film Critics announce 2009 winners [Updated]" (http://latimesblogs.latimes.c om/awards/2009/12/la-film-critics-announce-2009-winners.html). Los Angeles Times. 78. "Toronto Film Critics Association Awards 2009" ( ation-awards-2009/). 2009-12-16. Retrieved 2010-04-23. 79. "Newport Beach Film Festival" ( Retrieved 2014-04-19. 80. (, December 2009 81. [1] ( 53) 82. (, November 2009 83. "BSFC Award Winners – Recent" ( Retrieved 2010-04-23. 84. "San Diego Film Critics Society – Movie Reviews by San Diego's Top Film Critics" ( Retrieved 2010-04-23. 85. Robinson, Anna (2009-12-17). "Dallas-Ft. Worth Film Critics Awards 2009" ( -worth-film-critics-awards-2009-9894/). Retrieved 2010-04-23. 86. Montgomery, Steve (2009-12-18). "Utah Film Critics Awards 2009" ( awards-2009-774764/). Retrieved 2010-04-23. 87. "Florida Film Critics Circle – Home" ( Retrieved 2010-04-23. 88. "The Hurt Locker wins top award from Houston film critics – 2009-Dec-19 – CultureMap Houston" (http://culturemap.c om/newsdetail/12-19-09-hurt-locker-wins-top-award-from-houston-critics/). Retrieved 2010-04-23. 89. "Denver Film Critics Society 2009–2010 Award Nominations | Denver Film Critics Society" ( 616/featured/denver-film-critics-society-2009-2010-award-nominations/). 2010-01-13. Retrieved 2010-04-23. 90. "Welcome" ( The Cove Movie. Retrieved 2010-04-23. External links
  34. 34. 11/2/2017 The Cove (film) - Wikipedia 12/12 Official UK site ( The Cove ( on IMDb The Cove ( at the TCM Movie Database The Cove ( at Box Office Mojo The Cove ( at Rotten Tomatoes The Cove ( at Metacritic Oscar-Winning Doc The Cove – video report by Democracy Now! The making of The Cove Director Louie Psihoyos technical interview on Momentum about the making of The Cove Retrieved from "" This page was last edited on 15 September 2017, at 22:04. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.
  35. 35. 11/2/2017 Activists sound alarm over Russia's whale trade 1/3 Home Biology Ecology August 3, 2017 Activists sound alarm over Russia's whale trade August 3, 2017 by Maria Antonova more » Whale and dolphin species like belugas and orcas are highly intelligent mammals who travel large distances and have complex societies A young beluga whale looks down as it is winched in a net onto the deck of a rusty Russian ship moored at a far-eastern port. "Don't forget us, bitch!" shouts one of its captors onboard the ship as the animal is deposited next to three more belugas and rows of other sea mammals such as seals. The grim footage—aired in a recent Russian documentary—shines a spotlight on a murky and poorly regulated trade in marine mammals that has made the country the biggest supplier of some species to aquariums across the globe. Activists documented squalid conditions and dead beluga whales being hastily buried as traders exploited loopholes in legislation to turn a lucrative profit. "We started making a film about aquariums, but I couldn't imagine such a huge business behind them, a huge corrupt system," said Gayane Petrosyan, who directed the film "Born Free" that premiered earlier this year. While many countries around the world are phasing out the use dolphins for entertainment, China's industry is expanding and Russian animals are its star performers. "The animals are treated as a commodity," Petrosyan said. Loopholes Officially Russia has exported 91 live marine mammals—including seals, whales and dolphins—since the beginning of 2016, 84 of which went to China, according to available customs figures. Each year, the government permits traders to catch about 10 orcas and 150 beluga whales for zoos and oceanariums, said Dmitry Glazov, deputy chairman of Russia's Marine Mammal Council of scientists. Permits for orcas, which fetch at least a million dollars each, are especially in demand. While these numbers may sound low, activists believe the true figure is higher as fishermen abuse quotas meant to cover animals captured for educational or scientific purposes to export them commercially. Featured Last comments Aliens may be more like us than we think Nov 01, 2017 32 It's mathematically impossible to beat aging, scientists say Oct 30, 2017 62 Physicists make rapid progress in bounding the speed of gravity Nov 01, 2017 91 Martian ridge brings out rover's color talents Nov 01, 2017 0 Oldest recorded solar eclipse helps date the Egyptian pharaohs Oct 30, 2017 7 Popular This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. More info search Nanotechnology Physics Earth Astronomy & Space Technology Chemistry Biology Other Sciences
