Education acts as an important basis of life and as a long term investment which is why it is essential for the Department of Education to always improve the quality of teaching and learning. Education should be relevant and meaningful to learner’s lives inside the school environment and again in their day to day lives; this can be achieved if education is set to start improving early childhood development as well as teachers undertaking regular assessment to track the progress of themselves and that of their educators. Education evolves with time which is why the national and international imperatives saw the need for technology to be included in schools or classrooms. Educational technology is one important aspect which teachers need to grasp in order to transfer to their learners as it is important for their survival in today’s lives. The following report will explore different national strategic imperatives and their relation in education.
“Education for all” goalsEducation International is an initiative which has set itself into transforming the lives of millions of children, youth and adults around the world (Education International, 2008). Educational International seeks to recognize or point out how schools can help children and young people to make informed and healthy decisions about their lives. These are embodied through six “Education for all” goals and they are:rheasport.com
Expand early childhood care and educationThe effectiveness of early childhood care and education can be Early childhood education implemented programmes help improve young children’s physical, mental, social and emotional development as well as eliminating disadvantage situations and help prepare children for formal education or schooling. As much as early childhood care and education help with the development of learners, few countries have only been able to establish the national framework for the financial and supervision of these programmes while others fail to establish funds for disadvantaged regions.Provide free and compulsory primary education to allWhen a country or nation sets to provide free and compulsory primary education to all it helps because learners form disadvantaged communities will be given the privilege to acquire education. This intern help reduce poverty and unemployment in a society or community.rationallibertariancorner.com
Promote learning and life skills for young people and adultsEducated children results in educated adults and an educated society. Education should be provided in such a way that is applicable to people’s daily lives and moving people from one sphere of living to another.Increase adult literacy by 50 percentWoman or females are the ones which have high rates of illiteracy and this is highest in countries with the greatest poverty. Increasing adult literacy by 50 percent increases the rate of young children to attend primary and decreases poverty.Achieve gender parity by 2005, gender equality by 2015Girls have a high rate of dropping out of school especially in societies that traditionally have low levels of female education, which is why it is important to encourage or use incentives to attract these learners to complete primary as well as secondary schooling. www.kasbahdutoubkal.com
Improve the quality of educationImproving the quality of education is an important aspect as it deals with improving the way learners receive their education, making sure that schools have enough learning material and the kind of education that learners should receive.The six “Education for all” goals embodied by education international play an important part in education between teachers, learners and the community.www.unesco.org
Even though education is a basic human right and children have the right to receive free education in primary, few countries have only been able to establish the national framework for the financial and supervision of these programmes while others fail to establish funds for disadvantaged regions.
Education is an evolving concept and the traditional materials that teachers used to support teaching and learning are also changing. Education has simply moved from being transferred to learners in chalkboard, to the use of projectors and now it revolves around the use of technology. Education is set to be relevant to learner’s lives, which is why the national and international Department of education saw the need to implement technology in education practises. Informational and communication technology (ICT) is central to the changes that are taking place throughout the world as it has the potential to excessively improve the quality of education training. Information and communication technology offers great opportunities to access learning, redress inequalities and improve the quality of teaching and learning; it also makes it possible for teachers to offer learners unprecedented opportunities for lifelong learning (Guidelines for Teacher Training and Professional development in ICT, 2007).
Teachers and administrators in schools around the world should be provided with the necessary knowledge, skills and understanding for them to fully and successfully integrate ICT teaching and learning practises in a meaningful and productive way. The department of education’s objective is to build digital and information literacy so that all learners become confident and competent in using technology to contribute to an innovative and developing south African society (DOE White paper 7, 2006). This is viewed through three development process which are:
Learning about ICTRefers to what teachers can do with ICT and the skills that are necessary for the development of ICT.Learning with ICTRefers to ICT being used to support new ways of teaching and learning by supporting curriculum delivery and achieve positive educational outcomes.Learning through the use of ICT Utilising ICT to support new ways of educational practices and resources to increase teachers knowledge on the benefits of ICT.
Knowledge is the output of the reconstruction of information or one’s skills acquired through education or experience.
