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William Shakespeare


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Famous English Authors

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William Shakespeare

  1. 1. WilliamWilliam ShakespeareShakespeare 1564 - 16161564 - 1616
  2. 2. The Greatest English WriterThe Greatest English Writer  William ShakespeareWilliam Shakespeare was born on April 23,was born on April 23, 1564 in Stratford-upon-1564 in Stratford-upon- Avon. Shakespeare wasAvon. Shakespeare was the most documentedthe most documented Elizabethan playwrightElizabethan playwright who was recognised inwho was recognised in his own lifetime. Afterhis own lifetime. After retiring and making hisretiring and making his will out on March 25,will out on March 25, 1616, Shakespeare died1616, Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616.on April 23, 1616. Nothing is recorded onNothing is recorded on the cause of his death.the cause of his death.
  3. 3. Shakespeare's LifeShakespeare's Life  John Shakespeare, William'sJohn Shakespeare, William's father, was a glover and afather, was a glover and a whittawer. He was a highlywhittawer. He was a highly successful and respected man.successful and respected man. His father held many publicHis father held many public official positions: mayor, townofficial positions: mayor, town council man, and justice ofcouncil man, and justice of peace. Shakespeare's father waspeace. Shakespeare's father was not able to write. In 1576, John'snot able to write. In 1576, John's business went down. Hebusiness went down. He stopped attending meetings andstopped attending meetings and social events. Shakespeare wassocial events. Shakespeare was twelve at this point in time.twelve at this point in time. Stratford on Avon
  4. 4.  Shakespeare's mother wasShakespeare's mother was Mary Arden. She came from aMary Arden. She came from a wealthy family who paid awealthy family who paid a handsome dowry to marry herhandsome dowry to marry her off. While living on Henlyoff. While living on Henly Street, she bore eight childrenStreet, she bore eight children with the Shakespeare name.with the Shakespeare name.
  5. 5.  Shakespeare went to StratfordShakespeare went to Stratford Grammar School where he studiedGrammar School where he studied classics written in Greek and Latin.classics written in Greek and Latin. His teachers gave him the incentiveHis teachers gave him the incentive to read.  He was taught by two OxfordHe was taught by two Oxford graduates, Simon Hunt and Thomasgraduates, Simon Hunt and Thomas Jenkins. Shakespeare had anJenkins. Shakespeare had an unusual keen observation of bothunusual keen observation of both nature and mankind. His educationnature and mankind. His education was said to have ended here.was said to have ended here.
  6. 6.  On November 27, 1582,On November 27, 1582, Shakespeare marriedShakespeare married Ann Hathaway who wasAnn Hathaway who was twenty-eight years old.twenty-eight years old. On May 26, 1583, AnnOn May 26, 1583, Ann bore their firstbore their first daughter, Susanna. Indaughter, Susanna. In 1585, a set of twins1585, a set of twins were born, Judith andwere born, Judith and Hamnet. Hamnet diedHamnet. Hamnet died at the age of eleven inat the age of eleven in 1596.1596.  No evidence was foundNo evidence was found of Shakespeareof Shakespeare between the years ofbetween the years of 1585 1592. These years1585 1592. These years of Shakespeare's lifeof Shakespeare's life were called "Thewere called "The Hidden Years".Hidden Years". Ann Hathaway's House
  7. 7. Shakespeare's MemorialShakespeare's Memorial Places in Stratford on AvonPlaces in Stratford on Avon Shakespeare’s Memorial Theater
  8. 8. Monument to Lady Macbeth
  9. 9. The Trinity Church Where William Shakespeare Was Baptized And later Buried.
  10. 10. A Stained- Glass Window
  11. 11. A Monument to William Shakespeare
  12. 12. Hidden YearsHidden Years  During Shakespeare's Hidden Years,During Shakespeare's Hidden Years, many people suspected that he ranmany people suspected that he ran away from the law or became aaway from the law or became a butcher's apprentice. Christopherbutcher's apprentice. Christopher Beston, called "The Chronicle of theBeston, called "The Chronicle of the Stage", was also a prominentStage", was also a prominent theatrical manager. Beston told Johntheatrical manager. Beston told John Aubry, who wrote "Brief Lies", thatAubry, who wrote "Brief Lies", that Shakespeare was probably a schoolShakespeare was probably a school teacher during these years. Noteacher during these years. No evidence was found of Shakespeare'sevidence was found of Shakespeare's whereabouts until 1592 in London.whereabouts until 1592 in London.