  36. 36. 11/2/2017 Activists sound alarm over Russia's whale trade 2/3 Street View My House Enter Any Place For Street View Find Street View Of My House feedback to editors "If you catch an orca for education and cultural purposes in Russia and then sell it to China for those purposes, that's against the law," said lawyer Maxim Krupsky, who helps scientists opposing the trade. Population fears While neither orcas or belugas are listed as globally endangered animals, Russian scientists say that the lack of oversight in the trade and recent research means they are left in the dark over the numbers remaining in their waters. "For many marine mammal species, it's not even clear how many animals there are, there have been no studies since the Soviet times," academic Glazov said. A rough headcount in 2010 suggested there are two separate populations of beluga whales in the Russian Far East, and it would be sustainable to only catch 15 annually from each group, he said. In reality, hunters focus on one group in the Sea of Okhotsk, north of Japan, grabbing as many as 80 animals in a single season and especially going after the juvenile females most important for the population's reproduction. And as the animals are caught for "education" rather than commercial purposes, the government is not even getting any money in taxes from their sales, Glazov added. Glazov said that the controversy resulted in an unofficial halt on live catch in 2016, but this year the government has allowed it again. Orca shows Whale and dolphin species like belugas and orcas are highly intelligent mammals who travel large distances and have complex societies. Unlike other animals, they are believed to live shorter lives in captivity. International controversies surrounding their wellbeing in captivity as well as several killings of trainers by orcas, also known as killer whales, have put public pressure on parks like SeaWorld in the US, which announced it would stop keeping them last year. In China however, new parks are opening up. Nine Russian orcas were unveiled this year in Chimelong Ocean Kingdom park, and at least two more entertainment facilities are opening over the next few years that promise shows featuring orcas. All orcas caught in Russia come from the less numerous mammal-eating killer whale variety, rather than the fish-eating one, said Erich Hoyt, a research fellow with the Whale and Dolphin Conservation and co-director of the Far East Russia Orca Project. Hoyt estimated the number of mammal-eating orcas as "probably in the low hundreds" in the Russian Far East. "There is a risk that live catch will significantly erode the Russian orca populations," he said. Glazov agreed that the practice should be stopped for all marine mammals in Russia. "Until we know their numbers, there should be a moratorium on catching them," he said. Explore further: Biologist: Orca attacks on gray whales up in California bay © 2017 AFP Follow on facebook Follow 1.3M people are following Sign Up to see who your friends are following. Relevant PhysicsForums posts 1 Worst Carb After Age 50 If you're over 50 and you eat this carb, you will never lose belly fat. 362 shares Reverse engineering evolution 5 hours ago Lungless breathing 19 hours ago Probabilities of the gene appearing that made humans smart? Oct 31, 2017 Human Haplogroups rule out humans descending from... Oct 31, 2017 Perfect food with no need for excretion? Oct 31, 2017 Squash-like plant, vines form secondary root systems? Oct 31, 2017 More from Biology and Medical Related Stories Recommended for you Biologist: Orca attacks on gray whales up in California bay April 30, 2017 Killer whales are on an unprecedented killing spree in California's Monterey Bay, attacking and feeding on gray whale calves, a marine biologist said. How chromosomes 'cheat' for the chance to get into an egg November 2, 2017 Each of your cells contains two copies of 23 chromosomes, one inherited from your father and one from your mother. Theoretically, when you create a gamete—a sperm or an egg—each copy has a
  37. 37. 11/2/2017 THE WHITE WHALE PROGRAMME 1/9 THE WHITE WHALE PROGRAMME RU ANIMAL PROTECTION: SPECIAL PROJECTS Dmitry Glazov on the results of the expedition to the Sea of Okhotsk 28 January 2014 Dmitry Glazov, Chief Engineer of the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, deputy head of the RAS permanent expedition’s White Whale Programme and board member of the Marine Mammal Council, speaks about the results of an expedition to the Sea of Okhotsk. The interview is given in the context of the following projects: the White Whale Programme (distribution and migration patterns of the beluga whale), which is carried out with financial support from the Russian Geographical Society; the Current Status of the Beluga Amur Aggregation project (Sea of Okhotsk, Russia); estimates of sustainability made by the Utrish Dolphinarium with financial aid from the Ocean Park Corporation (Hong Kong); Georgia Aquarium Inc., SeaWorld Parks and Entertainment, Mystic Aquarium and Institute for Exploration (United States); and Kamogawa Sea World (Japan); and a project on assessing Russia’s beluga populations in 2013-2014, conducted by the Marine Mammal Council with financial support from the Ocean Park Corporation. Question: How much time did you spend on the expedition?