A knowledgeable society is one that uses the information it has to acquire change in their society and strive to make a difference within their community. A knowledge society strives to differ from an information society because an information society uses the information it has as an exchangeable asset which can be bought or sold.Information and communication technology (ICT) is one area that is developing with together with education. In order for a society to reach its full of potentiality it should integrate technology in its day to day life. This will be a society which should provide universal and equitable access to information (UNESCO). http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/knowledge_society/index_en.htm
Teachers in the 21 century should be those that are innovators. They should be educators who come up with new ideas about how to do things easier and faster. They should be able to make a product or offer a service that no one has ever thought of and should put new ideas into their work force. An innovative teacher in a knowledge society will develop the skills of how and when to use technology and implement this new ideas in their classroom. They use technology to collectively integrate their learners and their community.http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/knowledge_society/index_en.htmhttp://www.cordis.lu/fp6/citizens.htm
The national department of education is set onto implementing the uses of technology into the traditional encompass of education. Workers at all levels in the 21st century knowledge society will need to be lifelong learners, adapting continuously to changed opportunities, work practices, business models and forms of economic and social organisation.
As much as technology forms part of the 21st century learning, a lot of learners are still not exposed to the use of computers in their school and this is mostly in poor and undeveloped communities who still lack the resources for effective teaching practice to occur.
For effective teaching and learning to take place national educational purpose should be to ensure a credible outcome focused planning and accountability system as well as improve the capacity of the department of basic education. The national department of education has established programmes which show their purpose and goals of education and they are:
AdministrationThe South African department of education seeks to improve its capacity of basic education while producing strategies that help learners learn more about career paths from primary to secondary schools. Learners in primary levels should be taught strategies or a curriculum that will help them in their secondary level.sontajayanti.wordpress.com
Curriculum policy, support and monitoringThe South African department of education has extensively taken into account further Education Training with regard to their improvements in subjects such as mathematics and physical science and seeks to provide funds for learning. It has also established the need for schools to have efficient resources in order for effective teaching and learning to take place.
Teachers, education human resources and institutional developmentTeachers are made to note the importance of technology for example professional studies 3A enlighten teachers on the use of computers as todays education revolves around it. This makes education more realizable and realistic.teachers-2010andbeyond.blogspot.com
Planning, information and assessmentThe South African education system takes into consideration the importance of learners completing a readiness programme in Grade R as it helps when they enter formal education and also the importance of schools or educators assessing their students and their own teaching.
Educational enrichment servicesSchools all around South Africa have developed their own policies and programmes which help them improve the quality of teaching and learning and help show the direction of the school.
Education and the way it is implemented is an important and crucial point in most countries around the world. A nation or a proud nation is one that builds learners who comes up with ideas about products or services never thought of; learners who are critical thinkers and inventors. Such learners can only exist in a nation where education is the centre part of life and it is developed in relation to the world around them.
Education has moved from one stage to another. Young people used to receive their education from their parents or community elders in a non-formal but now learners need to attend a formal setting which is education in order to acquire their knowledge. One thing that is common about education is that regardless of the time era or how and where it’s transferred, education serves to meet the needs of people at that time. Education has excessively grown and now technology forms the centre of 21st century society.
UNESCO is an African organisation that focuses on the need for teacher education programs to work towards high standards in terms of pedagogical integration of ICT’s (UNESCO-IICBA, 2012). In 2009 UNESCO initiated a development of ICT-enhanced teacher stands for Africa as one of the strategies of building the capabilities for strengthening teacher development in Africa. ICTeTSA is aimed at providing a framework for teachers and illustration of how progression looks like and it’s concerned with recognizing teacher’s knowledge, skills and attitudes to develop in their profession. It has also established six interrelated domains of board standards for teachers which are: engage in instruction design process; facilitate and inspire student learning, innovation and creation; create and manage effective learning environment; engage in assessment and communication of student; engage in professional development and model ethical responsibilities and lastly understand subject matter for use in teaching. This six domains help clarify what teachers need to know about ICT, its importance and how they can use it in their teaching practices.