  13. 13. London PeriodLondon Period  In London, ShakespeareIn London, Shakespeare established himself as anestablished himself as an actor who began to writeactor who began to write many plays. In 1593, hemany plays. In 1593, he found a patron, Henryfound a patron, Henry Wriothsley, to sponsorWriothsley, to sponsor him. During this time, hehim. During this time, he wrote two long poems. Hiswrote two long poems. His first long poem, "Venusfirst long poem, "Venus and Adonius", was writtenand Adonius", was written in 1593. In 1594, he wrotein 1593. In 1594, he wrote his second long poem,his second long poem, “Lucrece". The theatres“Lucrece". The theatres also opened again afteralso opened again after the plague during thisthe plague during this year.year.
  14. 14. The Globe TheaterThe Globe Theater  Shakespeare worked forShakespeare worked for "Lord Chamberlain's"Lord Chamberlain's Men" company that laterMen" company that later became "The King's Men"became "The King's Men" in 1603 after King Jamesin 1603 after King James I took over. This companyI took over. This company became the largest andbecame the largest and most famous actingmost famous acting company becausecompany because Shakespeare performedShakespeare performed and worked for them. Hisand worked for them. His plays were usuallyplays were usually performed by thisperformed by this
  15. 15. . All 154 of his sonnets were published in 1609. At this time, Richard Burbage was considered the greatest actor. James Burbage, Richard's father, was the first to build a theatre in London called "The Theatre" in 1576. In 1599, "The Globe" was built in a circular shape.
  16. 16.  The plays in thisThe plays in this theatre usuallytheatre usually lasted for three days.lasted for three days. The first day,The first day, expenses were paid,expenses were paid, the second day, thethe second day, the actors were paid,actors were paid, and the third day,and the third day, the playwright wasthe playwright was paid. Other theatrespaid. Other theatres to follow were theto follow were the following: "Thefollowing: "The Curtain", "TheCurtain", "The Rose", "The Swan",Rose", "The Swan", "The Fortune", "The"The Fortune", "The Red Bull", and "TheRed Bull", and "The Hope".Hope".Hamlet
  17. 17.  As an actor, writer,As an actor, writer, director, and adirector, and a stockholder in "Thestockholder in "The King's Men"King's Men" company,company, Shakespeare hadShakespeare had multiple sources ofmultiple sources of income. He wasincome. He was becoming a verybecoming a very wealthy man. Inwealthy man. In 1597, Shakespeare1597, Shakespeare bought New Placebought New Place which was a verywhich was a very large house for hislarge house for his family to live to live in.
  18. 18. At the EndAt the End  Shakespeare left London in 1611 andShakespeare left London in 1611 and retired. On March 25, 1616,retired. On March 25, 1616, Shakespeare made a will. He diedShakespeare made a will. He died April 23, 1616 at the age of fifty-two.April 23, 1616 at the age of fifty-two. The cause of his death was unknown.The cause of his death was unknown. Many people believe that ShakespeareMany people believe that Shakespeare knew he was dying; however, heknew he was dying; however, he didn't want anyone to know that hedidn't want anyone to know that he was.was.
  19. 19. The Modern Building of theThe Modern Building of the Globe Theater in London.Globe Theater in London.
  20. 20.  At Shakespeare's time, after theAt Shakespeare's time, after the graveyard was full, they wouldgraveyard was full, they would dig one's corpse up and burn thedig one's corpse up and burn the person's bones in a hugeperson's bones in a huge fireplace. Some people wouldfireplace. Some people would strip the corpse after the burial.strip the corpse after the burial. Shakespeare hated this type ofShakespeare hated this type of treatment after death, so hetreatment after death, so he wrote his own epitaph.wrote his own epitaph.
  21. 21. Shakespeare's WillShakespeare's Will  "Good Friends, for"Good Friends, for Jesus' sakeJesus' sake forbear,forbear, To dig the bonesTo dig the bones enclosed here!enclosed here! Blest be the manBlest be the man that spares thesethat spares these stones,stones, And curst be heAnd curst be he that moves mythat moves my bones."bones."
  22. 22.  Due to the fact that the people atDue to the fact that the people at this time were superstitious, nothis time were superstitious, no one ever bothered his corpse. Aone ever bothered his corpse. A while ago, a few people wanted towhile ago, a few people wanted to dig him up and check his bones todig him up and check his bones to be sure that the person buriedbe sure that the person buried there was Shakespeare. However,there was Shakespeare. However, the government would not allow it.the government would not allow it.
  23. 23. Shakespeare's GraveShakespeare's Grave
  24. 24.  In 1623, Shakespeare's first folioIn 1623, Shakespeare's first folio was published. The folio included:was published. The folio included: 154 sonnets, 37 plays, and 2 long154 sonnets, 37 plays, and 2 long poems.poems.  His friends compiled all of his workHis friends compiled all of his work into this folio before anyone couldinto this folio before anyone could reproduce his plays and claim themreproduce his plays and claim them as their their own.  Many of his plays are famous andMany of his plays are famous and are studied by students today.are studied by students today.