  38. 38. 11/2/2017 THE WHITE WHALE PROGRAMME 2/9 Dmitry Glazov: The Amur River was in flood and we became stuck in the Sea of Okhotsk from the middle of July to the beginning of October. We studied beluga aggregations in the Gulf of Sakhalin and the gulfs of the Shantar Sea (Ulbansky, Nikolai, Tugursky and Udskaya bays). Among other things we observed how beluga whales are caught for dolphinariums and took flesh samples of captured belugas and dead mammals washed up on the shore for different tests. Before 2013 there was only one capture team, which had been operating since the late 1980s (belugas were moved to dolphinariums), whereas last year their number increased to three because of a large quota for live-capture removals. These teams had different experience and technical equipment and did their job with varying degrees of success. Live belugas are actively sold abroad (for dolphinariums and aquariums) and the only place where they may be caught in large numbers is the Gulf of Sakhalin in the Sea of Okhotsk (by the small Chkalov Island). We tried to find the required funds to enable researchers to monitor live-capture removals of beluga whales. Last year a record number of live belugas were caught (44 individuals) and this year the Federal Fisheries Agency has granted a quota for the live-capture removal of 260 belugas. We were stunned by this figure and decided see how they will be caught. Question: Will all 260 belugas be transported to aquariums and dolphinariums? Dmitry Glazov: Not all of them were caught – just some 80 belugas – but the quota was large. Belugas are caught and brought to fixed sites on the White Sea, the Utrish sea station, as well as in Lazarevskoye, Sochi and Nakhodka. They are kept under quarantine for about a month and then sold abroad or moved to domestic dolphinariums. China, Thailand, Vietnam and Arab countries are the biggest customers. Question: Do Russian aquariums buy belugas? Dmitry Glazov: Yes, they do. Europe’s biggest aquarium is now under construction on the territory of the All- Russia Exhibition Center. Question: When will it open? Dmitry Glazov: I think in 2015, but killer whales were brought there in late November 2013. They were caught where we spent the summer: in the north-western part of the Gulf of Sakhalin. Question: You said cetaceans are kept under quarantine for a long time. Do some of them die during this period? Dmitry Glazov: Some don’t survive transportation. Many cetaceans die.
  39. 39. 11/2/2017 THE WHITE WHALE PROGRAMME 3/9 Question: How well do beluga whales survive in aquariums? Are there any figures on this? Dmitry Glazov: No, this is a very complex issue, first because their life in captivity can be divided into several stages. Live-capture removal is the most stressful stage. Belugas can die by drowning after being entangled in fishing nets. The next stage includes transportation by sea to permanent enclosures, where they remain until they are sent to their final destination. This is a stressful period, which includes improper feeding and health risk factors. We capture young beluga whales who are only two or three years old, because it is believed that they adapt to life in captivity better at this young age. But more importantly, it is easier to transport them when they are small. An adult beluga whale weighs over 700 kilograms, or up to a tonne, while teens weigh only 200-300 kg and so are easier to transport. This is the most critical stage of their life in captivity in terms of adaptation and the risk of death. Those who survive are later transported again, which involves more stress, including physiological stress, food deprivation and dehydration, which is the worst element. The belugas who survive transportation will proceed to the next stage, which includes adaptation, full feeding and training. Belugas don’t eat frozen fish; they only eat the fish they catch in the sea. In the aquarium they are inspected by veterinarians and adapted to feeding with cup-up defrozen fish. This means that they don’t receive the necessary amount of vitamins, and so a veterinarian adds vitamins to their rations. In aquariums and dolphinariums the beluga whales live in an enclosed basin with specially salted chlorinated water, not sea water. Adaptation to these conditions is another critical period. Those who survive this period live for a long time if they receive the necessary veterinary assistance and normal conditions in terms of water quality and a sufficiently deep and large basin, unless they are subjected to another stressful phases such as re-transportation. The second reason why it is difficult to assess belugas’ survival rate in captivity is the inadequate monitoring of the capture and post-capture period, transportation and subsequent life in captivity. The only agency monitoring the capture period is the State Marine Inspection of the Federal Security Service (FSB), which has long taken over the controlling functions of fish and nature inspections. However, in addition to monitoring the capture of belugas, its inspectors also need to control fishing in their area of responsibility, fill out heaps of paperwork and also catch poachers. They are physically unable to spend enough time with the capture teams and monitor their operation. Hence, no one can control the capture teams to check whether the belugas that die in the deep parts of the sea do so accidentally or are killed on purpose. Such facts only come to light if reported by rivals or if the capture team is caught red-handed by an inspector, but these are one-off events.