Even though ICTeTSA may be the focus in African countries, there is still a great deal of variance in ICT policies for education and the countries most affected are the ones affected with sustained period of conflict and economic instability. Also some schools even lack the infrastructures for the implementation of ICT.lifelineenergy.org
Education has helped South Africa develop in a better country both economically and resource wise. Providing basic free education for all is very important and countries should work hard in order to see this goal happen. Education is a basic human right and the quality of education will equip and empower future generation with the ever-changing skills and competencies needed to achieve sustainable development.
Education acts as an important basis of life and is a longterm investment. Education should be relevant and meaningful to learnerslives. Need for technology to be included in schools orclassrooms, its important for learners survival
transforming the lives of millions ofchildren, youth and adults around theworld helps children and young people to makeinformed and healthy decisions about theirlive
1. Expand early childhood care and education achieved through the involvement of effectiveteachers, learners and also of families orprivate providers.2. Provide free and compulsory education for all increase the rate of learners who areattending school and reduce poverty.
3. Promote learning an life skills for young people Educated children results in educated adults and an educatedsociety.4. Increase adult literacy by 50 percent Woman or females are the ones which have high rates ofilliteracy and this is highest in countries with the greatestpoverty5. Achieve gender parity by 2005,gender equality by 2005 Girls have a high rate of dropping out of school ;encouragement of learners to complete school.
6. Improve the quality of education Improvement in education, learningresources and the curriculum
Few establishment of national frameworkgoals Lack of funds supervision
Education is an evolving concept and the traditionalmaterials that teachers used to support teaching andlearning are also changing Implementing technology in education practises Information and communication technology (ICT)offers great opportunities to access learning,redress inequalities and improve the quality ofteaching and learning.
Continue: teachers to offer learners unprecedentedopportunities for lifelong learning Informational and communicationtechnology (ICT) is central to the changesthat are taking place in learning throughoutthe world
White Paper 7 necessary knowledge, skills andunderstanding provided toteachers and administrators Use of digital and informationliteracy learners become confident andcompetent in using technology tocontribute to an innovative anddeveloping south African society
Three important ICTdevelopmental processes1. Learning about ICT Teachers acquiring skills for developing ICT2. Learning with ICT ICT used to support teaching an learning3. Learning through the use of ICT Using ICT for educational practices
Skills acquired through education orexperience Earned and valued
Information used to acquire changeand make a difference Create, share an use knowledge for theprosperity and wellbeing of its people Knowledge not bought nor sold
Cont. Integration of technology in day to daylife Universal and equitable access toinformation
New ideas to do thing easier and faster Implement new ideas in workforce Skills of how and when to usetechnology
Cont. Technology to collectively integratelearners and community
Lifelong learners Adapt continuously to changed opportunities Economic and social organization
Learners still not exposed to computers Lack or resources for effective teaching to occur
Ensuring a credible focusedplanning Improving capacity of basiceducation
1. Administration Improve basic education Curriculum that will be beneficial insecondary level
2. Curriculum policy, support andmonitoring Further Education Training(FET) Mathematics and physical science Availability of resources
3. Teachers, education humanresources and institutionaldevelopment Importance of technology Education more realizable and realistic
4. Planning information and assessment Grade R readiness programs Assessing of students Assessing of teachers own performance
5. Educational enrichment Policies and programs in schools Improvement in quality of teachingand learning
Proud nation of educated learners Learners as critical thinkers andinventors Education as a center part of life
Informal transferring of technology Formal transferring of education Serves to meet the needs of people
THE STELLENBOSCH DECLARATION ICT IN EDUCATION:MAKE IT WORK( IFIP, Stellenbosch, South Africa, July 2005) EL Analysis. Education International’s Response to the Global MonitoringReport 2005. Notice 1869 of 2004, published on page 3 of Government Gazette. No 26734of 26 August 2004, White Paper on e-Education Majumdar, S. (2005,ed). Regional Guidelines in Teacher development forPedagogy-Technology integration. Bangkok: UNESCO-Asia and PacificRegional Bureau for education