Present Perfect Continuous Tense

6,286 views

Published on

Grammar

Published in: Education
2 Comments
4 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
6,286
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
56
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
354
Comments
2
Likes
4
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

  1. 1. Present Perfect Progressive Tense back menu next
  2. 2. Образование Present Perfect Progressive Tense back menu next Have Has + Present Participle V + ing Have/has been playing Have/has been watching Have/has been writing Have/has been painting Have/has been walking Have/has been taking Have/has been running Have/has been swimming Have/has been coming Have/has buying been +
  3. 3. Действие началось в прошлом и продолжается в данное время. Оно еще не окончено. <ul><li>Он ждет вас с 8 часов. </li></ul><ul><li>He has been waiting for you since 8 o’clock. </li></ul><ul><li>Она сажает цветы уже два часа. </li></ul><ul><li>She has been planting home plants for two hours already. </li></ul><ul><li>Мы летим уже три часа. </li></ul><ul><li>We have been flying for three hours already. </li></ul><ul><li>Они живут в лагере уже месяц. </li></ul><ul><li>They have been living for a month in this camp. </li></ul><ul><li>Я учу новые слов а с 3 часов. </li></ul><ul><li>I have been learning the new words since 3 o’clock. </li></ul><ul><li>Они играют в футбол уже два часа, но счет все еще 0:0. </li></ul><ul><li>They have been playing football for 2 hours already, but the score is still 0:0. </li></ul>back menu next
  4. 4. Learn the Grammar Rule <ul><li>Мы говорим о действии (достаточно продолжительном), которое началось в прошлом и недавно (или только что) закончилось. </li></ul><ul><li>Рассмотрите несколько других примеров: </li></ul><ul><li>- She has been washing her hair, but it may be dry now. </li></ul><ul><li>- Bill has been dining with us tonight. </li></ul><ul><li>- I’ve just been having such a delightful chat with Margaret. </li></ul><ul><li>Мы также используем Present Perfect Progressive , чтобы спросить или сообщить о том, как долго что-то длилось. К настоящему моменту действие (ситуация), возникшая в прошлом, только что закончилась (или еще продолжается). </li></ul><ul><li>- I have been writing for more than an hour. </li></ul><ul><li>- We’ve been staying here nearly a week. </li></ul><ul><li>- You have been making excuses for him all your life. </li></ul><ul><li>Можно использовать Present Perfect Progressive с how long, for и since для описания периодических действий: </li></ul><ul><li>- She has been having English lessons since she was five. </li></ul><ul><li>- How long have you been playing tennis? </li></ul>back menu next
  5. 5. Learn the Grammar Rule <ul><li>Времена Present Perfect и Present Perfect Continuous используются для того, чтобы показать, как давно началось некоторое действие. </li></ul><ul><li>- I have been thinking about it for a long time. </li></ul><ul><li>- They have been married for many years. </li></ul><ul><li>- He has been reading since he came. </li></ul><ul><li>Оба времени Present Perfect (I have done) и Present Perfect Continuous (I have been doing) употребляются для выражения действий, повторяющихся на протяжении определенного отрезка времени. </li></ul><ul><li>- She has been playing chess for 10 years. </li></ul><ul><li>- She has played chess for 10 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Мы используем Present Perfect (I have done) для описания ситуаций, которые существуют в течение длительного времени(особенно, если употребляется always).Обратите внимание, что ситуация еще сохраняется: </li></ul><ul><li>- My parents have always lived in this small town. </li></ul><ul><li>- He has looked after Miss Gregg for many years now. </li></ul><ul><li>Для ситуаций, возникших недавно, мы используем Present Perfect Continuous (I have been doing): </li></ul><ul><li>- My friend has been staying with us for several days. </li></ul><ul><li>- I have been learning English since September. </li></ul>back menu next
  6. 6. <ul><li>Since – с каких-то пор </li></ul><ul><li>I have been reading the newspaper since the morning. </li></ul><ul><li>Я читаю газету с самого утра. </li></ul><ul><li>For – в течение какого-то времени </li></ul><ul><li>He has been fixing his TV-set for two hours already. </li></ul><ul><li>Он уже ремонтирует телевизор в течение двух часов. </li></ul>back menu next Употребляй Present Perfect Progressive со следующими предлогами:
  7. 7. Study Some Examples: <ul><li>He has been living in the mountains since last spring . </li></ul><ul><li>Has father come home yet? I am not sure. He has been working in the garden since the morning. </li></ul><ul><li>He has already been working at his Power point presentation for several hours. </li></ul><ul><li>They have been building the bridge for six month. </li></ul><ul><li>He has been doing this work for an hour without any result, because he has never done it before. </li></ul><ul><li>I think he is cold. He has been swimming for two hours already. </li></ul><ul><li>He has been practicing his violin since the morning. </li></ul><ul><li>I miss her greatly. She has been traveling for a year already. </li></ul><ul><li>I haven’t seen him lately. He has been living in Moscow for two months. </li></ul>back menu next
  8. 8. Выучи спряжение глаголов в Present Perfect Progressive Tense: <ul><li>I have been playing football. </li></ul><ul><li>You have been playing football. </li></ul><ul><li>He has been playing football. </li></ul><ul><li>She has been playing football. </li></ul><ul><li>We have been playing football. </li></ul><ul><li>You have been playing football. </li></ul><ul><li>They have been playing football. </li></ul>back menu next
  9. 9. Interrogative Sentences in Present Perfect Progressive Tense back menu next I have been reading the book since 1 o’clock. I Have been reading the book since 1 o’clock ? Yes, I have No, I haven’t Yes, you have No, you haven’t
  10. 10. Interrogative Sentences in Present Perfect Progressive Tense back menu next He has been reading the book since the morning. he Has been reading the book since the morning ? Yes, he has No, he hasn’t She, it – are used in the same way.
  11. 11. Отрицательная форма Negative Form <ul><li>haven’t been doing/hasn’t been doing </li></ul><ul><li>I haven’t been going to school </li></ul><ul><li>You haven’t been going to school </li></ul><ul><li>He hasn’t been going to school </li></ul><ul><li>She hasn’t been going to school </li></ul><ul><li>It hasn’t been going to school </li></ul><ul><li>We haven’t been going to school </li></ul><ul><li>You haven’t been going to school </li></ul><ul><li>They haven’t been going to school </li></ul>back menu next
  12. 12. Have Some Practice What is Santa Clause Doing? He is operating the computer. How long has he been operating the computer? He has been operating it for two hours already. back menu next
  13. 13. back menu next What are they doing? They are dancing. How long have they been dancing? They have been dancing since 10 o’clock.
  14. 14. back menu next The frog is playing the banjo. The Cockatoo is singing. The giraffes are dancing. They have been playing the banjo, singing and dancing for an hour already.
  15. 15. back menu next What’s he doing? He is painting the fence. How long has he been painting it? He has been painting it since the morning.
  16. 16. back menu next What are you doing Dad? I’m watching a space shuttle, dear. How long have you been watching it? I’ve been watching it for two hours already.

×