Pre-reading and Rat - talk about how the resource was identified. What was involved in creating the rat and students [performance
Team based learning
Teaching Fellow, Adam Smith Business School
Specialist Tutor, Adam Smith Business School
Learning Technology Developer, IS
• Highly-structured form of small group learning
• Permanent groups of 5-7 (selected by educator)
• TBL modules/units: variable length
• Pre-class preparation
• Readiness Assurance Process (RAP)
• Application activities
• Can be adapted for asynchronous online learning
Michaelsen, L. K. and Sweet, M. (2011), Team‐based learning.
New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 41-51.
• Flipped classroom model
• Pre-reading (journal article, text book
• Four essential elements:
• Significant Problems
• Same Problem
• Specific Choice
• Simultaneous Report
• Optional peer evaluation of group
• Optional group/individual summative
Pre-reading Material – Chobani Yogurt
Harvard Business Publishing
• Students were provided pre-
reading 7 days in advance
Students advised to come prepared
by reading prep material
Pre-reading highlighted most
important concepts students need
for class activities
Video gave a different dimension
Students were assigned preparatory materials to review before start of module
Readiness Assurance Test (RAT)
RAT is an integral part of TBL, consists of 5 multiple choice questions, written at Bloom’s levels:
remembering, understanding and simple applying.
Students completed 15 minutes iRAT and repeated same questions in tRAT
iRAT tests individual foundational knowledge from the preparatory materials
tRAT promotes collaborative learning - students discussed/ negotiated answers for consensus
tRAT are high energy events – you can hear the noise
Research shows that giving an iRAT, then followed by a tRAT is a more effective way of teaching than
giving a tRAT alone (Gopalan, 2013)
RAT was administered using YACRS a class response application
The RAT process
• On the next slide you will see your "Pre-reading"
• After you've had a chance to read it you will get an iRAT
question to be answered with a Zoom poll.
Trying it out
A term we've all become very familiar with in recent months is R0, the basic
reproduction number for an infectious disease. This is the average number of new
infections that will be caused by each infected person in a population with no
previous exposure to a disease, and does not vary. However, as the disease spread
through the population, more people become immune and so the effective
reproduction number, R, starts to fall. Other factors can also influence R, for
example the social distancing which we are currently participating in has helped
reduce R for Covid-19 to the extent that the number of new infections is falling.
Measles has a very high basic reproduction number, approximately 14, so to
prevent measles spreading through a population with no immunity, a high uptake of
vaccination is required so that at least 13 of every 14 people is immune. That is
94% of the population.
Seasonal flu usually has an R0 value of approximately 1.3, so to get R down below
1 causing the disease to start dying out, requires three in every 13 people, or just
over 23% of the population to have immunity. By vaccinating just people at high risk
the disease is controlled to an acceptable level.
Estimates for the basic reproduction number for Covid-19
vary, however if we assume it is no higher than 3, what is the
minimum level of vaccination needed to prevent future
• A: 24%
• B: 34%
• C: 67%
• D: 94%
Key concept: Value Innovation
TBL application exercise in IBE
Value Innovation is the simultaneous pursuit of
differentiation and low cost, creating a leap in value for both
buyers and the company (Kim & Mauborgne,1999).
Value innovation can be achieved using the Four Actions Framework. The framework has four attributes that challenge an industry’s
strategic logic. Using the flipchart provided, draw the four actions framework, showing how Chobani implemented value innovation to
become leader in the US yoghurt market? For each category list at least one action taken by Chobani to create new value?
(Prompt - think about what Chobani completely eliminated and value raised in Chobani yogurt) Please refer to key reading.
In-class Activity - Value innovation
Future plans TBL online
Develop methods for implementing TBL approaches for
Integrate TBL into Moodle
Use our workshop series to support academics wishing to
adopt TBL in their teaching practice