  25. 25. Romeo and JulietRomeo and Juliet
  26. 26. King LearKing Lear
  27. 27. The Twelfth NightThe Twelfth Night
  28. 28. HamletHamlet
  29. 29. Caesar and CleopatraCaesar and Cleopatra
  30. 30. Some SonnetsSome Sonnets Let me not to the marriage ofLet me not to the marriage of true mindstrue minds Admit impediments.Admit impediments. Love is not loveLove is not love Which alters when it alterationWhich alters when it alteration finds, Or bends with thefinds, Or bends with the remover to remove: O no! it isremover to remove: O no! it is an ever-fixed markan ever-fixed mark That looks on tempests and isThat looks on tempests and is never shaken; It is the star tonever shaken; It is the star to every wandering bark,every wandering bark, Whose worth's unknown,Whose worth's unknown, although his height be taken.although his height be taken. Love's not Time's fool, thoughLove's not Time's fool, though rosy lips and cheeksrosy lips and cheeks Within his bending sickle'sWithin his bending sickle's compass come: Love alters notcompass come: Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks,with his brief hours and weeks, But bears it out even to theBut bears it out even to the edge of doom. If this be erroredge of doom. If this be error and upon me proved,and upon me proved, II never writ, nor no man evernever writ, nor no man ever loved.loved. Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and moreThou art more lovely and more temperate:temperate: Rough winds do shake the darling budsRough winds do shake the darling buds of May,of May, And summer's lease hath all too short aAnd summer's lease hath all too short a date:date: Sometime too hot the eye of heavenSometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,shines, And often is his gold complexionAnd often is his gold complexion dimm'd;dimm'd; And every fair from fair sometimeAnd every fair from fair sometime declines,declines, By chance, or nature's changingBy chance, or nature's changing course, untrimm'd;course, untrimm'd; But thy eternal summer shall not fade,But thy eternal summer shall not fade, Nor lose possession of that fair thouNor lose possession of that fair thou owest;owest; Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st inNor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade,his shade, When in eternal lines to time thouWhen in eternal lines to time thou growest;growest; So long as men can breathe, or eyes canSo long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,see, So long lives this, and this gives life toSo long lives this, and this gives life to thee.thee.
  31. 31. When in disgrace with fortune andWhen in disgrace with fortune and men's eyes,men's eyes, I all alone beweep my outcastI all alone beweep my outcast state,state, And trouble deaf Heaven with myAnd trouble deaf Heaven with my bootless cries,bootless cries, And look upon myself, and curseAnd look upon myself, and curse my fate,my fate, Wishing me like to one more richWishing me like to one more rich in hope,in hope, Featur'd like him, like him withFeatur'd like him, like him with friends possess'd,friends possess'd, Desiring this man's art, and thatDesiring this man's art, and that man's scope,man's scope, With what I most enjoyWith what I most enjoy contented least:contented least: Yet in these thoughts myselfYet in these thoughts myself almost despising,almost despising, Haply I think on thee,--and thenHaply I think on thee,--and then my statemy state (Like to the lark at break of day(Like to the lark at break of day arisingarising From sullen earth) sings hymnsFrom sullen earth) sings hymns at heaven's gate;at heaven's gate; For thy sweet love remember'dFor thy sweet love remember'd such wealth bringssuch wealth brings That then I scorn to change myThat then I scorn to change my state with kings'.state with kings'. Not marble, nor the gildedNot marble, nor the gilded monumentsmonuments Of princes, shall outlive thisOf princes, shall outlive this powerful rhyme;powerful rhyme; But you shall shine more brightBut you shall shine more bright in these contentsin these contents Than upswept stone,Than upswept stone, besmear'd with sluttish time.besmear'd with sluttish time. When wasteful war shallWhen wasteful war shall statues overturn,statues overturn, And broils root out the workAnd broils root out the work of masonry,of masonry, Nor Mars his sword nor war'sNor Mars his sword nor war's quick fire shall burnquick fire shall burn The living record of yourThe living record of your memory.memory. ‘Gainst death and all oblivious‘Gainst death and all oblivious enmityenmity Shall you pace forth; yourShall you pace forth; your praise shall still find room,praise shall still find room, Even in the eyes of all posterityEven in the eyes of all posterity That wear this world out toThat wear this world out to the ending doom.the ending doom. So, till the judgment thatSo, till the judgment that yourself arise,yourself arise, You live in this, and dwell inYou live in this, and dwell in lovers' eyes.lovers' eyes.